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Testul 16.

Marea Britanie, SUA i Franta n perioada postbelic


I.Studiaz fiecare surs n parte i realizeaz sarcina de activitate
1)Apreciaz prin dou argumente importana constituirii CECO
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2)Apreciaz eforturile SUA n reglementarea conflictului arabopalestinian
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3)Numete trei posibile probleme despre careputeau s discute
premierul britanic i preedintele american n contextul anului 1986
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4)Exprim-i atitudinea fa de actele teroriste de la 11 septembrie
2001. Argumenteaz.
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aprilie 1951, semnarea Tratatului


cu privire la constituirea CECO
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Yitzhak Rabin, Bill Clinton,


Yasser Arafat la Casa Alb, 13
septembrie 1993
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Margaret Thatcher i Donald


Reagan, 6 noiembrie 1986
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Atacul terorist din 11 septembrie
2001

II.Studiaz materialul suport i realizeaz sarcinile de activitate.


TERMEN: Politic de containment politica de stavilire a expansiunii comunismului n
Europa de Vest i n restul lumii
REPERE CRONOLOGICE (A)
Primii minitri ai Marii Britanii
Preedinii SUA
Numele,
Partidul
Perioada Perioada
Reprezentant
prenumele
guvernrii mandatulu
al Partidului
i
Clement Attlee
1945-1951
Laburist
Winston Churchill
1951-1955
Conservator
Anthony Eden
1955-1957
Conservator
Harold Macmillan
1957-1961
Conservator
Adec
Douglas- 1961-1964
Conservator
Home
Harold Wilson
1964-1970
Laburist
Ted Heath
1970-1974
Conservator
Harold Wilson
1974-1976
Laburist
James Callaghan
1976-1979
Laburist
Margaret Thatcher
1979-1990
Conservator
John Major
1990-1997
Conservator
Tony Blair
1997-2007
Laburist
Gordon Brown
2007-2010
Laburist
David Cameron
2010Conservator
Numele

3
3
3
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3
6
3
7
3
8
3
9
4
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4
2
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3
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Harry S. Truman

1945-1953

Democrat

Dwight
D. 1953-1961
Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
1961-1963

Republican

Lyndon B. Johnson

1963-1969

Democrat

Richard Nixon

1969-1974

Republican

Gerald Ford

1974-1977

Republican

Jimmy Carter

1977-1981

Democrat

Ronald Reagan

1981-1989

Republican

George H. W. Bush

1989-1993

Republican

Bill Clinton

1993-2001

Democrat

George W. Bush

2001-2009

Republican

Barack Obama

2009-

Democrat

Democrat

Sursa B. Din anii 50 n anii 70, Statele Unite cunosc o prosperitate remarcabil. n
interiorul acestei perioade, anii 1961-1966 constituie o veritabil vrst de aur. Este de
asemenea cea mai bun epoc a dolarului, care i men ine puterea de cumprare i este
folosit ca moned internaional. Aceast prosperitate se manifest prin locul pe care-l
ocup Statele Unite n protecia mondial. Ele rmn primul productor de produse agricole
i industriale de baz. n 1970, produsul intern brut echivaleaz cu 1000 de miliarde de
dolari i, n cifre absolute, creterea anual este impresionant i se situeaz n jurul a 40
miliarde de dolari pe an, ceea ce reprezint o treime din produsul intern brut francez.
Agricultura este excedentar i un mare numr de ri ale lumii nu pot supravie ui dect
graie cumprrii de produse agricole americane.
Puterea economiei americane rezid nu numai n producia sa de mas, ci i n
capacitatea sa de creaie i de inovaie. Imensul su avans n acest domeniu i permite s
vnd rilor dezvoltate ale lumii produse de tehnologie de vrf, domeniu n care de in un
veritabil monopol: numrul de calculatoare a crescut de zece ori 1960 i 1968.
Milza Pierre, Bertein Serge, Istoria secolului XX. Lumea ntre rzboi i pace (19451973), Vol.2, Bucureti, 1998.
Sursa C. Din interviul lui Tony Blair: Unii se simt trdai dar muli sunt ncntai:
Sunt oameni care vin din strintate s vad sistema colii noastre primare.
Universitile noastre de top sunt nc printre cela mai bune, dac nu cele mai bune, n
Europa. Avem de fapt foarte, foarte bune coli secuntare n unele pri ale rii.
Modul n care ne-am refcut pn acum este puterea economiei, reducerea omajului
i a cererilor de beneficii n mod semnificativ. Aminti i-v cu privire la aceste aspecte,
suntem nainte restului Europei. Noi avem unul dintre cele mai sczute niveluri de
impozitare din orice ar mare din Europa. n The Guardian, Tuesday 29 May 2001,
interviu realizat de Polly Toynbee and Michael White
Sarcini de activitate:
Studiaz reperele cronologice (A).
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1.Identific dou caracteristici ale regimurilor democratice.
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Studiaz sursa B.
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2. Explic sensul noiunii prosperitate
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3.Numete dou succese ale economiei americane n perioada postbelic
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4.Determin factorii care determin puterea i creterea economiei SUA
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Studiaz sursa C.
5.Exprim-i opinia de ce premierul Britanic atrage atenia asupra sistemului educaional
englez.
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6.Determin importana puterii economiei i reducerii omajului n societate. Argumenteaz.


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Valorific sursele i cunotinele tale.


7.Exprim-i opinia cu privire la dezvoltarea social-economic a SUA i Anglia n perioada
postbelic.
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III.Studiaz sursele i realizeaz sarcina de activitate.


Sursa A.Dezvoltarea economic a Franei ntre 1945 i 1958 (n raport cu anul 1938 = 100%)
Producia agricol
Producia industrial
Volumul importurilor
Volumul exporturilor
Produsul Naional Brut

1945
61
50
34
10
54

1950
102
128
104
161
118

1952
103
145
116
161
129

1954
117
159
126
196
140

1956
112
188
166
102
156

1958
116
213
174
233
167

Sursa B. Producia anual de automobile (n mii)


Statul
Frana
Germania (RFG)
Japonia
Marea Britanie
Italia
URSS (CSI)
SUA

1951
446
374
39
734
147
289
6700

1963
1736
2668
1284
2012
1181
589
9109

1975
2861
3186
6942
1648
1459
1964
8987

1990
3768
5163
13486
1565
2120
1885
9780

Sursa C. Integrarea economic european


Principalele premise ale constituirii Europei unite

1996
3591
4843
10346
1924
1545
1037
11799

Culturale
Valori
spirituale
comune,
idealuri
sociale i
politice
comune

Economice
Reciprocitatea
dezvoltrii
economice i
tehnicotiinifice

Istorice
Interaciune
tradiional,
stim reciproc;
tendina spre
unitate (forat
sau binevol)

Militaro-politice
Interese comune cu privire
la problemele principale ale
relaiilor internaionale,
cooperarea n aliane
militare i politico-militare,
reglementarea litigiilor

Geopolitice
Posibilitatea
dezvoltrii
reelelor de
transport i
comunicaii
rentabile

Sarcina de activitate:
Utilizeaz sursele de mai sus i formuleaz un text coerent de 12-15 propoziii cu tema: Frana
lider politic i economic al Comunitii Europene (0/1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/11/12/13/14/15)
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