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Programul Operaional Sectorial pentru Dezvoltarea Resurselor Umane 2007 2013
Axa prioritar 2 Corelarea invatarii pe tot parcursul vietii cu piata muncii
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Titlul proiectului FAC - Fii angajat calificat
Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

DISCIPLINA 3: COMUNICARE N LIMBA MODERN


ENGLEZA

English Practical Course


Beginners
Suport de curs
Limba englez nivel nceptori

Contents

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

Lesson 1
o The English Alphabet
o Greetings (formulele de salut )
o Numeralele cardinale si ordinale
o Ceasul
o Expunerea zilelor saptamanii, lunile anului, anotimpurile etc.
o Seif - introduction ( nume, varsta, zi de nastere)
o Predarea pronumelui personal
o Auxiliary verbs: to be, to have
Lesson 2
o Present Simple; ex.aff, neg, interog
o Predarea vb. " to do"
o Colours
o Fruits
o Vegetables
o My kins ( conversatii pe marginea familiei) ; ex. Indiv.
o Predarea principalelor prepoztii si conjunctii din lb. engleza
Lesson 3
o Present Continuous ; ex.Aff, neg, interog
o Irregular Plural of the Nouns; ex
o School objects
o This + these / that + those
o This is - There are
o What is this?
o What are you doing?
o Relatives ( grade de rudenie )
o The indefinite Article ;ex.
Lesson 4
o What is the weather like ?
o Possessives, possessive pronouns, Possessives
o Possessive adjective: my. your
o Possessive Pronouns: mine, yours
o Future Simple; ex
o Rule 1 "if'"; ex
o Adjectives; the comparison of adjectives (comparative and superlative)ex
o ROUND UP
Lesson 5
o The house I live in
o Dictation: draw
o Can/could ex.
o May/might ex.
o Had to/ must ex.
o Past tense simple
o Lista cu verbe neregulate
o Nationalities
Lesson 6

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o At the restaurant
o Sightseeing a city (asking for directions)
o Asking for Permission. Giving and Refusing Permission. Expressing Hesitation
o Imperative
o How much + how many
o Prepositions of time
o At home
o Expressing feeling and Personal opinions
Lesson 7
o Body and clothes (cum cumparam un articol vestimentar); ex
o Furniture + household apparatus
o Plates +dishes +cutlery
o a lot( lots of) + a few
o Question words: who, whose, what, when, where
o Making suggestions. Making invitations
o Past Tense Continuous; ex.
o Conditional Present; ex.
o Rule II "if"; ex.
Lesson 8
o Institutions, services, establishment, shops
o Disjunctive Questions; ex.
o Expressing agreement and disagreement
o Checking facts . Asking for confirmation
o Correcting facts
o Asking for directions. Giving directions
Lesson 9
o Describing people's appearance, personality and manner
o Round - up for exam
Examination time
o Testing knowledge through a written and oral examination.

Lesson no. 1
The English Alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg
Hh
Ii
Jj
Kk
L l Mm
[ei] [bi:] [si:] [di:] [i:] [ef] [dji:] [eitch] [ai] [gei] [kei] [el] [em]
Nn Oo Pp Qq
Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww
Xx
Yy Zz
[en] [ou] [pi:] [kju:] [a:] [es] [ti:] [ju:] [vi:] ['dablju:] [eks] [wai] [zed]
Pronunciation
The spelling system or orthography of English is not phonological.

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Vowels
Sunetul n limba englez
(the sound in English)

Exemplu de cuvnt n limba


englez (Example of
English Words)

Sunetul aproximativ n
limba romn i pronunia din
romn a cuvntului
englezesc (the sound in
Romanian and the Romanian
pronunciation of the English
word)

[i:]
[I]
[i]
[e]
[]

See [si:] (= a vedea)


His [hIz] (= al lui)
Twenty [twenti] (=20)
Ten [ten] (= 10)
Stamp [stmp] (= timbru)

[ii] [sii]
[i] [hiz]
[i] [tuenti]
[e] - [ten]
[e-a] (ntre e i a)
[steamp]

[a:]

*
Father [fa:] (B.E )/
r
[fa: ] (A.E) (= tata)

[aa] [faa+ z peltic (cu


limba ntre dini) + + (n
engl. american r retroflex
(ndoit spre cerul gurii)

[o]
[o:]

[u]
[u:]
[]
[: ] sau [3:]

[]

Hot [hot] (= fierbinte)


Morning [mo:ni] (B.E)/
r
[mo ni] (A.E) (= dimineaa)

[o] [hot]
[oo] [moo (o + r retroflex
n engl. american) nin ( =
ng, cu g mai degrab mut)]

Football [futbo:l] (= fotbal)


You [ju:] (= tu)
Sun [sn] (= soare)
r
Learn [l:n] (B.E)/[ l n]
(A.E)sau [l3:n] (= a nva)

[u] [futbool]
[uu] [iuu]
[a] [san]
r
[] [ln] / [l n] (r
retroflex)

r
Letter [let] (B.E}/[let ]
(A.E) (= liter, scrisoare)

r
[] [let]/ [let ] (r
retroflex)

Diphthongs
Sunetul n limba englez
(the sound in English)

Exemplu de cuvnt n limba


englez (Example of
English Words)

Sunetul aproximativ n
limba romn i pronunia din
romn a cuvntului
englezesc (the sound in
Romanian and the Romanian
pronunciation of the English
word)

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[ei]
[u]
[ai]
[au]
[oi]
[i]
[e]
[u]

Consonants
Sunetul n limba englez
(the sound in English)

[p]
[b]
[t]
[d]
[k]
[g]
[f]
[v]
[s]
[z]
[l]
[m]
[n]
[h]
[r]
[j]
[w]

Name [neim] (= nume)


No [nu] (=nu)
My [mai] ( = al meu)
How [hau] (= cum)
Boy [boi] (= biat)
r
Hear [hi] (B.E.)/ [hi ]
(A.E) (= a auzi)

r
Where [we] (B.E)/ [we ]
(= unde)
r
Tour [tu] (B.E)/ [tu ]
(A.E) (= tur)
Exemplu de cuvnt n limba
englez (Example of
English Words)

Pen [pen] (= stilou)


Big [big] (= mare)
Tea [ti:] (= ceai)
Do [du:] (= a face)
Cat [kt] (=pisica)
Go [gu] (= a merge)
r
Four [fo:] (B.E)/ [fo: ] (A.E)
(= 4)
Very [veri] (= foarte)
Son [sn] (= fecior, copil)
Zoo [zu:] (= gradina
zoologic)
Live [liv] (= a tri, a locui)
My [mai] (= al meu)
r
Near [ni] (B.E)/ [ni ]
(A. E) (= lng)
Happy [hpi] (= fericit)
Red [red] (= rou)
Yes [jes] (= da)
Want [want] (= a vrea)

[ei] [neim]
[u] [nu]
[ai] [mai]
[au] [hau]
[oi] [boi]
r
[i] [hi] / [hi ]
r
[e] [ue] / [ue ]
r
[u] [tu] / [tu ]

Sunetul aproximativ n
limba romn i pronunia din
romn a cuvntului
englezesc (the sound in
Romanian and the Romanian
pronunciation of the English
word)
[p] [pen]
[b] [big]
[t] [tii]
[d] [duu]
[c] [chet]
[g] [gu]
r
[f] [foo]/ [foo ]
[v] [veri]
[s] [san]
[z] [zuu]
[l] [liv]
[m] [mai]
r
[n] [ni] / [ni ]
[h] [hepi]
[r]- [red]
[i] [ies]
[u] [uant]

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[]

Thanks [ks] (=
mulumesc)

[s peltic, pronunat cu
limba ntre dini] [encs]

[]

The [] (= articolul
hotrt]

[z s peltic, pronunat cu
limba ntre dini] []

[]
[3]

She [i:] (= ea)


Television [telivi3n] (=
televiziune)

[t]
[d3]

Child [taild](= copil)


German [d3:mn] (B.E)/
r
[d3 mn] (A.E)
English [igli] (=
Englez())

[]

[] [ii]
[j] - [telivijn]
[ce/ci] [ciaild]
r
[ge/gi] [ge- mn]
[ni/ng] [ingli]

GREETINGS
ENGLISH

ROMANIAN

Good morning!
Good afternoon!
Good evening!
Good night!
Good-bye!
Hello/ Hi!
So long!
How do you do!
See you tomorrow !
What is your name?

Buna dimineata!
Buna ziua!
Buna seara!
Noapte buna!
La revedere!
Buna/Salut!
Pe curand!
Va salut/ Sa traiti!
Pe maine !

What's your name?


What is your surname?
What is your Christian name?
What does your friend call you?
My name is...., but my friends call me....,

Cum va numiti?
Care este numele dvs de familie?
Care este prenumele dvs?
Cum va spune prietenul dvs?
Numele meu este..., dar prietenii imi spun...

Cardinal and Ordinal Numerals


Cardinal numerals: one - 1; two - 2; three - 3
Ordinal numerals: the first; the second; the third
The Clock

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Days of the week, months of the year and the seasons


Today it is _______________
Tomorrow will be ___________
See you on _____________!
Personal Pronouns
I-eu
You - tu
He-el
She - ea
It - obiecte si lucruri
We - noi
You - voi
They - ei/ele
Auxiliary Verbs
TO BE
I am - eu sunt
You are - tu esti
He/She/It is - ellea este
We are - noi suntem
You are - voi sunteti
They are - ei/ele sunt
Practice
Put in the following forms of be (am, are, is) into the gaps in the text. Do not use
short/contracted forms.
Example: He ___ a boy.
Answer: He is a boy.
Peter Baker _____ from Mancirester, but Paul and John _______ from London. Manchester and London
______ cities in England. Hamburg ________ a city in Germany. Sandra _________ at school today. Jack

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and Peter _______ her friends. They ______ in the same class. Mr and Mrs Baker ________ on a trip in to
the USA to visit their cousin Anne. She ________ a nice girl. Peter says: "My grandfather _____ hospital. I
_____ at home with my grandmother." What time _______ it? It ______ 8 o'clock. ____ you tired? No, I
____ not.
TO HAVE
I have - eu am
You have - tu ai
He/She/It has el/ea are
We have - noi avem
You have - voi aveti
They have ei/ele au
Practice
I. Choose the correct PRESENT TENSE form of the verb TO HAVE for each sentence.
1. My sisters all _____ boyfriends.
a) have
b) has
2. The teacher ______ a yellow shirt.
a) have
b) has
3. My brother ______ a great job.
a) has
b) have
4. Does he ______ a dog'?
a) has
b) have
5. They don't _______ a lot of money.
a) have
b) has
6. My cousin and his wife ______ three children.
a) has
b) have
7. Does your friend _______ a.sister?
a) has
b) have
8. Yes, my friend _______ a sister.
a) have
b) has
9.My neighbor ________ a mailbox.
a) doesn't have
b) don't have
10. They _________ time to play with us.
a) doesn't have
b) don't have
II. Choose the correct PRESENT TENSE form of the verb TO bE for each sentence:
1. I ______ cold. ( = I feel cold)
a ) have

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b) am
2. I _______ a cold. ( = I am sick)
a) am
b) have
3. I _____ a little hungry.
a) I'm
b) I've
4. He _______ a lot of money.
a) has
b) is
5. These students _____ very smart.
a) have
b) are
6. Thomas ________ two children.
a) has
b) is
7 .I _______ sleepy.
a) have
b) am
8. Mary ______ 24 years old.
a) has
b) is
9. The athletes ________ tired.
a) don't have
b) are not
10. He _____ your purse.
a) has
b) is
Lesson no. 2
Present Tense Simple
We use Present Tense Simple for:
Thoughts and feeiings: I think so, I like it;
States, things, facts and things that are tme for a long time:
e.g.: We live quite near.
Repeated actions:
e.g.: We come here every week.
TO WORK
Positive form
I work
You work
He/She/ It works
We work
You work

Does he/she/it work?


Do we work?
Do you wort?
Do they work?

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They work
Negative form
I don't work
You don't work
He/She/It doesn't work
We don't work
You don't work
They don't work
Interrogative form
Do I work?
Do you work?
for verbs that end in - o, at the IIIrd person sg es
for verbs that end in - ch; - x; sh, af the III rd person sges
for verbs that end in - y, preceeded by a vowel, at the IIIrd person sg ys
for verbs that end in - y, preceeded by a consonant, at the IIIrd person sg ies
Practice
I. Look at each underlined word and say what kind of meaning it expresses. It is a thought, a feeling,
a fact or a repeated action?
e.g.: Matthew loves sport.
A feeling
1. Sarah often works late at the office.
___________________
2. I hate quiz programs.
___________________
3. We play table tennis every Thursday.
___________________
4. The computer belongs to Emma.
___________________
5. These plates cost 20 pounds each.
___________________
6. I believe it's the right thing to do.
___________________
7 . I'm hungry. I want something to eat.
___________________
8. I usually go to work by bus.
___________________
9. It's OK. I understand your problerm.
___________________
II. Complete the sentences by putting in the verbs. Use the present simple. You have to decide if the
verb is positive or negative.
e.g.: Claire is very sociable. She knows (know) lots of people.
1. We've got plenty of chairs, thanks. We _______ (want) any rnore.
2. My friend is finding life in Paris a bit difficult. He ________ (speak) French.
3. Most students live quite close to the college, so they _______ (walk) there.
4. My sport kit is really muddy. This shirt __________ (need) a good wash.
5. I've got four cats and two dogs. I _________ (love) animals.
6. No breakfast for Mark, thanks. He _________ (eat) breakfast.
7. What's the matter? You __________ (look) very happy.
8. Don't try to ring the bell. It ________ (work).
9. I hate telephon answering machines. I just _________(like) talking to therm.
10. Matthew is good at badminton. He ________ (win) every time.
I 1. We always travel by bus. We _______ (own) a car.
III. Complete the conversation. Put in the present simple forms.
e.g.: Do you like (you/like) football, Tom?

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I love (I/love) it.


1. I'm a United fan. _______(I/go) to al their games. Nick usually _____ (come) witih me. And
____(we/travel) to away games, too. Why (you/not/come) to a match some time?
2. I'm afraid football (not/make) sense to me - men running after a ball. Why
_______ (you/take) it so seriously?
3. It's a wonderful game. (I/love) it. United are my whole life.
4. How much ________ (it/cost) to buy tickets and pay for the travel?
5. A lot. (I/not/know) exactly how much. But ____ (that/not/matter) to me. _____
(I/not/want) to do anything else. _________ (that/annoy) you?
6. No, ______ (it/not/annoy) me. I just ____________ (find) it a bit sad.
IV. Put the following in the: a) 3rd person singular; b) negative; c) interrogative
1. I like classical music.
2. They live in small houses.
3. They always spend their holidays abroad.
4. You wash your hands before breakfast.
5. My children always iose their pocket money.
6. Babies cry when they are hungry.
7. You always carry an umbrella.
8. These cars often break down.
9. I shave twice a day.
10. My friends often try to cook their own meals.
11. These planes fly over the beach very often.
12. We buy and sell second-hand cars.
13. These prisoners lie in bed all day.
14. English people still eat a lot of pudding.
15. Geese often hiss at strangers.
V. Translate in to English:
1. Tatal meu nu se uita niciodata la televizor duminica.
2. Fata aceasta poarta vreodata rochii?
3. Bunicul plirnba cainele de trei ori pe zi.
4. De ce vrei sa mergi in Statele Unite?
5. Ai incredere in mine. Nu mint niciodata.
6. De regula nu ne culcam inainte de miezul noptii.
7. Crezi sau nu, dar noi reusim intotdeauna.
8. Sper ca prietenul tau nu fumeaza.
TO DO
Positive form
I do
You do
He/She/It does
We do
You do
They do
Negative form
I do+not (don't)

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Interrogative form
Do I?
Practice
I. Complete the following sentences by using the right form of to do (do, don't, does, doesn't).
Example: Peter works in a shop, but he _______ work in an office.
Answer: Peter works in a shop, but he doesn't work in an office.
1) My mother likes chocolate, but she ______ like biscuits.
2) What _______ the children wear at your school?
3) Lynn's father watches badminton on TV, but he ______ watch judo.
4) Where _________ the Masons buy their fruit?
5) _______ the cat like to sleep on the sofa?
6) Dogs love bones, but they ________ love cheese.
7) Where _______ Sam and Ben hide their CDs?
8) We eat pizza, but we ______ eat hamburgers.
9) __________ Mrs Miller read magazines?
10) _______ the boys play cricket outside?
Colours

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Family
Are you a large family?
How many brothers and sisters have you got?
I have neither brothers, nor sisters.
My father's name is Jolin P. Smith.
What does P. stand for?
P. comes from Peter.
What was you mother's maiden name?
Is your sister married?
Who is she married to?
She is married to Mr. George Smith.
Prepositions
Prepositions of Time
on

in

days of the week


months / seasons
time of day
year
after a certain period of
time (when?)

When did she get married?


She has been married for two years?
Is Mr. Brown related to you?
What relation is he to you?
Brwon is no relation of mine.
I thought he was a member of your family.
Have the Browns got any children?
Mr. and Mrs. Brown have a son.
None of the kind!
Just rumours.

on Monday
in August / in winter
in the moming
in 2006
in an hour

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at

for night
for weekend
a certain point of time
(when?)
from a certain point of
time (past till now)
over a certain period of
time (past till now)

at night
at the weekend
at half past time

since

since 1980

for

for 2 years

ago
before

a certain time in the past


earlier than a certain point
of time

2 years ago
before 2004

to

telling the time

ten to six (5:50)

past

telling the time

ten past six (6: 10)

to/ till/ until

from Monday to/till Friday

till / until

marking the beginning


and end of a period of
time
in the sense of how long
something is going to last

He is on holiday until Friday.

by

in the sense of at the


latest
up to a certain time

I will be back by 6 o'clock.


BBy 11 o'clock, I had read five pages.

room, building,
town, country
book, paper etc.
car,taxi
picture, world

street,

in the kitchen,
in the book
in the car
in the picture

meaning next to, by an


object
for table
for events place where
you
are to do something
typical (watch a film,
study, work)

at the door
at the table
at a concert,
at the cinema

Prepositions of Place
in

at

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on

attached
for a place with a river
being on a surface
for a certain side (left,
right)
for a floor in a house
for public transport
for television, radio

e picture on the wall


LIit lies on the Thames.
on the table
on the left
on the first floor
or the bus,
on TV,

by, next to,


beside

left or right of somebody


or something

JShe is standing by/beside the car

under

the bag is under the table

below

on the ground, lower than


(or covered by) something
else
lower than something else
above ground

the fish are below the surface

over

covered by something
else
meaning more than
getting to the other side
(also across)
overcoming an obstacle
higher than sornething
else, but not, directly over
it
getting to the other side
(also over)
getting to the other side

put a jacket over your shirt


over 16 years than of age
walk over the bridge

climb over the wall

a path above the lake

walk across the bridge


swim across the lake

above

across

getting to the
other side

something with limits on


top, bottom and the sides

drive through the tunnel

to

go to the cinema

go to London / Ireland

movement to person or
building
movement to place or
country
for bed

go to bed

into

enter a room/a building

go intro the kitchen/the house

towards

movement in the direction


of sornething

go 5 steps towards the house

onto

movement to the top of


somting

jump onto the table

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from

in tire sense of where


from

Other important prepositions


from
who gave it

a flower from the garden

a present from Jane

of

who/what does it belong to


what does it show

a page of the book


the picture of a palace

by

who made it

a book by Mark Twain

on

walkin or riding on horseback


walking or riding on
horseback
entering a public transport
vehicle

on foot, on horseback
get on the bus

in

entering a car/Taxi

get in the car

off

leaving a public transport


vehicle

get off the train

out of

Leaving a car/taxi

get out the taxi

by

rise or fall of something


travelling (other than walking
or horse riding)

prices have risen by 10 percent


by car, by bus

at

for age

she learned Russian at 45

about

For topics, meaning what


about

we were talking about you

Practice
I. Complete the exercise n'ith the correct prepositions.
1. George Washington was bom _______Virginia ________________ 1732.
2. _______the American Revolutionary War ( _________1775 and,1783) he was the Commander-in-Chief
______________ the American forces.
3. Washington played an important role _____ the founding ________ the United States
4. He became the first President_____________ the United States
5. He was President ______________1789 ___________ 1797.
6. George Washington died _________________ the age __________67, ___________ the 14 th
____________ December 1799.

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7. The capital __________


Washington.

the United States and one federal state are named __________ George

II. Complete the exercise rn'ith the correct prepositions.


1. Uluru is located ____________ central Australia.
2. The large sandstone rock fomation is also known_________Rock__________ honour_________Sir Henry
Ayers, who was a Premier ___________ South Australia 1873.
3. Uluru is listed _________ a World Heritage Area _________ both its natural and culturai values.
4. It is sacred _________ the Aboriginal people-the area.
5. _____________ different times _________ the day, Uluru seems io change colour.
6. The sandstone is infused __________ minerals that reflect the red light ________ sunrise and sunset.
III. Complete the exercise with the correct prepositions.
1. Henry Ford was born _________ the 30th _________ July 1863.
2. He made his first car, the Quadricycla, __________ June 1896.
3. __________ 1903, he founded the Ford Motor Company.
4. Modem mass production__________ cars was developed______ hirn _____ 1913.
5. Ford's Model T could then be assembled ___________ just 93 minutes.
6. _____________ 1927,15 million Model T cars had been manufactured _________
Company.
7 . Henry Ford became one ______the richest and best-known people _______the world.

the Ford Motor

Lesson no.3
Present Continuous
The Prsesent ContinuouS means that we are in the middle of an action
Form: S+TO BE+ Ving
Affirmative
e,g. I am looking or I'm looking
Negative
e.g. Iarn not looking or I'in not looking
Interrogative
e.g. Am I looking?
Use:
o We use the Present Continuous to say that u,e are in the middle of an action.
e.g. I'm waiting for the train. (now) - the wait is not over
o We can also use the present continuous when we are in the rniddle of an action but not
actually doing it at the moment of speaking:
e.g. I must,eet back to the office. We're working on a new project.
I'm quite busy these days. I'm doing a course at college.
We use the Present Continuous when things are changing over a long period of time:
e.g. The Earth is slowly getting warnler.
The nurnber of cars on the road is increasing.
Practice
1. Complete the chart:

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At the time of speaking

True at the moment but not


always

Anangements for the future

l. Janet is sitting over there


2. She's learning Spanish
3. She's moving to the US in June
4. They're selling their house
5. I'rn looking for a new job
6. The traffic's getting worse
7. I'rn playing squash with Joe tonight
8. Ssh! I'm tryin_e to work.
9. Where are you going? Come back!
10. Oh dear! I'm falling asleep.
11. We're going to Italy this year.
12. They're leaving on Saturday.
II. Put the verb in brackets in the correct form to make different form of the Present Continuous
Tense.
1. John_______ (read) a book now.
2. What_______ (you do) tonight?
3. Jack and Peter _________ (work) late today.
4. Silvia __________ (not listen) to music.
5. Maria _________ (sit) next to Paul.
6. Hou many other students __________ (you study) with?
7. The phone ___________ (not ring).
8. John __________ (read) a book now.
9.What ____________ (you to) tonight?
10. Jack and Peter ________ (work) late today.
11 Silvia __________ (not listen) to rnusic.
12. Maria _________(sit) next to Paul.
13. How many other student _________ (you study) with.
14. The phone ___________ (not ring).
III. Click on the words in the correct order to make different sentences in the Present Continuous
Tense - positive; negative.
1 glasses. I'm for looking rny
__________________________________
2 you kind reading? What book are of
_________________________________
3 Pamela crying? is Why
__________________________________
4 National Kharkov at studying is University Paul economics

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_________________________________
5 evervone laughing? is Why
_____________________________
6 vou waitins for me? A,re
____________________________
7 are leavins? Vou When
_____________________________
8 is John in Saudi the moment. Arabia at working
_______________________________
9 for company the vou? working Jennifer Is as same
______________________________
10 you A want do party to next come?- I'm Saturday having
______________________________
IV. What can you say in these situations? Add a sentence with the present continuous.
e.g. A friend rings you a up in the rniddle of "Neighbours", your favourite soap opera.
Is it inrport ant? I' m watching " Neighbours" .
1. A friend is at your flat and suggests going out, but you can see rain outside.
I don't want to go outside now. Look , ____________
2. A friend rings you up at work.
Sorry, I can't talk now. ______________
3. You want to get off the bus, but the man next to you is sitting on your coat.
Excuse me, __________
4. A friend wants to talk to you, but you have just started to write an important letter.
Can I talk to you later? _____________
5. You have been ill, but you're better now than you were.
I'm ok now. __________________
Present Tense Simple or Continuous?
PRESENT SIMPLE
o We use present simple for repeated actions.
e.g.: It always rains at the weekend.
I watch TV most weekends.
o We use present simple to talk about thought and feelings
e.g.: I think this is a good program.
Kitty likes her job.
o We also use in the present simple: I promise, r agree,I refuse etc.
e.g.: I promise I'll write to you.
o We use present simple for a situation that we consider pennanent.
e.g.: They live in a nice flat.
o Always = every time
e.g.: Tom always invites us to stay at Christrnas.
I always make silly mistakes in exarns.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
We use present continuous for something happening now.
e.g.: It's raining at the moment.
I'm watching this TV prograrn.

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We use present continuous for a routine or situation that we see as temporary.


e.g.: At the moment they're living in a nice flat.
We can use always = too often
e.g.: Torn is always inviting friends here.
I'm always making silly mistakes in exarns.
Practice
I. Present tense simple or continuous?
At work Mark is talking to Alan in the corridor. Complete their conversation.
e.g.: Are you looking (you/look) for someone?
Yes, I need (I/need) to speak to Neil. He isn't in his office.
1. __________ (he/talk) to the boss at the money.
2. _____________ (I / think) ___________ (they/discuss) money.
3. Oh, right. And what about you? __________ (you / look) for someone too?
4. Yes, Linda __________ (you/know) where she is?
5. Oh, she isn't here today. She only _________ (work) four days a week. _____________ (she/not/work) on
Fridays. She'll be here on Monday.
6. Thank you. __________ (you / know) a lot about Linda.
7. Well, most days __________ (she/give) me one. ________ (she / live) quite close to me. __________ (it /
save) petrol.
8. Yes, of course. Good idea. Yes, ___________ (I / agree).
' 9. Well, _ (I/waste) my time here then. I'11 get back to my computer.
II. Present tense simple or continuous?
1. ___________ (I / write) to my parents. _________ (I / write) to them every weekend.
2. _________ (it/snow) outside. __________ (it / come) down quite hard, look.
3. Normally, _________ (l /start) work at eight o'clock, but __________ (I / start) at seven this week. We're
very busy at the moment.
4. I haven't got a car at the moment, so _________ (I / go) to work on the bus this week.
Usually (I / drive) to work,
5. The sun _________ (rise) in the east, remember. It's behind us so _________ (we/travel) west.
6. I'rn afraid I have no time to help just now __________. (I / write) a report. But ___________ (I / prornise)
I'll give you some help later.
7. _________ (I / want) a new car. ___________ (I/save) up to buy a new car.
III. Complete the sentences. Use always and the present continuous or simple.
1. Tom talks too much, doesn't he? Yes, he's always talking too much.
2. You forget your keys every time. I try to remember them, but I always forget.
3. Sarah takes the train every day, doesn't she?
Yes, __________________ the train.
4. Rachel misses lectures much too often in my opinion.
____________
lectures.
5. Every tirne I drive along here, I go the wrong way.
But it's very simple, isn't it? Why _________ the wrong way?
6. Trevor and Laura argue too much, I think'
I know. _____________________

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IV. Choose between the Present simple Tense or the Present continuous Tense.
1. I ____________ a very interesting book' (read/am reading)
2. Joanne ________ eight hours a day. (works/is working)
3.Tonigh twe _____________ a play a thetheatre.(see/ are seeing)
4. Who __________ to? (do you speak/are you speaking)
5. I ___________ him very well. (don't know/am not knowing)
6.What will you do if she __________ late?(cornes/is coming)
7.My wife __________ coffee for breakfast?(prefers/ispreferring)
8. What ___________ for breakfast? (do you usually have / are you usually having)
9. Your train ___________ at 17.25 from platfonn 3. (leaves/ is leaving)
10.What _____________? Slre's a Student. (does Josephine do/is Josephine doing)
lrregular Plural of nouns
What is a Noun?
A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea' Nouns are usually the first
words which small children leam. The highlighted words in the
following sentences are all nouns:.
e.g.: Late last year our neighbours bought a goat.
Portia White was an opera singer.
The bus inspector looked at all the passengers' passes.
Noun Plural
I. Singular +s
a car

two cars

a cassette

two cassettes

a lamp

two lamps

a hat

two hats

a cup

two cups

II. Add -es


a box

two boxes

a sandwich

two sandwichcs

a suitcase

two suitcases

A rose

two roses

A garage

two garages

III. Y after consonant becomes -ies:

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a city

two cities

a lady

two ladies

IV. Y after vowel remains the same:


a boy

two boys

a day

two days

V. F becomes -ves:
a thief

two thieves

a wife

two wives

a shelf

two shelves

VI. F+s:
a roof

two roofs

a cliff

two cliffs

a sheriff

two sheriffs

VII. O+ es:
a tomato

two tomatoes

a potato

two potatoes

a hero

two heroes

VIII. O+ s:
a disco

two discos

a piano

two pianos

a photo

two photos

IX.Irregular Plural:
a man

two men

a woman

two women

a child

two children

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a mouse

two mice

a tooth

two teeth

a goose

two geese

a foot

two feet

an ox

two oxen

Practice
I. The underlined noun in each sentence is spelled in its singular form. Write the correct plural form
after the sentence. The first one is done for you.
1. There are too many box in our attic. boxes
2. How many picture did you take on your trip?
3. Cheryl doesn't enjoy washing dish.
4. There are three church in our little community.
5. Our soccer team has had four wins and three loss.
6. We put ten of our best crystal glass on the table.
7. All the student in that school wear uniforms.
8. Our watch don't show the same time.
9. Why are all school bus painted yellow?
10. Seven protesters were arrested after the riot.
11. We saw some bright flash of light coming from the woods.
12. Why must I pay four different tax on the same income?
II. Choose the correct form of the verb:
e.g.: The television news is/ are at ten o'clock.
L These clothes is/are the latest fashion.
2. Maths is/are Emma's favourite subject.
3. The troops was/were involved in a training exercise.
4. The contents of the briefcase seems/ seem to have disappeared.
5. Darts is/are often played in pubs in England.
6. The athletics we watched was/were quite exciting.
7. The remains of the meal was/were thrown in the bin.
III. Choose the correct forms:
e.g.: Thank/ Thanks for your letter. Your news was/were very interesting. We must talk soon. What about us?
Well, we're living on the outskirt/outskirts of town, not far from the company headquarter/ headquarters,
where Jeremy works. We've spent nearly all our saving/savings on the house. That wouldn't matter so much
if I hadn't crashed the car last week and done some damage/damages to the front of it. More bills! But at
least I wasn't hurt. The house is nice actually, but the surroundings isn't/aren't very pleasant. We're on a very
busy crossroad/crossroads. I/m doing the course I told you about. Statistics is/are an easy subject, I find, but
economics give/gives me problems!
"Humans"
Reading Comprehension - Informational Passages

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Directions: Read the passage. Then answer questions about the passage below.
The human body has many parts. People have two arms and two legs. We have two hands and two feet.
We have five fingers on each hand. We have five toes on each foot.
We each have two eyes on our face. We see with our eyes. We each have two ears. We hear with our ears.
We each have one nose on our face. We smell with our nose.
We each have one tongue. We taste with our tongue. We each have one brain. We think with our brain.
We each have two lungs in our chest. We breathe with our lungs.
Humans can do many things. People can walk. We use our legs and feet to walk.
We can run. Running is faster than walking. We use our legs and feet to run. We can climb. We use our
arms, hands, legs and feet to climb. We can climb up trees or climb up ladders. We can eat and drink. We
use our mouth and teeth to eat. We eat meat, fruit, vegetables, and other foods. We can drink lots of things,
but we drink water the most. We also use our mouth and teeth to talk.
Questions:
1) Each human has five...
A. feet on each leg.
B. toes on each foot.
C. hands on each arm.
D. Both A and B are correct.
2) How many ears does each human have?
A. 1
B. 2
C. 5
D. 10
3) What do we smell with?
A. Our toes
B. Our nose
C. Our lungs
D. Our fingers
4) We use our legs to...
A. run
B. walk
C. climb
D. All of the above
5) What do humans eat?
A. Meat
B. Water
C. Ladders
D. Coffee
Vocabulary:
l) Fingers are part of your...

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A. leg
B. foot
C. nose
D. hand
2)Your face has your...
A. eyes, nose and mouth
B. arms, legs and feet
C. fingers and toes
D. feet and toes
3) Your tongue is part of your
A. ear
B. nose
C. chest
D. mouth
4) You use your lungs to...
A. eat
B. hear
C. smell
D. breathe
5) To climb is to...
A. go in
B. go up
C. taste food
D. drink water
Demonstratives
There are 4 demonstratives that, this, these and those. Demonstratives are used to state the distancen from
the speaker. The distance can be either psychological or physical.
Demonstratives can be used as pronouns or adjectives. They are sometimes referred to as
demonstrative adjectives or demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as adjectives they modify the
noun. What is the grammatical difference between that, this, these, those.
The difference between the demonstratives distance (near and far) and singular and plural.

This
That
These
Those

"This" is used for singular nouns that are close to the speaker.
"That" is used for singular nouns that are far from the speaker.
"These" is used for plural nouns that are close to the speaker.
"Those" is used for plural nouns that are far from the speaker.
Singular
X
X
-

Plural
X
X

Close
X
X
-

Far
X
X

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Examples of English Demonstratives


Demonstratives
That
That is the place
This
Those are really good.
These
These are a lot of fun.
Those
Those are really English books.

Demonstrative Adjectives
That restaurant is really good.
This book is really good.
These games are a lot of fun
Those English books are really good

Practice
I. Change the following from singular to plural:
e.g.: This book is good.
These books are good.
1. That girl has dolls.
2. This office is near the bank.
3. That is my notebook.
4. This boy is fourteen years old.
5. That dog is black.
II. Correct the mistakes:
e.g.: Those cars is beautiful.
That car is beautiful.
1. That bags are expensive.
2. Take this keys.
3. Go to that shelf and bring these book.
4. Give me those shirt.
5. Drive me to this bus stop there.
III. Put the words into the correct order:
1. are/ new/ jeans/ those/my
2. that/digital camera/ is /Peter's
3. red scarf/ this/ is/a
4. my/ these/ books/ are
IV. Complete the conversations (this, that, these, those):
e.g. Are you going out this evening?
I can't really. I'll be working late at the offlrce.
1. I hear you've got a new flat.
_____' s right. I've just moved in.
2. What's the matter?
It's ____ boots. They don't fit properly.
3. It's so boring here.
I know. Nothing ever happens in ____ place.
4. What's happened? You look terible.
You won't believe _____ , but I've just seen a ghost.
5. What kind of planets ate _____?
I don't know. They're too far away to see properly.
6. The match is three weeks from today
Sorry, I won't be able to play for the team. I'll be away _____ week.
7. Zedco. Can I help you?
Hello. _____ is Alan. Can I speak to Fiona, please?
8. ______ seats aren't very comfortable, are they?

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No, I don't think I'll want to sit here very long.


There is or There are?
I. Use: there is or there are to complete the sentences.
e.g.: There ________ are _______ many animals in the zoo.
2. There ____________ a snake in the tree.
3. There _____________ a zebra in the grass.
4. There _____________ lions in the zoo, too.
5. There ____________ many baby lions near their parents.
6. There ____________ a bird next to the tree.
7. There ____________ many monkeys in the trees.
8. There ____________ an elephant in the zoo.
9. There ____________ some water in the lake near the elephants.
10. There ____________ birds in the zoo.
11. There ____________ many people visiting the animals today.
12. There ____________ many children, too.
13. There ____________ a gorilla in the tree.
14. There ____________ some grass under the tree.
15. There ____________ bananas in the tree with the gorilla.
16. There ____________ many birds near the gorilla.
17. There ____________ a rock near the tree.
18. There ____________ many sharks in the aquarium.
19. There ____________ an eel in the aquarium, too.
20. There ____________ lots of water for the fish.
What is this? (naming objects)
Relatives
What is the difference in meaning between the following?
Parents and relatives
Nephews and nieces
Stepsisters and sisters-in-law
Godfathers and great-uncles
A close relative and a distant relative
Read the passage below. Sally is describing her relationship with people in her family. Match the
underlined phrase with the best definition below.
a. I look like my dad.
b. I take after my mum.
c. I get on (really) well with my cousin, Jake.
d. I'm very close to my twin sister, Karen.
e. I have a lot in common with my brother, Will.
f. I'm (a bit) like my aunt Gillian.
1. I have a similar personality.
2. I have inherited some of her characteristics.
3. I have a very good relationship.
4. We share similar interests.
5. I have a similar appearance.

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6. I have a deep, strong relationship.


Now use the undertined phrases in the exercise above to best describe the following
relationships.
a. John and Rob really enjoy each other's company, because they both love playing football, talking about
cars, and going out.
John and Bob have a lot in common
b. Claire has lots of friends, but if she has a problem to solve or a secret to share she always tells her cousin,
Sue, first. They grew up together, and can trust each other completely.
c. My aunt Rose has the same long nose and high cheekbones as my mum. People often mistake her for her
sister.
d. My nephews, Paul and Colin, are both very talkative and outgoing.
e. My mum tells me that I get my fiery temper and stubborn nature from my grann.
There are many idiomatic expressions in English to describe family relationships. Divide the phrases
into two groups: people are similar, and people are different.
We're as different as chalk and cheese.
We're like two peas in a pod.
We get on like a house on fire.
She's the spitting image of her mother.
I have little to do with her.
You just can't tell them apart.
SPEAKING MODULE: TALKING ABOUT YOUR FAMILY TREE.
YOUR PERSONAL INFO:
1. What's your name?
2. Where are you from? - What's your nationality?
3. Where do you live?
4. How old are you?
5. What's your job?
6. Where do you work?
INTRODUCING YOUR FAMILY:
1. This is ____________.
2. Talking about mum:
How old is she?
What is her job?
What's her favorite thing?
What's she like?
How many children does she have?
3. Talking about dad: (answering the same questions like 2, you can add more
what you like to talk. These questions aren't always fixed.)
4. Talking about sisters, brothers, ...
5. Talking about your aunts, uncles, nephews, ...
Speaking Model: This is my mother. She is a big lawyer and she is very nice. Her husband is my father
who is really handsone. My mother is very clever. She can cook realll well. Her favorite thing is the guitar. It
is very important to my mother because it is the first gift my father gave her. She often plays it to relax after a
hard-working day.

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Now it's time for you to talk! Try your best, please!
Determiners A/AN or THE
Definite Article - "The" is a definite article, which means that it is used to specify something specific. It refers
to a noun that is either understood (by the reader or listener) or has been previously referred to by the writer
or speaker.
Indefinite Articles - "A" and "An"
The difference between "A" and "An". "An": is used is it comes after aword that starts with a vowel.
"A" and "an" are used the same way grammatically. They are used before a singular noun, or before the
adjective the represents the noun. They can't be used with plural nouns or uncountable nouns.
A/An
The
A/An
The

There is a dog uoutside the


building.
The black dog is outside the
building.
Do you know where there is a
post office?
I am going to the post office.

We don't know which dog the writer/speaker


is referring to.
It is understood to which dog the
writer/speaker is referring to.
The writer/speaker is not referring to a
specific post office.
It is understood to which post office the
speaker/witer is referring to.

Practice
I. Complete this true story. Put in a/an or the.
A man decided to rob _______ bank in the town where he lived. He walked into _______ bank and handed
_______ note to one of _______ cashiers. _______ cashier read _______ note, which told her to give
_______ man some money. Afraid of what he rnight have _______ gun, she did as she was told _______
man then walked out of _______ building, leaving _______ note behind. However, he had no time to spend
_______ money because he was arrested _______ same day. He had made _______ mistake. He had
written _______ note on _______ back of _______ envelope. And on other side of _______ envelope was
his name and address.
This clue was quite enough for _______ detectives on _______ case.
II. Complete the conversations. Use a/an or the.
1. Look outside. The sky is getting very dark.
I hope there isn't going to be a storm.
2. I'm going out for _______ walk. Have you seen my shoes?
Yes, they're on _______ floor in _______ kitchen.
3. Would you like _______ tomato? There's one in _______ fridge.
Oh, yes, please. I'll make myself _______ cheese and tornato sandwich.
4. If you're going out into _______ city centre, can you post these letters for me?
Yes, I'll take them to _______ main post office.
5. I've got _______ problem with my phone bill. an I see someone about it?
Yes, go to _______ fifth floor. _______ lift is along the corridor.
6. I didn't know Melanie had _______ dog.

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It isn't hers. She's just taking it for a walk while _______ owner is away.
7. I've got _______ headache. I've had it all day.
Why don't you go to _______ health center? It's open until six.
8. Guess what. I found _______ 50 dollars note on the pavement this morning.
You really ought to take it to _______ police station, you know.
Lesson no. 4
Talking about the weather
What is the weather today?
The weather is:
Improving
Bad
Fine
Breaking
Settled
Unsettled
The thermometer stands at:

zero

15 degrees above zero

15 degrees below zero


The wind is blowing:
from the north/east/wes/south
from the north-east to the south-east
Is it raining?
Is it snowing?
What a:
- fine/beautiful day
- lovely/pleasant day
- rainy/wet day
- frosty day
- nasty day
Which season do you like best?
The snow is melting.
The ice is thawing.
The wind is sought in the trees.
It is sultry.
The sun is dazzling.
It is hailiug..
It is raining cats and dogs.
It is damp.
It drizzles.
Winter is drawing near.
The weather is gloomy.
It is slippery.

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Possessives:
- Pronouns
- Adjectives
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
I my
You your
He his
She her
It its
We our
You your
They their

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS
I - mine
You - yours
He - his
She - hers
It - its
We - ours
You - yours
They - theirs

It's my car. It's mine.


Here's your coat. It's yours.
That's his room. That's his.
It's her money. It's hers.
The dog's got its food.
That's our table. That's ours.
Are these your tickets? Are these yours?
It's their camera. It's theirs.
Practice
I. Complete the conversation. Put in the missing words.
Did you dnd your friends have a nice holiday?
Yes, it was wonderful. We had the best holiday of _____ lives. It didn't start very well, though. Daniel forgot to
bring _____ passport.
Oh, dear. So, what happened?
Well, luckily he'doesn't live far from the airport. He rang_____ palents, and they brought the passport over in
_____ car, just in time.
You remembered_____ I hope.
Yes, I had remernbered, even though I'm usually the one who forgets things.
Actually Rachael thought for a minute that she'd lost _____ . Luckily it was in _____ suitcase. Anyway, in
the end we had a marvelous time.
II. Choose whether each sentence requires a possessive adjective or a possessive pronoun:
e.g.: That car is not his. It's mine. (possessive pronoun)
OR That's my car. (possessive adjective)
1. Is that your notebook or _____ (my/mine)?
2. I don't like _____ (their/theirs) apartment.
3. That's not my problem. It's _____ (yours/your).
4. Youur car is green, while _____ (my/mine) is black.
5. Isn't _____ (their/theirs) son older than you?
6. A friend of _____ (our/ours) called.
7. A friend of _____ (her/hers) brother's called.
8. He's _____ (our/ours) doctor.
9. That's _____ (our/ours) house, not theirs.
10. Is he a friend of _____ (your/yours)?

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III. Translate into English:


1. Acestea sunt catile tale.
2. Casa ei este frumoasa.
3. Casa mea are trei camere: doua dormitoare si o sufragerie.
4. Creioanele lui sunt rosii.
Future Simple
Will future expresses a spontaneous decision, an assumption with regard to the future or an action in the
future that cannot be influenced.
Form: S+ WILL+ V infinitive e.g.: I will leave
Negative
I will not leave (won't)
Interrogative
Will I leave?
Use of will Future
a spontaneous decision
e.g.: Wait, I will help you.
an opinion, hope, uncertainty or assumption regarding the future
e.g.: He will probably come back tomorrow.
a promise
e.g.: I will not watch TV tonight.
an action in the future that cannot be influenced
e.g.: It will rain tomorrow.
conditional clauses type I
e.g.: If I arrive late, I wili call you.
Signal Words
in a year, next ..., tomorrow
Practice
I. Put the verbs into the correct form (future I simple). Use will.
Jim asked a fortune teller about his future. Here is what she told him:
1. You (earn) _____ will earn _____ a lot of money.
2. You (travel) _____ around the world.
3. You (meet) _____ lots of interesting people.
4. Everybody (adore) _____ you.
5. You (not/have) _____ any problems.
6. Many people (serve) _____ you.
7. They (anticipate) _____ your wishes.
8. There (not/be) _____ anything left to wish for.
9. Everything (be) _____ perfect.
10. But all these things (happen /only) _____ if you marry me.
II. Instant decisions. say what your decision is in these situations, or what you offer to do.
Use verbs: answer, carry, have, post, shut
e.g. You and your friend have come into the room. The window is opel and it is cold.
I'll shut the window.
1. The phone is ringing. You are the nearest person to it.

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__________________________
2. The choice on the menu is fish or chicken. You hate fish.
__________________________
3. You are meeting a friend at the station. He has two suitcases. There's a bag, too.
__________________________
4. Your friend has written a letter. You are going to walk into the town past the post office.
___________________________
III. Translate into English:
1. Maine va ploua toata ziua.
2. Va scrie el romane de dragoste?
3. Va ploua cand te vei intoarce de la serviciu.
4. Imi voi face temele maine.
5. Sunt sigur ca se va bucura sa te vada.
6. Iti voi inapoia cartea cand o voi termina.
7. Prietenul meu ma va ajuta sa imi fac temele.
8. Veti intelege mai bine regulile de gramatica dupa ce veti exersa mai mult.
IV. Complete with the verbs.
When I'm older I will .....
buy - have - watch - buy - go - stay - go
When I'm older I _______ out late.
When I'm older I _______ TV as long as I like.
When I'm older I _______ to parties.
When I'm older _______ two children.
When I'm older _______ I a car.
When I'm older I _______ to the cinema.
When I'm older I _______ a lot of sweets.
When I'm older I will not....
do - write - go - wash - go - live - make
When I'm older I ________ any homework.
When I'm older I ________ my bed in the morning.
When I'm older I ________ for a walk with my parents.
When I'm older I ________ my father's car.
When I'm older I ________ to school.
When I'm older I ________ so much.
If Clause Type I
Conditional Clause Type I - it is possible to fulfill a condition which is given in the if-clause.
Form
if clause
Simple Present

main clause
will-future

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or
infinitive
or
Modal + infinitive
Examples
If I study.
If you see John tonight,
If Ben gets up early.

I will pass the exams.


Tell him to e-mail me.
he can catch the bus.

The if.clause can be at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.


If I study,
I will pass the exams.
I will pass the exams
if I study.
Practice
I. Put the verbs in brackets into the gaps. Form a Conditional sentence - type I. Only use
the will-future in the main clauses.
e.g.: If I _____ (to go) to the cinema,I ______ (to watch) an interesting film.
If I go to the cinema, I will watch an interesting film.
1) If I ______ (to study), I ______ (to pass) the exams.
2) If the sun ______ (to shine), we ______ (to walk) to the town.
3) If he ______ (to have) a temperature, he ______ (to see) the doctor.
4) If my friends ______(to come),I ______ (to be) very happy.
5) If she ______ (to earn) a lot of money, she ______ (to fly) to New York.
6) If we ______ (to travel) to London, we ______ (to visit) the museums.
7) If you______ (to wear) sandals in the mountains, you ______ (to slip) on the rocks.
8) If Rita ______ (to forget) her homework, the teacher ______ (to give) her a low mark.
9) If they ______ (to go) to the disco, they______ (to listen) to loud music.
10) If you ______ (to wait) a minute, I ______ (to ask) my parents.
II. Comment on the situations. Use is+the present tense+ will/can.
e.g. It might rain. If it does, everyone can eat inside.
If it rains, everyone can eat inside.
1. The children mustn't go near Nicks dog, It'll bite them.
________________________________
2. Rachael might fail her driving test. But she can take it again.
________________________________
3. United might lose. If they do, Tom will be upset.
________________________________
4. The office may be closed. In that case, Mark won't be able to get in.
________________________________
5. The party might go on the whole night. If it does, no one will want to do any work
tormorrow.

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________________________________
6. Emma may miss the train. But she can get the next one.
________________________________
7. Is Matthew going to enter the race? He'll probably win it.
________________________________
III. Match the sentences and join them with if.
1. You lose credit card
2. You get promoted
3. I drink coffee late at night
4.I try to run fast
5. You don't pay the bill
6. Someone enters the building
a. I can't sleep.
b. You get a warning letter
c. You have to ring the bank
d. Your salary goes up
e. The alarm goes off
f. I get out ofbreath
e.g. If you lose your credit card, you have to ring the bank.
IV. Translate into English:
1. Daca nu va ploua, vom merge sa jucam tennis.
2. Ii voi povesti filmul daca il voi intalni.
3. Daca va fii acasa, va raspunde la telefon imediat.
4. Daca nu ii vom ajuta, nu vor reusi.
5. Voi cumpara acel costum daca imi va placea.
6. Daca nu va sosi la timp, vom pleca fara el.
7. Daca ma vei asculta, vom ajunge la timp.
8. Vom merge la munte weeken-dul viitor daca vremea va fi frumoasa.
9. Ce vei face daca nu vei avea timp sa inveti toate lectiile?
Adjectives
Comparatives and Superlatives
1. One syllable adjectives: cheap, small
Comparative: add -- er (cheaper)
Superlative: add -- est (the cheapest)
2. One syllable adjectives ending in 'e': nice
Comparative: add -- r (nicer)
Superlative: add -- st (the nicest)
3. One syllable adjectives ending in consonant - vowel consonant: hot
Comparative: add consonant + er (hotter)
Superlative: add consonant + est (the hottest)
4. Two syllable adjectives ending in 'y': happy, busy, dirty, silly, tidy, heavy, pretty, lucky
Comparative: replace y with --ier (happier)
Superlative: replace y with --iest (the happiest)

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5. Two or more syllable adjectives: beautiful, elegant, exciting, reliable, interesting


Comparative: add more/less (more / less beautiful)
Superlative: add the most / the least (the most / least beautiful)
6. Irregular adjectives
good - better - the best
bad - worse - the worst
far - further - the furthest
far - farther - the farthest
much/many- more - the most
few/little - less - the least
good - better - the best
bad - worse - the worst
Functions and examples
l. We use comparatives to compare two things.
John is thinner than Bob.
It's more expensive to travel by train than by bus.
My house is smaller than my friend's house.
2. We use superlatives to compare one thing with the rest of the group it belongs to.
John is the tallest in the class.
He's the best football player in the team.
This is the most expensive hotel I've ever stayed in.
Practice I.
ADJECTIVE

THE MISSING ADJECTIVES


(Some words are repeated)
COMPARATIVE

SUPERLATIVE

nice
..
lanky
curly
dark
.
.
..

dark
.
pretty
touchy
tall
..
..
..

lighter
.
more stupid

blonder
chubbier

longer

..
taller
warmer
curlier
closer

.
the lankiest
.
.
the meanest
.

the most gullible


.
..
the prettiest
.
..
.

..

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II. Complete the sentences below with the correct form of the adjectives.
1. Jeremy is l0 years old. Julie is 8 years old. Jererny is (old) _____________ Julie
2. The Alps are very high. They are (high) ___________________ mountains in Europe.
3. Ar ocean is (large) _________________________ a sea.
4. A Rolls Royce costs a lot of money. A Twingo costs less money.
A Rolls Royce is (expensive) ______________________________ a Twingo.
5. John's results were bad. Fred's results were very poor. Fred's results were (bad) ________________
John's.
6. This exercise is not difficult. It's (easy) ____________________ I expected.
7. The weather is not good today - it's raining. I hope the weather will be (good) _______________ next
week.
8. People are not friendly in big cities. They are usually (friendly) _____________ towns.
9. In the govermment of a country, the president is (important) _____________ person.
10. People say that Chinese is (difficult) ________________ to learn than English.
III. Choose the answer that you think is correct.
L Argentina is _________ than England.
bigger
rnore big
biggest
2. Tomas is _____________ than his brother.
attractiver
more attractive
most attarctive
3. Villages are _________________ than cities.
noisier
busier
more peaceful
4. David is the _____________ person I've ever met
more boring
most boring
boring
5. Katrina's ____________________ teacher our class has ever had.
the better
the good
the best
6. Hong Kong is one of the ________________ cities I've visited.
rnost interesting
interesting
interest
IV. Translate into English:
1. Mary este mai frumoasa decat Helen.
2. Apartamentul nostrum este mai mare decat al ei.
3. Cei doi sunt inalti, dar Victor este mai inalt decat John.
4. Sora mea este mai mare decat mine.

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5. Lectiile sunt mai dificile decat cele de ieri.


6. Astazi este rnai frig decat ieri.
7. Este cea mai interesanta carte pe care am citit-o.
8. Prajitura mea este rnai gustoasa decat a ta.
V. Choose the proper form of the adjective or adverb:
1) You will find your way around the town ___________ if you have a rnap. (easily)
2) You are late. I expected You ____________________ (early).
3) It's the ____________________ (difficult) rule of all.
4) What's the ten'tperature? I think today is ____________ (hot) day of this summer.
5) The hotel u'as surprisingly cheap. I thought it would be much _________ (expensive).
6) We work in the __________________________ (profitable) company in the world!
7) Are you any good at tennis? I am _______________ (bad) tennis player in the world.
8) Tom looks ________________________ (old) than he really is.
9) I can't walk very fast. \'ou are younger; you can walk ______________ (fast).
10) This building is very high. Actually it,s _____________ (high)building in the town.
l1) I think the weather will get ____________________ (bad).
l2) A small lamp has a _____________________ (high) resistance than a large one.
l3) Russia is ______________________ (large) country in the world.
14) My father is __________________ (old) than my mother
15) You hardly ever write to me. Why don't you write a bit _______________ (often)?
16) Jack didn't want anyone to see hirn so he took a seat in __________________ (far) corner of the
room.
17) This new carnera is _____________ (good) than the old one.
18) In ______________________-- (near) future I plan to enter the University.
Lesson no.5
The House I Live in
Where do you live?
Where is your location?
What is your address?
I live at no. 8, Coposu Street.
I live on the first floor.
I have moved in a flat.
Wliat about the rent?
My house is in the centre of the town.
My home is out of town.
How many stories has the building got?
The building in which I now live has two stories.
It is a five-roomed flat on the ground floor.
ln my house I have:
- the dining room and the kitchen are downstairs
- the bedrooms and the bathroom ale upstairs
- do you run a car?
- Yes, but I keep my car in a garage
- Gate

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Domeniul major de intervenie 2.3 Acces si participare la FPC
Titlul proiectului FAC - Fii angajat calificat
Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

- Main entrance
- Back entrance
- Hall
- Roof
- Key
- Radiator
- Living-room
- Spare room
- Nursery
Draw
Example 1
Draw a square (or frame). Put the sun in the top righht comer. Draw a mountain in the middle.
Draw a tree on the left side of the mountain. Draw a river from the mountain to the bottom left corner.
Draw a house in the bottom right comer. Draw a bridge over the river, between the mountain and the house.
Draw a road over the bridge frorn side to side of the picture.
Example 2
Draw a window in the middle at the top. Draw a table in front of the window. Draw a chair on the left of the
table. Draw a woman on the right of the table. There's a knife in her hand.
There's some bread on the table. There are two plates on the table. There's a cat under the table.
Can/Could
Affirmatiye senfences
Tense
Simple Present
Simple Past
will-future
Negations
Tense
Simple Present

Modal
I can play football.
I could play football.
Do not use can in the will-future.

will-future

Modal
I cannot play football.
I can't play football
I could not play football.
I couldn't play football.
Do not use cannot in the will-future.

Questions
Tense
Simple Present
Simple Past
will-future

Modal
Cann he play football?
Could he play football?
Do not use can in the will-future.

Simple Past

Practice
I. Write the phrases in brackets in their correct forms into the gaps.
E.g.: Yesterday I ____________ a film, today I can't. (can/to watch)
Yesterday T could watch a film, today I can't' .

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Titlul proiectului FAC - Fii angajat calificat
Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

1) Last week we ________ swirnming, this week we can't. (can/to go)


2) Maybe the Smiths __________ a new house next year. (can/to build)
3) If you try hard, you __________ your examinations. (can/to pass)
4) When I was five, I ____________ (not/can/to swim)
5) Dennis _________ the trumpet after four months. (can/to play)
6) Luke has passed his driving test, now he __________ car. (can/to drive)
7) For three weeks I ________ to him on the phone. (not/can/to speak)
g) Alex ___________ his homework when his desk is in such a mess. (not/can/to do)
9) They were so busy, they _________ me a text message. (not/can/to write)
10) Lisa ___________ her dress. she can wear it again. (can/to clean)
May/Might
May
We can use may' to ask for permission. However this is rather formal and not used very often in modem
spoken English
May I borrow your pen?
May we think about it?
May I go now?
We use 'may' to suggest something is possible
It may rain later today.
I may not have time to do it today.
Pete lnay colne with u
Might
We use 'rnight' to suggest a small possibility of something. Often we read that 'might' suggests a smaller
possibility that 'may', there is in fact little difference and might is more usual than may' in spoken English.
She might be at home by now but it's not sure at all.
It might rain this aftemoon.
I might not have time to go to the shops for you.
I might not go.
For the past, we use might have'.
a) He might have tried to call while I was out.
b) I rnight have dropped it in the street.
Practice
I. Choose the best option:
1 Bob _____________ English 1 in the fall.
mays take
may take
may takes
mays takes
2 George eats breakfast at McDonald,s.
George might eats breakfast at McDonald's.
George mights eat breakfast at McDonald's.
George might eats breakfast at McDonald's.

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

George might eat breakfast at McDonald's.


3 The students qo to the catfeteria during breaktime.
The students could go to the cafeteria during breaktime.
The students could went to the cafeteria during breaktime.
The students could go to the cafeteria during breakiime.
The students could going to the cafeteria during breaktime.
4 Allen ______________ a new car this year.
might buy
may buy
could buy
none of the above
could buy or may buy or might buy
5 Vanrith might ________________ to San Francisco this weekend.
drives
driven
drove
drive
6 Maria ____________ go shopping tomorrow.
might
may
neither may nor rnight
both rnay and might
7 Judy ___________ that book next week.
might reads
may reads
may read
mights read
8 Bill __________ ESL 65 next year.
may teaches
mays teach
might teaches
might teach
9 Carol may______________ a movie tonight.
seen
saw
sees
see
10 Kay might _________ Lori later.
called
will call
calt
calls

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

11 The test ___________difficult.


may being
could be
might been
could will be
12 Bring your umbrella. It ___________ rain later.
could
may
might none ofthe above
could or may or might
Must or Have to?
We use must and have to/has to say something that is necessaty.
e.g.: You'll be leaving soon. You must think about ybur future.
We're very busy at the office. I have to work on Saturday morning.
Mark has to get the car repaired.There'ssomething wrong with the brakes.
When we use past or the future with will, we need a form of have to.
e.g.: Emma had to go to the dentist yesterday.
That wasn't verygood. We'll have to do better next time.
Both rnust and have to express necessity, but we use them differently.
MUST
HAVE TO
We use must when the speaker feels that
something is necessary.
You must exercise. (I'rn telling you)
We must be quiet.
I/we must can also express a wish.
I must buy a newspaper. I want to see the
racing results.
We must invite Claire. She's a wondet"ful
company.

We use have to when the situation makes


something necessary.
I have to exercise. (The doctor told me)
We have to be quiet. (That's the rule)
I have to buy a newspaper. Thhe boss asked me
to get one.
We have to invite Trevor andLauta' They
invited us last time.

Practice
I. Must or have to/has to?
1. The sign says: "Passengers must show their tickets'"
So passengers have to show their tickets.
2. The children have to be in bed by nine.
Their parents said: _________________________
3. Laura has to get to work on time.
Her boss told her: _____________
4. The police told Nick: "You must keep your dog under control.,'
So Nick ________________

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

5. The pupils have to listen carefully.


The teacher says:
6. The new sign says: "Visitors must report to the security officer.
So now _____________
II. Must or have to?
'e.g.: I have to go to the airport. I'm meeting someone.
1. You _______ lock the door when you go out. There've been a lot of break-ins recently.
2. Daniel ________ go to the bank. He hasn't any money.
3. I ______ work late tomorro. We're very busy at the office.
4. You really _____ make less noise. I'm trying to concentrate.
5. I think you ___________ pay to park liere. I'll just go out and read that notice.
6. You really _________ hurry up, Vicky. We don,t want to be late.
7 .I _______________put the heating on. I feel really cold.
Past Tense Sirnple
We use Past Tense Simple for something in the past which is finished.
e.,g.: Emma passed her exam last year.
We went to the theatre on Friday.
Elvis Presley died in 1977.
Positive forms
A regular past form ends in ed.
e.g.: It happened veiy quickly.
The van crashed into the car.
Some verbs have irregular past form.
e.g.: The car came out of a side road.
Vicky rang earlier.
I won the game.
TO BE
I/he/she/it was
You/we/they were
Negative and questions
We use did in negatives and questions.
Negative
I/you/he/she/it/weithey did not stop (didn't)
Question
Did I/ youihelshe/it we/they stop?
Practice
I. Complete the newspaper story about a fire. Put in the past simple forms of the verbs'
Two people died (die) in a fire in Ellis street, oldport yesterday moming. They _______ (be) Herbert and
Molly Paynter, a couple in their seventies. The fire __________ (start) at 3.20 am. A neighbour, Mr. Aziz,
________ (see) the flames and _____ (call) the fire brigade. He also ______ (try) to get into the house and
rescue his neighbours, but the heat _________ (be) too geat. The fire brigade __________ (arrive) in five
minutes.
Twenty fire-fighters __________ (figh) the fire and finally ____________ (bring) it under control. Two firefighters _________ (enter)the burring building but _________ (find) the couple dead.
II. Correct the mistakes:
1. I didn't celebrated New Year's Eve.
2. My friends organize a fancy dress patty'

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

,3. But they didnt invited me.


4. So, I were very sad and lonely.
5. My best friends didn't were with me.
6. My cousin visit rne in the aftetnoon.
7. But then she go to a party.
8. Did you danced on New Year's Eve?
9. I didnt watched TV because there was a horribre program.
10. Everybody laughed and sing and was very happy.
11. But I were not happy, I didn't have a good time.
III. Arrange the words:
1. arrive When you did ?
2. wait long for she How did me?
3. phone night last Why you did me?
4. meet days two ago Did you her?
5. party? see the Who did you in
6. concert start When did the?
IV. Translate into English:
l. Noaptea trecuta m-am uitat la televizor.
2. Baietii au jucat fotbal acum 2 saptamani.
3. Ieri arn citit o carte interesanta.
4. Anul trecut au locuit la Roma.
5. Acum o luna am calatorit cu avionul.
6. Voi ati servit cina la 7 aseara.
7. A inceput sa ploua.
8. Noi am invatat engleza la scoala.
9. Ieri am cumparat cateva carti englezesti.
Lista principalelor verbe neregulate in engleza
Infinitiv
-forma 1-

Trecut
-forma 2-

Participiu trecut
-forma 3-

Traducere
verb

to abide

abode

abode

a astepta, a sta, a locui

to arise

arose

arisen

a se ridica

to awake

awoken
awaked
been

a se trezi

to be

awoke
awaked
was, were

to bear

bore

born

a se naste

to beat

beat

beaten

a bate

to become

became

become

a deveni

to begin

began

begun

a icepe

to behold

beheld

beheld

a zari, a vedea

to bend

bent

bent

a indoi, a curba

to beseech

besought

besought

a implora

a fi

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

to bet

bet

bet

a paria

to bid

bade

bidden

a oferi, a licita

to bind

bound

bound

a lega

to bite

bit

bitten

a musca

to bleed

bled

bled

a sangera

to bless

blest

blest

a binecuvanta

to blow

blew

blown

a sufla

to break

broke

broken

a sparge

to breed

bred

bred

a creste

to bring

brought

brought

a aduce

to broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

a transmite prin radio

to burn

burnt (burned)

burnt (burned)

a arde

to burst

burst

burst

a izbucni

to buy

bought

bought

a cumpara

can

could

been able to

a putea

to cast

cast

cast

a arunca

to catch

caught

caught

a prinde

to choose

chose

chosen

a alege

to cleave

cleft

cleft

a despica

to cling

clung

clung

a se lipi

to come

came

come

a veni

to cost

cost

cost

a costa

to creep

crept

crept

a se tara

to cut

cut

cut

a taia

to deal

dealt

dealt

a se ocupa, a trata afaceri

to dig

dug

dug

a sapa

to do

did

done

a face

to draw

drew

drawn

a desena

to dream

dreamt (dreamed)

dreamt (dreamed)

a visa

to drink

drank

drunk

a bea

to drive

drove

driven

a conduce masina

to dwell

dwelt

dwelt

a locui, a ramane, a insista

to eat

ate

eaten

a manca

to fall

fell

fallen

a cadea

to feed

fed

fed

a hrani

to feel

felt

felt

a simti

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to fight

fought

fought

a lupta

to find

found

found

a gasi

to fly

flew

flown

a zbura

to forbid

forbade

forbidden

a interzice

to forecast

forecast

forecast

a prevedea

to foresee

foresaw

foreseen

a prevedea

to foretell

foretold

foretold

a prezice

to forget

forgot

forgotten

a uita

to forgive

forgave

forgiven

a ierta

to forgo

forwent

forgone

a renunta la, a da uitarii

forsake

forsook

forsaken

a parasi

to freeze

froze

frozen

a igheta

to get

got

got

a primi

to give

gave

given

a da

to go

went

gone

a merge

to grind

ground

ground

a macina

to grow

grew

grown

a creste

to hang

hung (hanged)

hung (hanged)

a spanzura

to have

had

had

a avea

to hear

heard

heard

a auzi

to hide

hid

hidden

a ascunde

to hit

hit

hit

a lovi

to hold

held

held

a tine

to hurt

hurt

hurt

a rani

to keep

kept

kept

a pastra

to kneel

knelt

knelt

a igenunchia

to knit

knit

knit

a tricota

to know

knew

known

a sti, a cunoaste

to lay

laid

laid

a aseza

to lead

led

led

a conduce

to lean

leant

leant

a se sprijini de

to learn

learnt (learned)

learnt (learned)

a ivata

to leave

left

left

a parasi

to lend

lent

lent

a mprumuta (cuiva)

to let

let

let

a permite

to lie

lay

lain

a fi culcat

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to light

lit

lit

a aprinde

to lose

lost

lost

a pierde

to make

made

made

a face

to mean

meant

meant

a isemna

to meet

met

met

a intalni

to misgive

misgave

misgiven

a inspira neicredere

to mislead

misled

misled

a induce in eroare

to mistake

mistook

mistaken

a intelege gresit

to outdo

outdid

outdone

a intrece

to overcome

overcame

overcome

a invinge

to overdo

overdid

overdone

a face exces

to pay

paid

paid

a plati

to put

put

put

a pune

to read

read

read

a citi

to rend

rent

rent

a sfasia, a rupe

to ride

rode

ridden

a calari

to ring

rang

rung

a suna

to rise

rose

risen

a se ridica

to run

ran

run

a alerga

to say

said

said

a spune

to see

saw

seen

a vedea

to seek

sought

sought

a cauta

to sell

sold

sold

a vinde

to send

sent

sent

a trimite

to set

set

set

a regla, a fixa

to sew

sewed

sewn (sewed)

a coase

to shake

shook

shaken

a scutura, a clatina

to shave

shaved

shaven

a se barbieri

to shed

shed

shed

a varsa (lacrimi)

to shine

shone

shone

a straluci

to shoe

shod

shod

a icalta, a potcovi

to shoot

shot

shot

a mpusca

to show

showed

shown

a arata

to shrink

shrank

shrunk

a se strange

to shut

shut

shut

a inchide

to sing

sang

sung

a canta

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

to sink

sank

sunk

a se scufunda

to sit

sat

sat

a sta (pe ceva)

to slay

slew

slain

a ucide

to sleep

slept

slept

a dormi

to slide

slid

slid

a aluneca

to sling

slung

slung

a azvarli

to slit

slit

slit

a despica

to smell

smelt (smelled)

smelt (smelled)

a mirosi

to smite

smote

smitten

a lovi

to sow

sowed

sown

a semana

to speak

spoke

spoken

a vorbi

to speed

sped

sped

a accelera

to spell

spelt (spelled)

spelt (spelled)

a pronunta litera cu litera

to spend

spent

spent

a cheltui

to spill

spilt

spilt

a varsa

to spin

spun

spun

a toarce, a se roti

to spit

spat

spat

a scuipa

to split

split

split

a despica

to spoil

spoilt

spoilt

a strica

to spread

spread

spread

a intinde

to spring

sprang

sprung

a sari, a tasni

to stand

stood

stood

a sta in picioare

to steal

stole

stolen

a fura

to stick

stuck

stuck

a infige, a se lipi

to sting

stung

stung

a itepa

to stink

stank

stunk

a mirosi urat

to strike

struck

struck

a lovi

to string

strung

strung

a insira, a incorda

to strive

strove

striven

a se stradui

to swear

swore

sworn

a jura

to sweep

swept

swept

a matura

to swim

swam

swum

a inota

to swing

swung

swung

a se legana

to take

took

taken

a lua

to teach

taught

taught

a invata, a preda

to tear

tore

torn

a rupe, a sfasia

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

to tell

told

told

a spune

to think

thought

thought

a gandi, a crede

to throw

threw

thrown

a arunca

to thrust

thrust

thrust

a mbranci

to tread

trod

trodden

a calca

to underlie

underlay

underlain

a sustine

to understand

understood

understood

a intelge

to upset

upset

upset

a supara

to wake

woke

woken

a se trezi

to wear

wore

worn

a purta

to weave

wove

woven

a tese

to wet

wet

wet

a uda

to win

won

won

a castiga

to wind

wound

wound

a se rasuci

to wring

wrung

wrung

a frange, a smulge

to write

wrote

written

a scrie

Country
Algeria
Andora
Angola
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Denmark
Belgium
Bulgaria
Canada
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Egypt
El Salvador
England
Finland
France
Germany

Nationalities
Adjective
Person
Algerian
an Algerian
Andorran
an Andorran
Angolan
an Angolan
Argentinean
an Argentinean
Armenian
an Armenian
Australian
an Australian
Austrian
an Austrian
Danish
a Danish
Belgian
a Belgian
Bulgarian
a Bulgarian
Canadian
a Canadian
Costa Rican
a Costa Rican
Croat or Croatian
a Croat or Croatian
Cuban
a Cuban
Cypriot
a Cypriot
Egyptian
a Egyptian
Salvadorian
a Salvadorian
English
an Englishman, an Englishwoman
Finnish
a Finn
French
a Frenchman, a Frenchwoman
German
a German

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Contract POSDRU/164/2.3/S/142229

Greece
Hungary
Ireland, Republic of
Japan
Italy
Mexico
Moldova
Romania
Russia
Scotland
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom (UK)
United States of America
(USA)
Wales

Greek
Hungarian
Irish
Japanese
Italian
Mexican
Moldovan
Romanian
Russian
Scottish
Spanish
Swedish
Turkish
British
-

a Greek
a Hungarian
a Irishman, a Irishwoman
a Japanese
a Italian
a Mexican
a Moldovan
a Romanian
a Russian
a Scot
a Spaniard
a Swede
a Turk
a Briton
a citizen of the USA

Welsh

a Welshman, a Welshwoman

Lesson no.6
At the restaurant
This way, please
Its all right
There is one table right on the center
Is this table engaged?
Lay one cover at this table
Is there any free table left?
What can we have for lunch?
The choice is large today
I must read all
Have your own choice
I would like macaroni with veal cutlet
Potato soup for one and bean soup for two.
Please, what do you recommend?
What hors doeuvre do you recommend?
First bring us some olives and two glasses of brandy.
What do you choose for garnish?
What do you wish for desert?
Pass me the bread, please.
What will you have to drink?
Whats yours?
A bottle of wine and soda.
The bill, please.
Fifty pence in all.
Keep the change.
Vermicelli soup supa cu fidea
Dumpling soup supa cu galuste
Celery soup supa de telina
Meat croquettes parjoale

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Beefsteak Biftec
Lamb cutlet Cotlet de miel
Dish of breaded brains creier pane
Stewed chicken tocana de pasare
Chicken roasted on the spit pui la frigare
Veal cutlet cotlet de vitel
Sightseeing a city
I do not know this town at all.
I am afraid I have lost my way.
Excuse me, is this the way to Cotroceni Palace?
Excuse me which is the nearest way to exit?
How can I reach North Station?
Where is the French Embassy?
Will you kindly show me the way to Trafalgar Square?
Will you kindly show me the house no. 47?
Can you tell me?
Go straight on.
Follow this street to the end.
Follow this road till you come to a bridge.
You are going on the right way.
You are going in the opposite direction.
Go back.
Then the second street turn to the right.
Look out when crossing the street.
How long will it take me to get there?
Cross the streets only at zebras.
Is it a long way to no.120?
You had better catch a tram.
Where is the nearest taxi station?
Which tram ought I to take?
Any bus from here.
The stop over there takes you to North Station.
This tram is going up town?
Get on this bus, but you will have to change to the tram 9.
Does tram no. 21 stop here?
Where must I get up?
Where must I get off?
Where must I change trams?
Youll have to get on at the next bus stop.
Youll have to change to no. 18.
Youll have to ask the conductor where to put you off.
I am going the same way myself.
Conductor, does this bus go to down town?
Fares, please.
The fare to the end of the line is 1 pound.
You can also get a ticket from the slot-machine.
There is a vacant seat at the front.
Is there a taxi rank near here?
There is one across the street?

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There is one round the corner.


Lets call a taxi.
In town
The town consists of:
quarter, district
churchyard, graveyard
buildings
well-fountain
slum
Buildings:

block of flats

apartment house

church

bank, national bank

cathedral

cinema, movie theatre

factory, plant

palace
Roads:

boulevard

alley

lane, drive

roadway

roundabout way

turning

blindalley

cross-road, junction

railway station
outskirts
market
suburb

restaurant
law court
university
sky scraper
post office
stadium
town hall
opera house

parking
fly-over bridge
underpass
traffic-lights
main street
side street
one-way street

Past Tense Continuous


The past tense continuous means that at the a time in the past we were in the middle of an action.
Form
S+TO BE (past tense)+Ving
Affirmative
e.g. I was playing
You were playing
Negative
I wasnt playing
You werent playing
Question
Was I playing?
Were you playing?
Practice
I. Complete the conversation. Put in the past continuous form.
Jessica: I was looking (I/look) for you, Vicky. Im afraid Ive broken this dish.
Vicky: Oh no! What___________ (you/do)?

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Jessica: _____________(I/take) it to the kitchen. I bumped into Emma. ________(she/come) out just as
____________(I/go) in.
Vicky: I expect it was your fault. ____________(you/not/look) where _____________ (you/go).
Jessica: Sorry. Ill buy you another one as soon as I have some money.
II. What can you say in these situations? Add a sentence with the past continuous to say that an
action lasted a long time.
e.g. You had to work all day. The work went on all day.
I was working all day.
1. You had to make phone calls. The calls went on all day.
____________________________________________________
2. You had to wait in the rain. The wait lasted for half an hour.
____________________________________________________
3. You had to make sandwiches. This went on all afternoon.
____________________________________________________
4. You had to sit in a traffic jam. You were there for two hours.
_____________________________________________________
5. Your neighbour played loud music. This went on all night.
_____________________________________________________
Past Simple or Continuous?
PAST SIMPLE
We use the past simple for a completed action in the past
e.g.: We drove home.
We also use the past simple for states
e.g.: The spaceship seemed quite big.
I didnt know what it was.
We use the past simple for action is a story
e.g.: We arrived at the beach.
The aliens landed quietly.
PAST CONTINUOUS
We use the past continuous for an action that we were in the middle of.
e.g.: We were driving home. (we were in the middle of our journey)
We often use the past continuous to describe the background.
e.g.: The sun was shining.
The stars were twinkling.
*We use the past simple and the past continuous together when one action (the shorter one) comes in the
middle of another (the longer one).
e.g. As we were driving down the hill, a strange object appeared in the sky.
Longer action: we were driving down the hill
Shorter action: an object appeared
e.g.: While Laura was sitting in the garden, it suddenly began to rain.

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Practice
I. Past continuous or simple?
David is always having accidents. His girlfriend, Melanie, is talking about some of the accidents. Write her
sentences from these notes. Each sentence has one verb in the past continuous or past simple.
e.g.: when/he/carry/ a suitcase/ he/ drop/ it/ on his foot
When he was carrying his suitcase, he dropped it on his foot.
1. he/ break/ his leg/ when/ he/ ski
2. he/ sit/ down/ on a chair/ while/ I / paint/ it
3. as/ he/ run/ for the bus/ he/ collide/ with a lamppost
4. his hair/ catch/ fire/ when/ he/ cook/ chips
5. when/ he/ hold/ a beautiful vase/ he suddenly/ drop/ it
6. he/ sit/ in the garden/ when/ a wasp/ sting/ him/ on purpose
II. Past Continuous or simple? Put the correct form of the verb.
1. I heard the lights went (go) out in your flat last night.
2. Yes, I was watching (I/watch) a documentary on TV when suddenly _______ (we/lose) all the power. But
_______ (it/come) on again after about ten minutes.
3. Rachel _______ (come) down the stairs when the lights ______ ((go) out. She almost ______ (fall ) over.
4. Matthew and I ______(play) table tennis at the time.
5. ______ (I/work) on the computer. _______ (I/lose) a whole hours work. But this morning _____ (I/get) up
early and _____ (do) it again.
III. Past Continuous or simple? Find the second part of each sentence. Put each verb into the correct
form.
1. Vicky (have) a beautiful dream
a. when she (touch) the wire
2. When Andrew (see) the question,
b. when I (find) a 10 dollars note in it
3. The train (wait)
c. when the alarm clock (ring)
4. I (read) a library book
d. the crowd (rush) in
5. Sarah (have) an electric shock
e. he (know) the answer immediately
6. When the doors (open)
f. they (see) that the sun (shine)
7. When the campers (wake)
g. when we (arrive) at the station
e.g.: Vicky was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang.
IV. Fill in the correct forms of Past Simple or Past Continuous.
One day I (play) was playing football with some friends, when I (see)___________four boys on a
bridge nearby. They (laugh)____________and (shout)_____________and I (wonder) what they (do)
___________ . Then I (notice)___________that they (wave)____________a puppy in the air. When the boys
(see)__________me
they
(throw)______________the
puppy
over
the
bridge
and
it
(fall)________________into the river. They (run)______________off laughing. I (jump)___________over the
wall,(run)_____________down to the river and (leap)_____________into the water. I (grab)___________the
puppy and (swim) ____________ back to the safety. My friends, who (stand)____________on the bridge,
(clap)____________ . I was a hero.
V. Fill in the correct forms of Past Simple or Past Continuous.
1. Yesterday she (go)____________________to school by car.
2. I (play) ____________________tennis yesterday, but I __________________(do not)win.
3. Eric( read) __________________book when the telephone _____________(ring).
4. It (rain) _________________when I __________________(get) up.
5. ____________________( watch) you the movie on television last night?

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Asking for permission


Can I ask you a question?
May I have a piece of cake?
Could I get you to turn off the lights
Some other common phrases are
Do you mind if I smoke?
Would you mind if I asked you something?
Is it okay if I sit here?
Would it be all right if I borrowed your lawn mower?
Giving Permission
Sure.
Go ahead.
No problem.
Role play game
Husband
Hi, honey, Im home.
Surebut the cats on the table. _____ put it out?
No problem. Oh! The food on the stoves burning. ____take/off?
Im already on to it. Hey, I want to watch the news. ______ turn/on ______?
Its for you. Wow! Look outside. Its raining. _____bring the clothes in?
Ok. Ill do it myself. _____ get off the phone quickly. Im hungry.
Wife
____close the door?
Ok. The radios too loud. _____turn/down?
Oh, my Godyes, quickly. And the childrens clothes are on the floor. ____put/away?
Ill do that. Oh, the phones ringing. _____pick/up and see whos calling?
Oh, Im sorry. Im too busy.
Polite Requests
We can make requests in different ways, and our choice of language will depend on:
The relationship between speaker and listener
How certain we are of a positive response to our request
Practice
I. Choose the most suitable request for each of the following situations and then discuss your
answers with a partner.
1. Talking to a waiter in a restaurant:
a) Excuse me. Wheres the toilet?
b) Excuse me. Do you happen to know where the toilet is?
2. To a fellow passenger at an airport.
a) Keep an eye on my suitcase, will you?
b) Do you think you could possibly keep an eye on my suitcase for a minute?
3. To a friend at work:
a) Have you got a minute?
b) Do you think I could possibly have a quick word with you?
4. To a fellow passenger on a train:
a) OK if I open the window?

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b) Do you mind if I open the window?


5. To a close friend:
a) Could you lend me 50 pounds?
b) I was wondering if you could possibly lend me 50 pounds?
6. To a fellow traveler on a train:
a) Give me a hand with this case, will you?
b) Sorry to trouble you, but do you think you could give me a hand with this case?
7. To the landlady in an English home (this is the second day in their house):
a) OK if I use the phone?
b) Do you think I could possibly use the phone?
8. To the same landlady on the third day of our stay:
a) I doubt if Ill be home for dinner. Is that okay?
b) Would you mind very much if I didnt come back for dinner.
II. Here are eight replies. Match the replies with the above requests and decide if the reply could be
used with both the requests an each situation or just one of them.
1. Yeah ok, but dont be long.
2. No, no go ahead.
3. Sure. Where do you want it?
4. Im sorry, I havent the faintest idea.
5. No, no problem at all.
6. Well actually, Im a bit tied up at the moment.
7. Im afraid I havent got any cash on me at the moment.
8. Yes, of course. Help yourself.

Imperative
We can use the imperative to give a direct order.
1. Take that chewing gum out of your mouth.
2. Stand up straight.
3. Give me the details.

We can use the imperative to give instructions.


1.
Open your book.
2.
Take two tablets every evening.
3.
Take a left and then a right.

We can use the imperative to make an invitation.


1.
Come in and sit down. Make yourself at home.
2.
Please start without me. I'll be there shortly.
3.
Have a piece of this cake. It's delicious.

We can use the imperative on signs and notices.


1.
Push.
2.
Do not use.
3.
Insert one dollar.

We can use the imperative to give friendly informal advice.


1.
Speak to him. Tell him how you feel.
2.
Have a quiet word with her about it.
3.
Don't go. Stay at home and rest up. Get some sleep and recover.
We can make the imperative 'more polite' by adding 'do'.

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1.
2.
3.

Do be quiet.
Do come.
Do sit down.

Practice
A
I dont want him to know.
Its very fragile.
The sun is very hot today.
The speed limit is 30.
Theres a steep drop.
Im telling you so
Thats very rude.
We can recycle it.
Be careful with your pin number.
Its not a big problem.
Mix and match
A
Stand behind the
Tell me all
Shut
Come
Take your feet off
Turn to
Take one pill
Go to traffic lights and
Come and see
Put that

How many or how much?


Many is used with plural nouns.
e.g. many places; many problems
Much is used with uncountable nouns.
e.g. much money; much trouble.
List of uncountable nouns
advice
cotton
air
education
alcohol
electricity
art
entertainment
beef
experience
blood
fiction
butter
flour
cheese
food
chewing gum
forgiveness
coffee
fresh air
confusion
furniture

B
Dont throw it in the bin.
Please dont touch it.
Dont stay out too long.
Dont keep it with your credit card.
dont ask me again.
Dont worry about it.
Dont walk so close to the edge.
Dont drive so fast.
Please dont tell him.
Please dont speak to me like that.
B
in.
turn left.
page 59.
up.
about it.
me next weekend.
down.
the sofa.
line, please.
three times a day.

gold
gossip (Except when talking
about people who are
gossips)
grass
ground
happiness
*history (e.g. He has a
history)
homework
honey

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*hope (e.g. There was never


a hope)
ice
information
jam (Except when talking
about traffic jams)
knowledge
lightning
literature
love
luck
luggage
meat
milk
mist
money
music
news
noise
oil
oxygen
paper (except when talking
about academic papers)
patience
pay
peace
peanut butter
pepper
petrol
plastic
pork
power
pressure
rain
research
rice
sadness
salt
sand
shopping
silver
snow
space
speed
steam
sugar
sunshine
tea
tennis
thunder

*time (e.g. There was a time


when..)
toothpaste
traffic
trousers
vinegar
washing up liquid
water
weather
wine
wood
wool
work

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Practice
I. Decide whether you have to use much or many.
1. There is too ___________water in the bath tub.
2. How _____________ brothers and sisters has Anne got?
3. I don't receive ____________ letters nowadays.
4. How ____________ rice do you eat per week?
5. I put too _____________ salt in the soup.
6. How __________ people were at the party?
7. It doesn't make _____________ sense.
8. There wasn't ___________ traffic on the motorway.
9. My grandfather does not have ___________ hair, anymore.
10. How ______________ plates do we need?
II. How much or how many?
1
We need some tea. ______ do we need?
How much
How many
2
We need some eggs. ______ do we need?
3
We need some paper. ______ do we need?
4
We need some money. ______ do we need?
5
______ cigarettes do you smoke a day?
6
______ packets of cigarettes do you have?
7
______ work have you got to do?
8
______ sleep did you get last night?
9
______ children have you got?
10
______ bottles of wine are there in the cellar?
III. Much or many? Choose the correct answer.
1) ________CDs 2) _________ music 3) __________ cups 4) ________ juice 5) __________ time 6) _________
pencils 7) ________ cheese 8) _________ cornflakes 9) ________ pizzas 10)________ lemonade
IV. Study the examples and complete the rules, then use the prompts to act out similar dialogues.
A: How much milk do you need?
B: Just a little.
A: How many carrots do you need?
B: Just a few.
We use_____ and______ with uncountable nouns.
We use ______ and _____ with countable nouns.
Ham, onions, flour, peppers, tomatoes, olives, bacon, cheese, bread, bananas, coconuts.
At work
At what time do you go to work?
What are your work hours?
What do you earn a month?
What is your salary?
When is your day off?
What is your profession?
I am a teacher.
What is your occupation?

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I am a lawyer, I defend my clients.


What is your trade?
I am a physician, I cure the sick ones.
What are your qualifications?
I am a bricklayer, I work hard.
I have good knowledge.
I work in a plant.
Expressing feelings
STUDENT A FEELINGS
1. Identify the feelings represented by the pictures

2. With the help of your partner, complete the following descriptions of feelings and the situations that cause them.
a. I feel relaxed when Ive passed all the exams and I _________________________________________________
for the next week.
b. I feel nervous when Im downtown, carrying a considerable amount of money and I see somebody following me.
c. I feel _______________________________________ when I have my favorite food for lunch.
d. I felt embarrassed when my friends told me I had toilet paper on my shoes, after coming from the rest room during
the break.

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e. I feel annoyed when people next to me ________________________________________________________ with


their constant speaking.
f. I feel totally fed up after having done 2 or 3 maps for my Geography class.
g. I feel _________________________________________ very hard for an activity and had only got a C.
h. I feel calm when I finish doing yoga.
i. I feel upset when I realize the taxi driver ___________________________________ and he has already gone.
j. I felt disappointed when my dad said our next vacation would be in Florida instead of being in Paris, as he had
promised before.
k. I feel ___________________________________________________________, to pass the English course.
l. I was shocked when my best friend accused me of flirting with her boyfriend because Id said hello to him.
3. Look at the chart. Then complete the sentences below with adequate responses to make them true about
yourself.
Shakira is interested in helping poor children.
ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION + VERB(-ING)
My mom is keen on cats.
ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION + NOUN OR PRONOUN
a. Im good at ______________________________________________________________________
b. Im scared of _____________________________________________________________________
c. Im concerned about _______________________________________________________________
d. Im fed up with ____________________________________________________________________
e. Im interested in ___________________________________________________________________
f. My mom is keen on _________________________________________________________________
4. Compare your answers with your partner.

STUDENT B FEELINGS
2. With the help of your partner, complete the following descriptions of feelings and the situations that cause
them.
a. I feel relaxed when Ive passed all the exams and I have no homework for the next week.
b. I feel nervous when Im downtown, _____________________________________________ and I see somebody
following me.
c. I feel pleased or satisfied when I have my favorite food for lunch.
d. I felt embarrassed when my friends told me _________________________________________, after coming from
the rest room during the break.
e. I feel annoyed when people next to me dont let me pay attention to the teacher with their constant speaking.
f. I feel totally _____________________________________________________ for my Geography class.
g. I feel frustrated after having worked very hard for an activity in class and had only got a C.
h. I feel calm when _____________________________________________.
i. I feel upset when I realize the taxi driver hadnt given the change back and he had already gone.
j. I felt disappointed when my dad said ___________________________________________________________
_________________________ , as he had promised before.
k. I feel concerned when I depend on passing an exam, to pass the English course.

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l. I was shocked when my best friend accused me __________________________________________________


______________________________________.
3. Look at the chart. Then complete the sentences below with adequate responses to make them true about
yourself.
Shakira is interested in helping poor children.
ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION + VERB(-ING)
My mom is keen on cats.
ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION + NOUN OR PRONOUN
a. Im good at ______________________________________________________________________
b. Im scared of _____________________________________________________________________
c. Im concerned about _______________________________________________________________
d. Im fed up with ____________________________________________________________________
e. Im interested in ___________________________________________________________________
f. My mom is keen on _________________________________________________________________
4. Compare your answers with your partner.

Love
Watching TV
Swimming
Singing
Skiing
Skating
Reading
Walking
Jogging
Listening to the music
Driving a car
Fishing
Sunbathing
Travelling
Boxing

Like

Dont
like

Cant
stand

Hate

Have never tried

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Expressing likes and dislikes

Lesson no. 7
Shopping
What can I do for you?
Are you being served?
Ill attend you in a moment.
You choose the goods you want and you pay at the cash-register on your way out.
We have several things to buy.
May I have a closer look at
This is the latest fashion in New York.
Can you show me a plain dress?
I decided on this.
I want to try a suit.
This suit fits you all right.
Can I find here a dress?
Does it not shrink?
Is this all you have to show?
It is worth the money.
We have a fine collection.
It is out of stock.
It is my size.
I want a pair of boots.
Will you try this pair on?
Do they fit well?
I cant get my foot in.
I dont like this style.
How a bout this pair?
How about this pair?
Pinch anywhere?
Ill take this pair.
I need something fashionable.
I wouldnt mind paying a little more.
May I try it on?
Its a little too tight.
Here is another one.
This will do.
Is it the same price?
Ill take it.
Talk about clothes.
1. CLASSIFY THE CLOTHES
Baggy; casual; coat; fit; get dressed; gloves; hat; patterned; skirt; kinds; smart; suit; take off; try on.
scarf

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trendy

2. FILL THE WORDS FROM EX. ABOVE TO THE SENTENCES


It is cold outside, take the on your hand. The skirt is beautiful, it you a lot! In the morning
people usually .. their pyjamas and .their T-shirts and trousers. In the winter you can wear
jacket or .. Before you buy your clothes, you should .. it .! The tracksuit is very large, it is
so ..! Its not smart suit, it is a bit
3. QUESTIONNAIRE
What do you hang in a wardrobe?
What do you wear in the summer and in the winter?
What do you like wearing the most? And what clothes do you hate?
4. GUESS
What do you have in your bag? Describe it to your classmates. They will guess what it is.
Fashion Quiz
1. Whats your favourite colour?
a. baby blue and light pink; b. it depends on my mood; c. gold and silver; d. red and black
2. Whats your favourite music?
a. pop; b. anything thats on the radio; c. house and rnb d. hard rock
3. Whats your favourite hair style?
a. scruffy bun; b. down straight c. pony tail d. blow dried and backcombed
4. You cant go out without:
a. your favourite bright pink lip gloss; b. your mibile phone; c. trendy bag; d. your favourite book in the bag
5. What is your favourite look in clothing?
a. loose top and your favourite ripped jeans;
b. something neutral that doesnt call attention; c. the latest trend;
d. a cool t-shirt with a design
6. If you could take a few things on a deserted island, they would be.
a. make up, hairspray, bikini; b. passport, torch, a good book and myself; c. a family photo and maybe a lucky
charm; d. a guitar and some drawing pencils
7. What do you usually do in your free time?

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a. go shopping and go to the spa; b. go to restaurants and to the cinema; c. go to clubs and dance; d. hang
around with my buddies
8. What colour is your hair?
a. blonde, blonde, blonde; b. My natural colour; c. Bleached blonde with coon tails and pink stripes;
d. black
9. You absolutely cant live without:
a. color! And lots of it!; b. uhmoxygen?; c. designer outfits. I would die without Gucci
d. my hoodie, and maybe my jeans.
10. Your favourite piece of clothing is:
a. my awesome reversible trenchie;
b. my sunglasses;
c. I dont know, it changes every week along with my
wardrobe; d. that simple but comfy hoodie I know I look great in.
Check the answers.
Type A CUTE
Glam, glitzy, and girly! You love cute clothes and accessories. You cant live without bright colours and sparkles. You
are stylish and stick to what you know bestshopping.
Type B CLUELESS
Fashion? What? Your clothes are limited to jeans and some t-shirts you find in your wardrobe. Your shoes go between
those required for the office and a simple set of sneakers. Or maybe even slipper. And Gucci? Is that a car or a dog?
Type C TRENDSETTER
You just dont follow fashion trends you set them. Youre not afraid to be the first to try a new trend, and youre not
surprised that the others follow. You like to impress all, and you love how a nice outfit can get you anywhere.
Type D ROCK QUEEN
Youre fun, and you show it! Your clothes dont necessarily follow the latest trends or the fashion updates; rather, they
follow your own personality. You are creative with your clothes. You love expressing yourself through your clothes.
A lot of, a few
A lot of or lots of - mean a large quantity. They go before both plural and uncountable nouns.
e.g. a lot of tourists; lots of games; a lot of sugar; lots of fun
A few or a little mean a small quantity. A few goes before plural nouns.
e.g. a few people; a few buildings
A little goes before uncountable nouns.
e.g. a little sunshine; a little food
* a lot of or lots of in positive statements and many and much in negatives and questions.
e.g. Positive: We get a lot of storm here.
We get a lot of rain here.
Negative: We dont get many storms here.
We dont get much rain here.
Questions: Do you get many storms here?
Do you get much rain here?
Few and little with and without a
With a the meaning is positive.
e.g. A few customers have come into the shop. It has been fairly busy.
Without a the meaning is negative.
e.g. Few customers have come into the shop. It has been quiet.
A little progress = some progress (uncountable noun)
Little progress = not much progress
Practice
I. Complete the conversation. Put in a lot of, many or much. More than one answer may be correct.
Matthew: There are a lot of athletes taking part in the International Games in London. Theres been ________
coverage in the papers.

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Daniel: Our runners havent won ______ medals, have they?


Matthew: No, not as _____ as last time. But theres plenty of time. There are still _____ events to come. Id like to go
and see some of the track events, but I havent got _____ time at the moment.
Daniel: No, not with the exams coming up.
Matthew: Im hoping to go at the weekend if I can get a ticket. Apparently there arent ______ seats left.
Daniel: Ive heard the cheapest tickets are 25 pounds. I think thats too ____.
II. Choose the best option.
1.

___________ of that group's songs are excellent but I don't really like most of their music.
A
A few
B
A little
C
Little
D
Few

2.

He's not a good teacher. He's unimaginative and has very ___________ patience with children.
A
little
B
a few
C
a little
D
few

3.

Come on! We've still got ___________ time left to finish this.
A
a little
B
few
C
a few
D
little
I've got 20 Euros and ___________ coins. That should be enough for tonight.
A
a few
B
a little
C
little
D
few
I normally have ___________ red wine with my lunch. It's good for you.
A
little
B
a little
C
few
D
a few
I've been to that Asturian restaurant ___________ times. It's good.
A
few
B
a few
C
a little
D
little
Dress the salad with salt, pepper and ___________ olive oil.
A
a little
B
little
C
few
D
a few
Very ___________ people went to see that film. I don't know why. It's excellent.
A
few
B
a few
C
a little

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

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little

9.

I have ___________ time for people who talk about themselves all the time and never listen to anyone else.
A
a few
B
little
C
a little
D
few

10.

___________ people ever learn how to dance properly. It's such a shame.
A
A few
B
Few
C
Little
D
A little

11.

Jordi gave very ___________reasons for closing down the bar.


A
little
B
C
D

12.

a few
few
a little

With time and ___________ patience, you'll forget her and be happy again.
A
few
B
a little
C
a few
D
little
Furniture and household apparatus
I. Write the parts of the house

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II. Look at Activity 1. Write.


1

The

_________ is in the ____________

The

The

_________ is in the ______________

The

_________ is in the ______________

The

_________ is in the ____________

The

_______ is in the ______________

_______ is in the ______________

III. Match

Sofa
Door
Televisio
n

WHAT TYPE/SORT OF HOUSE DO YOU LIVE IN?


DESCRIBING HOUSES
SIZE
big
large
small
narrow
long

APPEARANCE/STYLE
attractive
old
new
beautiful
modern
classical

FLOORS
ground floor
first floor
second floor
third floor
downstairs
upstairs

ROOMS
bedroom
bathroom
attic
garage
kitchen
study

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comfortable
cosy
TYPE OF HOUSE
flat / block of flats
detached house
semi-detached house
bungalow
cottage
terraced house
building
skyscraper

COLOUR
white
blue
yellow
green
rose
grey
Structures:
It has got

We have

There is

toilet
living-room
basement
entrance
hall
cellar
dinning-room
staircase

LOCATION
in the country
in the city centre
in the suburbs
in a village
in a country village

There are .

I live in

It is

Describe the house you live in about fifty words. Use some of the language items below. You can imagine the house
you live in if you want.
Reading Comprehension
My cousin is from New York and his names Paul. He is twenty three years old and he isnt married. He has a sister
and her names Susan. Susan is married and she has three children, two girls and a boy. Susan is thirty four years old
and her children are thirteen, twelve and eleven years old. They are students. Susan has a new red car but her
husband hasnt got a new car, he has got an old black car. Susan and her husband have got a beautiful, big house
with a big garden. The house has a kitchen, a living room, two bathrooms and four bedrooms.
Its ten past eleven and Susan and her husband are at home. They are in the living room with their children.
Answer the following questions:
Where is your cousin from? ___________________________________________
Whats his name? ___________________________________________________
How old is he ? ____________________________________________________
Is he married? ____________________________________________________
Has he got a sister? ________________________________________________
Is her name Jane? _______________________________________________
How old is Susan? _________________________________________________
How old are her children? _________________________________________
Is Susan married? _________________________________________________
Has Susan a blue car? ______________________________________________
Has her husband a new car? _________________________________________
Have Susan and her husband a small house? ______________________________
Has their house got three bathrooms? ___________________________________
What time is it? __________________________________________________
Where are Susan and her husband? ________________
WH question words
Who e.g. Who is the girl who is crossing the street?
Which e.g. Which is the dress you bought?
Whose e.g. Whose books are these?
What e.g. What did you say?
When e.g. When are we going to London?
Where e.g. Where is your coat?

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Why e.g. Why is this notebook on the floor?


Practice
I. Choose the best option:
1. A: _____________ don't you want to come?
B:I don't like discos.
Where
Which
Why
Whose
2. A: _____________ does it leave?
B: I don't know.
When
How
Who
What
3. A: _____________ is she here?
B: Because she wants to see me.
Why
Which
Where
Whose
4. A: _____________ can't you do it?
B: My computer is broken.
Where
Why
Whose
Which
5. A: _____________ are you going?
B: Out.
Where
Why
Whose
Which
6. A: _____________ is that?
B: Mary's, I think.
When
What
Why
Whose
7. A: _____________ do you do?
B: I'm a student.
What
How
Where
Who
8. A: _____________ do you do?
B: How do you do?
How
When
Who

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What
9. A: _____________ do you want to come?
B: I'm free at four-thirty.
What
How
Where
When
10. A: _____________ are you so happy?
B: I've got a new job.
What for
What
When
Why
II. Change the statements to questions using the question word in parenthesis. Check verb tense.
Example: The train arrived at ten oclock. (what time) What time did the train arrive?
They do their homework at night. (when)
________________________________
Mr. Robertson came to the party alone. (who)
_______________________________
The car is across the street from the house. (where)
____________________________
I like the red blouse, not the blue one. (which)
____________________________
She felt better after she took a nap. (how)
_____________________________
That is an English book. (what)
____________________________
My sister called her boyfriend yesterday (when)
____________________________
She talked to him for an hour. (how long)
__________________________
He studies piano at the university. (what)
___________________________
The party lasted all night. (how long)
_________________________
The check was for $5.50. (how much)
____________________________
She was eating a sandwich. (what)
___________________________
She is working hard. (what)
__________________________
My parents have two cars. (how many)
_________________________
III. Fill in the gaps with an appropriate wh-question:
1. _____ time is it?
2. _____ old are you?
3. _____ do you live with?
4. _____ is your birthday?
5. _____ is your favorite subject?
6. _____book is yours?

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7. _____ do you have English classes?


8. _____ is your name?
9. _____ are your parents now?
10. _____ are you studying English?