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UNIVERSITATEA DE STIINTE AGRONOMICE SI MEDICINA VETERINARA

BUCURESTI
FACULTATEA DE IMBUNATATIRI FUNCIARE SI INGINERIA MEDIULUI
MASURATORI TERESTRE SI CADASTRU

Geodezie Matematica

Student:Simulescu Alexandru Vladut


An: III
Grupa:9304
N=32

2012-2013

Tema proiect

Etapa 1. Proiectarea masuratorilor GPS.


Date de intrare 2 masini, 5 GPS-uri, 5 operatori si 2 soferi, timp de stationare simultan intr-o sesiune: 2 ore.
Se va considera de asemeni ca distanta intre 2 puncte este egala cu distanta din coordonate + N in km iar
viteza medie de mers de la un punct la altul este de 60km / ora
Date de iesire: 2 variante de proiect in care se va determina Lungimea totala parcursa de mijloacele auto,
timpul total necesar masuratorilor si numarul de sesiuni necesare pentru finalizarea acestora. Intre cele 2
variante se va indica varianta optima si se va justifica alegerea

Etapa 2. Transformarea coordonatelor geodezice (B,L,h) in coordonate geocentrice (X, Y, Z)


Etapa 3. Unificarea determinarilor GPS intr-o singura retea

Etapa 4. Selectia si rezolvarea triunghiurilor care compun reteaua astfel incat sa nu existe
triunghiuri care se intersecteaza.
Date de intrare: Vectorii 3D
Date de iesire: Unghiurile triunghiurilor selectate si schita retelei

Etapa 5. Problema geodezica directa


Pornind de la N latura incepand cu cea mai scurta, singura considerata cunoscuta, inclusiv coordonatele
geodezice ale unui punct de capat, sa se determine coordonatele geodezice ale tuturor punctelor din retea
stiind si unghiurile triunghiurilor determinate in etapa 3
Date de intrare: Cel mai mic al N-lea vector 3D din retea, coordonatele geodezice ale punctelor ce
formeaza vectorul si unghiurile triunghiurilor calculate la etapa 3
Date de iesire: Coordonate geocentrice ale punctelor din retea

Etapa 6 Problema geodezica inversa


Sa se determine orientarile si lungimile vectorilor care formeaza triunghiurile retelei
Date de intrare: Coordonatele geodezice ale punctelor din retea
Date de iesire: lungimi si orientari ale laturilor triunghiurilor din retea.

Etapa 1. Proiectarea masuratorilor GPS.


Date de intrare: 2 masini, 5 GPS-uri, 5 operatori si 2 soferi, timp de stationare simultan intr-o
sesiune: 2 ore. Se va considera de asemeni ca distanta intre 2 puncte este egala cu distanta din
coordonate + N in km iar viteza medie de mers de la un punct la altul este de 60km / ora
Date de iesire: 2 variante de proiect in care se va determina Lungimea totala parcursa de
mijloacele auto, timpul total necesar masuratorilor si numarul de sesiuni necesare pentru
finalizarea acestora. Intre cele 2 variante se va indica varianta optima si se va justifica alegerea

Nr
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Pct
MH59-MH60
MH59-MH61
MH59-MH62
MH59-MH63
MH59-MH64
MH59-MH65
MH60-DRTS
MH60-MH61
MH60-MH62

Distanta
7718.1246
37921.0128
41917.991
43075.7978
24940.2259
17954.5637
20255.7261
31091.9019
34233.7243

Dist+Nr
39.8
70
74
75.1
57
50
52.3
63.1
66.3

km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km

10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61

MH60-MH63
MH60-MH64
MH60-MH65
MH61-MH64
MH62-MH61
MH62-MH63
MH62-MH64
MH62-MH65
MH63-MH61
MH63-MH64
MH63-MH65
MH65-MH61
MH65-MH64
MH51-DRTS
MH51-MH52
MH51-MH53
MH51-MH54
MH51-MH55
MH51-MH56
MH51-MH57
MH52-DRTS
MH52-MH53
MH52-MH54
MH52-MH55
MH52-MH56
MH53-DRTS
MH53-MH54
MH53-MH55
MH53-MH56
MH54-MH56
MH55-DRTS
MH55-MH54
MH55-MH56
MH57-DRTS
MH57-MH52
MH57-MH53
MH57-MH54
MH57-MH55
MH57-MH56
MH51-DRTS
MH51-MH55
MH51-MH57
MH51-MH58
MH51-MH59
MH51-MH60
MH51-MH61
MH55-DRTS
MH55-MH60
MH55-MH61
MH57-DRTS
MH57-MH55
MH57-MH58

35402.5421
18537.1633
14062.4122
30589.1897
14461.0052
7817.4068
25192.7781
34317.0556
21886.3534
22359.7255
32281.6516
36990.9109
10070.6081
11478.2153
22037.3588
15063.9118
24532.4321
18891.47
30890.9887
17134.9403
23239.3984
26988.0303
35033.2603
36849.026
47932.0683
26486.7765
9685.1787
11335.9494
21085.877
16291.2505
29432.2558
12751.8397
12004.8749
19499.862
38825.6498
25407.0192
31806.3364
19974.1574
28685.5749
11478.2173
18891.4658
17134.9387
38817.3269
27635.8337
31730.895
47143.3342
29432.2546
49143.1228
56573.107
19499.866
19974.1356
22746.2643

67.5
50.6
46.1
62.6
46.5
39.9
57.2
66.4
53.9
54.4
64.3
69
42.1
43.5
54.1
47.1
56.6
50.9
62.9
49.2
55.3
59
67.1
68.9
80
58.5
41.7
43.4
53.1
48.3
61.5
44.8
44.1
51.5
70.9
57.5
63.9
52
60.7
43.5
50.9
49.2
70.9
59.7
63.8
79.2
61.5
81.2
88.6
51.5
52
54.8

km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km

62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105

MH57-MH59
MH57-MH60
MH57-MH61
MH58-DRTS
MH58-MH55
MH58-MH59
MH58-MH60
MH58-MH61
MH59-DRTS
MH59-MH55
MH59-MH60
MH59-MH61
MH61-MH60
BAIL-DJ60
BAIL-DRTS
BAIL-MH62
DJ55-BAIL
DJ55-DJ60
DJ55-DRTS
DJ55-MH62
DJ60-DRTS
DJ60-MH62
DRTS-MH62
MH63-BAIL
MH63-DJ55
MH63-DJ60
MH63-DRTS
MH63-MH62
MH64-BAIL
MH64-DJ55
MH64-DJ60
MH64-DRTS
MH64-MH62
MH64-MH63
MH65-BAIL
MH65-DJ55
MH65-DJ60
MH65-DRTS
MH65-MH62
MH65-MH63
MH65-MH64
MH52-MH59
MH52-MH65
MH56-MH58

Masina
Sesiune
I

1
Punct
MH55
MH56
MH54

34201.8645
34486.3501
36602.7696
36140.4159
40879.6999
44196.4633
40291.0643
22277.7378
16685.5751
46088.1166
7718.1331
37921.0185
31091.8903
21374.9859
87690.3911
39617.3005
27512.4684
24955.1259
60641.9114
13466.345
76109.9844
30467.3873
48100.4101
37618.6454
15684.7953
24713.4179
51674.2343
7817.3998
59014.5712
37554.5398
42006.4974
38576.3958
25192.7838
22359.7169
69081.5276
47164.8609
51742.7594
33797.334
34317.0808
32281.664
10070.6305
28098.0842
44522.8155
45961.3892

GPS
1
2
3

66.3
66.5
68.7
68.2
72.9
76.2
72.3
54.3
48.7
78.1
39.8
70
63.1
53.4
119.7
71.7
59.6
57
92.7
45.5
108.2
62.5
80.2
69.7
47.7
56.8
83.7
39.9
91.1
69.6
74.1
70.6
57.2
54.4
101.1
79.2
83.8
65.8
66.4
64.3
42.1
60
76.6
78

km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km
km

Ora
Distanta
76,6
16,1
20,3
113

08:00
Timp(minute)
87
27
31
145

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

10:30

12:30

Masina
Sesiune
I

Masina
Sesiune
II

Masina
Sesiune
II

RETUR ZIUA I
MASINA
1
2

Masina
Sesiune
III

Masina
Sesiune
III

Masina
Sesiune
IV

2
Punct
MH51
MH53

1
Punct
MH57
MH60

2
Punct
MH52
MH51

DISTANTA
18,1
103,9

1
Punct
MH59
MH60

2
Punct
MH65
MH64
MH62

1
Punct
MH58
MH60

GPS
5
4

GPS
1
2

GPS
4
5

TIMP
19
104

GPS
1
2

GPS
3
4
5

GPS
1
2

Ora
Distanta
53,7
19,1
72,8

08:00
Timp(minute)
64
30
94

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

10:30

12:30

Ora
Distanta
69,8
38,5
108,3

12:45
Timp(minute)
80
49
129

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

14:45

16:45

Ora
Distanta
19,1
0
19,1

12:20
Timp(minute)
30
0
30

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

14:45

16:45

Ora
Distanta
22
11,8
33,8

08:00
Timp(minute)
32
22
54

Ziua 2
Start

Stop

09:20

11:20

Ora
Distanta
0
14,1
29,2
43,3

08:00
Timp(minute)
0
25
40
65

Ziua 2
Start

Stop

09:20

11:20

Ora
Distanta
60
0
60

11:35
Timp(minute)
70
0
70

Ziua 2
Start

Stop

13:00

15:00

TOTAL KM
239,4
195,8

Masina
Sesiune
IV

RETUR ZIUA
II
MASINA
1
2

Masina
Sesiune
I
Total
Retur

2
Punct
MH63
MH61

DISTANTA
62,4
66,4

1
Punct
MH64
MH63
MH62

GPS
5
4

TIMP
63
67

GPS
1
2
3

Ora
Distanta
11,9
61
72,9

11:15
Timp(minute)
22
71
93

Ziua 2
Start

Stop

13:00

15:00

TOTAL KM
156,2
182,6

Ora
Distanta
14,1
26,4
11,9
52,4
38,3

08:00
Timp(minute)
15
27
12
54
39

34,6
26,3
26,8
126
94,1

35
27
27
126
95

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

09:10

11:10

13:30

15:30

MH64

3+2+1

MH61
MH58
MH57

1
2
3

Total
Retur

MH65

3+2+1

Masina
Sesiune

2
Punct

GPS

Ora
Distanta

08:00
Timp(minute)

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

MH60

18,1

19

09:10

11:10

Total
Retur

MH65

18,1
36,2

19
37

II

MH59

22

22

13:30

15:30

Total
Retur

MH65

5+4

58,2
29,9

59
30

II

15:30+95'=

15:30+30'=

17:05

16:00

Masina
Sesiune

Ora
Distanta
56,6

08:00
Timp(minute)
57

MH55

24

24

Total
Retur

MH57

80,6
24

81
24

IV

MH56

32,7

33

Total
Retur

MH65

4+5

56,7
92,7

57
93

08:00
Timp(minute)
49
27
20
96
46

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

09:50

11:50

13:00

15:00

III

Masina
Sesiune

1
Punct
MH57

Total
Retur

MH52

3+2+1

Ora
Distanta
48,6
26,1
19,1
93,8
45,2

IV

MH54

39,1

40

Total
Retur

MH65

3+2+1

39,1
87,7

40
88

III

2
Punct
MH52
MH51
MH53

GPS

GPS
1
2
3

Ziua 1
Start

Stop

09:50

11:50

13:00

15:00

15:00+93'=

15:00+88'=

16:33

16:38

2. Transformarea coordonatelor geodezice in coordonate geocentrice

Descrierea procedurilor, formule folosite: formula de transformare in grade cu


zecimale, formula de transformare in radiani, formule de transformare coordonate

a cos B cos L c cos B cos L

;
W
V
a cos B sin L c cos B sin L
Y

;
W
V
a(1 e 2 ) sin B c(1 e 2 ) sin B
Z

.
W
V
X

X t ( N H e ) cos B cos L;
Yt ( N H e ) cos B sin L;

Z t N (1 e 2 ) H e sin B.

Parametri

Elipsoidul Krasovski

Elipsoidul WGS-84

6378245.000 m

6378137.000 m

0.003352329

0.003352810

6356863.024m

6356752.314 m

e2

0.006693422

0.006694380

e 2

0.006738525

0.006739497

521825.488 m

521854.012 m

6399698.902 m

6399593.626 m

Sesiunea I
16.09.2009
Num
e
g
DRT
S
44
MH5
9
44
MH6
0
44
MH6
1
44
MH6
2
44
MH6
3
44
MH6
4
44
MH6
5
44

B
m
37
29
26
25
17
13
16
19

L
s
38.05
292
9.104
03
42.15
108
10.10
467
23.87
937
40.61
063
59.03
866
30.29
048

g
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2

m
3
8
3
3
3
8
1
0
5
8
4
1
3
5

s
4.291
91
49.63
598
32.11
443
51.94
436
48.03
555
1.721
62
52.35
94
9.810
24

h
131.0
891
184.3
91
131.2
354
320.8
16
239.9
23
160.8
47
153.1
899
90.42
94

Nu
me
DR
TS
MH
59
MH
60
MH
61
MH
62
MH
63
MH
64
MH
65

B
g.dec
44.6272
3692
44.4858
6223
44.4450
4197
44.4194
7352
44.2899
6649
44.2279
474
44.2830
6629
44.3250
8069

L
g.dec
22.6345
2553
22.5637
8777
22.6422
5401
23.0310
9566
23.0133
4321
22.9671
4489
22.6978
7761
22.5860
584

h
m
131.0
891
184.3
91
131.2
354
320.8
16
239.9
23
160.8
47
153.1
899
90.42
94

N
638869
8.704
638864
5.772
638863
0.489
638862
0.917
638857
2.436
638854
9.222
638856
9.853
638858
5.581

10

W
0.99834
6815
0.99835
5086
0.99835
7474
0.99835
897
0.99836
6546
0.99837
0174
0.99836
695
0.99836
4492

X
419667
2.577
420904
3.715
420954
2.156
419948
3.854
420924
3.812
421506
0.289
421946
0.488
421984
4.499

Y
174987
3.961
174893
5.466
175590
6.724
178526
5.562
178787
4.991
178633
5.095
176485
4.909
175534
7.134

Z
445805
3.901
444689
6.735
444362
2.199
444172
6.017
443137
9.289
442638
8.379
443076
9.838
443406
7.091

cos B
0.711
692
0.713
423
0.713
922
0.714
235
0.715
815
0.716
57
0.715
899
0.715
387

cos L
0.922
978
0.923
453
0.922
927
0.920
293
0.920
414
0.920
729
0.922
552
0.923
304

sin B
0.702
491
0.700
733
0.700
225
0.699
906
0.698
29
0.697
515
0.698
204
0.698
729

sin L
0.384
852
0.383
712
0.384
976
0.391
231
0.390
945
0.390
203
0.385
872
0.384
071

Sesiunea I
17.09.2009
Num
e
g
DRT
S
44
MH5
1
44
MH5
2
44
MH5
3
44
MH5
4
44
MH5
5
44
MH5
6
44
MH5
7
44

B
m
37
43
41
51
57
52
58
43

L
s
38.05
28
49.31
394
23.91
042
49.36
431
1.669
81
56.37
579
37.28
288
12.63
577

g
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

m
3
8
3
7
2
1
3
5
3
6
4
4
4
8
5
0

s
4.292
38.21
625
18.11
747
35.56
965
15.67
979
3.284
29
26.60
007
35.10
419

h
131.0
784
401.8
931
293.6
393
573.5
643
828.3
412
618.3
603
638.8
547
388.0
252

Nu
me
DR
TS
MH
51
MH
52
MH
53
MH
54
MH
55
MH
56
MH
57

B
g.dec
44.6272
3689
44.7303
6498
44.6899
7512
44.8637
1231
44.9504
6384
44.8823
2661
44.9770
2302
44.7201
766

L
g.dec
22.6345
2556
22.6272
8229
22.3550
3263
22.5932
1379
22.6043
555
22.7342
4564
22.8073
8891
22.8430
845

h
m
131.0
784
401.8
931
293.6
393
573.5
643
828.3
412
618.3
603
638.8
547
388.0
252

N
638869
8.704
638873
7.319
638872
2.196
638878
7.253
638881
9.74
638879
4.224
638882
9.686
638873
3.504

11

W
0.99834
6815
0.99834
078
0.99834
3144
0.99833
2977
0.99832
7901
0.99833
1888
0.99832
6347
0.99834
1376

X
419667
2.571
418963
3.433
420073
3.352
418114
2.951
417468
7.322
417553
0.746
416645
5.421
418375
1.514

Y
174987
3.961
174631
7.172
172756
1.652
173986
0.829
173812
6.961
174959
5.498
175204
8.876
176239
0.325

Z
445805
3.891
446639
3.507
446312
7.404
447703
0.651
448403
9.31
447852
8.349
448599
4.03
446557
9.284

cos B
0.711
692
0.710
427
0.710
923
0.708
787
0.707
718
0.708
558
0.707
39
0.710
552

cos L
0.922
978
0.923
027
0.924
845
0.923
256
0.923
181
0.922
307
0.921
813
0.921
571

sin B
0.702
491
0.703
771
0.703
27
0.705
423
0.706
495
0.705
653
0.706
823
0.703
645

sin L
0.384
852
0.384
735
0.380
345
0.384
186
0.384
366
0.386
457
0.387
634
0.388
209

Sesiunea I
18.09.2009
Num
e
g
DRT
S
44
MH5
1
44
MH5
5
44
MH5
7
44
MH5
8
44
MH5
9
44
MH6
0
44
MH6
1
44

B
m
37
43
52
43
36
29
26
25

L
s
38.05
284
49.31
405
56.37
562
12.63
616
55.89
495
9.103
74
42.15
106
10.10
443

g
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
3

m
3
8
3
7
4
4
5
0
5
3
3
3
8
1

s
4.291
95
38.21
614
3.284
67
35.10
409
22.47
945
49.63
574
32.11
489
51.94
436

h
131.0
774
401.8
971
618.3
631
388.0
472
363.6
297
184.3
831
131.2
286
320.7
889

Nu
me
DR
TS
MH
51
MH
55
MH
57
MH
58
MH
59
MH
60
MH
61

B
g.dec
44.6272
369
44.7303
6501
44.8823
2656
44.7201
7671
44.6155
2638
44.4858
6215
44.4450
4196
44.4194
7345

L
g.dec
22.6345
2554
22.6272
8226
22.7342
4574
22.8430
8447
23.0895
7763
22.5637
8771
22.6422
5414
23.0310
9566

h
m
131.0
774
401.8
971
618.3
631
388.0
472
363.6
297
184.3
831
131.2
286
320.7
889

N
638869
8.704
638873
7.319
638879
4.224
638873
3.504
638869
4.319
638864
5.772
638863
0.489
638862
0.917

12

W
0.99834
6815
0.99834
078
0.99833
1888
0.99834
1376
0.99834
75
0.99835
5086
0.99835
7474
0.99835
897

X
419667
2.57
418963
3.434
417553
0.748
418375
1.522
418363
5.731
420904
3.717
420954
2.148
419948
3.841

Y
174987
3.96
174631
7.17
174959
5.507
176239
0.326
178357
2.453
174893
5.461
175590
6.731
178526
5.557

Z
445805
3.891
446639
3.513
447852
8.347
446557
9.308
445729
0.968
444689
6.723
444362
2.194
444172
5.993

cos B
0.711
692
0.710
427
0.708
558
0.710
552
0.711
836
0.713
423
0.713
922
0.714
235

cos L
0.922
978
0.923
027
0.922
307
0.921
571
0.919
893
0.923
453
0.922
927
0.920
293

sin B
0.702
491
0.703
771
0.705
653
0.703
645
0.702
346
0.700
733
0.700
225
0.699
906

sin L
0.384
852
0.384
735
0.386
457
0.388
209
0.392
17
0.383
712
0.384
976
0.391
231

Sesiunea I
19.09.2009
B
Num
e
g
m
BAIL

44

DJ55

44

14

DJ60
DRT
S
MH6
2
MH6
3
MH6
4
MH6
5

44

44

37

44

17

44

13

44

16

44

19

L
s
20.39
996
4.042
82
9.399
54
38.05
24
23.87
865
40.61
032
59.03
789
30.29
046

g
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
2
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
2

m
2
0
9
4
3
8
0
5
8
4
1
3
5

s
25.93
481
47.68
751
26.33
571
4.292
71
48.03
626
1.721
96
52.35
988
9.810
12

h
114.9
772
251.0
501
120.5
889
131.0
848
239.9
321
160.8
567
153.1
873
90.43
49

Nu
me
BAI
L
DJ
55
DJ
60
DR
TS
MH
62
MH
63
MH
64
MH
65

B
g.dec
44.0223
3332
44.2344
5634
44.0192
7765
44.6272
3678
44.2899
6629
44.2279
4731
44.2830
6608
44.3250
8068

L
g.dec
23.3405
3745
23.1632
4653
23.0739
8214
22.6345
2575
23.0133
4341
22.9671
4499
22.6978
7774
22.5860
5837

h
m
114.9
772
251.0
501
120.5
889
131.0
848
239.9
321
160.8
567
153.1
873
90.43
49

N
638847
2.27
638855
1.658
638847
1.127
638869
8.704
638857
2.436
638854
9.222
638856
9.853
638858
5.581

13

W
0.99838
22
0.99836
9794
0.99838
2379
0.99834
6815
0.99836
6546
0.99837
0174
0.99836
695
0.99836
4492

X
421790
4.369
420851
7.237
422654
6.861
419667
2.578
420924
3.826
421506
0.299
421946
0.498
421984
4.504

Y
182005
5.4
180057
8.118
180050
7.008
174987
3.981
178787
5.014
178633
5.107
176485
4.925
175534
7.133

Z
440995
6.228
442696
9.55
440971
5.976
445805
3.886
443137
9.279
442638
8.379
443076
9.819
443406
7.094

cos B
0.719
069
0.716
491
0.719
106
0.711
692
0.715
815
0.716
57
0.715
899
0.715
387

cos L
0.918
166
0.919
388
0.92
0.922
978
0.920
414
0.920
729
0.922
552
0.923
304

sin B
0.694
939
0.697
596
0.694
9
0.702
491
0.698
29
0.697
515
0.698
204
0.698
729

sin L
0.396
195
0.393
352
0.391
919
0.384
852
0.390
945
0.390
203
0.385
872
0.384
071

3. Unificarea determinarilor GPS intr-o singura retea


Sesiunea I 16.09.2009

S1-S2 transformat

I Transformat

DRTS

4196672.577

1749873.961

4458053.901

DRTS

4196672.5845

1749873.9633

4458053.9178

MH59

4209043.715

1748935.466

4446896.735

MH59

4209043.7227

1748935.4676

4446896.7524

MH60

4209542.156

1755906.724

4443622.199

MH60

4209542.1635

1755906.7256

4443622.2158

MH61

4199483.854

1785265.562

4441726.017

MH61

4199483.8616

1785265.5641

4441726.0343

MH62

4209243.812

1787874.991

4431379.289

MH62

4209243.8202

1787874.9931

4431379.3058

MH63

4215060.289

1786335.095

4426388.379

MH63

4215060.2970

1786335.0965

4426388.3961

MH64

4219460.488

1764854.909

4430769.838

MH64

4219460.4961

1764854.9113

4430769.8551

MH65

4219844.499

1755347.134

4434067.091

MH65

4219844.5065

1755347.1354

4434067.1077

Nume punct

DRTS

0.0078

0.0018

0.0171

DRTS

4196672.571

1749873.961

4458053.891

DRTS

4196672.5689

1749873.9596

4458053.8836

MH51

4189633.433

1746317.172

4466393.507

MH51

4189633.4304

1746317.1701

4466393.5004

MH52

4200733.352

1727561.652

4463127.404

MH52

4200733.3500

1727561.6505

4463127.3976

MH53

4181142.951

1739860.829

4477030.651

MH53

4181142.9486

1739860.8268

4477030.6445

MH54

4174687.322

1738126.961

4484039.31

MH54

4174687.3194

1738126.9591

4484039.3032

MH55

4175530.746

1749595.498

4478528.349

MH55

4175530.7432

1749595.4958

4478528.3419

MH56

4166455.421

1752048.876

4485994.03

MH56

4166455.4182

1752048.8746

4485994.0232

MH57

4183751.514

1762390.325

4465579.284

MH57

4183751.5119

1762390.3230

4465579.2770

Sesiunea I 17.09.2009

II

14

II Transformat

Sesiunea I 18.09.2009

III
DRTS

4196672.57

1749873.96

4458053.891

MH51

4189633.434

1746317.17

4466393.513

MH55

4175530.748

1749595.507

4478528.347

MH57

4183751.522

1762390.326

4465579.308

MH58

4183635.731

1783572.453

4457290.968

MH59

4209043.717

1748935.461

4446896.723

MH60

4209542.148

1755906.731

4443622.194

MH61

4199483.841

1785265.557

4441725.993

DRTS

0.001033284

0.001625017

-0.00017627

MH51

-0.0013484

0.002060458

-0.00522751

MH55

-0.0020223

-0.0098905

0.001742887

MH57

-0.00745349

-0.00075149

-0.02403482

Media

-0.00244773

-0.00173913

-0.00692393

BAIL

4217904.369

1820055.4

4409956.228

DJ55

4208517.237

1800578.118

4426969.55

DJ60

4226546.861

1800507.008

4409715.976

DRTS

4196672.578

1749873.981

4458053.886

MH62

4209243.826

1787875.014

4431379.279

MH63

4215060.299

1786335.107

4426388.379

MH64

4219460.498

1764854.925

4430769.819

MH65

4219844.504

1755347.133

4434067.094

S2-S3

Sesiunea I 19.09.2009

15

4. Calculul Unghiurilor triunghiurilor selectate si schita retelei

Am realizat in Autocad 2008 schita retelei cu ajutorul programului TopoLT ;

Plecand de la valorile date ale vectorilor retelei am calculat unghiurile triunghiurilor formate
de acestia cu ajutorul Teoremei Cosinusului;

Mi-am ordonat vectorii dupa lungime de la cel mai scurt la cel mai lung alegand ca vector
de baza al 4-lea punct.

Cos a = (B2+C2-A2) / 2*B*C

rezultand a=arccos((B2+C2-A2) / 2*B*C)*180/PI()

Cos b = (A2+C2-B2) / 2*A*C

rezultand b=arccos(A2+C2-B2) / 2*A*C)*180/PI()

Cos c = (A2+B2-C2) / 2*A*B

rezultand c=arccos((A2+B2-C2) / 2*A*B)*180/PI()

Am inmultit cu 180/PI() deoarece valorile din excel sunt in radiani


Am redus la orizont distantele date cu formula :

d = D*cos V;

V-Elevation

16

17

Elevation
Distanta

MH59-MH60

MH62-MH63

MH53-MH54

MH65-MH64

MH53-MH55

MH51-DRTS

MH55-MH56

MH55-MH54

DJ55-MH62

1
0
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
4
1
5
1
6
1
7
1
8
1
9
2
0
2
1
2
2
2
3
2
4
2
5
2
6
2
7
2
8
2
9
3
0
3
1
3
2
3
3
3
4
3
5

MH60-MH65
MH62-MH61
MH51-MH53
MH63-DJ55
MH54-MH56
MH59-DRTS
MH51-MH57
MH59-MH65
MH60-MH64
MH51-MH55
MH57-DRTS
MH57-MH55
DRTS-MH60
MH53-MH56
BAIL-DJ60
MH63-MH61
MH51-MH52
MH58-MH61
MH63-MH64
MH57-MH58
MH52-DRTS
MH51-MH54
MH63-DJ60
MH59-MH64
DJ55-DJ60
MH64-MH62

7718,133
1
7817,406
8
9685,178
7
10070,63
1
11335,94
9
11478,21
7
12004,87
5
12751,84
13466,34
5
14062,41
2
14461,00
5
15063,91
2
15684,79
5
16291,25
1
16685,57
5
17134,94
17954,56
4
18537,16
3
18891,47
19499,86
6
19974,13
6
20255,72
2
21085,87
7
21374,98
6
21886,35
3
22037,35
9
22277,73
8
22359,72
6
22746,26
4
23239,39
8
24532,43
2
24713,41
8
24940,22
6
24955,12
6
25192,78
4

Minute

Secund
e

Unghiul in
grade
zecimale

Unghiul vertical
V

25

45,22

125,9689167

-0,429227778

36

53,05

208,1780361

-0,614736111

27

49,81

5,211005556

1,463836111

18

42,63

117,5807333

0,311841667

10

32,1

79,43486944

0,175583333

24

12,93

177,1286444

-1,403591667

37,87

28,72706944

0,043852778

53

10,63

306,4838389

0,886286111

27,81

297,3141111

-0,107725

13

46,18

198,5884556

-0,229494444

Grad
e

15

19,64

5,610847222

0,255455556

35

6,77

349,7020278

0,585213889

15

32,96

87,28850556

0,259155556

44

22,12

79,48820556

-0,739477778

15

29,18

19,66004444

-0,258105556

23,55

93,71289722

-0,123208333

22

50,36

174,3215472

-0,380655556

55,9

166,1412278

-0,015527778

Cos V
0,999971
9
0,999942
4
0,999673
6
0,999985
2
0,999995
3
0,9997
0,999999
7
0,999880
4
0,999998
2
0,999992
0,999990
1
0,999947
8
0,999989
8
0,999916
7
0,999989
9
0,999997
7
0,999977
9
1
0,999950
2
0,999891
9
0,999950
4
0,999998
7

Distanta
redusa
7717,916524

MH59-MH60

7816,956854

MH62-MH63

9682,017924

MH53-MH54

10070,48134

MH65-MH64

11335,89617

MH53-MH55

11474,77333

MH51-DRTS

12004,87138

MH55-MH56

12750,31411

MH55-MH54

13466,3212

DJ55-MH62

14062,2994

MH60-MH65

14460,86147

MH62-MH61

15063,12604

MH51-MH53

15684,63486

MH63-DJ55

16289,89368

MH54-MH56

16685,4058

MH59-DRTS

17134,90068

MH51-MH57

17954,16746

MH59-MH65

18537,16262

MH60-MH64

18890,52988

MH51-MH55

19497,75743

MH57-DRTS

19973,14412

MH57-MH55

20255,6964

DRTS-MH60

34

17,79

26,57752778

0,571608333

50

33,35

238,0874639

-0,842597222

34

15,18

334,4958556

0,570883333

26,63

178,2594389

-0,090730556

57,92

53,25138889

0,082755556

0,999999

21085,85501

MH53-MH56

50,94

269,1824778

-0,080816667

0,999999

21374,96464

BAIL-DJ60

19

13,13

13,45703056

0,320313889

0,999984
4

21886,01138

MH63-MH61

22

49,01

258,3432972

-0,380280556

0,999978

22036,87341

MH51-MH52

12

37,46

192,0681222

-0,210405556

22277,58759

MH58-MH61

11,71

285,9916722

-0,119919444

22359,67653

MH63-MH64

48,92

120,6632306

-0,163588889

22746,17159

MH57-MH58

30

18,08

107,3602972

-0,505022222

23238,49565

MH52-DRTS

53

8,42

355,76955

0,885672222

24529,50119

MH51-MH54

12

16,22

159,7186

-0,204505556

24713,26048

MH63-DJ60

11

1,84

154,5844

-0,183844444

24940,09751

MH59-MH64

24

42,4

196,6674944

-0,411777778

24954,48142

DJ55-DJ60

3,56

88,14575

0,084322222

25192,75652

MH64-MH62

18

0,999993
3
0,999997
8
0,999995
9
0,999961
2
0,999880
5
0,999993
6
0,999994
9
0,999974
2
0,999998
9

3
6
3
7
3
8
3
9
4
0
4
1
4
2
4
3
4
4
4
5
4
6
4
7

MH57-MH53
MH53-DRTS
MH52-MH53
DJ55-BAIL
MH51-MH59
MH57-MH56
MH55-DRTS
DJ60-MH62
MH61-MH64
MH51-MH56
MH60-MH61
MH51-MH60

25407,01
9
26486,77
7
26988,03
27512,46
8
27635,83
4
28685,57
5
29432,25
6
30467,38
7
30589,19
30890,98
9
31091,90
2
31730,89
5

18

15,65

308,9813944

0,304347222

34,92

172,8886778

-1,076366667

28

23,08

44,23395278

0,473077778

24

25,44

148,8903194

-0,407066667

34

30,98

190,5318083

-0,575272222

22

19,05

354,3664278

0,371958333

51,64

195,6001556

-1,081011111

MH57-MH54
MH63-MH65
DRTS-MH65
MH57-MH59
MH60-MH62
MH65-MH62

31806,33
6
32281,65
2
33797,34
9
34201,86
5
34233,72
4
34317,08
1

MH55-DRTS

30467,35195

DJ60-MH62

30588,24101

MH61-MH64

30890,56346

MH51-MH56

31091,69316

MH60-MH61

31728,9676

MH51-MH60

2,29

27,38345

0,300636111

12

35,82

95,10715556

0,20995

37

53,46

177,8472667

-0,631516667

Elevation

Unghiul vertical

39

1,07

323,6707861

0,650297222

16

11,26

289,6660972

-0,269794444

13

15,56

186,5685833

-0,220988889

29

41,4

220,5149083

-0,494833333

41,78

120,0937694

0,028272222

44,56

96,3796

0,095711111

0,717091667

39,81

132,8406

-0,111058333

56

51,25

356,2078194

0,947569444

31

50,62

272,2234472

-0,530727778

16

11,56

155,8521861

-0,269877778

20

22,2

54,40565833

0,3395

11

27,38

73,37126389

0,190938889

8,78

98,10723333

-0,019105556

14

19,62

127,2670528

-0,238783333

9,71

101,0546972

0,036030556

MH59-MH61

29427,01744

18

34,17561944

37618,64
5
37921,01
9

0,999822

1,53

MH63-BAIL

MH57-MH56

0,999969

43

37554,54

28684,97043

-0,45125

MH64-DJ55

MH51-MH59

240,4110917

35033,26

MH65-MH61

27634,44073

4,5

MH52-MH54

36849,02
6
36990,91
1

DJ55-BAIL

27

-0,581736111

MH52-MH55

27511,77404

207,6200167

36602,77

MH52-MH53

0,087275

54,25

MH57-MH61

26987,11036

350,8594111

34

MH58-DRTS

MH53-DRTS

14,19

DRTS-MH54

26482,10279

34486,35

35402,54
2
36008,12
9
36140,41
6

MH57-MH53

MH57-MH60

MH60-MH63

25406,66076

0,999998
8

Distanta
4
8
4
9
5
0
5
1
5
2
5
3
5
4
5
5
5
6
5
7
5
8
5
9
6
0
6
1
6
2
6
3
6
4
6
5
6
6
6
7
6
8
6
9
7
0
7
1
7
2
7
3

0,999985
9
0,999823
5
0,999965
9
0,999974
8
0,999949
6
0,999978
9

0,999986
2
0,999993
3
0,999939
3
Cos V
0,999935
6
0,999988
9
0,999992
6
0,999962
7
0,999999
9
0,999998
6
0,999948
5
0,999921
7
0,999998
1
0,999863
2
0,999957
1
0,999988
9
0,999982
4
0,999994
4
0,999999
9
0,999991
3
0,999999
8

D. Redusa
31804,2878

MH57-MH54

32281,29371

MH63-MH65

33797,09741

DRTS-MH65

34200,58897

MH57-MH59

34233,72013

MH60-MH62

34317,03292

MH65-MH62

34484,57256

MH57-MH60

35030,51652

MH52-MH54

35402,47559

MH60-MH63

36003,20518

DRTS-MH54

36138,86545

MH58-DRTS

36602,36356

MH57-MH61

36848,37911

MH52-MH55

36990,7055

MH65-MH61

37554,53771

MH64-DJ55

37618,31871

MH63-BAIL

37921,011

MH59-MH61

DRTS-MH64

38576,39

26,68

172,4671694

-0,140744444

0,999997

38576,27351

DRTS-MH64

MH51-MH58

38817,32
7

13

50,16

109,0319111

-0,2306

0,999991
9

38817,01251

MH51-MH58

MH57-MH52

38825,65

18

48,18

265,2124694

-0,313383333

0,999985

38825,06904

MH57-MH52

39077,66057

DRTS-MH61

39617,30045

BAIL-MH62

40289,46006

MH58-MH60

40879,51267

MH58-MH55

41210,64756

DRTS-MH56

41917,91056

MH59-MH62

DRTS-MH61
BAIL-MH62
MH58-MH60
MH58-MH55
DRTS-MH56
MH59-MH62

39077,72
3
39617,30
1
40291,06
4
40879,7
41212,34
9
41917,99
1

9,88

126,0765861

0,102744444

0,999998
4

10,75

318,7612556

0,002986111

30

40,65

242,108425

-0,511291667

10

24,27

316,6215694

0,173408333

31

14,23

19,32328333

0,520619444

44,08

121,1288028

-0,112244444

19

0,999960
2
0,999995
4
0,999958
7
0,999998
1

7
4
7
5
7
6
7
7
7
8
7
9
8
0
8
1
8
2
8
3
8
4
8
5
8
6
8
7
8
8
8
9
9
0

MH64-DJ60
MH59-MH63
MH58-MH59
MH59-MH55
MH51-MH61
MH65-DJ55
MH52-MH56
DRTS-MH62
MH55-MH60
DRTS-MH63
MH65-DJ60
MH55-MH61
MH64-BAIL
DJ55-DRTS
MH65-BAIL
DJ60-DRTS
BAIL-DRTS

42006,49
7
43075,79
8
44196,46
3
46088,11
7
47143,33
4
47164,86
1
47932,06
8
48100,41
49143,12
3
51674,24
4
51742,75
9
56573,10
7
59014,57
1
60641,91
1
69081,52
8
76109,98
4
87690,39
1

13

59,18

134,1183306

-0,233105556

13

29,19

131,5671056

-0,224775

25

50,2

251,1566

-0,430611111

19

56,02

16,99247222

0,332227778

18

37,24

136,98435

-0,310344444

59,1

102,1266417

-0,016416667

11

50,72

48,11455556

0,197422222

11,32

141,0528056

-0,086477778

47

20,5

188,570675

-0,789027778

11

57,47

149,0488083

-0,199297222

11

56,33

130,8790333

33

20,68

18

0,999991
7
0,999992
3
0,999971
8
0,999983
2
0,999985
3

42006,14975

MH64-DJ60

43075,46632

MH59-MH63

44195,21511

MH58-MH59

46087,34181

MH59-MH55

47142,64264

MH51-MH61

47164,85896

MH65-DJ55

47931,78376

MH52-MH56

48100,35531

DRTS-MH62

49138,46302

MH55-MH60

0,999994

51673,93159

DRTS-MH63

-0,198980556

0,999994

51742,44737

MH65-DJ60

155,2966889

-0,555744444

0,999953

56570,44577

MH55-MH61

7,02

119,1773278

-0,30195

59013,75169

MH64-BAIL

23

8,73

316,2187028

-0,385758333

60640,53696

DJ55-DRTS

17

22,83

118,8778972

-0,289675

69080,64471

MH65-BAIL

20

3,57

332,7280917

-0,334325

0,999983

76108,6887

DJ60-DRTS

23

0,6

320,2883389

-0,3835

0,999977
6

87688,42681

BAIL-DRTS

20

1
0,999994
1
0,999998
9
0,999905
2

0,999986
1
0,999977
3
0,999987
2

Triunghi

cos(a)

cos(b)

cos(c)

Verificare

MH53-MH54

9682,017924

MH54-MH55

12750,31411

MH53-MH55

11335,89617

0,68263705

46,94994327

0,271850287

74,22560057

0,517661858

58,82445616

180

II

MH52-MH53

26987,11036

MH53-MH54

9682,017924

MH52-MH54

35030,51652

0,873575591

29,12315704

0,984638282

10,05576354

-0,775176963

140,8210794

180

III

MH54-MH55

12750,31411

MH55-MH56

12004,87138

MH54-MH56

16289,89368

0,631288323

50,85476321

0,683226975

46,90367214

0,134996809

82,24156464

180

IV

MH55-MH56

12004,87138

MH56-MH57

28684,97043

MH55-MH57

19973,14412

0,940462943

19,87055255

-0,583430455

125,6921861

0,824745907

34,43726136

180

MH51-MH55

18890,52988

MH55-MH57

19973,14412

MH51-MH57

17134,90068

0,490417991

60,63194142

0,388539206

67,13636498

0,61246988

52,2316936

180

VI

MH51-MH53

15063,12604

MH53-MH55

11335,89617

MH51-MH55

18890,52988

0,603473393

52,88093173

0,799941401

36,87549309

-0,004251176

90,24357518

180

VII

MH51-MH52

22036,87341

MH52-MH53

26987,11036

MH51-MH53

15063,12604

0,577572285

54,72002936

-0,023772926

91,36221665

0,829839419

33,91775399

180

VIII

MH51-MH57

17134,90068

MH57-MH60

34484,57256

MH51-MH60

31728,9676

0,869300883

29,62250109

0,102218173

84,13308289

0,402835893

66,24441602

180

IX

MH57-MH58

22746,17159

MH58-MH61

22277,58759

MH57-MH61

36602,36356

0,808569792

36,04356932

0,817253098

35,18924383

-0,321723499

108,7671868

180

MH57-MH60

34484,57256

MH60-MH61

31091,69316

MH57-MH61

36602,36356

0,490866317

60,60246197

0,618841907

51,7683864

0,380599926

67,62915162

180

XI

MH51-MH59

27634,44073

MH59-MH60

7717,916524

MH51-MH60

31728,9676

0,617913719

51,83605726

0,975592789

12,68481151

-0,430182321

115,4791312

180

XII

MH59-MH60

7717,916524

MH60-MH65

14062,2994

MH59-MH65

17954,16746

0,912032344

24,21226521

0,66454406

48,35264358

-0,299625167

107,4350912

180

XIII

MH60-MH64

18537,16262

MH64-MH65

10070,48134

MH60-MH65

14062,2994

-0,156988364

99,03213311

0,843885772

32,44724863

0,662350489

48,52061826

180

XIV

MH60-MH62

34233,72013

MH62-MH64

25192,75652

MH60-MH64

18537,16262

-0,207329007

101,965871

0,694062805

46,04741815

0,848170983

31,98671084

180

XV

MH60-MH61

31091,69316

MH61-MH62

14460,86147

MH60-MH62

34233,72013

0,418514788

65,25914471

0,906404023

24,98694977

0,004295146

89,75390552

180

XVI

MH62-MH63

7816,956854

MH63-MH64

22359,67653

MH62-MH64

25192,75652

0,9528863

17,65758316

0,49719183

60,18561376

-0,210587835

102,1568031

180

21

5. Problema geodezica directa

Pornind de la NRO latura incepand cu cea mai scurta, singura considerata cunoscuta, inclusiv
coordonatele geodezice ale punctelor de capat, sa se determine coordonatele geodezice ale
tuturor punctelor din retea stiind si unghiurile triunghiurilor determinate in etapa 3.
Date de intrare: Cel mai mic al NRO vector 3D din retea, coordonatele geodezice ale punctelor ce
formeaza vectorul si unghiurile triunghiurilor calculate la etapa 3;
Date de iesire: Coordonate geocentrice ale punctelor din retea;

Formule folosite:
a)

Transformarea coordonatelor B L in B L cu zecimale


B transformat=(((Grade*60+Minute)*60+Secunde)/3600)
L transformat=(((Grade*60+Minute)*60+Secunde)/3600)

b)

Transformarea distantelor
s = (S*180) / (PI()*Ra)

unde:

s-distanta in grade
S-distanta in metri
Ra-Raza de curbura a unei laturi de azimut A

Ra = (M*N) / (N*cos2A+M*sin2A)

M= (a*(1-e2)) / W 3

N= a / W

c) Calcule Azimut, Latitudine si Diferenta de Longitudine

22


A
2
tg
tg 2
2

A2 2
tg 2 tg

90o 1 s
A1
2

o
90 1 s
2
sin
2
o
90 1 s
cos
A1
2

90o 1 s
2
cos
2
sin

Unde
A2=azimutul invers; 2 =Diferenta de longitudine
A1=azimutul cunoscut; 1 =Latitudinea cunoscuta
s=distanta cunoscuta transformata in valori unghiulare

Rezolvnd sistemul de ecuaii constituit mai sus, rezult necunoscutele 2 i A2 ,


celelalte elemente fiind cunoscute.

A 2
sin 2
o
90o 2
2 tg 90 1 s
tg

A 2
2
2
sin 2
2
A 2
cos 2
o
90o 2
2 tg 90 1 s
tg

A 2
2
2
cos 2
2

Cu una din formulele de mai sus determinam latitudinea punctului nou

2 -latitudinea care vrem sa o determinam


Celelalte elemente fiind deja cunoscute.

23

Date de
intrare

Azimutul

Distanta
Grad
e

Minut
e

Azimut

cosA

sinA

Latitudine

22,5860584

239,874441
8

44,2066421
5

44,2066421
5

22,6541578

234,108887
7

43,9505424
2

22,8044812
5

43,8783573
6

44,3250806
9

Diferenta
longitudine

Ra

0,0680994

0,99836449
2

6366626,26
3

6388585,58
1

6387450,38
6

0,09033276
9

43,9505424
2

0,15032345
1

0,99836695

6366579,24
4

6388569,85
3

6378370,35
5

0,20085304
3

194,355096
5

43,8783573
6

0,02025117
1

0,99837017
4

6366517,56
2

6388549,22
2

6366720,54
1

0,07034683
5

22,8247324
2

182,865422

43,7479155
6

0,02633070
1

0,99836654
6

6366586,96
6

6388572,43
6

6375097,16
2

0,12996607
1

43,7479155
6

22,8510631
2

186,180127
5

43,5461697
5

0,03632197
7

0,99835897

6366731,90
8

6388620,91
7

6371717,61
9

0,20032459
4

43,5461697
5

22,8873851

149,644547
4

43,2977320
1

0,22392106

0,9983475

6366951,36
3

6388694,31
9

6380899,23

0,20424388
2

43,2977320
1

22,6634640
4

177,108651
9

43,0393156
7

0,03218668

0,99834137
6

6367068,51
9

6388733,50
4

6374644,65
3

0,25782264
4

43,0393156
7

22,6312773
6

103,005653
7

42,8937388

0,06506813

0,99832634
7

6367356,08
9

6388829,68
6

6388070,50
7

0,1076739

42,8937388

22,5662092
4

152,703513
9

42,7587713
1

0,11561401

0,99833188
8

6367250,06
1

6388794,22
4

6388112,39
6

0,11435916
3

10

42,7587713
1

22,4505952
3

91,0753185
8

42,6645140
9

0,00989504

0,99832790
1

6367326,35
1

6388819,74

6367761,20
7

0,08711676
6

11

42,6645140
9

22,4407001
9

110,772115
6

42,3150295
6

0,21049457

0,99833297
7

6367229,22

6388787,25
3

6385663,35

0,24214360
2

0,19525663
8

12

42,3150295
6

22,2302056
2

220,031596
1

42,0515178
2

0,24127966
3

0,99834314
4

6367034,70
8

6388722,19
6

6367858,84
6

0,19828012
4

13

42,0515178
2

22,4714852
8

93,7450077
6

41,7645749
7

0,05575283

0,99834078

6367079,92
6

6388737,31
9

6384362,68

0,24800233

14

41,7645749
7

22,4157324
6

244,108403
9

41,6628735
6

0,06899542
5

0,99835508
6

6366806,21
7

6388645,77
2

6368772,12
1

0,06943317
1

15

41,6628735
6

22,4847278
8

97,8562232
9

41,5043238
6

-0,049297

0,99835747
4

6366760,52
7

6388630,48
9

6375136,32
9

0,12638324
3

41,5043238
6

22,4354308
8

0,97389588
9
0,73283412
7

MH65-MH64

117

34

50,64

117,580733
3

MH64-MH63

22359,6765
3

285

59

30,02

105,991672
2

MH63-MH62

7816,95685
4

208

10

40,93

28,1780361
1

0,68040733
5
0,99536695
2

MH62-MH61

14460,8614
7

36

39,05

5,61084722
2

0,78236760
7

MH61-MH58

22277,5875
9

192

5,24

12,0681222
2

0,87842098
1

MH58-MH57

22746,1715
9

120

39

47,63

300,663230
6

MH57-MH56

28684,9704
3

354

21

59,14

354,366427
8

0,59810314
1
0,80593564
7

MH56-MH55

12004,8713
8

28

43

37,45

208,727069
4

0,18772162
7

MH55-MH54

12750,3141
1

1,82

306,483838
9

MH54-MH53

9682,01792
4

12

39,62

185,211005
6

MH53-MH52

26987,1103
6

44

14

2,23

224,233952
8

MH52-MH51

22036,8734
1

258

20

35,87

78,3432972
2

0,17760789
4
0,98979846
8
0,38011622
8
0,98075218
4

MH51-MH59

27634,4407
3

190

31

54,51

190,531808
3

-0,44882747

0,89361843
2

MH59-MH60

7717,91652
4

125

58

8,1

125,968916
7

MH60-MH65

14062,2994

198

35

18,44

198,588455
6

0,95378371
3
0,78498873
8

0,30049397
5
0,61951003
4

29

Azimut
Invers

Secund
e

10070,4813
4

306

Vector
ul

-0,22699515

0,09614900
8

-0,62281693
0,47788762
3
0,80141913
6
0,59200315
3
0,98222227
2
0,98410133
4
0,14247453
4
0,92493872
9

24

6. Problema geodezica inversa

Sa se determine orientarile si lungimile vectorilor care formeaza triunghiurile retelei.


Date de intrare: Coordonatele geodezice ale punctelor din retea;
Date de iesire: lungimi si orientari ale laturilor triunghiurilor din retea;

Plecand de la coordonatele geodezice ale punctelor din retea calculate anterior s-au determinat
Lungimile si Orientarile laturilor triunghiurilor din retea.
Formule Folosite:
-Am calculat orientarea si orientarea inversa cu formulele:

cos 2
A1 A2

2
tg

tg

2
2 sin 2 1

sin 2
tg A2 A1 tg
2

2
2 cos 2 1

Unde

A1 = Orientarea
A2 = Orientarea Inversa

2 = Latitudinea punctului 2 in formula de mai sus


1 = Latitudinea punctului 1 in formula de mai sus
A A1

sin 2

1
2 ctg 2
tg

2 sin A2 A1
2

A2 A1

cos
s

2
1
2 ctg
tg
2 cos A2 A1
2

Ambele formule de mai sus rezolva aceiasi problema si anume:


Calculul distantei dintre cele 2 puncte de coordonate cunoscute (B,L) rezultatul fiind
o distanta ca unghi
Cu ajutorul formulei de mai jos am transformat ulterior distanta ca unghi in distanta in metri.
25

S = (2*PI()*Ra*s) / (360)

unde

s-distanta in grade
S-distanta in metri
Ra-Raza de curbura a

Ra = (M*N) / (N*cos2A+M*sin2A)

M= (a*(1-e2)) / W 3

N= a / W

26

Date de intrare

Vectorul

Distanta

MH65-MH64

44,32508069

22,5860584

10070,48134

0,090332769

202,3554506

202,4029832

MH64-MH63

44,20664215

22,6541578

22359,67653

0,200853043

202,811575

202,916147

MH63-MH62

43,95054242

22,80448125

7816,956854

0,070346835

191,4184508

191,4324966

MH62-MH61

43,87835736

22,82473242

14460,86147

0,129966071

188,2783599

188,2965889

MH61-MH58

43,74791556

22,85106312

22277,58759

0,200324594

187,409971

187,435041

MH58-MH57

43,54616975

22,8873851

22746,17159

0,204243882

146,8666813

146,7127651

MH57-MH56

43,29773201

22,66346404

28684,97043

0,257822644

174,820363

174,7983425

MH56-MH55

43,03931567

22,63127736

12004,87138

0,1076739

161,9108338

161,8664852

MH55-MH54

42,8937388

22,56620924

12750,31411

0,114359163

147,900152

147,8215602

MH54-MH53

10

42,75877131

22,45059523

9682,017924

0,087116766

175,592512

175,5858001

MH53-MH52

11

42,66451409

22,44070019

26987,11036

0,242143602

156,1233585

155,9811774

MH52-MH51

12

42,31502956

22,23020562

22036,87341

0,198280124

214,0753007

214,2373216

MH51-MH59

13

42,05151782

22,47148528

27634,44073

0,24800233

171,7906113

171,7533718

MH59-MH60

14

41,76457497

22,41573246

7717,916524

0,069433171

206,8356142

206,8815244

MH60-MH65

15

41,66287356

22,48472788

14062,2994

0,126383243

166,9239302

166,8912111

41,50432386

22,43543088

27

A1

A2