Sunteți pe pagina 1din 24

Cinci deputai iubitori de animale au depus o propunere legislativ la Senat, pentru

modificarea Legii nr. 205/2004 privind protecia animalelor, n sensul schimbrii sanciunilor
pentru cruzime, n infraciune penal, prevzut cu nchisoare de la 6 luni la 2 ani sau
amend penal.

Motivele invocate de deputai sunt legate de numrul mare de cazuri de maltratare, schingiuire i
mutilare a animalelor, cel puin 2-3 cazuri pe zi. Este citat i statistica organizaiei Green Report,
realizat mpreun cu asociaiile de aprare a drepturilor animalelor, care arat c 542 de
reclamaii n care au fost semnalate abuzuri asupra animalelor, au fost nregistrate la autoritile
competente.

Proiectul de lege prevede modificarea alineatului 1 al articolului 25 din Legea nr. 205/2004 privind
protecia animalelor:

(1) Constituie infraciune i se pedepsete cu nchisoare de la 6 luni la doi ani sau cu amend:

a) Uciderea animalelor, cu intenie, fr drept

b) Practicarea tirului pe animale domestice sau pe animale slbatice captive

c) Organizarea de lupte ntre animale sau cu animale

d) Folosirea de animale vii pentru dresajul animalelor sau pentru a le controla agresivitatea

e) Rnirea sau schingiuirea animalelor

f) Interveniile chirurgicale destinate modificrii aspectului unui animal sau altor scopuri necurative,
cum ar fi codotomia, cuparea urechilor, secionarea corzilor vocale, ablaia ghearelor, colilor,
ciocului i dinilor.

Iniiativa este n dezbatere public la Senat, camera decizional fiind Camera Deputailor.

Stimate domnule Preedinte, Stimate domnule Prim ministru, Stimai deputai ai


Parlamentului,

Ne adresm Dumneavoastr din numele cetenilor Republicii Moldova, cu rugmintea de a examina


i introduce n Codul penal al Republicii Moldova prevederi privind manifestarea cruzimii fa de
animale.

Proiectul de lege (linc) care se afl deja de un an de zile la Ministerul Justiiei al Republicii Moldova,
nu a fost examinat i naintat Parlamentului pentru adoptare pn la momentul de fa.

ntre timp, n ara noastr zilnic au loc cazuri de manifestare a cruzimii fa de animale. Ne-a ocat n
mod deosebit ultimele cazuri, precum cel care se refer la pisica ucis cu pietre, caz care a avut loc
n oldneti i , cazul unui cal btut pn la moarte care a avut loc n raionul Cimilia.

Sanciunile care exist n prezent n legislaia Republicii Moldova nu sunt suficiente pentru a stvili
fenomenul de manifestare a cruzimii fa de animale.
Unicul articol din Codul contravenional (articolul 157) stabilete sanciuni foarte limitate:

1. amenzi mici;

2. munc neremunerat n folosul comunitii doar pn la 60 de ore;

3. nu sunt stabilite sanciuni pentru:

comiterea infraciunilor repetate;

comiterea infraciunilor n grup;

infraciunile n urma crora au fost ucise dou i mai multe animale;

cruzimea fa de animale comis n prezena copiilor.

5. cel mai important fiind faptul c uciderea animalului nu constituie doar o infraciune, ci i o
crim crim mpotriva societii

La fel, V aducem la cunotin c practic n toate statele lumii, precum Statele Unite ale Americii,
Canada, statele Uniunii Europene i majoritatea statelor Comunitii Statelor Independente exist
prevederi penale pentru manifestarea cruzimii fa de animale.

"Statul n care se admite violen i cruzime fa de animale, este un stat srac i criminal."

Reieind din faptul c situaia prezentat este una grav i necesit o intervenie imediat, rugm
s examinai proiectul de lege n cauz ct mai curnd posibil i s-l naintai spre examinare i
aprobare Parlamentului.

Sperm i avem ncrederea n sprijinuli nelegerea importanei problemei n cauz.

Cetenii Republicii Moldova.

Reprezentanii Asociaiei ALGA fac un apel ctre autorit i cu solicitarea de a nspri


legislaia privind cruzimea fa de animale. Asta dup ce, acum cteva zile, opt c elu i
de doar o lun, au fost omori cu cruzime de persoane necunoscute. n ncercarea de
a face lumin n acest caz, ca i n altele, autorit ile se spal pe mini, spun iubitorii de
animale.

Valentina Dudnic, preedintele Aosiciaiei ALGA, a men ionat c n ultimul timp se


atest o degradare social, cnd cineva poate s omoare c ei ziua n amiaza mare, iar
pentru asta nu risc aproape nimic. Totodat, de fiecare dat cnd se ntmpl
asemenea cazuri, poliia, procuratura, sau Direc ia municipal pentru siguran a
alimentelor, care n cazuri de comportament dur fa de animale trebuie s fie organ
constatator, se spal pe mini, ncercnd s transfere responsabilitatea de la unul la
altul.

Am venit aici cu o singur solicitare, s ne ajuta i. Avem nevoie urgent de o lege. Este
o situaie anormal. Facem un apel la 101 deputa i, la CMC, la pre edintele rii, s
schimbm soarta acestor animale. i-e groaz s trie ti, a spus Valentina Dudnic.

La rndul su, Galina Cighir, a unui azil pentru privat pentru animale, a men ionat c
dorete ca acest caz de masacrare a opt celui s devin unul de rezonan , iar
fptaul s fie gsit i sancionat. Iubeti sau nu animalele, ine de tine, dar nu te
atinge de o fiin vie. Astzi omori un nc, iar mine un copil, a spus Cighir.

Problema cinilor fr stpn nu se rezolv de autorit i. Sterilizarea nu se face,


aceste animale se nmulesc, iar apoi ncii sunt omor i. Avem nevoie de un centru de
plasament municipal i ajutor oferit celor particulare. De problema animalelor fr
stpn nu trebuie s se ocupe Autosalubritate. Ele nu-s gunoi. Trebuie s fie o unitate
special, a spus la rndul su, Eduard Volcov, brbatul care avea grij de cei opt c ei
omori smbt.

Sunt decizii greu de luat, sunt decizii uor de luat. Dar s adop i o lege pentru protec ia
animalelor este foarte uor. Nu cost nimic, a conchis Volcov.

La finele sptmnii trecute Realitatea.md a relatat despre un caz de masacrare a opt


celui de doar o lun n sectorul Rcani al capitalei. C eaua mpreun cu c elu ii
erau fr de stpn, acetia fiind ngrijii de un locuitor al capitalei care tria prin
preajm.

Articolul 157. Cruzimea fa de animale


(1) Neasigurarea condiiilor de zooigien n ntreinerea animalelor, fapt
ce poate periclita viaa ori sntatea lor, abatajul i prelucrarea
animalelor prin metode neprevzute n normele tehnologice de abataj i
de prelucrare se sancioneaz cu amend de la 5 la 10 uniti
convenionale aplicat persoanei fizice, cu amend de la 20 la 30 de
uniti convenionale aplicat persoanei cu funcie de rspundere sau cu
munc neremunerat n folosul comunitii, n ambele cazuri, de la 40 la
60 de ore.
(2) Cauzarea intenionat de dureri i suferin animalului, nsoit de
nclcarea normelor morale unanim acceptate, se sancioneaz cu
amend de la 10 la 20 de uniti convenionale sau cu munc
neremunerat n folosul comunitii de la 40 la 60 de ore.
(3) Aciunile specificate la alin.(1) i (2) avnd drept urmare mutilarea
sau moartea animalului se sancioneaz cu amend de la 20 la 40 de
uniti convenionale sau cu munc neremunerat n folosul comunitii
de la 40 la 60 de ore.
(4) Capturarea, comercializarea i eutanasierea animalelor de companie
n scopul obinerii de produse alimentare, de piei sau blnuri, de finuri
proteice, de alte produse animaliere
se sancioneaz cu amend de pn la 50 de uniti convenionale
aplicat persoanei fizice, cu amend de pn la 100 de uniti
convenionale aplicat persoanei cu funcie de rspundere.
(5) Eschivarea de la vaccinarea cinelui contra rabiei se sancioneaz cu
amend de pn la 20 de uniti convenionale aplicat persoanei fizice,
cu amend de pn la 50 de uniti convenionale aplicat persoanei cu
funcie de rspundere.
(6) Circulaia liber pe raza localitii sau transportarea n transportul
public de persoane a cinilor agresivi sau a celor din categoria periculoi
fr les i botni se sancioneaz cu amend de pn la 20 de uniti
convenionale.
(7) Neasigurarea curirii deeurilor provenite de la animalul plimbat de
proprietar n afara locuinei se sancioneaz cu amend de pn la 50 de
uniti convenionale.
(8) Vnzarea, participarea la expoziii, transportarea animalului de
companie n alte localiti fr carnetul de sntate al animalului se
sancioneaz cu amend de pn la 5 uniti convenionale.
(9) nclcarea termenelor de depunere la poliie a informaiei privind
deinerea cinilor din categoria celor periculoi se sancioneaz cu
amend de pn la 50 de uniti convenionale aplicat persoanei fizice,
cu amend de pn la 100 de uniti convenionale aplicat persoanei cu
funcie de rspundere.
(10) Refuzul de a elimina animalul mort sau ngroparea animalului n loc
neautorizat
se sancioneaz cu amend de pn la 10 uniti convenionale aplicat
persoanei fizice, cu amend de pn la 20 de uniti convenionale
aplicat persoanei cu funcie de rspundere.
Articolul 158. nclcarea regulilor de ntreinere
a cinilor, pisicilor i altor animale
(1) nclcarea interdiciilor sau a regulilor de ntreinere a cinilor,
pisicilor i altor animale, aprobate prin decizie a autoritii
administraiei publice locale, se sancioneaz cu avertisment sau cu
amend de la 5 la 10 uniti convenionale aplicat persoanei fizice, cu
amend de la 20 la 40 de uniti convenionale aplicat persoanei cu
funcie de rspundere.
(2) Plimbarea cinilor sau altor animale n locuri publice contrar
regulilor aprobate prin decizie a autoritii administraiei publice
locale se sancioneaz cu amend de la 10 la 20 de uniti convenionale.

sursa: lex.justice.md

Semnati petitia si faceti repost.


La moment se pare c Moldova este luat de un val de cruzime fa de
animale. n fiecare zi n internet, reviste, la TV apar reportaje care
descriu cazuri de comportament crud fa de animale;pe zi ce trece
moartea lor devine mai barbar i intolerant. Cu regret, msurile
existente, amenzile i penalitile mici, sunt insuficiente pentru a acuza
vinovaii n svrirea unui asemenea act de violen. La moment n
articolul 157 din "Codul Contravenional", cauzarea intenionat de
dureri i suferin animalului, nsoit de nclcarea normelor morale
unanim acceptate, se sancioneaz cu amend de la 10 la 20 de uniti
convenionale, care nicicum nu este compatibil cu viaa animalelor i
durerea pricinuit. Pentru a opri rspndirea cruzimii fa de animale,
facem apel la Guvernul nostru, Parlament, deputaii notri, n scopul de
a face urgent schimb n legislaie.

http://www.debate.org/opinions/should-animal-cruelty-be-banned

http://www.debate.org/opinions/should-animal-abuse-be-illegal

, 245.

1. , ,
, ,
, , -


, ,
,
, .
( . 08.12.2003 N 162-, 27.12.2009 N 377-,
06.05.2010 N 81-, 07.12.2011 N 420-)
(. )
2. , ,
, -
( . 08.12.2003 N 162-)
(. )


,
, ,
.
( . 07.12.2011 N 420-)
(. )

, . . 1 2 ,
. 2.

. 3. .
,
.
, ,
, . 4.
.
,
,
, ,
,
, ,
, ..
() .
,
( , , ,
, ..).

. 5.
, .. , 14- . 6.
.
(, ). 7.
. ,
,
, .
. 8.
. . 9.
. . . 105. 10.
, 16- . 11.
(. 2 ) :
,
(. . . 35).
, ,

, . 167 .
,
,
. 258 .

: http://stykrf.ru/245


.
2. - .
- ,
.
: , , ,
.
3. ,
,
, ,
, , ,
, ..
- .
, (
, , , , ..).
, ,
14- .
4. . ,
,
.
. - -

. . . . 105.
5. - , 16- .
6. , .
. . 35.
7. , ,
, .
167 .
8. - .
(, ).
9. ,
, . 258 .

- ,
:
(, -
). , ,
.
2.
() ,
( ).
,
(,
, ,
)
.
3.
, ,
.
,
, .
4.
.
5.
, : )
; )
.
- ,
, (,
, ,
).
,

14 .
6. . 245 ,
,
.
7.
, ,
,
( ).
8.
-
(
).
,

. 245.
9. ,
.
10. , ,
, ,

.
11. ( )
,
( ).
12. ,

( ).
13. - , 16 .
14.
( )
, . 258 (. ).
15. , -
( ),
. . 245 167
(. ).
16. , ,
. . 35 .

West's Annotated California Codes. Penal Code. Part


1. Of Crimes and Punishments. Title 14. Malicious
Mischief. 597. Cruelty to animals
Share|

Primary Citation: West's Ann. Cal. Penal Code 597

Country of Origin: United States

Last Checked: January, 2017

more +
Summary:
This statutes states that anyone who maliciously and intentionally maims, mutilates,
tortures, or wounds a living animal, or maliciously and intentionally kills an animal,
is guilty of an offense punishable by imprisonment in the state prison, or by a fine of not
more than twenty thousand dollars ($ 20,000), or by both the fine and imprisonment, or,
alternatively, by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or by a fine of
not more than twenty thousand dollars ($ 20,000), or by both the fine and
imprisonment. The statute also defines specific forms of torture and mistreatment that
qualifies as a crime under this section.
Statute Text
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c) of this section or Section 599c, every person
who maliciously and intentionally maims, mutilates, tortures, or wounds a living animal,
or maliciously and intentionally kills an animal, is guilty of a crime punishable pursuant
to subdivision (d).

(b) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (a) or (c), every person who overdrives,
overloads, drives when overloaded, overworks, tortures, torments, deprives of
necessary sustenance, drink, or shelter, cruelly beats, mutilates, or cruelly kills any
animal, or causes or procures any animal to be so overdriven, overloaded, driven when
overloaded, overworked, tortured, tormented, deprived of necessary sustenance, drink,
shelter, or to be cruelly beaten, mutilated, or cruelly killed; and whoever, having the
charge or custody of any animal, either as owner or otherwise, subjects any animal to
needless suffering, or inflicts unnecessary cruelty upon the animal, or in any manner
abuses any animal, or fails to provide the animal with proper food, drink, or shelter or
protection from the weather, or who drives, rides, or otherwise uses the animal when
unfit for labor, is, for each offense, guilty of a crime punishable pursuant to subdivision
(d).

(c) Every person who maliciously and intentionally maims, mutilates, or tortures any
mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, or fish, as described in subdivision (e), is guilty of a
crime punishable pursuant to subdivision (d).

(d) A violation of subdivision (a), (b), or (c) is punishable as a felony by imprisonment


pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170, or by a fine of not more than twenty
thousand dollars ($20,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment, or alternatively, as a
misdemeanor by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year, or by a fine of
not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment.

(e) Subdivision (c) applies to any mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, or fish which is a
creature described as follows:

(1) Endangered species or threatened species as described in Chapter 1.5


(commencing with Section 2050) of Division 3 of the Fish and Game Code.

(2) Fully protected birds described in Section 3511 of the Fish and Game Code.

(3) Fully protected mammals described in Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 4700) of
Part 3 of Division 4 of the Fish and Game Code.

(4) Fully protected reptiles and amphibians described in Chapter 2 (commencing with
Section 5050) of Division 5 of the Fish and Game Code.

(5) Fully protected fish as described in Section 5515 of the Fish and Game Code.

This subdivision does not supersede or affect any provisions of law relating to taking of
the described species, including, but not limited to, Section 12008 of the Fish and Game
Code.

(f) For the purposes of subdivision (c), each act of malicious and intentional maiming,
mutilating, or torturing a separate specimen of a creature described in subdivision (e) is
a separate offense. If any person is charged with a violation of subdivision (c), the
proceedings shall be subject to Section 12157 of the Fish and Game Code.

(g)

(1) Upon the conviction of a person charged with a violation of this section by causing or
permitting an act of cruelty, as defined in Section 599b, all animals lawfully seized and
impounded with respect to the violation by a peace officer, officer of a humane society,
or officer of a pound or animal regulation department of a public agency shall be
adjudged by the court to be forfeited and shall thereupon be awarded to the impounding
officer for proper disposition. A person convicted of a violation of this section by causing
or permitting an act of cruelty, as defined in Section 599b, shall be liable to the
impounding officer for all costs of impoundment from the time of seizure to the time of
proper disposition.

(2) Mandatory seizure or impoundment shall not apply to animals in properly conducted
scientific experiments or investigations performed under the authority of the faculty of a
regularly incorporated medical college or university of this state.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a defendant is granted probation for a
conviction under this section, the court shall order the defendant to pay for, and
successfully complete, counseling, as determined by the court, designed to evaluate
and treat behavior or conduct disorders. If the court finds that the defendant is
financially unable to pay for that counseling, the court may develop a sliding fee
schedule based upon the defendant's ability to pay. An indigent defendant may
negotiate a deferred payment schedule, but shall pay a nominal fee if the defendant has
the ability to pay the nominal fee. County mental health departments or Medi-Cal shall
be responsible for the costs of counseling required by this section only for those
persons who meet the medical necessity criteria for mental health managed care
pursuant to Section 1830.205 of Title 9 of the California Code of Regulations or the
targeted population criteria specified in Section 5600.3 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code. The counseling specified in this subdivision shall be in addition to any other terms
and conditions of probation, including any term of imprisonment and any fine. This
provision specifies a mandatory additional term of probation and is not to be utilized as
an alternative in lieu of imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 or
county jail when that sentence is otherwise appropriate. If the court does not order
custody as a condition of probation for a conviction under this section, the court shall
specify on the court record the reason or reasons for not ordering custody. This
subdivision shall not apply to cases involving police dogs or horses as described in
Section 600.

CREDIT(S)

(Enacted in 1872. Amended by Stats.1905, c. 519, p. 679, 1; Stats.1909, c. 661, p.


999, 1; Stats.1972, c. 779, p. 1394, 1; Stats.1976, c. 1139, p. 5132, 250, operative
July 1, 1977; Stats.1979, c. 373, p. 1350, 240; Stats.1984, c. 1215, 8; Stats.1986, c.
846, 1; Stats.1987, c. 56, 122; Stats.1987, c. 814, 1; Stats.1988, c. 127, 2;
Stats.1988, c. 1522, 1; Stats.1988, c. 1527, 1; Stats.1988, c. 1556, 4; Stats.1998,
c. 450 (S.B.1991), 1; Stats.2011, c. 15 (A.B.109), 410, eff. April 4, 2011, operative
Oct. 1, 2011; Stats.2011, c. 131 (S.B.917), 1.5.)

Share|
Site Information

The primary federal law relating to animal care and conditions in the US is the
Animal Welfare Act of 1966, amended in 1970, 1976, 1985, 1990, 2002 and 2007. It
is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals
in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers. Other laws, policies, and
guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care
and use, but all refer to the Animal Welfare Act as the minimum acceptable
standard.
The AWA has been criticized by animal rights groups for excluding birds, rats and
mice bred for research, and animals raised for food or fiber as well as all cold-
blooded animals.
The Animal Legal Defense Fund releases an annual report ranking the animal
protection laws of every state based on their relative strength and general
comprehensiveness. In 2010's report, the top five states for their strong anti-cruelty
laws were Illinois, Maine, Michigan, Oregon, and California. The five states with the
weakest animal cruelty laws were Kentucky, North Dakota, Idaho, Mississippi, and
Iowa.
In Massachusetts and New York, agents of humane societies and associations may
be appointed as special officers to enforce statutes outlawing animal cruelty.
In 2004, a Florida legislator proposed a ban on "cruelty to bovines," stating: "A
person who, for the purpose of practice, entertainment, or sport, intentionally fells,
trips, or otherwise causes a cow to fall or lose its balance by means of roping,
lassoing, dragging, or otherwise touching the tail of the cow commits a
misdemeanor of the first degree." The proposal did not become law.
In the United States, ear cropping, tail docking, rodeo sports, and other acts are
legal and sometimes condoned. Penalties for cruelty can be minimal, if pursued.
Currently, 46 of the 50 states have enacted felony penalties for certain forms of
animal abuse. However, in most jurisdictions, animal cruelty is most commonly
charged as a misdemeanor offense. In one recent California case, a felony
conviction for animal cruelty could theoretically net a 25 year to life sentence due
to their three-strikes law, which increases sentences based on prior felony
convictions.
In 2003, West Hollywood, California passed an ordinance banning declawing of
house cats. In 2007, Norfolk, Virginia passed legislation only allowing the procedure
for medical reasons. However, most jurisdictions allow the procedure.
In April 2013, Texas Federal Court Judge Sim Lake ruled that videos showing cruelty
to animals are protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution
despite laws against cruelty to animals and evidence that cruelty to animals can be
a precursor to cruelty to human beings as well as murder. A petition has been
launched to reverse this ruling.
Publicado por Juanita Jaimes en 11:57 No hay comentarios: Enlaces a esta entrada
Mexico
he current policy of Mexico, in civil law, condemns physical harm to animals as
property damage to the owners of the abused animal, considering the animals as
owned property.
In criminal law, the situation is different. In December 2012, the Legislative
Assembly of the Federal District reformed the existing Penal Code of Mexico City,
establishing abuse and cruelty to animals as criminal offenses, provided the animals
are not deemed to be plagues or pests. Abandoned animals are not considered to
be plagues. A subsequent reform was entered into force on January 31, 2013, by a
decree published in the Official Gazette of the Federal District. The law provides
penalties of 6 months to 2 years imprisonment, and a fine of 50 to 100 days at
minimum wage, to persons who cause obvious injury to an animal, and the penalty
is increased by one half if those injuries endanger its life. The penalty rises to 2 to 4
years of prison, and a fine of 200 to 400 days at minimum wage, if the person
intentionally causes the death of an animal.
This law is considered to extend throughout the rest of the 31 constituent states of
the country. In addition, The Law of Animal Protection of the Federal District is wide-
ranging, based on banning "unnecessary suffering". Similar laws now exist in most
states.
Publicado por Juanita Jaimes en 11:54 No hay comentarios: Enlaces a esta entrada
Colombia
n Colombia, there is little to no control over cruel behaviors against animals, and
the government has proposed that bullfighting be declared a "Cultural Heritage";
other cruel activities like cockfighting are given the same legal treatment.
Publicado por Juanita Jaimes en 11:52 No hay comentarios: Enlaces a esta entrada
Canada
The Animal Legal Defense Fund releases an annual report ranking the animal
protection laws of every province and territory based on their relative strength and
general comprehensiveness. In 2011, the top four, for their strong anti-cruelty laws,
were Ontario, Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. The worst four were
Alberta, Northwest Territories, Quebec, and Nunavut.
Publicado por Juanita Jaimes en 11:52 No hay comentarios: Enlaces a esta entrada
Egypt

Egypt

Egyptian law states that anyone who inhumanely beats or intentionally kills any
domesticated animal may be jailed or fined. The Egyptian Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals was established by the British over a hundred years ago, and
is currently administered by the Egyptians. The SPCA was instrumental in promoting
a 1997 ban on bullfighting in Egypt.
In the ancient Egyptian law, the killers of cats or dogs were executed.
Cruelty to animals
Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse or animal neglect, is the human
infliction of suffering or harm upon non-human animals, for purposes other than
self-defense or survival. More narrowly, it can be harm for specific gain, such as
killing animals for food or for their fur, although opinions differ with respect to the
method of slaughter. It usually encompasses inflicting harm for personal
amusement (see zoosadism). Diverging viewpoints are held by jurisdictions
throughout the world. Laws concerning animal cruelty are designed to prevent
needless cruelty to animals, rather than killing for other aims such as food, or they
concern species not eaten as food in the country involved, such as those regarded
as pets.

Broadly speaking, there are two approaches to the issue. The animal welfare
position holds that there is nothing inherently wrong with using animals for human
purposes, such as food, clothing, entertainment, and research, but that it should be
done in a humane way that minimizes unnecessary pain and suffering. Animal
rights theorists criticize this position, arguing that the words "unnecessary" and
"humane" are subject to widely differing interpretations, and that the only way to
ensure protection for animals is to end their status as property, and to ensure that
they are never used as commodities.

Psychological disorders

One of the known warning signs of certain psychopathologies, including antisocial


personality disorder, also known as psychopathic personality disorder, is a history of
torturing pets and small animals, a behavior known as zoosadism. According to the
New York Times, "[t]he FBI has found that a history of cruelty to animals is one of
the traits that regularly appears in its computer records of serial rapists and
murderers, and the standard diagnostic and treatment manual for psychiatric and
emotional disorders lists cruelty to animals a diagnostic criterion for conduct
disorders.[77] "A survey of psychiatric patients who had repeatedly tortured dogs
and cats found all of them had high levels of aggression toward people as well,
including one patient who had murdered a young boy."[77] Robert K. Ressler, an
agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's behavioral sciences unit, studied
serial killers and noted,"Murderers like this (Jeffrey Dahmer) very often start out by
killing and torturing animals as kids."[78]

Cruelty to animals is one of the three components of the Macdonald triad, indicators
of violent antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. According to the studies
used to form this model, cruelty to animals is a common (but not universal)
behavior in children and adolescents who grow up to become serial killers and other
violent criminals.

It has also been found that children who are cruel to animals have often witnessed
or been victims of abuse themselves.[79] In two separate studies cited by the
Humane Society of the United States roughly one-third of families suffering from
domestic abuse indicated that at least one child had hurt or killed a pet.
Bullfighting

Bullfighting is criticized by animal rights or animal welfare activists, referring to it as


a cruel or barbaric blood sport in which the bull suffers severe stress and a slow,
torturous death.[95][96][97][98] A number of activist groups undertake anti-
bullfighting actions in Spain and other countries. In Spanish, opposition to
bullfighting is referred to as antitaurina.

The Bulletpoint Bullfight warns that bullfighting is "not for the squeamish", advising
spectators to "be prepared for blood". It details prolonged and profuse bleeding
caused by horse-mounted lancers, the charging by the bull of a blindfolded,
armored horse who is "sometimes doped up, and unaware of the proximity of the
bull", the placing of barbed darts by banderilleros, followed by the matador's fatal
sword thrust. It stresses that these procedures are a normal part of bullfighting and
that death is rarely instantaneous. It further warns those attending bullfights to "be
prepared to witness various failed attempts at killing the animal before it lies down."

Toro embolado

The "Toro Jubilo" or Toro embolado in Soria, Medinaceli, Spain, is a festival


associated with animal cruelty. During this festival, balls of pitch are attached to a
bull's horns and set on fire. The bull is then released into the streets and can do
nothing but run around in pain, often smashing into walls in an attempt to douse the
fire. These fiery balls can burn for hours, and they burn the bull's horns, body, and
eyes all while spectators cheer and run around the victim. The animal rights group
PACMA has described the fiesta as "a clear example of animal mistreatment", and
PETA calls it "a sadistic festival

Circuses

The use of animals in the circus has been controversial since animal welfare groups
have documented instances of animal cruelty during the training of performing
animals. The Humane Society of the United States has documented multiple cases
of abuse and neglect,[89] and cites several reasons for opposing the use of animals
in circuses, including confining enclosures, lack of regular veterinary care, abusive
training methods and lack of oversight by regulating bodies.[90] Animal trainers
have argued that some criticism is not based in fact, including beliefs that animals
are 'hurt' by being shouted at, that caging is cruel and common, and the harm
caused by the use of whips, chains or training implements.
In 2009, Bolivia passed legislation banning the use of any animals, wild or domestic,
in circuses. The law states that circuses "constitute an act of cruelty." Circus
operators had one year from the bill's passage on July 1, 2009 to comply.

In 2010, Lebanese animal rights groups became enraged when it was learned that
wild performing animals belonging to the Monte Carlo Circus were transported from
Egypt to Lebanon without being provided with food and water.

Religious rituals

The practice of cruelty to animals for divination purposes is found in ancient


cultures, and some modern religions such as Santeria continue to do animal
sacrifices for healing and other rituals. Taghairm was performed by ancient Scots to
summon devils.

The dogs have only one defect, they believe in humans...


'' Animals are of God, the bestiality is human.''

Adoption

DO NOT BUY PETS! If nobody bought and everyone adopted, nobody would breed
pets, and eventually, no innocent pets would die. ADOPTION IS THE ONLY OPTION!

By adopting an animal from a shelter, rescue organization or animal control facility


you are helping to save a life. There are many wonderful animals waiting for a
person and place to call home. If you are looking for a purebred animal, there are
many rescue groups that focus on a specific breed of dog or cat. Also, studies have
shown that over 25% of pets available for adoption at shelters are purebred.

A documented connection
The Humane Society of the United States

Is there a connection between animal abuse and criminal violence?


A number of studies have drawn links between the abuse of animals and violence against people. A 2001-2004
study by the Chicago Police Department "revealed a startling propensity for offenders charged with crimes against
animals to commit other violent offenses toward human victims." Of those arrested for animal crimes, 65% had been
arrested for battery against another person.[i]
Of 36 convicted multiple murderers questioned in one study, 46% admitted committing acts of animal torture as
adolescents.[ii] And of seven school shootings that took place across the country between 1997 and 2001, all
involved boys who had previously committed acts of animal cruelty.
How does animal abuse relate to domestic abuse?
Pet abuse is one of four predictors of domestic partner violence, according to a six-year "gold standard" study
conducted in 11 metropolitan cities.[iii] In both domestic violence and child-abuse situations, abusers may manipulate
and control their human victims through threatened or actual violence against family pets.
Researchers have found that between 71% and 83% of women entering domestic violence shelters reported that
their partners also abused or killed the family pet. And another study found that in families under supervision for
physical abuse of their children, pet abuse was concurrent in 88% of the families.[iv]
Can animal neglect indicate abuse toward people?
Animal abuse in the form of neglect is often one of the first indicators of distress in the household. Whether owing to
lack of empathy, mental illness, or substance abuse, a person who fails to provide minimal care for the family pet is
more likely to neglect the basic needs of other dependents in the household. In many cases, children found living
among the squalor of neglected pets are taken into foster care.

Animal hoarding is an extreme example of how life-threatening neglect affects both people and animals. By the time
an animal hoarding situation is discovered, the unsanitary conditions and lack of care may have killed a large number
of the animals and compromised the health of dependent children or elders in the household.

Is animal abuse in children normal?


No. Children who abuse animals are sending out clear warning signs that they pose a risk to themselves as well as to
others. The National School Safety Council, the U.S. Department of Education, the American Psychological
Association, and the National Crime Prevention Council agree that animal cruelty is a warning sign for at-risk youth.
[v]
Longitudinal studies show that chronic physical aggression (e.g., animal cruelty) by elementary school boys
increases the likelihood they will commit continued physical violence as well as other nonviolent forms of delinquency
during adolescence.[vi]
A child who abuses animals may also be acting out against violence in his own home.[vii]. Professional intervention
can remove a child from a potentially abusive situation and divert him or her from future abusive behavior.
Experts agree that early prevention and treatment of animal cruelty is the key to stopping the cycle of violence,
because as aggressive children get older, they are less responsive to therapeutic intervention[viii].
How can stopping animal abuse affect other issues?
Reporting, investigating, and prosecuting animal cruelty can help take dangerous criminals off the streets. Police
know that in homes where animal abuse is a problem, other issues are often concurrent. Acts of animal cruelty are
linked to a variety of other crimes, including violence against people, property crimes, and drug or disorderly conduct
offenses. [ix]
Stopping animal abuse in children can help curb violent tendencies before they escalate to include violence against
people.

Are there any laws or policies addressing the connection between animal abuse and other violence?
Several states have cross-reporting laws, which require social workers, veterinarians, or doctors who encounter
suspected child abuse to report it. In San Diego, Calif., social workers must report suspected cases of animal abuse
to animal control officials. [x]
At least 13 states have laws allowing courts to include pets in temporary restraining orders (TROs) in domestic
violence situations.[xi]
At least 28 states have counseling provisions in their animal cruelty laws. Four of these states require psychological
counseling for anyone convicted of animal cruelty, and six mandate counseling for juveniles convicted of animal
cruelty. [xii]
What can I do to help?
You can help stop the cycle of violence by recognizing that animal abuse is an indicator of serious problems.
Reporting animal abuse can help authorities stop other types of violence, and vice versa. Encouraging local law
enforcement and prosecutors to take crimes against animals seriously is the key to creating safer communities.

Animal cruelty in children should not be taken lightly. Children who abuse animals shoud receive immediate
professional psychological intervention for both their own welfare and that of the community.

[i] Degenhardt, B. 2005. Statistical Summary of Offenders Charged with Crimes against Companion Animals July
2001-July 2005. Report from the Chicago Police Department.
[ii] Cohen, W. (1996). Congressional Register, 142(141), Oct. 3.
[iii] Walton-Moss, B. J., Manganello, J., Frye, V., & Campbell, J. C. (2005). "Risk factors for intimate partner violence
and associated injury among urban women." Journal of Community Health, 30(5), 377389.
[iv] DeViney, E., Dickert, J., & Lockwood, R. (1983). "The care of pets within child abusing families." International
Journal for the Study of Animal Problems, 4, 33213329.
[v] Randour, M. L. (2004). "Including animal cruelty as a factor in assessing risk and designing interventions."
Conference Proceedings, Persistently Safe Schools, The National Conference of the Hamilton Fish Institute on
School and Community Violence, Washington, D.C.
[vi] Broidy, L. M., Nagin, D. S., Tremblay, R. E., Bates, J. E., Brame, B., Dodge, K., Fergusson, D., Horwood, J.,
Loeber, R., Laird, R., Lynam, D., Moffitt, T., Petitt, G. S., & Vitario, F. (2003). "Developmental trajectories of childhood
disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: A six site cross national replication." Development and
Psychopathology, 39(2), 222245.
[vii] Randour, M. L., & Davidson, H. (2008). A Common Bond: Maltreated Children andAnimals in the Home:
Guidelines for Practice and Policy. The Humane Society of the United States: Washington, D.C.
[viii] Kazdin, A. E. (1995). Conduct Disorder in Childhood and Adolescence (2nd ed.). Sage: Thousand Oaks, Calif.
and Loeber, R. (1990). "Development and risk factors in juvenile anti-social behavior and delinquency." Clinical
Psychology Review, 10, 142.
[ix] Arluke, A., & Lockwood, R. (Eds.). (1997). Society & Animals, Special Theme Issue: Animal Cruelty,5(3). Society
& Animals Forum (formerly Psychologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals): Washington Grove, Md. 301-963-
4751.
[x] The Humane Society of the United States. (2008). First Strike: The Violence Connection.
[xi] Ramsey, S., Randour, M.L., & Gupta, M. (2010). "Protecting Domestic Violence Victims by Protecting Their
Pets." Juvenile and Family Justice Today 19(2), 16-20.
[xii] The Humane Society of the United States, 2008.

Recently in Tampa, a pit bull was found dead, chained to a post in a


foreclosed home. In Sacramento, a puppy was burned alive. At the same time
across America dozens of men, women and children are victims of violent
crimes. It is time to take a serious look at the connection between those who
torture and kill animals, and perpetrators of violent crimes against people.

The examples are appalling. Mass murderer Jeffrey Dahmer cut off the heads
of cats and dogs impaling them on sticks; Albert DeSalvo, the Boston
Strangler, trapped dogs and cats in orange rates and shot arrows through the
box, and David Son of Sam Berkowitz poisoned his mothers parakeet. While
these are anecdotal stories about well-known serial killers, there are scientific
studies that draw a direct correlation between animal torture and human
cruelty.

With their limited resources local law enforcement cant always make animal
cruelty incidents a top priority. But perhaps when we look at the connection
between animal cruelty and human violence, we would focus more attention
on those who abuse animals to prevent them from escalating to crimes
against people.

According to the Humane Society of the United States, researchers


determined that between 71 percent and 83 percent of women entering
domestic violence shelters reported that their partners also abused or killed
the family pet. 1 Another study found that in families under supervision for the
physical abuse of their children, pet abuse was concurrent in 88 percent of the
families. 2 In seven school shootings that took place across the country
between 1997 and 2001, all boys involved had previously committed acts of
animal cruelty. 3

Because of this growing evidence of a link between animal cruelty and violent
crimes, those who abuse animals are now on the radar of law enforcement
agencies, social workers, and veterinarians in states that have cross-reporting
laws requiring these professionals to report cases of animal abuse.

In the case of animal abuse by young children, intervention at an early age


can stop these tendencies before they escalate to include violence against
people. The National School Safety Council, the U.S. Department of
Education, the American Psychological Association, and the National Crime
Prevention Council all now agree that animal cruelty is a warning sign for at-
risk youth.

Dr. Randall Lockwood, a psychologist who has written extensively on the link
between animal abuse and human violence, wrote Those who abuse animals
for no obvious reason are budding psychopaths. They have no empathy and
only see the world as what its going to do for them.

What can the public do to stop animal abuse? First and most importantly, all
animal abuse should be reported to local law enforcement, who should make
arrests in these cases a priority. Only 28 states currently have counseling
provisions in their animal cruelty laws. Psychological counseling should be
mandated for anyone convicted of animal cruelty with particular emphasis
placed on helping children who have abused animals. This is necessary for
their own welfare as well as that of their community.

Animal welfare organizations should come together to offer substantial


rewards for information leading to the arrest and conviction of anyone who
abuses an animal and efforts should be undertaken to push this story in the
local media. The Humane Society of the United States offers rewards in cases
across the country, oftentimes in partnership with other organizations.
Prosecutors should not only demand jail time, but also insist on psychological
counseling for those convicted of animal cruelty. In questioning suspects in
violent crimes, law enforcement should question them about any abuse of
animals in their past.

This is a serious problem. It is also one that will only get worse if left
unchecked. The public should demand that anyone who abuses an animal be
prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. This is not an animal rights issue. It
is a way to identify and help those who may one day become a danger to the
community at large.

Cathy Kangas, a member of the Board of Directors of The Humane Society of


the United States, supports animal welfare causes through Beauty with a
Cause.

1. Walton-Moss, B.J. Manganello, J., Frye, V., & Campbell, J.C. (2005) Risk
factors for intimate partner violence and associated injury among urban
women. Journal of Community Health, 30(5), 377-389.

2. DeViney, E., Dickert, J., & Lockwood, R (1983) The care of pets within
child abusing families. International Journal for the Study of Animal Problems,
4, 3321-3329

3. Randour, M.L. (2004) Including animal cruelty as a factor in assessing risk


and designing interventions. Conference Proceedings, Persistently Safe
Schools The National Conference of the Hamilton Fish Institute on School and
Community Violence, Washington, D.C.

The Animal Abuse-Human Violence


Connection
"One of the most dangerous things that can happen to a child is to kill or torture
an animal and get away with it." -Anthropologist Margaret Mead

Until the past 20 years, the connection between violence against animals and violence
against humans went unrecognized. Now a growing body of research has shown that
people who abuse animals rarely stop there.
Increasingly, child protection and social service agencies, mental health professionals,
and educators recognize that animal abuse is aggressive and antisocial behavior. It is
also a reliable predictor of violence against people after a young abuser grows up.

Children learn about abuse by being its victim. They often fail to develop empathy, and
without this key quality they cannot recognize their victims' pain. When they begin to
"act out" their abuse trauma, children first target animals. As adults, they find new
victims among the most vulnerable--children, partners, and the elderly.

Consider the following facts:

The FBI sees animal cruelty as a predictor of violence against people and considers past animal abuse when profiling serial
killers.

National and state studies have established that from 54 to 71 percent of women seeking shelter from abuse reported that their
partners had threatened, injured or killed one or more family pets (Anicare Model workshop, Tacoma, 2004. Created in 1999,
the AniCare Model of Treatment for Animal Abuse treats people over 17 by bringing abusers and animals together. A companion
program treats children.)

In assessing youth at risk of becoming violent, the U.S. Department of Justice stresses a history of animal abuse.

More than 80 percent of family members being treated for child abuse also had abused animals. In two-thirds of these cases, an
abusive parent had killed or injured a pet. In one-third of the cases, a child victim continued the cycle of violence by abusing a pet.

A 1997 study by the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and
Northeastern University found that 70 percent of animal abusers had committed at least
one other crime. Almost 40 percent had committed violent crimes against people.

The researchers also compared matched groups of abusers and non-abusers over a
20-year period. They found the abusers were five times more likely to commit violent
crimes than the non-abusers.

Responding to and reporting animal abuse


Many adults, including teachers, camp counselors, family friends and parents have a
bond of trust with children. If you are a trusted adult, you may hear children talk about
animal abuse they have seen or even committed. When children reveal violence against
animals, rely on the trusting relationship to talk to them and learn more.

By getting as much information from the child as possible and reporting the suspected
animal cruelty, you can help break the cycle of violence in your community. You may
also need to seek guidance from other professionals or agencies if you learn of other
kinds of abuse, such as domestic violence. In cases where a report of animal abuse
would put the complainant at risk, contact a social services agency first. Animal control
officers are also trained to look for signs of other kinds of violence and are required to
report what they've seen to social service agencies.

Get tips on identifying and reporting animal cruelty and neglect.


At PAWS, we work to combat violence toward animals and people through our Humane
Education Program by nurturing the compassion in every child.

Information and resources


Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)

Their First Strike campaign offers investigative support, rewards, expert testimony, and
information on the animal-human cruelty connection to law enforcement and
prosecutors in high-profile animal cruelty cases. HSUS also conducts an annual study
of animal cruelty cases.

Contact:
2100 L St NW, Washington D.C. 20037
202.452.1100, fax: 301.258.3081

The Latham Foundation

This organization offers "Breaking the Cycles of Violence: A Practical Guide," a 26-
minute video and 64-page training manual developed to help human service and animal
care professionals recognize, report, investigate, and treat their interrelated forms of
family violence.

Contact:
Latham Plaza Building, 1826 Clement Ave, Alameda, CA 95401
510.521.0920

Animal Legal Defense Fund (ALDF)

A national non-profit of attorneys, law students, professors, and other legal


professionals who work to ensure enforcement of state and federal animal protection
laws.

Contact:
Anti-Cruelty Division: 919 SW Taylor St, Fourth Floor, Portland, OR 97205-2542
503.231.1602
action@aldf.org
National Office: 127 Fourth St, Petaluma, CA 94952-3005
707.769.7771
info@aldf.org

American Humane Association's The Link

American Humane works to protect children and animals through public education,
advocacy, and training for animal control officers and humane professionals.
Contact:
63 Inverness Dr, East, Englewood, CO 80112-5117
866.242.1877

Animals and Society Institute

ASI is an independent research and educational organization that advances the status
of animals in public policy and promotes the study of human-animal relationships.

Contact:
2512 Carpenter Rd, Suite 201-A2 Ann Arbor, MI 48108-1188
734. 677.9240

Articles and books


"Animal Abuse and Youth Violence"
Juvenile Justice Bulletin. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Program.
September, 2001. Frank R. Ascione.

"Another Weapon for Combating Family Violence: Prevention of Animal Abuse." Animal
Law. Volume 4, 1998, pp. 1-31.

Child Abuse, Domestic Violence, and Animal Abuse: Linking the Circles of Compassion
for Prevention and Intervention, Frank R. Ascione and Phil Arkow

Cruelty to Animals and Interpersonal Violence: Readings in Research and Application,


Frank R. Ascione, author and Randall Lockwood, editor

AniCare Model of Treatment for Animal Abuse, Animals and Society Institute

The link between animal abuse and human


violence
Research has established a strong connection between abuse towards animals, and abuse towards
people. When a person abuses an animal there is a risk that they may also be abusive towards other
people in their lives. Children who experience abuse towards animals, or abuse within the home, are
also more likely to abuse animals or perform acts of violence towards people later in life. They
repeat lessons learnt in the home: to react to anger with violence, and to perform this violence on
more vulnerable individuals.

Animal abuse can take the form of physical violence, torment, neglect, or threats to safety be it to
household pets, wildlife, or farm animals. It is often used by the abuser to demonstrate power over
other family members, and promote an environment of fear, vulnerability, and isolation. It commonly
occurs alongside other types of abuse within the home. Given that up to one third of Australian
women have experienced some kind of domestic abuse in their lifetimes, it is a significant, yet often
poorly discussed, issue.

What you can do


If you are a victim of domestic abuse, or suspect that domestic or animal abuse may be
occurring to someone you know:

o Speak up. Talk to family, friends, community health workers, and animal protection
agencies;

o Include animals in your safety planning. Help prove ownership of your animals before
you plan to leave by having them registered, and in your name. Make arrangements for
accommodation of your animals with family, friends, or shelters.

If you are involved in responses to domestic, child, or animal abuse

o Cross-report. Be conscious of any "red flags" that may indicate that abuse towards
other family members or animals may be occurring. It may be appropriate to refer such cases to
other agencies;

o Women's refuges and animal shelters can help to minimise the difficulty involved in
leaving abusive environments by incorporating animals in their accommodation arrangements. Fear
for animals' safety and lack of suitable housing can be significant reasons for people's unwillingness
to leave abusive situations.

In the last few years, more attention has been given to the undeniable relationship between animal abuse
and domestic violence.

WHATS THE CONNECTION BETWEEN ANIMAL ABUSE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE?


When an animal is being abused, its likely domestic violence is also taking place in the home. As a result,
animal cruelty is a societal issue everyone, not just animal welfare advocates, need to be concerned
about.

According to the American Humane Association and the National Coalition Against Domestic
Violence, 68% of battered women reported violence towards their animals. 87% of these incidents
occurred in the presence of the women, and 75% in the presence of the children, to psychologically
control and coerce them.
And, according to the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), pet abuse is one of four
predictors of domestic partner violence, according to a six-year gold standard study conducted in 11
metropolitan cities.
Also, says the HSUS, studies reveal that between 71% and 83% of women entering domestic violence
shelters reported that their partners also abused or killed the family pet. And another study found that in
families being investigated for child abuse, pet abuse was also present in 88% of the cases.
WHY DO ABUSERS ALSO HURT ANIMALS?
According to the ASPCA, those who perpetrate domestic violence also abuse pets in the household for
the following reasons:
To demonstrate power and control over the family

To isolate the victim and children

To enforce submission
To perpetuate an environment of fear

To prevent the victim from leaving or coerce her to return

To punish for leaving or showing independence

WHY DONT PEOPLE BEING ABUSED JUST LEAVE THE ABUSER?


There are a variety of complex reasons why those being abused dont get out of their situations.
According to the American Humane Association and National Coalition Against Domestic
Violence, between 25% and 40% of battered women will not leave abusive situations because they
worry about what will happen to their pets if they leave.
Many organizations and womens shelters now recognize this reluctance and have started to take
measures to make arrangements for the pets of victims of domestic violence, either in foster care, in
animal shelters or, in some cases, even facilities within the womens shelters themselves.

WHAT ABOUT CHILDREN WHO HURT ANIMALS?


Kids who abuse pets should not be taken lightly and need psychological intervention. According to
the HSUS, Children who abuse animals are sending out clear warning signs that they pose a risk to
themselves as well as to others.
In addition, says the HSUS, A child who abuses animals may also be acting out against violence in his
own home. Professional intervention can remove a child from a potentially abusive situation and
divert him or her from future abusive behavior.
WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP?
You can help stop the cycle of violence by recognizing that animal abuse is an indicator of serious
problems, says the HSUS. Reporting animal abuse is an important part of stopping perpetrators who
may have or will escalate to violence against humans as well.
The ASPCA offers tips on how to report animal abuse. Your stepping forward may just save a pets
and a humans life.