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Urri la nceput de sptmn n limba turc pentru prieteni sau rude, cunoscui sau necunoscui,

iubii sau familie. Cu toii se vor bucura de o urare frumoas!


Herkese iyi haftalar diliyorum. Ure! tuturor o sptmn frumoas!
"#m arkada$lar%ma bereketli ve hay%rl% bir hafta dileklerimi iletiyorum. &e transmit tuturor
prietenilor mei s aib parte de sptmn mbel$u'at $i fericit!
(yi haftalar, iyi )al%$malar, bol $anslar, bol ka!an)lar herkese! "uturora o sptmn frumoas,
spor la munc, mult baft $i c$ti'uri de msur!
*a+l%kl% ve bereketli bir hafta si!in,senin olsun! * avei,* ai parte de o sptmn productiv
$i plin de sntate!
-ol '#l#msemeli bir hafta diliyorum! .i ure! o sptmn plin de !mbete!
/tiai c toate aceste cuvinte provin din limba turc0 1$a2i c la unele dintre ele nici nu te
a$teptai0
.i punem ima'inaia la ncercare3 compune o fra! sau un catren,poe!ioar care s cuprind ct
mai multe cuvinte din list! /i s aib lo'ic, bineneles! 1m ncercat de4a cteva variante $i tare
ne2am distrat! 1$teptm $i ncercrile tale. 5remiem cea mai amu!ant creaie!
Georgeta Ulkusal 1dau' i eu cteva 0 6aca! ,tinichea ,potec ,saivan,ursu!,
bir,pe!even'hi,cara'hios ,tin'ire,batic, boia7 boian'erie 8 oina 7sport naional romnesc 0 8
chimir ,'hiol ,tos, simi'erie ,duman,liman ,balta',i,casap,deliu ,mort ,
Turca la un ceai Ce multe ai mai 'sit, 9eor'eta! .i mulumim, am completat lista acum! /i
cteva observaii din partea noastr3 :;ina: 2 cuvnt cu etimolo'ie necunoscut 7a$a spune
<omnul <=>8, :mort:e din france!, iar :poteca: din bul'ar.
Cosmin Lazar 1seara am mancat o musaca cu o macara,1 doua !i niste ma'iun cu inc2o
sarma,1poi m2am ase!at pe o sofa din ciulama,1poi am facut un siretlic , am rupt un arpa'ic ....
Cosmin Lazar Cred ca as mai fi putut continua ,dar mi2au secat ideile!!
Georgeta Ulkusal <in lipsa de timp nu am verificat ce v2am scris 7scu!e8 mai am n C=5 multe
altele pe care sunt si'ur c le tii mai bine ca mine am s le adau' ulterior .6ulumesc
,urmresc activitatea cu mare plcere .
Cosmin Lazar ; poste! maine dimineata ca nu mai pot sta mult in seara asta!!
1
1$ea!2te confortabil. 5rive$te n !are. "urca nu2i a$a departe! 1cum ai parte de nc o porie
proaspt de sfaturi $i ponturi care i vor da putere $i ener'ie s continui studiul limbii turce!
?. 5entru a nu2i pierde interesul atunci cnd te deci!i s nvei limba turc, e bine s te asi'uri c
e@ist C=A1 care te pasionea! sau te motivea! cu adevrat s continui, altfel este destul de
dificil s rmi consecvent. Aise!i la un 4ob n Bstanbul sau la o cas plin de flori pe malul
6editeranei, duci dorul unei persoane de acolo, te fascinea! un film ori vreun cntre chipe$0
1tunci e perfect! 1cestea i voi menine vie dorina de studiu $i de a avansa ct mai mult.
C. <escoper UD61E "A, fratele turc $i mult mai timid dar bine documentat al celebrului
Fou"ube! Urmre$te !ilnic cteva clipuri de acolo, ai de unde ale'e3 sport, retee, sntate,
familie, tehnic $i automobile, mod $i frumusee. http3,,GGG.u!mantv.com,
H. Iolose$te un dicionar bun online, o variant este "UJ=E93 http3,,turen'.com,
K. Aerific orto'rafierea unui cuvnt n turc ori de cte ori ai nevoie intrnd
pe http3,,GGG.tdk.'ov.tr,, un fel de <=> al turcilor.
L. Uit2te la filme artistice, seriale turce$ti pe unul dintre multele site2uri online. Un
e@emplu3 http3,,GGG.hddi!ii!letr.net,
LECIA PILOT Pronunia n limba turc
Ee vom ocupa doar de literele $i de suntele turce$ti care nu e@ist sau care nu sunt redate identic
n limba romn. 14un'em apoi $i la alte 'rupuri de sunete, restul avnd o pronunie asemntoare
cu cele din limba noastr.
% B 7i fr punct8 se cite$te ,
=@emple3 k%! M fat, tatl% M dulce, %spanak M spanac, alt% M $ase
N O se cite$te ca PoQ lun'uie, cu bu!ele u'uiate, se aseamn sunetul din PbleuQ
=@emple3 asansNr M lift, Nnemli M important, N!el M special
# R se cite$te ca un PuQ lun'uie, apro@imativ ca un PiuQ
=@emple3 '#n M !i, s#t M lapte, #nl# M cunoscut
) S se cite$te ca n romnescul PC=aiQ
=@emple3 )orap M ciorap, i$)i M muncitor, bu)uk M 4umtate
c C se cite$te ca n romneascul P9=amQ
=@emple3 yolcu M cltor, ocak M ara'a!, cadde M bulevard
k T se cite$te precum PcQ n limba romn
ku$ M pasre, okul M $coal, tabak M farfurie, doktor M doctor
+ U, aceast sunet se nume$te yumu$ak ' 7' moale8, nu se pronun, rolul lui este de a dubla vocala
din fa
=@emple3 ya+mur 7iaamur8 M ploaie, so+uk 7soouk8 M rece, d#+#n 7d##n8 M nunt
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GUPUI !E "U#ETE
:ce: se cite$te :'e: Cemre 7nume de fat8
:ci: se cite$te :'i: 'a!eteci M !iarist
:'e: se cite$te :'he: 'elmek M a veni
:'i: se cite$te :'hi: der'i M revist
<e folos i va fi $i pa'ina de mai 4os unde vei au!i sunetele din turc dar $i multe e@emple citite
de nativi apsnd pe :5resentation:. http3,,turkish.p'eor'alas.'r,1lphabet*et=n.asp
Bma'inea este capturat din <icionar "urc2Jomn, Jomn2"urc, 1'iemin -aubec, =ditura =@
5onto CV?V.
Turca la un ceai Brina, preferm s nu notm transcrierea cuvintelor turce$ti cu literele $i
'rupurile de sunete din limba romn. 6ulumim pentru comentariul tu, apare $i n postarea
noastr modalitatea n care se pronun 'rupul de sunte C=.
Irina Piuaru Ce se citeste 'e, iyi 'eceler, adica iyi 'he'elerMnoapte buna
$reau s n% limba turc Cea mai u$oar cale de a nva limba turc . &ecii 'ramaticale
simple $i foarte u$oare deneles . <ac e$ti dornic s nvei limba turc , e$ti bine venit pe aceast
pa'in .
LECTIA & E'(resii )i cu%inte uzuale n limba turc
6erhaba! 2 -un! -un !iua!
*elam! 2 *alut!
(yi '#nler! 2 -un !iua!
(yi ak$amlar! 2 -un seara!
(yi 'eceler! 2 Eoapte bun!
9#nayd%n! 2 -un dimineaa!
"e$ekk#r ederim! 2 6ulumesc!
Jica ederim! 2 Cu plcere!
Ho$)a kal! 2 &a revedere!
9Nr#$#r#!! 2 5e curnd!
&#tfen! 2 "e ro'!
"abii ki! 2 *i'ur!
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LECTIA * E'(resii )i cu%inte uzuale n limba turc + Partea aIIa,
*eni seviyorum. 2 "e iubesc.
Ho$ 'eldin! 2 -ine ai venit!
Ho$ bulduk! 2 -ine te2am 'sit!
=vet 2 <a
Hay%r 2 Eu
=fendim0 2 5oftim0
-ir dakika, l#tfen! 2 Un minut, te ro'!
O!#r dilerim! 2 .mi cer scu!e!
-eni affet! 2 Bart2m!
... nerede0 2 unde este ...0
(stasyon nerede0 2 Unde este 'ara0
"opkap% *aray% nerede0 2 Unde este 5alatul "opkap%0
LECTIA -
6erhaba! 2 -un! *alut!
Eas%ls%n0 2 Ce 7mai8 faci0
(yiyim, te$ekk#r ederim. *en nas%ls%n0 2 *unt bine, mulumesc. "u ce mai faci0
-en de iyiyim, te$ekk#r ederim! 2 /i eu sunt bine, mulumesc!
Tolay 'elsin! 2 *por la treab!
9Nr#$#r#!! 2 5e curnd!
LECTIA . TA#I/0A + " 1acem cuno)tin
-enim ad%m Ierhat. 2 Eumele meu este Ierhat.
*enin ad%n ne0 2 Cum te nume$ti0
*i!in ad%n%! ne0 2 Cum v numii0
6emnun oldum! 2 .mi pare bine!
-en de memnun oldum! 2 /i mie mi pare bine!
"an%$t%+%m%!a memnun oldum! 2 .mi pare bine s v cunosc.
Ho$)a kal! 2 &a revedere!
LECTIA 2 #EEL3"3#4 + !e un5e e)ti4
=@presii $i cuvinte u!uale n limba turc. 1st!i nvm s spunem de unde suntem.
Eerelisin0 2 <e unde e$ti0
Eerelisini!0 2 <e unde suntei0
-en JomanyaWl%y%m, -#kre$Wliyim. Fa sen0 2 =u sunt din Jomnia, din -ucure$ti. <ar tu0
-en "#rkiyeWliyim, (stanbulWluyum. Fa si!0 2 =u sunt din "urcia, din Bstanbul. <ar voi0
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LECTIA 6 enkler + Culorile
beya! 2 alb
siyah 2 ne'ru
'ri 2 'ri
mavi 2 albastru
ye$il 2 verde
sar% 2 'alben
mor 2 mov
pembe 2 ro!
turuncu 2 portocaliu
k%rm%!% 2 ro$u
krem 2 crem
be4 2 be4
kahveren'i 2 maron
sar% 2 'alben
eflatun 2 violet
lacivert 2 bleumarin
a)%k mavi 2 bleu
koyu ye$il 2 verde nchis
bo! 2 cenu$iu
'#m#$ ren'i 2 a'intiu
alt%n sar%s% 2 auriu
lila X lila
-enim 'N!lerim hahveren'i. *enin 'N!lerin ne renk0
;chii mei sunt cprui. 1i ti ce culoare au0
LECTIA 7 8a%a !urumu + "tarea %remii
Hava ne kadar '#!el! 2 Ce vreme frumoas!
Hava s%cak. 2 Aremea este cald.
Hava so+uk. 2 =ste fri'.
-u'#n hava ka) derece0 2 Cte 'rade sunt ast!i0
-u'#n ?V 7on8 derece. 2 1st!i sunt ?V 'rade.
Hava '#ne$li ama serin. 2 Aremea este nsorit dar rcoroas.
Fa+murlu. 2 Aremea este ploioas.
Tarl%. 2 =ste !pad.
-enim $ehrimde hava '#ne$li ama bira! so+uk. *enin $ehrinde hava nas%l0 2 .n ora$ul meu vremea
este nsorit dar puin cam rece. Cum este vremea n ora$ul tu0
5
LECTIA 9 + :A0A# Tim(ul
Haftan%n 9#nleri 2 Dilele sptmnii
5a!artesi 2 &uni
*al% 2 6ari
Sar$amba 2 6iercuri
5er$embe 2 Yoi
Cuma 2 Aineri
Cumartesi 2 *mbt
5a!ar 2 <uminic
F%l%n 1ylar% 2 &unile anului
;cak 2 Banuarie
/ubat 2 Iebruarie
6art 2 6artie
Eisan 2 1prilie
6ay%s 2 6ai
Ha!iran 2 Bunie
"emmu! 2 Bulie
1+ustos 2 1u'ust
=yl#l 2 *eptembrie
=kim 2 ;ctombrie
Tas%m 2 Eoiembrie
1ral%k 2 <ecembrie
6evsimler 2 1notimpurile
(lkbahar 2 5rimvara
Fa! 2 Aara
*onbahar 2 "oamna
T%$ X Barna
6
LECTIA ; "A<ILA + #U0EELE
.ncepnd din aceast lecie vreau s v implic mai mult $i pe voi, $i, de aceea, la finalul fiecrei
lecii, v voi solicita a4utorul pentru o aplicaie practic, a$a, ca s v fie mai u$or s nvai limba
turc. <etalii la finalul postrii.
V 2 s%f%r
? 2 bir
C 2 iki
H 2 #)
K 2 dNrt
L 2 be$
Z 2 alt%
[ 2 yedi
\ 2 seki!
] 2 doku!
?V 2 on
?? 2 on bir
?C 2 on iki
?H 2 on #)
?K 2 on dNrt
?L 2 on be$
?Z 2 on alt%
?[ 2 on yedi
?\ 2 on seki!
?] 2 on doku!
CV 2 yirmi
C? 2 yirmi bir
CC 2 yirmi iki
HV 2 otu!
1cum vom nva s spunem cnd este !iua noastr de na$tere, folosind vocabularul din postarea
precedent, cea cu lunile anului. .ncep eu3
-enim do+um '#n#n yirmi #) ocak. *enin do+um '#n#n ne !aman0 7Diua mea de na$tere este pe
CH ianuarie, dar a ta cnd este08 Cnd postai rspunsul, scriei $i ntrebarea, pentru comentariul
care vine n urma voastr!
LECIA &= + A/> Iubirea
*eni seviyorum. 2 "e iubesc.
-en sana a$%+%m. 2 *unt ndr'ostit,2 de tine.
*en benim hayat%ms%n. 2 "u e$ti viaa mea.
*ev'ilim. 2 Bubita mea., Bubitul meu.
-ir tanem. 2 1ici e mai 'reu de tradus... Unica mea.
1$k%m. 2 Bubirea mea.
9#l#m. 2 "randafirul meu.
7
*eni )ok N!ledim. 2 .mi este foarte dor de tine.
*ensi! ya$ayamam. 2 Eu pot tri fr tine.
LECIA && "A<ILA + #U0EELE ?II@
1st!i continum s nvm s numrm pn la ?VVV. Eumerele de la V2HV au fost pre!entate n
lecia ] de vocabular.
H? 2 otu! bir
HC 2 otu! iki
KV 2 k%rk
LV 2 elli
ZV 2 altm%$
[V 2 yetmi$
\V 2 seksen
]V 2 doksan
?VV 2 y#! 7nu este necesar s adu'ai $i -(J8
CVV 2 iki y#!
HVV 2 #) y#!
KLV 2 dNrt y#! elli
Z]V 2 alt% y#! doksan
]\[ 2 doku! y#! seksen yedi
LECIA &* + $Arsta )i ziua 5e na)tere
Ta) ya$%ndas%n0 2 Ci ani ai0
Ta) ya$%ndas%n%!0 2 Ce vrst avei0
-en HV ya$%nday%m. Fa sen0 Fa si!0 2 =u am HV de ani. <ar tu0 <ar dumneavoastr,voi0
-u'#n benim do+um '#n#m! 2 1!i este !iua mea de na$tere.
<o+um '#n#n kutlu olsun! 2 &a muli ani!
(yi ki vars%n, iyi ki do+dun! 2 &a muli ani! 7Ce bine c e$ti, ce bine c te2ai nscut! 2 urare ntre
prieteni apropiai8
Eice mutlu y%llara! 2 6uli ani fericii!
*en ka) ya$%ndas%n0 75utei s v notai vrsta n rubrica de comentarii.8
Ca $i o ciudenie, turcii nu folosesc dup aflarea vrstei e@presia :6uli nainte!: a$a cum se
obi$nuie$te la noi.
LECIA &- + Probleme 5e comunicare
=fendim0 2 5oftim0
1nlamad%m. 2 Eu am neles.
"ekrarlay%n. 2 Jepetai.
&#tfen bira! yava$ konu$un. 2 A ro', vorbii mai rar.
(n'ili!ce biliyor musun0 2 /tii limba en'le!0
"#rk)eWyi a! anl%yorum. 2 .nele' puin turc.
8
LECIA &. A3LE + Bamilia
anne 2 mam
baba 2 tat
karde$ler 2 frai
abi 2 frate mai mare
abla 2 sor mai mare
tey!e 2 mtu$a din partea mamei
day% 2 unchiul din partea mamei
hala 2 mtu$a din partea tatlui
amca 2 unchiul din partea tatlui
nine 2 bunic
dede 2 bunic
ku!en 2 vr, veri$oar
ye+en 2 nepot de frate
e$ 2 so, soie
elti 2 soiile a doi frai $i spun ntre ele
'Nr#mce 2 sora soului
kaynana 2 soacr
kay%npeder 2 socru
bald%! 2 sora soiei
=vli misini!0 2 *untei cstorit0 Socuklar%n%! var m%0 2 1vei copii0
9
LECIA &2 0E"LE>LE + 0eseriile
1st!i a venit rndul meseriilor s fie trecute n revist. 5entru nceput, v propun urmtoarele
cuvinte $i v ro' s completai cu alte idei n seciunea comentarii.
N+retmen M profesor
futbolcu M fotbalist
N+renci M elev, student
sunucu M pre!entator
m#d#r M director sekreter M secretar
mimar M arhitect
polis M poliist
'arson M chelner
muhasebeci M contabil
$ofNr M $ofer
memur M funcionar
doktor M doctor
a$)% M buctar
hem$ire M infirmier
yNnetici M administrator, mana'er
ya!ar M scriitor
sat%c% M vn!tor
m#hendis M in'iner
hi!met)i M om de serviciu
bankac% M bancher
deni!ci M marinar, scafandru
$ark%c% M cntre
ressam M pictor
politikac% M politician
'olf oyuncusu M 4uctor de 'olf
si'ortac% M a'ent de asi'urri
yNnetmen M re'i!or
'a!eteci M !iarist
bah)%vanM 'rdinar
avukat M avocat
berber M fri!er
aktNr M actor
aktris M actri
tercuman, )evirmen M traductor
i$)i M muncitor
)ift)i M fermier
i$ adam% M om de afaceri
i$ kad%n% M femeie de afaceri
itfayeci M pompier
asker M soldat
kuafNr M coafe!
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ekonomist M economist
m#!isyen M mu!ician
sporcu M sportiv
tamirci M reparator, mechanic
LECIA &6 "C1atlar + A5Decti%e ?I@
b#y#k 2 7mare8
k#)#k 2 7mic8
mutlu 2 7fericit8
mutsu! 2 7nefericit8
'#!el 2 7frumos8
yak%$%kl% 2 7chipe$8
)irkin 7urt, urt8
iyi 2 7bun8
kNt# 2 7ru, urt8
yeni X 7nou8
eski X 7vechi8
'en) X 7tnr8
ya$l% X 7btrn8
so+uk X 7rece8
s%cak X 7cald8
kolay X 7u$or8
!or X 7dificil, 'reu8
temi! X 7curat8
kirli X 7murdar8
evli X 7cstorit8
bekr X 7necstorit8
pahal% X 7scump8
ucu! X 7ieftin8
yak%n X 7aproape8
u!ak X 7departe8
!ay%f X 7slab8
$i$man X 7'ras8
dolu X 7plin8
bo$ X 7'ol8
u!un X 7lun', nalt8
k%sa X 7scurt, scund8
)al%$kan X 7harnic8
tembel X 7lene$8
!en'in X 7bo'at8
fakir X 7srac8
1lte ad4ective
enteresan, il'in) X 7interesant8
modern X 7modern8
tuhaf X 7ciudat8
kalabal%k X 7a'lomerat8
hasta X 7bolnav8
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sa+l%kl% 2 7sntos8
me$'ul X 7ocupat8
LECIA &7 PO#U0ELE PE"O#ALE
&a solicitarea voastr, am pre'tit o lecie n care sunt pre!entate pronumele personale $i alte
construcii n care se re'sesc ele. *por la nvat.
-en 2 =u
*en 2 "u
; X =l,=a
-i! 2 Eoi
*i! 2 Aoi,<vs.
;nlar X =i,=le
Pronumele n construcia cu /I ?!AE!E@
-en de X /i eu de asemenea
*en de X /i tu
; da X /i el, /i ea
-i! de X /i noi
*i! de X /i voi, /i <vs.
;nlar da X /i ei,/i ele
Pronumele (osesi%e
-enim X 1l meu, 1 mea, 1i mei, 1le mele
*enin X 1l tu
;nun X 1l lui, 1l ei
-i!im X 1l nostru
*i!in 2 1l vostru, 1l <vs.
;nlar%n 2 1l lor
Construcia cu PE#TU
-enim i)in X 5entru mine
*enin i)in X 5entru tine
;nun i)in X 5entru el,ea
*i!in i)in X 5entru voi,<vs.
;nlar i)in X 5entru ei, ele
Pronumele )i (re(oziia CU
-enimle 2 Cu mine
*eninle 2 Cu tine
;nunla 2 Cu el,ea
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-i!imle 2 Cu noi
*i!inle 2 Cu voi,<vs
;nlarla 2 Cu ei,ele
Pronumele n Acuzati%
-eni X 5e mine
*eni X 5e tine
;nu X 5e el,5e ea
-i!i X 5e noi
*i!i X 5e voi
;nlar% X 5e ei,5e ele
Pronumele n Locati%
-ende X &a mine 7asupra mea8
*ende X &a tine 7asupra ta8
;nda X &a el 7asupra lui8, &a ea 7asupra ei8
-i!de X &a noi 7asupra noastr8
*i!de X &a voi 7asupra voastr8
;nlarda X &a ei,&a ele 7asupra lor8
Pronumele n !ati%
-ana 2 6ie
*ana 2 ^ie
;na X &ui,=i
-i!e 2 Eou
*i!e 2 Aou
;nlara X &or
Pronumele n Ablati%
-enden X <e la mine
*enden X <e la tine
;ndan X <e la el,ea
-i!den X <e la noi
*i!den X <e la voi,<vs.
;nlardan X <e la ei,ele
13
LECIA &9 "C1atlar + A5Decti%e ?II@
5artea a BBa din lista celor mai folosite ad4ective n limba turc.
ak%ll% M detept
!eki M inteli'ent
aptal, salak M prost
tembel M lene
)al%$kan M harnic
)ekin'en M timid
konu$kan M vorbre
iyimser M optimist
kNt#mser M pesimist
kibar M politicos
kaba M nepoliticos
dindar M reli'ios
mutlu M fericit
mutsu! M nefericit
ne$eli M vesel
#!'#n M trist
sa+l%kl% M sntos
sevimli M simpatic
sevimsi! M antipatic
samimi M sincer
misafirperver M ospitalier
iyikalpli M cumsecade
yard%msever M sritor
sakin M linitit
hareketli M dinamic, activ
k%skan) M 'elos
u!un boylu M nalt
k%sa M scund
sar%$%n M blond
ni$anl% M lo'odit
anlay%$l% M nele'tor
cNmert M darnic
cimri M !'rcit
sab%rs%! M nerbdtor
sab%rl% M rbdtor
sinirli M nervos
ciddi M serios
komik M comic
na!ik M manierat
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d#r#st M cinstit
ol'un M matur
LECIA &; Biiller + $erbele
/tim, cnd au!i acest cuvnt 2 verbe 2 simi o durere difu! de cap. <in fericire, lucrurile nu stau
a$a $i n limba turc, unde verbele sunt prietenoase, po!na$e, cu o sonoritate care i 'dil
urechea $i te fac deseori s !mbe$ti fr rost. 6ai 4os ai prima porie de verbe.
1 asculta M dinlemek
1 a$tepta M beklemek
1 citi M okumak
1 cumpra M almak
1 cobor M inmek
1 da M vermek
1 detesta M nefret etmek 71bl.8
1 dormi M uyumak
1 face M yapmak
1 folosi M kullanmak
1 ie$i M )%kmak 71bl.8
1 ncepe M ba$lamak
1 se ntoarce M dNnmek 71bl.8
1 nele'e M anlamak
1 ntreba M sormak 7<at.8
1 nva M N+renmek
1 ncepe M balamak
1 nnota M y#!mek
1 locui M oturmak
1 lua M almak
1 lucra M )al%$mak
1 mer'e M 'itmek 7<at.8
1 mnca M yemek
1 obosi M yorulmak
12i plcea M sevmek,
holanmak 71bl.8
1 se plimba M 'e!mek 7&oc.8
1 se plictisi M s%k%lmak 71bl.8
1 rmne M kalmak 7&oc.8
1 scrie M ya!mak 7<at.8
1 spune M sNylemek 7<at.8
1 $ti M bilmek
1 tri M ya$amak 7&oc.8
1 termina M bitirmek
1 se tre!i M kalkmak
1 se uita M bakmak 7<at.8
15
1 se ntlni M bulumak _ ile
1 se 4uca M oynamak
1 urca M binmek 7<at.8
1 veni M 'elmek
1 vinde M satmak
1 vedea M 'Nrmek
1 vorbi M konu$mak _ ile
1 vrea M istemek
Cosmin Lazar 1m o intrebare3 la ce se refera dativul , ablativu, locativul 00
Turca la un ceai 1rat ni$te ca!uri din limba turc3 dativul arat direcia, locativul denume$te
aciunile care se desf$oar ntr2un anumit loc, iar ablativul punctul de plecare al unei aciuni.
GeFgil $ioleta ff interesant ...multumim te$ekk#r ederim388
#icolae Ion 9#naydin!7*ruWmna,nu se spune n turc sub form de salut0*au are aceea
form,neles!8 1m i eu mai multe ntrebri3?2 .n turc,nu este verbul:a fi:0 =@321 IB cuminte,e
o2ntmplare! 1 IB2nelept,e o provocare!C2.n limba turc,un verb,are mai multe nelesuri02=@.1
<1Mvermek7e tot una cu3a oferi`a servi`a ospta`*au 1 &uaM1lmak7e totuna cu32a prinde`a duce`a
aduce`a invita08 *au2a mer'eM9itmek7nseamn i 1 5&=C10 H2.n turc,avem verbul2a
triMyaamak`nu e i verbul opus2a muri0 *au verbe opuse nu sunt0 =@3a dormiMuyumak7a se
tre!i,a se scula8M0`2a vorbiMkonumak72a tceaM08 6 opresc aici,c sunt f.multe i nu vreau s
v supr,s par:antipatic:2sevimsi!7kaba2nepoliticos8.2"eekk#r ederim!29Nr##ru!!
Turca la un ceai Jevenim cu rspunsurile la ntrebri ct de curnd!
#icolae Ion "eekk#r ederim! 9Nr##r#!!
16
LECIA *= <iGecek + 0Ancare ?I@
2 yemek M mncare, mas
2 kahvalt% M mic2de4un
2 N+le yeme+i M prn!
2 ak$am yeme+i M cin
2 et M carne, 2 tavuk M carne de pasre , pui, 2 dana eti M carne de vit, 2 domu! eti M carne de porc,
2 k%yma M carne tocat
2 bal%k M pe$te, 2 ku!u eti M miel
2 nohut M nut
2 mantar M ciuperci
2 ye$il salata M salat verde
2 makarna M spa'etti
2 sulu kNfte M chiftele cu sos
2 siyah !eytin M msline ne're, 2 ye$il !eytin M msline ver!i
2 peynir M brn!
2 beya! beynir M telemea, 2 ka$ar M ca$caval
2 salam M salam
2 sucuk M crnat condimentat
2 sosis M crenvurst
2 4ambon M $unc
2 yumurta M ou
2 past%rma M pastrama
2 'N!leme M cltit srat
2 yaprak dolmas% M sarmale
2 biber dolmas% M ardei umplui
2 tereya+% M unt
2 )orba M ciorb
2 tavuk suyu M sup de pui
2 patates k%!artmas% M cartofi pr4ii
2 sal)a M sos
2 ekmek M pine
2 pilav M pilaf
2 tur$u M murturi
Cosmin Lazar Tu!u eti inseamna carne de miel 7*au miel800
Turca la un ceai Carne de miel.
17
Cosmin Lazar "esekkur ederim!
#icolae Ion Ciddi! "esekk#r ederim '#!el!
Turca la un ceai Eicolae, )ok te$ekk#r ederim! este forma corect pentru :6ulumesc foarte
frumos.: Bar :ciddi: se folose$te cnd vorbim despre o persoan sau o problem serioas.
LECIA *& Bilmler %e !iziler + Bilme )i seriale
1st!i includ o lecie special, dedicat celor mai noi prieteni de pe aceast pa'in, mari iubitori
ai serialelor turce$ti.
di!i X serial
oyuncular 2 actori
aktNr, oyuncu X actor
aktris, oyuncu X actri
bNl#m 2 episod
yNnetmen 2 re'i!or
set Xplatou de filmare
)ekim 2 filmare
)ekmek 2 a filma
kahraman , karakter 2 persona4
hikaye , Nyk# X poveste, subiect
di!i m#!ikleri X coloan sonor
tarih X istorie
tarihi 2 istoric
yap%mc% 2 productor
senarist 2 scenarist
sahne X scen
kNst#m X costume
yay%n X difu!are
altya!% 2 subtitrare
son X final
plato X platou
reklam X reclam
haber X $tire
pro'ram X emisiune "A
m#lakat X interviu
18
LECIA ** 3Fecekler + Huturile
su 2 ap
meyve suyu 2 suc de fructe
portakal suyu 2 suc de portocale
s#t 2 lapte
yo+urt 2 iaurt
ayran 2 lapte btut amestecat cu ap $i sare 7n ima'ine8
"#rk kahvesi 2 cafea turceasc
domates suyu 2 suc de ro$ii
siyah )ay 2 ceai ne'ru
ye$il )ay 2 ceai verde
bitki )ay% 2 ceai de plante
%hlamur 2 ceai de tei
salep 2 butur fierbinte care se serve$te iarna, fcut dintr2o pulbere special din rdcin de
orhidee
limonata 2 limonad
maden suyu 2 ap mineral
soda 2 ap mineral cu arom
s#tl# kahve 2 cafea cu lapte
()ecekler 2 -uturi alcoolice
$arap 2 vin
bira 2 bere
rak% 2 rachiu turcesc
votka 2 vodc
$ampanya 2 $ampanie
kanyak 2 coniac
k%rm%!% $arap 2 vin ro$u
beya! $arap 2 vin alb
1tunci cnd ni se ofer o butur $i dorim s acceptm spunem3 :&#tfen!: 2 A ro'!, "e ro'! <ac
nu dorii s primii, spunei3 :"e$ekk#r ederim!: adic :Eu, mulumesc!:
.nvm s spunem ce dorim s bem $i i ncura4m pe cei care doresc s fac practic s2$i note!e
preferinele la seciunea de comentarii.
=@emplu3
19
-en bu ak$am portakal suyu i)mek istiyorum. 2 =u n seara aceasta vreau s beau suc de portocale.
*en ne i)mek istiyorsun0 2 "u ce vrei s bei0
LECTIA *- HurFlar + :o5iile
To) 2 -erbec
-o+a 2 "aur
(ki!ler 2 9emeni
Fen'e) 2 Jac
1slan 2 &eu
-a$ak 2 Iecioar
"era!i 2 -alan
1krep 2 *corpion
Fay 2 *'ettor
;+lak 2 Capricorn
Tova 2 Arstor
-al%k 2 5e$ti
5utem ntreba pe cineva :*en ne burcusun0: 2 "u ce !odie e$ti0 iar ca rspuns este bine s folosim
urmtoarea construcie3 :-en akrep burcuyum: adic :=u sunt scorpion:. 1krep scorpion.
-urcuyum !odia mea este...
20
LECIA *. 0eG%eler + Bructele
Ce poate fi mai delicios dect un suc de rodie rece ca 'heaa ntr2o !i torid de vacan n "urcia0
Un pepena$ ro$u !emos $i dulce ca mierea care i d o dependen fantastic $i care nu te las
pn cnd nu mai poi rsufla0
;ri poate sucul mbietor al stru'urilor ne'rii te2a cucerit pe vecie0
&e re!olvm pe toate, ai de unde ale'e, lista de mai 4os e taaaaaaaare lun' $i plin de minunii
care mai de care mai pline de vitamine!
meyve salatas% 2 salat de fructe
meyve suyu 2 suc de fructe
meyveli pasta 2 pr4itur cu fructe
ananas X ananas, elma X mr, armut X par, #!#m X stru'ure,
kavun 2 pepene 'alben, karpu! 2 pepene ro$u
portakal X portocal, mandalina X mandarin, limon X lmie, 'reyfurt 2 'rapefruit
incir 2 smochin
erik 2 prun
$eftali 2 piersic
kay%s% 2 cais
kira! 2 cirea$
vi$ne 2 vi$in
hindistan cevi!i 2 nuc de cocos
nar 2 rodie
dut 2 dude
mu! 2 banan
man'o 2 man'o
papaya 2 papaya
ayva 2 'utuie
kivi 2 kiGi
hurma 2 curmal
)ilek X cp$un, bN+#rtlen X mur, mahududu 2 !meur
cevi! 2 nuc
f%nd%k 2 alun
kuru #!#m 2 stafid
kestane 2 castan
badem 2 mi'dal
k%!%lc%k 2 coarn
21
ku$burnu 2 mce$e
ku$#!#m# 2 coac!
Bar acum, pentru a face ca aceste cuvinte s capete $i o not practic, te invitm s note!i
rspunsul la ntrebarea3
=n )ok sevdi+in meyve han'isi0 2 Care este fructul care i place cel mai mult0
=n )ok sevdi+im meyve #!#m. 2 *tru'urii mi plac cel mai mult.
LECIA *2 "ebzeler + Legumele
Cnd cltore$ti n "urcia reali!e!i cu u$urin c ceea ce se spune despre aceast ar este
adevrat3 :Aii n vi!it pentru istorie $i rmi pentru mncare.: Aarietatea de preparate este
enorm, iar pe ln' multe tipuri de carne, turcii ador mncrurile pe ba! de le'ume 2 seb!eli
yemek 2 $i salatele proaspete, care, practic, nu lipsesc de la niciun prn! sau cin.
<;&61 nseamn orice le'um umplut cu carne, un festin culinar pe care nu trebuie s2l rate!i!
patates 2 cartof
biber 2 ardei
so+an 2 ceap
havu) 2 morcov
salatal%k 2 castravete
karn%bahar 2 conopid
kabak 2 dovleac
fasulye 2 fasole
nohut 2 nut
mercimek 2 linte
maydano! 2 ptrun4el
m%s%r 2 porumb
patl%can 2 vnt
p%rasa 2 pra!
domates 2 ro$ie
marul 2 salat verde
%spanak 2 spanac
lahana 2 var!
kerevi! 2 elin
sarm%sak 2 usturoi
be!elye X ma!re
22
LECIA *6 TatlClar + !ulciurile
<ikkat! 6are atenie! Urmtoarele cuvinte v vor 'dila urechile $i v vor tre!i din amoreal
papilele 'ustative!
bisk#vi 2 biscuit
$eker 2 bomboan
baklava 2 baclava
re)el 2 dulcea, 'em
helva 2 halva
)ikolata 2 ciocolat
dondurma 2 n'heat
marmelat 2 marmelad
kremal% pasta 2 pr4itur cu crem
meyveli pasta 2 pr4itur cu fructe
ya$ pastas% 2 tort aniversar
s#tla) 2 desert asemntor ore!ului cu lapte
'#lla) 2 dulce pe ba! de lapte cu arom de trandafiri
a$ure 2 budinc cu cereale $i semine
$erbet 2 $erbet
$ekerpare 2 biscuit nsiropat
kaday%f 2 cataif
kek 2 chec
kurabiye 2 fursec, pricomi'dal
muhallebi 2 budinc
revani 2 un tip de chec insiropat
s#tl# tatl%lar 2 dulciuri pe ba! de lapte
lokum 2 rahat turcesc
meyve salatas% 2 salat de fructe
ke$k#l 2 un tip de pandi$pan umplut
havu)lu kek 2 pr4itur cu morcovi
tulumba 2 desert tradiional turcesc
k#nefe 2 cataif cu brn!
kruvasan 2 croissant
irmik helvas% 2 dulce pe ba! de 'ri$ cu n'heat
ka!andibi 2 budinc din lapte
23
LECIA *7 GiGisler + 8ainele
elbise 2 rochie
pantolon 2 pantaloni
ceket X 4achet
'Nmlek X cama$
ti$Nrt X tricou
etek X fust
tak%m elbise X costum
ceket ve etek tak%m X taior
blu! X blu!
ka!ak X plover
yelek X vest
bermuda X bermude
'elinlik X rochie de mireas
e$ofman X trenin'
kapri X pantaloni trei2sferturi
$ort X pantaloni scurti
)orap X $o$ete
atlet X maiou
mont X 'eac
smokin X smokin'
'ecelik X cama$ de noapte
tren)kot X pardesiu
h%rka X 4achet tricotat
tulum X salopet
palto X palton
manto 2 mantou
kot pantolon 2 pantaloni de blu'i
tayt X colani
24
LECIA *9 $Icut organlarC + Prile cor(ului
<e voie, de nevoie, va trebui s le nvm! Ce vom face n "urcia cnd, dintr2o ntmplare
nefericit, vom avea o durere $i nu $tim s le e@plicm medicilor0 Cuvintele de mai 4os i vor fi
de folos, sperm noi, nu prea des! <ac vrei s afli ce semnificaie au cuvintele din parante!e,
mer'i n 4osul postrii.
ba$, kafa 2 cap 7ba$%m, kafam8
'N!, 'N!ler 2 ochi 7'N!#m, 'N!lerim8
di$ 2 dinte 7di$im8
burun 2 nas
kulak 2 ureche 7kula+%m8
a+%! 2 'ur
boyun 2 't, pe e@terior 7boynum8
bo+a! 2 't, pe interior 7bo+a!%m8
omu! 2 umr 7om!um8
kol 2 bra 7kolum8
s%rt 2 spate 7s%rt%m8
kar%n 2 stomac 7karn%m8
bacak 2 picior 7baca+%m8
el 2 mn 7elim8
parmak 2 de'et 7parma+%m8
di! 2 'enunchi 7di!im8
ayak 2 talpa piciorului 7aya+%m8
=@plicaia cuvintelor din parante!3 a fost adu'at sufi@ul posesiv, :al meu: :a mea:. 1ceast
form ne va a4uta s formm construcia3 6 doare... =@emplu3 6 doare capul. 2 -a$%m a+r%yor.
6 doare ochiul. 2 9N!#m a+r%yor. 6 doare dintele. 2 <i$im a+r%yor. =tc 5entru lista complet de
cuvinte, mer'i aici3http3,,Gp.me,p?TEK-2CU /i... cine ne !mbe$te din po!0
"uzG ma scu!i, doar o mica preci!are 3 kar%n este abdomen , mide este stomac !
0erGem "unar Tat%l%yorum. (ar cel din po!a e (lhan 6ans%! cumva 0
25
LECIA *; J3JE>LE + Blorile
lle 2 lalea
papatya 2 mar'aret
'#l 2 trandafir
han%meli 2 mna maicii domnului
ner'is 2 narcis
karanfil 2 'aroaf
nil#fer 2 nufr
fre!ya 2 fre!ie
kardelen 2 'hiocel
orkide 2 orhidee
m#'e 2 lcrmioar
yasemin 2 iasomie
'elincik 2 mac
sardunya 2 mu$cat
karahindiba 2 ppdie
ay)i)e+i 2 floarea2soarelui
s#mb#l 2 !ambil
akasya 2 salcm
ard%) 2 ienupar
yasemin 2 iasomie
defne 2 dafin
e+reltiotu 2 feri'
fesle+en 2 busuioc
kara)al% 2 maracine
leylak 2 liliac
Nksekotu 2 vasc
sarma$%k 2 ieder
'layNl 2 'ladiol
fulya 2 clopoei 'albeni
lavanta )i)e+i 2 lavand
=n sevdi+imi! )i)ek yasemin. =n sevdi+in )i)ek han'isi0 7Iloarea noast favorit este iasomia.
<ar a ta0 5oi rspunde astfel3 =n sevdi+im )i)ek ...........8
26
LECIA -= KL>ELE L rile
Aremea rcoroas din ultima perioad ne2a dat r'a! s ne 'ndim la destinaiile de vacan de
anul viitor!
"#rkiye X "urcia Jomanya X Jomnia, 1lmanya X 9ermania,
1merika -irle$ik <evletleri 71-<8 X *U1, 1r4antin X 1r'entina 1rnavutluk X 1lbania,
1vustralya X 1ustralia, 1vusturya X 1ustria, 1!erbaycan X 1!erbaid4an, -el)ika X -el'ia,
-re!ilya 2 -ra!ilia , -ul'aristan 2 -ul'aria , Sek Cumhuriyeti X Cehia, Sin X China,
<animarka X <anemarca, =ndone!ya X Bndone!ia, Ias X 6aroc, Iinlandiya 2 Iinlanda
Iransa X Irana, 9#ney 1frika 2 1frica de *ud, 9#rcistan X 9eor'ia, H%rvatistan 2 Croaia
Hollanda X ;landa, Hindistan X Bndia, (n'iltere 2 6area -ritanie, (spanya X *pania, (srail 2 Bsrael
(sve) X *uedia, (svi)re X =lveia, (talya 2 Btalia , (rlanda X Brlanda, Yaponya 2 Yaponya
Tanada X Canada, T#ba X Cuba, Tosta Jika 2 Costa Jica, &#bnan X &iban, 6acaristan 2 Un'aria
6eksika X 6e@ic, 6%s%r X ='ipt, Eorve) X Eorve'ia, 5olonya X 5olonia, 5orteki! 2 5ortu'alia
Jusya X Jusia, *%rbistan X *erbia, *uriye X *iria, *uudi 1rabistan 2 1rabia *audit
Funanistan 2 9recia
1cum c tot cunoa$tem denumirile acestor ri, foarte u$or le putem folosi n construcia3
-en (spanyaWda ya$amak isterim. 6i2a$ dori s locuiesc n *pania.
Aom folosi ca!ul &ocativ, adu'nd la finalul rilor <1 7atunci cnd cuvntul are ultima vocal
1, B, ;, U8 $i <= 7pt ultima vocal =, (, O, R8. Cuvintele finali!ate ntr2una din consoanele3 f, s, t,
k, ), $, h, p primesc variantele n "1 $i "=.
*en nerede ya$amak istersin0 Unde ai dori s trie$ti0
27
LECIA -& <AHA#CI !3LLE L Limbile strine
"#rk)e X turca, Jomence X romna, (n'ili!ce X en'le!a, Jus)a X rusa, Irans%!ca 2 france!a
(spanyolca X spaniola, (talyanca X italiana, 1lmanca X 'ermana, Since 2 chine!a
5orteki!ce X portu'he!a, 6acarca X ma'hiara, Funanca X 'reaca, -ul'arca 2 bul'ara
1rap)a X araba, Yaponca X 4apone!a, (sve))e X suede!a, Eorve))e 2 norve'iana
Hollandaca X olande!a, (branice X ebraica, 1!erice 2 a!era , Torece 2 coreeana
&imbile strine se scriu cu liter mare n limba turc.
Ioarte simplu, poi spune3
-en "#rk)e N+renmek istiyorum. <oresc s nv limba turc.
-en Irans%!ca biliyorum. Cunosc limba france!.
-en 1lmanca anl%yorum. .nele' limba 'erman.
Cum ar arta e@emplele tale0 Ce limbi vrei s nvei, pe care le $tii de4a0
LECIA -* 03LL3<ETLE L #aionalitile
"#rk X turc, Jomen X roman, (n'ili! X en'le!, Irans%! X france!, Jus X rus, (talyan 2 italian
(spanyol X spaniel, 5orteki! X portu'he!, Hintli X Bndian, Sinli X chine!, Yapon 2 4apone!
1rap X arab, *%rp X srb, (sve)li X suede!, -ul'ar X bul'ar, Funanl% X 'rec, 1merikal% 2 american
1vusturyal% X austriac, -el)ikal% X -el'ian, 1lman X neam, 6acar X ma'hiar, =rmeni 2 armean
1r4antinli X ar'entinian, 1vustralyal% 2 australian
= bine de $tiut! 222a Eaionalitile se scriu cu liter mare. 222a *e folose$te aceea$i form att
pentru pentru 'enul masculin ct $i pentru cel feminin.
28
LECIA -- 0UTBA> E/<ALAI L Obiectele 5in buctrie
9ospodinele din "urcia se ntrec s aib o buctrie ct mai curat $i mai bine echipat! <e aceea,
$i lista noastr de ast!i este destul de cuprin!toare!
tabak X farfurie bardak X pahar fincan X cea$c kupa 2 can
su barda+% 2 pahar de ap )ay barda+% 2 pahar de ceai
b%)ak X cuit ka$%k X lin'ur )atal X furculi k#)#k ka$%k 2 lin'uri
)ay ka$%+% 2 lin'uri de ceai 74umtate din cea normal8
)aydanl%k X ceainic ce!ve 2 ibric
s#rahi X caraf, kase 2 castron
salata kaseleri 2 boluri pentru salat
kahvalt%l%k seti 2 set de farfurioare pentru micul de4un
tencere X oal, teflon tava 2 ti'aie din teflon
tepsi X tav, d#d#kl# tencere 2 oala sub presiune
kep)e X polonic, kek kal%b% 2 form pentru chec
baharat tak%m% 2 suport pentru mirodenii
tu!luk X solni, biberlik 2 piperni
ya+l%k 2 recipient pentru ulei, sirkelik 2 recipient pentru oet
kavano! 2 borcan
s#!'e) X strecurtoare, rende 2 r!toare
konserve a)aca+% 2 deschi!tor de conserve
masa Nrt#s# 2 fa de mas
bula$%kl%k 2 suport pentru vesel
kesme tahtas% 2 toctor
f%r%n eldiveni 2 mnu$ pentru cuptor
tirb#$on 2 tirbu$on
-=F1D =/F1&1J 2 electrocasnice pentru buctrie
ocak X ara'a!, bu!dolab% 2 fri'ider , f%r%n 2 cuptor
mikrodal'a f%r%n 2 cuptor cu microunde, bula$%k makinesi 2 ma$in de splat vase
kahve makinesi X cafetier, su %s%t%c% X fierbtor, mikser 2 mi@er
tost makinesi 2 sandGich maker, ekmek k%!artma makinesi 2 pr4itor de pine
mutfak tart%s% 2 cntar de buctrie , meyve s%kaca+% 2 storctor de fructe
dondurucu X con'elator, f%r%n X cuptor, mikrodala f%r%n 2 cuptor cu microunde
davlumba! 2 hot , meyve s%k%c%s% 2 storctor de fructe
29
ekmek yapma makinesi 2 ma$in de fcut pine
Cum te mprietene$ti ct mai repede cu aceste cuvinte simpatice0 Ioarte simplu, i spunem noi!
Eotea! pe post2it2uri colorate ct mai multe dintre denumirile de mai sus $i lipe$te2le direct pe
obiectele respective. *pre e@emplu, scrie pe un post2it -UD<;&1-B $i lipe$te2l pe fri'ider! .n
doar cteva !ile vei nva o mulime de cuvinte noi, fr vreun efort con$tient!
1i pus n aplicare sfatul nostru0 "rimite2ne o ima'ine cu buctria ta $i post2it2urile cu denumirile
n limba turc s te credem pe cuvnt! *ucces!
LECIA -. 8A<$A#LA L Animalele
kedi 2 pisic
kNpek 2 cine
at 2 cal
inek 2 vac
tav$an 2 iepure
koyun 2 oaie
ke)i 2 capr
aslan 2 leu
kaplan 2 ti'ru
y%lan 2 $arpe
deve 2 cmil
tavuk 2 'in
horo! 2 coco$
domu! 2 porc
Nrdek 2 ra
ka! 2 'sc
maymun 2 maimu
kurba+a 2 broasc
kaplumba+a 2 broasc estoas
pen'uen 2 pin'uin
!#rafa 2 'iraf
ay% 2 urs
sincap 2 veveri
kirpi 2 arici
yarasa 2 liliac
'eyik 2 cprioar
kurt 2 lup
fare 2 $oarece
fil 2 elefant
!ebra 2 !ebr
tilki 2 vulpe
timsah 2 crocodil
su ay'%r% 2 hipopotam
1scult $i 4oac2te cu aceste cuvinte aici3
30
http3,,GGG.di'italdialects.com,"urkish,1nimals.htm
/i pe aceast pa'in poi asculta denumirile ctorva animale n turc. .n dreapta ai alte multe
cate'orii de cuvinte pe care le poi nva.
http3,,mylan'ua'es.or',multimedia,turkishbaudiobanimals.php
Un e@emplu de propo!iie simpl este3
=n sevdi+im hayvan .............. 1nimalul care2mi place cel mai mult este ..............
=n sevdi+in hayvan han'isi0 Ce animal i place0
LECIA -2 H3#ALA $E 0AMA:ALA L Cl5iri )i magazine
belediye X primrie, tiyatro X teatru, m#!e X mu!eu, pa!ar 2 pia , cami 2 moshee
kilise X biseric, havu! X piscin, spor salonu 2 sal de fitness,
'#!ellik salonu 2 salon de nfrumuseare, kuafNr X coafor, berber 2 fri!erie
ec!ane 2 farmacie , hastane X spital, klinik X clinic, mahkeme 2 4udectorie
havaalan% X aeroport, banka X banc, k#t#phane 2 bibliotec , f%r%n 2 brutrie
pastane 2 cofetrie , postane 2 po$t , ben!in istasyonu 2 ben!inrie
sinema 2 cinemato'raf , bakkal 2 bcnie, mini2market, al%$veri$ merke!i 2 centru comercial
kitap)% X librrie, ce!aevi X nchisoare, oto'ar X auto'ar, hamam 2 baie public
karakol 2 secie de poliie, stadyum X stadion, fabrika X fabric, el)ilik X ambasad, otel 2 hotel ,
restoran X restaurant, okul X $coal, #niversite X universitate, lise X liceu, yurt 2 cmin studenesc
d#kkan X prvlie, kuyumcu X bi4utier, k%rtasiye X papetrie, m#!ik evi 2 ma'a!in de mu!ic
'N!l#k)# 2 optic medical, oyuncak)% 2 ma'a!in de 4ucrii, s#permarket 2 supermarket
manav X apro!ar, kasap X mcelrie, )i)ek)ilik 2 florrie
Ioarte simplu, poi ntreba3
1ffedersini!, en yak%n ec!ane nerede0 6 scu!ai, unde este cea mai apropiat farmacie0
1ffedersini!, en yak%n k#t#phane nerede0 6 scu!ai, unde este cea mai apropiat bibliotec0
1fl de pe blo'ul nostru cum se numesc localurile din "urcia unde te poi rsfa cu o mas pe
cinste3 http3,,launpahardeceaiturcesc.Gordpress.com,CV?H,V],CL,unde2mancam2in2turcia,
Calator sau Turist4 6ereu am cautat cuvinte din limba turcilor, care au aceasi semnificatie in cea
a noastra, a 'hiaurilor.... sunt nenumarate3 mahala, sosea, ciorba, maidan, ceai,dulap, havu!, ba!ar,
casp..... e nesfarsit sirul!
Turca la un ceai Calator sau "urist0avei aici o 'rmad de cuvinte provenite din
turc3https3,,GGG.facebook.com,photo.php0
fbidM?[V\KCVCH?VLLZ?csetMa.?[HZ\KVZC\C?HL[.?V[H[K?\LL.?K?[?CL]ZV?\LVKctypeMHcthea
ter
31
LECIA -6 + ALI/$E3/TE L La cum(rturi
Una dintre cele mai :'rele: ntrebri atunci cnd intri ntr2un ma'a!in turcesc este3 :-uyurun! 2
Ce cutai0 Ce dorii0 *punei!: =i, $i ce faci dac vrei <;1J s te uii0 Cum e@plici turcului
simpatic $i bine2voitor din ma'a!in c nu vei fi cumprtorul surpri! care i va face o vn!are
fabuloas0
Eimic mai simplu! *pui3 :"e$ekk#rler, bira! bakmak istiyorum:. adic3 :A mulumesc, vreau s
m uit puin.: /i 'ata, ai scapat de insistenele lor. 1lte formule de luat la pachet n "urcia3
2 -unun fiyat% ne kadar0 2 1cesta,aceasta ct cost0
2 ... istiyorum. 2 <oresc ... .
2 -ir $al istiyorum. 2 <oresc un $al.
2 6inder istiyorum. 2 <oresc o pern decorativ.
2 Hepsi ne kadar0 2 Ct cost n total0
2 LV 7elli8 lira )ok pahal%. 2 LV de lire este prea scump.
2 /una bakabilir miyi!, l#tfen0 2 Ee putem uita la acesta,aceasta0
2 -ana uy'un bir fiyat sNylerseni! al%r%m. 2 <ac2mi facei un pre bun pentru acesta, l iau.
2 Tredi kart% ile Ndeyebilir miyim0 2 5ot plti cu cardul de credit0
2 -unu deneyebilir miyim0 2 5ot s2l probe!0
2 -unun b#y#k bedeni var m%0 2 1vei o mrime mai mare pentru acesta0
2 -unu )ok be+endim! 2 1cesta mi place mult!
2 -unu hi) be+enmedim! 2 Eu2mi place deloc!
.n ima'ine, pantofi lucrai manual din 9a!iantep.
LECIA -7 OTEL!E L La Notel
5entru a ne asi'ura c vacana noastr va decur'e lini$tit $i fr probleme n "urcia, e bine s $tim
cteva ntrebri folositoare n limba turc3
-o$ odan%! var m%0 2 1vei camere libere0
6aalesef doluyu!. 2 <in pcate, totul este ocupat.
Eas%l bir oda istiyorsunu!0 2 Ce fel de camer dorii0
"ek ki$ilik bir oda. 2 ; camer sin'le.
32
(ki ki$ilik bir oda. 2 ; camer dubl.
;day% 'Nrebilir miyim0 2 5ot s vd camera0
Tahvalt% dahil mi0 2 6icul de4un este inclus0
"am pansiyon mu0 2 =ste cu pensiune complet0
Tahvalt% saat ka)ta ba$l%yor0 2 &a ce or ncepe micul de4un0
-ana bir tane havlu 'etirir misini! l#tfen0 2 .mi putei aduce un prosop0
;da temi!lenmemi$. 2 .n camer nu s2a fcut curat.
Tlima )al%$m%yor. 2 Eu funcionea! aerul condiionat.
6usluk daml%yor. 2 Jobinetul cur'e.
-a$ka bir oda istiyorum. 2 <oresc o alt camer.
LECIA -9 <O#LE + !ireciile
1st!i voi ai ales subiectul leciei noastre de vocabular3 orientare prin ora$! Ee bucurm tare mult
c s2a potrivit $i cu specificul postrilor noastre de la sfr$itul acestei sptmni.
Cuvntul ma'ic3 E=J=<=0 2 Unde este0
Tonya nerede0 (!mir nerede0 1masya nerede0 2 Unde este Tonya0 Unde este B!mir0 Unde este
1masya0
6ersin ka) kilometre0 2 Ci kilometri sunt pn la 6ersin0
1nkara ka) kilometre0 2 Ci kilometri sunt pn la 1nkara0
*a+a m%0 2 ; iau la dreapta0
*ola m%0 2 ; iau la stn'a0
(leride mi0 2 =ste n fa0
9eride mi0 2 =ste n spate0
1ffedersini!, bu m#!eye nas%l 'idebilirim0 2 6 scu!ai, cum pot a4un'e la acest mu!eu0
Folu harita #!erinde 'Nsterebilir misini!0 2 putei arta drumul pe hart0
yNn 2 direcie
sol 2 stn'a
sa+ 2 dreapta
burada 2 aici
orada 2 acolo
yak%n 2 aproape
u!ak 2 departe
kN$e,kN$ede 2 col,la col
kar$%s%nda 2 vi!avi!
di+er tarafta 2 n partea cealalt
meydan,meydanda 2 pia,n pia
kav$ak,kav$akta 2 intersecie,la intersecie
trafik lambalar%nda 2 la semafor
y#r#yerek ?V dakika 2 la ?V minute de mers pe 4os
d#! 2 nainte
yan%nda 2 ln'
kestirme yolu 2 scurttur
yol i$aretleri 2 semne de circulaie
33
sola,sa+a dNn#n 2 ntoarcei la stn'a,la dreapta
iki kilometre ileriye 'idin 2 mer'ei doi kilometri nainte
yolu takip edin 2 urmai acest drum
#ickG Pre5escu ..... da am inteles! 6ehmet kopru nerede0 = ok0
Turca la un ceai Eicky, n esen ai scris bine, dar s2ar putea totu$i ca turcii s nu te nelea'.
6ai bine ntrebi3 Iatih *ultan 6ehmet kNpr#s# nerede0 71colo la TO5JR*R, pronunia este cu N
$i #.8 5re'tiri pentru urmtoarea escapad n Bstanbul0
LECIA -; + 0K:3> E#"TU0A#LAI Instrumentele muzicale
?. Ud 7lut8
C. &avta
H. Tlasik kemen)e
K. Taradeni! kemen)esi
L. Tabak kemane
Z. Teman 7vioar8
[. Tanun
\. Eey 7instrument de suflat asemntor fluierului8
]. Tlarnet
?V. <ilsi! kaval 7caval, fluier ciobnesc8
??. <illi kaval
?C. Durna 2 trompet, 'oarn
?H. 6ey
?K. *ipsi
?L. -a+lama, u!un sapl%
?Z. -a+lama, k%sa sapl%
?[. Cura
?\. "anbur
?]. Fayl% tanbur
CV. C#mb#
C?. 5armak !ili
CC. ;yun ka$%+%
CH. Toltuk davulu
CK. Dilii tef
CL. <arbuka
CZ. -endir
C[. Tud#m
C\. 1sma davul
Il#t 2 flaut
5iyano 2 pian
Teman 2 vioar
Sello 2 violoncel
9itar 2 chitar
34
;r' 2 or'
Harp 2 harp
-ateri 2 set de tobe
9ayda 2 cimpoi
Ia'ot 2 fa'ot
6%!%ka 2 mu!icu
5anfl#t 2 nai
5oi spune3
-en fl#t 7numele instrumentului8 )almay% N+renmek isterim. M 6i2a$ dori s nv s cnt la pian.
1ici afli mai multe despre instrumentele mu!icale
turce$ti3 http3,,GGG.allaboutturkey.com,mu!ikalet.htm
LECIA .= >Csaltmalar AHE$IEI
5oate c de multe ori te2ai ntrebat ce nseamn anumite abrevieri din turc. 1cum a venit
momentul s afli cteva dintre ele3
vs 7ve saire8 2 $i a$a mai departe
vb. 7ve ben!eri8 2 $i altele asemntoare
6* 76illattan sonra8 2 dup na$terea lui Hristos
6O 76illattan Nnce8 2 nainte de na$terea lui Hristos
"<T 7"#rk <il Turumu8 2 Bnstitutul "urc de &in'vistic
".C. 7"#rkiye Cumhuriyeti8 2 Jepublica "urcia
-n. 7-ayan8 2 <oamn,<omni$oar
6d. 76#d#r8 2 <irector
11 71nadolu 14ans%8 2 1'enia de /tiri 1natolia
1./. 71nonim /irket8 2 *ocietate 1nonim
1-< 71merika -irle$ik <evletleri8 2 *tatele Unite ale 1mericii
6ai multe abrevieri, aici3 http3,,GGG.tdk.'ov.tr,inde@.php0
optionMcombcontentcidM?]\dH1Tisaltmalar
LECIA .& TATLILA L !ulciuriP 5eserturi
Cele mai dulci forme de relief de pe pmnt s2au format n vitrinele ma'a!inelor din "urcia! &e
atacm0 Bat din ce putem ale'e3
ayva tatl%s% 2 'utuie coapt , baklava 2 baclava
kaday%f 2 straturi de tiei subiri de cataif, la mi4loc cu umplutr delicioas de nuci sau fistic
'#lla) 2 desert din lapte cu fistic, rodie $i ap de trandafiri
s#tla) 2 desert cu lapte $i ore! , helva 2 halva
ce!erye 2 dulce din morcovi carameli!ai, k#nefe 2 cataif cu bran!a. *e serve$te fierbinte.
$ekerpare 2 fursecuri nsiropate , lokma 2 'o'o$ele
a$ure 2 :budinca lui Eoe:, fiertur dulce din cereale, ntut $i semine $i fructe uscate
lokum 2 rahat turcesc , tulumba 2 mini 2 'o'o$i crocani nsiropai
tavuk 'N+#s# 2 budinc din piept de pui $i lapte
revani 2 pandi$pan nsiropat
dondurma 2 n'heat , meyve salatas% 2 salat de fructe
bisk#vi 2 biscuii , kremal% pasta 2 pr4itur cu crem
re)el 2 dulcea
35
$eker 2 bomboane
kurabiye 2 fursec, pricomi'dal
kabak tatl%s% 2 dovleac copt
ko! helva 2 nu'a
6ai multe despre dulciurile aici3https3,,GGG.facebook.com,photo.php0
fbidM?[CKHLHKZC[]LZCcsetMa.?[HZ\?L]Z?LK]H[.?V[H[K?\LK.?K?[?CL]ZV?\LVKctypeMHcthea
ter
sau n 1lbumul nostru3 9hice$te obiectul din ima'ine!https3,,GGG.facebook.com,media,set,0
setMa.?K?[Z[Z?CZ[]ZZ].?V[H[K?\HV.?K?[?CL]ZV?\LVKctypeMH
LECIA .* 3/ %e >A3<E L Qob )i carier
Cum s2i 'se$ti un loc de munc n "urcia0 Unul dintre pa$ii necesari este s stpne$ti bine
cuvintele le'ate de acest domeniu. "&UC i sare n a4utor!
ba$vurmak 2 a aplica pentru un 4ob
ba$vuru 2 aplicaie
N!'e)mi$ X CA, aday 2 candidat
eleman X an'a4at, i$ veren 2 an'a4ator
i$e almak 2 a an'a4a, i$e al%nmak 2 a fi an'a4at
i$ ilan% 2 anun pentru an'a4are, i$ m#lakat% , i$ 'Nr#$mesi 2 interviu de an'a4are
maa$ X salariu, maa$ pa!arl%+% 2 ne'ocierea salariului
e+itim seviyesi 2 nivelul de studii
yabanc% dil seviyesi 2 nivelul de cunoa$tere al limbilor strine
ki$isel bil'iler 2 date personale, referanslar 2 referine
i$ tecr#besi 2 e@perien de munc
yar% !amanl% i$ 2 4umtate de norm
i$ teklifi 2 propunere de 4ob
istifa etmek 2 a demisiona
terfi etmek 2 a avansa, a promova
sta4 yapmak 2 a efectua un sta'iu
sektNrler 2 sectoare, departamente, #retim X producie, ticaret 2 comer
sa+l%k X sntate, tekstil X te@tile, dan%$manl%k X consultan, pa!arlama 2 marketin'
)a+r% merke!i 2 call center, ithalat,ihracat 2 import,e@port, muhasebe 2 contabilitate
sat%$ X vn!ri, yNnetim X conducere, insan kanynaklar% 2 resurse umane
hukuk X drept, halkla ili$kiler 2 relaii cu publicul , m#hendislik 2 in'inerie
tasar%m X desi'n, sekreterya X secretariat, '#venlik 2 pa! $i protecie
1ici i poi depune aplicaiile pentru a 'si un loc de munc n
"urcia3 http3,,GGG.kariyer.net,Gebsite,inde@.asp@
; alt pa'in asemntoare poate fi accesat prin acest link3 http3,,GGG.secretcv.com, 7.i
mulumim mult lui =unice Cociorvan pentru recomandare!8
1ici 'se$ti e@presii folositoare dac de4a lucre!i n "urcia sau comunici la 4ob n limba turc3
36
http3,,ro.bab.la,e@presii,afaceri,email,romana2turca,
6odel de CA n limba
turc3 https3,,docs.'oo'le.com,file,d,V-G9sDy<[]!d!ekKKamL6Dl]4bfs,edit
&ucre!i sau ai lucrat n "urcia0 Ee poi da un sfat,o recomandare le'at de e@periena ta0 <ac
poi a4uta comunitatea "&UC cu informaii preioase, e$ti invitatul nostru!
Lecia .- TA/ITLA + 0iDloace 5e trans(ort
otob#s 2 autobu!, autocar
otomobil 2 automobil
dolmu$ 2 ma@i2ta@i
karavan 2 rulot
yolcu 'emisi 2 vapor de cltori
binek arabas% 2 cru
feribot 2 feribot
bal%k)% teknesi 2 ambarcaiune de pescuit
'ondol 2 'ondol
helikopter 2 elicopter
balon 2 balon
cip 2 4eep
motosiklet 2 motociclet
bisiklet 2 biciclet
kamyonet 2 camionet
u)ak 2 avion
sava$ u)a+% 2 avion militar
yelkenli 2 barc cu pn!e
tramvay 2 tramvai
metro 2 metrou
teleferik 2 telecabin
traktNr 2 tractor
tren 2 tren
t%r 2 tir
kamyon 2 camion
amb#lans 2 ambulan
atv 2 atv
okul otob#s# 2 autobu!ul $colii
servis 2 ma$in de transport pentru an'a4aii unei firme
f#nik#ler 2 funicular
yat 2 yacht
deni!alt% 2 submarin
tekne 2 ambarcaiune mic
sandal 2 barc cu vsle
mopet 2 scuter
37
Un e@emplu de ntrebare u$or de construit este3
1ffedersini!, en yak%n otob#s dura+% nerede0 2 6 scu!ai, unde este cea mai apropiat staie de
autobu!0
-;EU*3
el arabas% 2 roab
kaykay 2 skateboard
k%!ak 2 sanie
rNmNrkNr 2 remorc
u)urtma X !meu
LECIA .. TELE$3:<O# Tele%iziune
.n "urcia, cele mai urmrite pro'rame "A sunt serialele, $tirile, concursurile $i transmisiile
sportive. .n ima'ine, secven din emisiunea concurs3 ; *es "#rkiye 2 1cea voce "urcia, unde
4uraii sunt n se!onul curent3 9Nkhan O!o+u!, Hadise, 6urat -o! $i =bru 9#nde$.
A;C1-U&1J U"B&
canl% 2 n direct
yeni bNl#m 2 episod nou
haberler 2 $tiri
yar%$ma 2 concurs
e+lence pro'ramlar% 2 emisiuni de divertisment
reklamlar 2 publicitate
)ocuk pro'ramlar% 2 pro'rame pentru copii
di!i 2 serial
a$k f%lmi 2 film de dra'oste
casus filmi 2 film de spiona4
dini film 2 film reli'ios
tarihi dram filmi 2 dram istoric
komedi filmi 2 comedie
korku f%lmi 2 film de 'roa!
macera filmi 2 film de aventuri
sava$ filmi 2 film de r!boi
bilim kur'u film 2 *I
)i!'i film 2 film de desene animate
spor pro'ramlar% 2 emisiuni sportive
futbol ma)lar% 2 meciuri de fotbal
televi!yonu kapatmak 2 a stin'e televi!orul
televi!yonu a)mak 2 a aprinde televi!orul
u!aktan kumanda 2 telecomand
televi!yon seyretmek 2 a privi la televi!or
Cteva e@emple de propo!iii simple3
-en 'enelde futbol ma)lar% seyrederim. 2 =u n 'eneral urmresc meciuri de fotbal.
38
-en di!i seyretmem. 2 Eu urmresc seriale.
Tanal% de+i$tir, l#tfen! -u pro'ram% sevmedim. "e ro', schimb canalul. Eu mi place aceast
emisiune.
5entru cei care de4a vorbesc turca, o idee e@celent este s urmreasc emisiunea2concurs T(6
6(&F;E&=J ;&61T (*"=J 2 e $i captivant $i educativ n acela$i timp. 1ici ai toate
episoadele3http3,,GGG.youtube.com,results0searchbgueryMkim_milyoner_olmak_ister
LECIA .2 E$ E/<ALAI $E 0OH3L<A + Obiectele 5in cas )i mobila
1cum e timpul s te a$e!i comfortabil, s iei n mn a'enda ori vreun caiet preferat, un ceai
turcesc sau unul aromat de fructe $i s note!i cuvintele din turc care i vor fi de folos. &ista la
care ne2am 'ndit noi este3
koltuk 2 fotoliu
masa 2 mas
sandalye 2 scaun
kanepe 2 canapea
sal%ncakl% iskemle 2 balansoar
sehpa 2 msu 4oas,de cafea
hal% 2 covor
resim 2 tablou
$Nmine 2 $emineu
kitapl%k 2 bibliotec
masa saati 2 ceas de mas
duvar saati 2 ceas de perete
perde 2 perdea
kap% 2 us
pencere 2 fereastr
paspas 2 pre$ de picioare,mop
$ifonyer 2 comod
sepet 2 co$
k#vet 2 cad de baie
le+en 2 li'hean
tuvalet 2 toalet
havlu 2 prosop
d#$ kabini 2 cabin de du$
yatak 2 pat
yor'an 2 plapum
ba$ucu lambas% 2 veio!
battaniye 2 ptur
minder 2 pern decorativ
yast%k 2 pern
'ard%rop 2 $ifonier
komodin 2 noptier
39
s#p#r'e ve tara$ 2 mtur $i fra$
kova 2 'leat
musluk 2 robinet
ventilatNr 2 ventilator
)Np kovas%,kutusu 2 co$ de 'unoi
anahtar 2 cheie
#t# 2 fier de clcat
)ama$%r sepeti 2 co$ de rufe
ayna 2 o'lind
va!o 2 va!
f%r%n 2 cuptor
1cum e rndul nostru s te nvm cum poi descrie o ncpere, folosind la finalul propo!iiilor
A1J 7e@ist8 sau F;T 7nu e@ist83
;turma odas%nda iki koltuk, yeni bir kanepe, bir kitapl%k ve bir sehpa var. <uvarlarda eski
resimler ve foto+raflar var.
.n sufra'erie e@ist dou fotolii, o canapea nou, o bibliotec $i o msu pentru cafea. 5e perei
sunt tablouri vechi $i foto'rafii.
-u odada hal% yok. .n aceast camer nu e@ist covor.
Fatak odas%nda televi!yon yok. .n dormitor nu e@ist televi!or.
Ce spui, poi oferi cteva e@emple asemnoare0
5entru cei avansai, recomandm pa'inahttp3,,GGG.ikea.com.tr,tumburunler.asp@ unde pot 'si o
sumedenie de cuvinte n turc le'ate de mobil $i obiectele casnice!
Alina !ogru 1m vi!itat 6ai multe case turcesti dar nu am indra!nit sa foto'rafie!
<oar camarut!a asta, in statiunea ;ludeni!! <espre locuintele turcilor 2 au bucatariile bine
echipate iar masa unde servesc micul de4un, prn!ul,cina se afla intr2o camera separat, alturat o
veio!a, tablouri , lucruri dra'i!
Turca la un ceai 1$a este, 1lina! 1i punctat aspectele importante, e@act pe acestea urma s le
scriem $i noi!
"il%ia Aktas ce ma frapea!a la multe locuinte vi!itate este austeritatea mobilierului. de e@emplu in
dormitoare au de multe ori un pat sau C, si un sifonier. pe 4os predomina 'resia. de obicei
covoarele se dau la spalat in primavara si se mai pun in casa iarna, dupa ce se face o importanta
curatenie 'enerala. in casele celor mai bo'ati e@ista de obicei o camera care arata ca un mu!eu,
unde nimeni nu sta vreodata, cu mobila foarte lu@oasa. aceasta camera se arata doar, insa nu se
foloseste in bai e@ista foarte rar ca!i. predomina cabinele de dus, si apa este incal!ita cu ener'ie
solara acolo unde se poate. nu am va!ut in nicio casa vi!itata biblioteca, dar sunt convinsa ca
e@ista si persoane care poseda asa ceva. e@ista pasiunea pentru locuinte foarte mari. nu stiu cum e
in Bstanbul, unde e mai a'lomerat, dar in 1dana, unde locuim noi, apartamentul nostru de \L mp
este considerat mic. rudele noastre au apartamente de ?\V mp si CHV mp. si inca ceva3 in multe
familii, oricat de lu@oase ar fi bucataria sau yemek odasi, se mananca pe 4os.
40
Turca la un ceai *ilvia, ai observat foarte bine, turcii prefer un numr redus de piese de
mobilier. "rebuie s recunoa$tem c a$a este mai practic. 1i dreptate, apartamentele sub ?VV de
mp sunt considerate mai mici, n orice ora$. *pre deosebire de noi, ei au separatcamera de !i
7oturma odas%8 $i locul de servit masa 7yemek odas%8. 1lt deosebire este c balcoanele sunt n
'eneral mai mari $i mai late, ai loc pentru o mas $i cteva scaune, se poate servi un ceai, o cafea
sau chiar micul2de4un. .n multe case, pantofii se las n afara u$ii de la intrare. 9ospodinele sunt
foarte ordonate, au o mulime de echipamente pentru buctrie, a$a cum s2a mai spus, de unele
dintre ele nici nu am au!it! "ot ele in mult ca mobila, covoarele, perdelele $i electrocasnicele s le
alea' sin'ure $i s fie de bun calitate. 6ulumim pentru contribuia ta, foarte interesant, te
a$teptm cu dra' $i cu alte comentarii.
Cosmin Lazar Fatak odasinda ayna yok.
Cosmin Lazar Cum se spune la dormitor , bucatarie , baie si celalte incaperi0
Cosmin Lazar *olanda iki koltuk ,yeni bir kanepe ve bir kitaplik var.
Turca la un ceai 1i foto'rafii din casele turcilor, fie ele tradiionale sau moderne0 Ee2ar face
plcere s le admirm! Care este prerea ta despre locuinee din "urcia, la modul 'eneral0
.n csua noastr cu mesa4e, ntrebrile de la voi nu contenesc s soseasc! 1cum este timpul s
dm o mn de a4utor Buliei, creia i vom rspunde chiar aici, n seciunea de comentarii. Bar
pentru cei interesai s vi!ite!e "urcia saus se mute acolo, albumul :"&UC discut: este e@act
ceea ce le trebuie!
.ntrebarea Buliei3 :-un! 5e CL septembrie plec la Bstanbul. Areau s cumpr un cadou deosebit
soului meu, respectiv un lan de aur. .n Constana am cutat pn acum n ?V bi4uterii, dar nu am
'sit nimic deosebit. .ntrebarea mea este dac merit s mai a$tept $i s cumpr de acolo, de la
Bstanbul0 /i de unde anume0 <e la Tapal% Sar$%0 1m $i aur de dat la schimb. Cam care ar fi
preurile0 A mulumesc anticipat! (yi ak$amlar!:
https3,,GGG.facebook.com,media,set,0
setMa.C?C\\LVLCCHKL]?.?V[H[K?\Z?.?K?[?CL]ZV?\LVKctypeMH
"imona Ionescu 5entru diversitatea modelelor cu si'uran Tapal% )ar$%, dar preturile nu sunt
dintre cele mai bune. =u amer'e pe bulevardul -a'dad mai de'rab, dar acolo nu prea primesc
la schimb aur. ; alta varianta ar fi s iesi din Bstanbul. -ursa sau B!mit sunt orae relativ aproape,
la fel de bune pentru shoppin', cu preuri mai re!onabile. <epinde ce ateptri ai!
#enu Iulia+Cristina Aa multumesc!
Cristiana An5reea "oate sunt in marele ba!ar,despre prenu tiu e@act cat mai e dar si la ei este
in funcie de model,daca sunt modele noi au un premai mare dar nu cu foarte mult.6ulta bafta la
cumpraturi.
Cristiana An5reea Bn marele ba!ar 'asesti multe ma'a!ine de aur si cred ca vei avea de unde sa
ale'i si primesc si aur la schimb.=u i pot recomanda3;! 9old,1kbulut si bekdas.
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0elek 0lk >3 Byi '#nler!Tolay 'elsin tey!e!
F 3*a+ ol k%!%m!-#y#r...
> 31)%m ve )ok '#!el 'Nr#n#yor 'N!lemeler ..Iiyat% ne kadar0...
0a5alina Gabriela !ragomirescu 6erhaba. Bki tane 'o!leme, lutfen. Ee kadar0 "esekkur
ederim. Tolay 'elsin. Byi 'unler!
Turca la un ceai -ravo, 6adalina 9abriela! .n curnd postm $i modalitatea n care poi instala
tastatura n limba turc pe calculatorul fiecruia dintre noi. Cum a nceput pasiunea ta pentru
limba turc0
05lina Clin -en kalk%yorum arkada$lar. 9e) oldu. Far%n erken kalkaca+%m,)ok i$im var.-u
'ece harikayd%. Tendini!e iyi bak%n. Haydi 'Nr#$#r#!,iyi ak$amlar.Ae!i traducerea
#enu Iulia+Cristina :1ffedersini!, ben 'idiyorum simdi! 9orusuru!! Byi e'lenceler! Hosca kal!:
0elek 0lk Tusura bakmay%n ben kalkmak !orunday%m yar%n )ok yo+unum ve !aten 'e)
oldu..ama en yak%n !amanda yine bir araya 'elelim arkada$lar!Sok '#!el bir 'ece oldu her ke!e
hay%rl% ak$amlar dilerim ko$)akal%n Npt#m...
Cristina >criss 1rkada$lar,#!'#n#m ama benim 'itmem lea!im.Farin okula 'idicem,erken
kalkmam lea!im.Sok '#!el bir 'eceyidi,)ok e+lendim.Farin 'Nru$uru!,ho$)akalin!
Iustina Elena Pa%el 1rkada$lar kusura bakmay%n ama ben 'itmem la!im. Far%n okul var, )ok
erken kalkaca+%m! Harika bir 'ece oldu, )ok e+lendim. *i!e Byi e+lenceler diyorum, kendini!e iyi
bak%n! Ho$)a kal%n! Byi 'eceler! 2 "amam, abla! -i! seni anl%yoru!! Hadi yar%n i)in iyi dersler! Byi
uykular! 9#le '#le!
Turca la un ceai Ioarte bine, Bustina! "e descurci din ce n ce mai bine! Cteva mici observaii
din partea noastr3 :benim 'itmem 'erek: vom folosi -=E(6 n loc de -=E. *i!e iyi 'eceler
diliyorum 2 A doresc noapte bun. "e mai a$teptm, dra'a noastr!
Georgiana >arina 1rkada$lar, affedersini!! 9e) oldu ve sabah dersim var, )ok erken
kalkaca+%m! -u ak$am )ok '#!eldi, herkese te$ekk#r ediyorum! Haberle$iri!! *i!e iyie+lenceler,
iyi ak$amlar!
Turca la un ceai *uper! Ee2a plcut mult ceea ce ne2ai scris! -ravo, ine2o tot a$a! Aedem c i2au
plcut mini2activitile noastre, vor urma $i altele!
05lina Clin Ee haber k%!0 U!un !aman oldu 'Nr#$meyeli. Eas%ls%n,nas%l 'idiyor 02 iyiyim, ne
olsun. B$lerim devam ediyor. *enden ne haber 0neler yapt%n 0 2 -ende iyiyim, tatilden dNnd#m
$imdi anneme 'idece+im . Oyle. 2 Cumartesi bulu$al%m. ;lur mu 0Np#yorum seni, 'Nr#$#r#! . 2
tamam can%m,'Nr#$#r#!.
0elek 0lk >39#nayd%n !1rkada$%m nas%ls%n nerelerdesin00
F3*ana da '#nayd%n ! Hamdolsun iyiyim!*en nas%ls%n0
>3Byiyim !Ee olsun0($ '#)!*eni 'Nrmeyeli cok oldu.Ee var...ne yok...0Umar%m i$ler yolunda
..1ilen nas%l0...
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#enu Iulia+Cristina :26erhaba, nasilsin canim0 *eni 'ormek 'u!el. Ee var, ne yok0 *eni cok
o!ledim!:
:2Byiyim, sa'ol. -en de. Hadi, 'el, kahvede konusacak.:
Cristina >criss 9#nayidin!Easilsin09Nru$meyeli )ok oldu,seni N!lemi$tim...
Turca la un ceai "are mult ne.ar fi plcut un dialo' scris cu litere turce$ti! 9#nayd%n! Eas%ls%n0 .n
rest este super, bravo!
Cosmin Lazar 2 6erhaba! Easilsin kardeim0 2 Byiyim, teekkur ederim.. *en nasilsin
arkadaim0 2 -en de iyiyim, cok teekkur ederim 2 *eni tatmak istiyorum .. sat%n al%yor0 2 Cok
o!ur dilerim ama ben bir i$ toplant%s% i)in almak !orunda.. Hadi 'orusuru!! 2 Fok problem.. -ay
bay kardeim!
Georgiana >arina 2Can%m, ne kadar '#!el s#rpr%!. U!un !aman 'Nr#$medik. Eeler yapt%n, ne var
ne yok0 Hadi her $eyi anlat38 , 2 T%!, evleniyorum! Sok mutluyum., 2 Hadi can%m, ciddi misin0
<amat%n kim0, 2 /imdi 'itmem la!%m, ama cuma '#n# bulu$abiliri!, olur mu0, "abi, vallah $imdi
)ok merak ediyorum! , 2 Tendine iyi bak, cuma '#n# haberle$iri!. Opt#m!
Turca la un ceai 9eor'iana, uite $i varianta corectat3 Can%m, bu ne '#!el bir s#rpri!!
9Nr#$meyeli u!un !aman oldu! .n loc de :Cine este 'inerele0: poi spune :-u $ansli ki$i kim0:
Aallahi 2 cu ( final. /imdiden )ok merak ediyorum. .n rest este super, bravo, felicitri!
Cuplul de aur al cinemato'rafiei turce$ti 2 "#rkan /oray $i Tadir (nan%r sunt poate cei mai
ndr'ii actori din "urcia din toate timpurile. 1u 4ucat n nenumrate filme mpreun. "#rkan
/oray a rmas pn ast!i, la Z\ de ani, una dintre cele mai frumoase $i apreciate actrie de pe
pmnt turcesc, fiind $i o bun re'i!oare $i scenarist.
Cel mai vi!ionat $i premiat film al celor doi este3 :*elvi -oylum 1l Fa!mal%m: 7?][[8 un film
clasic de dra'oste, urmrit de !eci de ori de ctre turci, dup care a fost reali!at inclusiv un film
serial.
1ici avem :iftariye: platoul clasic cu aperitive servit naintea mesei propriu2!ise de iftar $i
conine3 curmale 7hurma8, brn! 7peynir8, msline 7!eytin8 $i past%rma sau sucuk 2 crnat turcesc
condimentat. /tiai de ce musulmanii mnnc curmale ca prim aliment dup ncheiere postului0
5rietena noastr, &ara Tosma, ne2a e@plicat acest lucru cu o alt oca!ie3 :=ste *unna 2 traditia
5rofetului 6ahomed 2 s se ntrerup postul mncnd curmale.
6esa'erul lui 1llah a spus3 :<aca unul dintre voi posteste, s2$i ncheie postul mncnd curmale.
<ac nu e@ist curmale la ndemn, atunci cu ap, pentru c apa purifica: 71hmad8.
<in punct de vedere medical, este bine cunoscut beneficiul pe care l aduce apa dup post, dar nu
numai. "ot din punct de vedere medical, curmalele sunt pline de beneficii dup post, fiind surse
e@celente de fibre 7a4ut la di'estie $i pstrea! sntatea inimii8, ma'ne!iu 7anti2inflamator, a4ut
la reducerea presiunii arteriale8, vitamine 7n special -8 $i !ahr 7n cantitate moderat $i dup o !i
lun' de post, face bine8.:
Antul adie dulce, ca prin farmec. *ultanul se2ntinde u$or $i apuc cu b'are de seam fructul
dulce 2 o curmal bo'at ce aduce cu ea ncheierea postului de peste !i. ; privire se furi$ea! ht
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departe, se duce, se duce $i se opre$te undeva ctre Cornul de 1ur, cci pavilionul n care se afl
sultanul 2 (ftariye TN$k# 2 ofer o priveli$te mirific asupra Bstanbulului.
5avilionul Bftar, acolo unde muli dintre noi ne2am foto'rafiat cu oca!ia vi!itei n 5alatul "opkap%,
era locul n care sultanul lua sin'ura mas de peste !i n perioada Jama!anului. 1flat la mar'inea
terasei din cea de2a patra curte a palatului, !ona destinat momentelor de repaos ale sultanului,
acest baldachin cu acoperi$ul din bron! aurit era locul favorit al sultanului $i putem nele'e de ce
*untem curio$i s aflm ci dintre voi avei ima'ini din acest loc special!
/tiai c... Aan Tedisi 2 5isica din re'iunea Aan 7estul "urciei8 are un ochi albastru $i unul verde $i
blnia n totalitate alb0 5n n anul CV?? a fost inter!is scoaterea lor de pe teritoriul "urciei.
1i ntlnit o asemenea pisic n cltoriile voastre n "urcia0
; vorba din *ivas spune3 Says%! sohbet ays%! 'Nky#!# 'ibidir. 2 hConversatiile fara un ceai sunt
ca cerul fara luna noapteaQ. Bata cat de mult iubesc turcii aceasta licoare fierbinte, avand o culoare
intensa, inconfundabila. 6ai multe despre ceaiul turcesc chiar n acest articol de pe blo'ul
nostru3 http3,,launpahardeceaiturcesc.Gordpress.com,ceaiul2turcesc,
R!#m2stru'ure
Turu #!#m2 stafid
R!#m pekme!i2sirop de stru'uri, obtinut prin fierberea mustului, pana a4un'e de consistenta
melasei sau a mierii.
:<oar trei cate'orii de oameni spun adevrul3
?. 2 Copiii
C. 2 ;amenii bei
H. 2 ;amenii suprai:
5luralul este poate cea mai simpl re'ul 'ramatical din turc, primim n dar dou sufi@e mici $i
dr'ue, crora le $ade bine doar alturi de anumite vocale! 1sta e, chiar $i n turc e@ist
bisericue 7le'ea armoniei vocalice8.
2 &1J,2&=J n limba turc este sufi@ul pluralului $i se adau' la finalul cuvintelor a$a3
2 &1J, dac ultima vocal a cuvntului este 1, B, ;, U
2 &=J, dac ultima vocal a cuvntului este =, (, O, R
Ce spui, poi oferi cteva e@emple0
44
EETE 5e mAncruri turce)ti
/tii s 'te$ti turce$te0 1i o reet favorit care i iese de minune de fiecare dat0 .mprt$e$te2i
secretele culinare cu prietenii "urca la un ceai!
"rimite2ne reeta ta, nsoit eventual de o foto'rafie, printr2un mesa4 privat, iar noi i vom dedica
o postare special $i un loc de cinste n albumul nostru destinat preparatelor culinare turce$ti!
5rima reet o recomandm noi3 5o+a)a cu brn!
<eosebit de u$or de fcut, po+a)a se serve$te la micul de4un sau ca $i 'ustare la ntlnirile cu
prietenii. =@ist sute de variante de po+a)a, preparate f%e cu praf de copt, fie cu dro4die, cu
umpluturi diverse, de la bran! cu ptrun4el, cea mai comun, pn la past de mslie, crnai,
carne tocat, ca$caval...
BE9J=<B=E"=3 K pahare cu fin, ? pahar cu iaurt, ?CL ' unt, 4umtate pahar cu lapte, un pachet
de dro4die uscat, ? lin'uri sare, ? lin'uri $i 4umtate !ahr. un ou, CVV ' telemea, un 'lbenu$,
iar pentru ornat semine de susan $i de )Nrek otu 7ne'rilic8 2 se 'sesc la bcniile turce$ti
7opional8.
*e pune fina ntr2un castron, n mi4loc se toarn laptele, oul, iaurtul, iar pe mar'inea castronului
sarea $i !ahrul. "ope$te untul $i adau' mpreun cu dro4dia n fin, dup care ncepe s
amesteci aluatul. &as aluatul la crescut o or, o or $i 4umtate. .mparte alauatul n ?C pri e'ale,
ntinde fiecare parte $i pune la mi4loc brn!. 5une po'celele ntr2o tav pe care a$e!i hrtie de
copt, un'ele2le cu 'lbenu$ de ou $i presar )Nrek otu. Coace2le pentru CV de minute 7pn se
rumenesc8 la CVV de 'rade.
Jeeta pas cu pas n ima'ini poate fi vi!uali!at aici3http3,,GGG.le!!etli.com,yemek2
tarifleri,hamur2isi,po'aca,mayali2po'aca *ite2ul acesta este 'ro!av! Ee pre!int prepararea
fiecrei reete pas cu pas, facilitnd nele'erea te@tului din limba turc!
*por la treab $i la de'ustat!
45
uNun "Rzleri L $orbele su1letului
46
SHir insan Nangi limana ula)mak iste5iTini biliGorsaP onun iFin Ner rIzgar uGgun5ur,U *eneca
Dac un om tie n ce port dorete s ajung, orice vnt i este prielnic.
S>ita( ruNun ilacC5Cr,U Yapon 1tasN!#
47
Cartea este medicamentul sufletului. Proverb japonez.
S"RGlemek bir )eGP Ga(mak 5a ba)ka bir )eG5ir,U 6ontai'ne
spui este ceva, dar s faci acel lucru este cu totul altceva.!
SGenFler iNtiGarlarCn a(tal ol5uTunu sanCrlar ama iNtiGarlar genFlerin a(tal ol5uTunu
bilirler,U 9eor'e Chapman
"inerii cred c btrnii sunt proti, n sc#imb, btrnii tiu c tinerii sunt proti.
V8iF Nata Ga(mamC) insan NaGatCnCn en bIGIk NatasCnC Ga(mC) 5emektirWX
$mul care nu a fcut nicio greeal nseamn c a fcut cea mai mare greeal a vie%ii sale.
VA(tal %e caNil olsalar 5a Nerkesi 5inle, JInkI onlarCn 5a NaGatlarCn5a 5ers alCnacak
noktalar %ar5CrWX
C#iar dac sunt proti i needuca%i, ascult&i pe to%i. Pentru c i n via%a lor e'ist lucruri din
care po%i nv%a.
V3Gi bir e%lilik iki )eGe baTlC5CrY Hirincisi 5oTru insanC bulmaGaP ikincisi 5oTru insan
olmaGaWX L
$ csnicie reuit depinde de dou lucruri. Primul dintre ele este s gseti omul potrivit, iar al
doilea este s fii omul potrivit(
VHana GarCn gIzel olacak 5iGe sRz %ermeY bugIn 5e 5InIn GarCnCG5C WX
)u&mi promite c mine va fi bine, cci i astzi a fost minele lui ieri.
V3nsanCn en bIGIk 5ostu zorluklar5CrY JInkI insanC kar)Cla)tCTC zorluklar
ku%%etlen5irirWX
Cel mai bun prieten al omului este reprezentat de greut%i, pentru c greut%ile de care omul se
lovete nu fac dect s&l ntreasci
VA)k a)C gibi5irP insanCn ikinci kez aTCr NastalanmasCnC RnlerWX
Dragostea&i precum vaccinul, l ferete pe om s se mbolnveasc mai grav a doua oar(
48
49
50
La 5oi (asi 5e Istanbul Z Insulele (rinteselorP mai (recis in HuGuka5a

De cate ori ajunsesem la *stanbul vazusem tot soiul de oferte catre niste insule + fie ca se numeau
Princes *slands ,*nsulele Printului-, fie ca se numeau Princess *slands ,*nsulele Printesei-,
51
pareau sa fie o oaza de liniste intr&un oras atat de agitat cum e *stanbulul. .a rog, nu am mers
prima oara cand am aflat de ele, dar acum, in /ee0endul petrecut asta&vara in *stanbul, am pus
insulele printeselor ,suna mai se'1, nu2- ferm pe lista. Desi toate g#idurile si site&urile avertizau
ca e rupere de oameni in /ee0endurile de vara, nu prea aveam ce sa fac( eram in *stanbul fi'
sambata si duminica. 3sa ca am purces duminica.
Bnsulele printeselor sunt un 'rup de vreo noua insule, aflate in dreptul Bstanbulului, in 6area
6armara. &i se spune asa pentru ca a fost un loc la indemana unde puteau fi e@ilati printi bi!antini
ca!uti in di!'ratie sau printese rebele trimise la manastire sa2si ba'e mintile in cap. <upa caderea
Constantinopolului 7insulele au ca!ut in mainile otomanilor in timpul asediului final8, traditia s2a
pastrat, aici fiind trimisi fii de sultani sau cadane care nu mai erau iubite de sultana2sefa. "raditia
adapostirii rebelilor si disidentilor s2a pastrat si secolul trecut cand aici a locuit "rotki fi@ dupa ce
a fost invins de *talin in lupta pentru putere.
<ar lumea da buluc pe insulele printeselor nu pentru "rotki sau pentru memoria cine stie carei
printese, ci pentru ca, de fapt, aceste insule au inventat turismul in "urcia. Eu pentru straini, ci
pentru turci. Urmand moda seducatoare a ;ccidentului, prin secolul al >B>2lea, lumea buna din
Bstanbul s2a apucat sa construiasca vile si palatele pe insulele aflate destul de aproape de Bstanbul
ca sa a4un'i repede si destul de departe pentru a scapa de stresul marelui oras. *i cum atunci erau
la mare moda cladirile in stil victorian din lemn, lumea buna a construit !eci si sute de vile, mai
mult sau mai putin somptuoase, din sindrilai adevarul este ca, din momentul in care o iei la
picior pe -uyukada, parca a4un'i intr2o insula tropicala fosta colonie britanica 38.
Bnainte de a pleca, m2am apucat sa studie! cum se a4un'e si ce e de va!ut. <esi, initial, ma
'andeam sa ma opresc in vreo doua insule, m2am decis sa ma re!um la unai vad doar una, dar o
vad pe indelete. 1m avut de ales intre -uyukada 7hBnsula 6areQ, in turceste8 si Heybeliada. 1m
ales -uyukada si nu am ales rau deloci dar evident ca am lasat Heybeliada pe lista cu ce mai
trebuie sa fac cand a4un' data viitoare la *tambul.
Ca sa a4un'i in insule, poti lua un feribot din Bstanbul. <eoarece insulele sunt in dreptul !onei
asiatice a Bstanbulului, ai mai multe optiuni de acolo, din !ona europeana, trebuie sa iei feribotul
din Tabatas. Cum locuiam in *ultanahmet la doi pasi de catedrala *f. *ofia, sa a4un' era floare la
ureche. Urma sa sarim in tramvaiul care trece prin centrul vechi, iar Tabatas era dincolo de podul
9alata, e@act la capatul tramvaiului. 6a si inchipuiam in tramvai, filmand pescarii pe pod in
vite!a tramvaiului. <a de unde! *i desi era destul de devreme cand ne2am pornit spre insule,
tramvaiul era plini si tot poporul se ducea la feribotul cu destinatia Bnsulele 5rinteselor. 5fff. Eu
suna bine.
;data a4uns in Tabatas, m2am lamurit ca am mai multe optiuni de feribot. =ste cel hde statQ, al
companiei care asi'ura transportul pe apa in Bstanbul si care costa H lire 7? euro8, dar care tocmai
plecase. Bn schimb, la doi pasi se aflau companiile concurente private care aveau plecari mai dese
7si unele fi@ la vreo ?V minute de cand am a4uns8 si care costau L lire 7?,[L euro8. Aa dati seama ca
nu am pre'etat nici L secunde sa ne ase!am la coada si sa sarim in primul vapor in directia
Bnsulelor 5rinteselor.
Aaporul era din acela mare, capabil sa care sute de pasa'eri, si nu pot sa va spun decat ca era plin
ochi. Cu chiu, cu vai, am reusit sa prin un loc strate'ic 7in picioare8 de unde sa admir peisa4ul. *i,
sincer, a meritat efortul, pentru ca toate frumusetile Bstanbulului mi2au defilat cuminti prin fata
ochilor X de la turnul 9alata la catedrala *f. *ofia cu corpul sau masiv, 6oscheea 1lbastra
incon4urata de nu mai putin de sase minarete !velte. Bar perspectiva Bstanbulului, incon4urat de
52
apele 6arii 6armara, este cu adevarat ma'ica chiar si cand detaliile marilor moschei si palate au
inceput sa se piarda in departare. Eu am stat pe scaun prea mult, pentru ca, dupa cateva minute,
vaporul tra'ea la Heybeliada, prima insula. 1m sperat ca se vor da 4os mai multi de pe vapor, dar
n2a fost sa fiei tot poporul se ducea la -uyukada. *tiau 'hidurile ce stiau cand !iceau sa nu ne
ducem in Geekend pentru ca tot Bstanbulul se duce la liniste.
-uyukada este aruncata in slavi de catre masinaria marketin'ului turistic datorita faptului ca
masinile sunt inter!ise, insula fiind deservita doar de calesti trase de cai. *una romantic, nu2i asa0
Bar po!ele tipice de carti ilustrate aratau o caleasca plina de flori, mer'and la pas printr2un peisa4
plin de copaci. &inistea iti urla din vedere. ;data a4uns in -uyukada, lucrurile stau insa un pic
diferit. "e bucuri ca nu mai inspiri mirosul de motorina al milioanelor de masini din Bstanbul0
<esi e mai hecoQ, toata insula miroase a bale'a de cal. Eu sunt cateva calesti cu indra'ostiti care
se plimba printr2un cadru mirific. *unt sute si sute de atela4e 7e drept, bine intretinute, caii n2as
!ice insa ca au parte de prea mult ova!8, iar plimbarea pe insula aduce mai de'raba cu o cursa
hipica decat cu o plimbare de placerei fiecare vi!itiu incearca sa2si termine cat mai repede hturul
mareQ sau hturul micQ pentru a prinde rapid inca o cursa.
1m coborat din feribot, am mai lasat cateva minute ca multimea sa se disipe!e, dar tocmai au mai
aparut vreo doua feriboturi. Hmi asa ca am luat2o la pas pe principala strada care da in port,
strada, evident plina ochi de ma'a!ine si restaurante de tot felul. 1m a4uns la turnul cu ceas
7ultimii sultani otomani au avut o pasiune obsesiva pentru turnuri cu ceas, au construit astfel de
minunatii arhitectonice prin tot imperiul de la 94irokaster si *ara4evo pana la Cairo si Yaffa8 si
acolo am descoperit statia de calesti. "otul e foarte or'ani!at, nimic nu e lasat la voia sortii 7sau a
vi!itiului8. Arei tur scurt X KV de lire 7?K euro8. Arei tur lun' X nu dai prea mult in plus, LV de lire
7?[ euro8. Ce inseamna fiecare tur este foarte clar stipulat.
<esi coada la calesti 7sau fa1ton cum li se !ice pe insula8 era serioasa, imbarcarea era rapida, iar
calesti, 'arla. Cei care se simteau mai sportivi puteau inchiria o bicicleta X era cam ?V lire 7H,LV
euro8, dar plimbarea cu bicicleta pe -uyukada nu este chiar usoara X insula este deluroasa, pantele
uneori sunt destul de abrupte, asa ca trebuie sa ai ceva antrenament in muschi pentru a putea
pedala cu adevarat pe insulai si multi si2au cam supraestimat puterile, asa ca ii vedeam
impin'and bicicletele de !or.
1m decis sa o iau pe 4os. 5ur si simplu pentru a admira colectia de vile absolut 'eniale de pe
soseaua principala. <in pacate, nu pot spune ca a fost o e@perienta minunata, pentru ca la fiecare
secunda trebuia sa te feresti de o caleasca ce era condusa de vreun vi!itiu !anatic sau de marea de
biciclete. &a un moment dat, m2am obisnuit, asa ca am inceput sa ma simt chiar bine.
<esi pare repetitiv, locul este chiar sarmant 7daca nu ar fi fost marea de multime8 X curti aran4ate,
multimi de flori, case stralucitoare, pisici miorlaitoarei Care se repeta, se repeta, se repeta, dar
placerea ramane la feli <esi stilul e asemanator, fiecare casa are ceva al ei, ceva unic. Bntr2un
final, iesim din !ona locuita, drumul strabate un soi de padurice in care niste turci veniti la picnic
au incins un soi de hora 7ma ro', deloc indracita ca la noi, mai de'raba un dans european
medieval8 si pur si simplu se simt bine. 5arca si calestile s2au imputinat 7asta o fi doar de !ona de
tur lun', cine stie8 pentru ca la final sa a4un'em in ceea ce harta numea &una 5ark X o parcare
pentru cai, o terasa cu mancare buna si priveliste superba, si cam atat. <e aici o iei la picior pe
panta abrupta care duce la manastirea *f. 9heor'he, iar de aici incolo, doar per pedes apostolorum
X no horses, no bikes 7ar fi si 'reu8. *i, intr2adevar, am descoperit acea 'ura de liniste la care ma
asteptam.
53
*us, pe culmea celui mai inalt varf de pe insula, se afla o manastire ortodo@a 'reacai GoG,
functionala! Eu este insa sin'ura biserica ortodo@a. <upa caderea Constantinopolului, otomanii s2
au multumit sa ocupe doar de 4ure insulele si sa2i lase pe locuitorii 'reci in pace cu bisericile,
manastirile si obiceiurile lor necredincioase. "urcii au inceput sa se mute aici, doar pentru a2si
construi somptuoasele vile, de abia in a doua 4umatate a secolului al >B>2lea, atrasi de liniste, de
natura mediteraneeana, de flori si, vorbesc 'urile rele, de 'recoaicele mai deschise unor e@periente
pre2 si e@tramaritale. Bn ?]CH, in urma tratatului de la &ausanne si a deci!iei schimbului fortat de
populatie, 'recii din Bstanbul si !ona adiacenta au fost scutiti de deportarea fortata in 9recia. =
drept, multi au emi'rat ulterior 7in anii jLV, 'recii din Bstanbul au suferit mai multe valuri de
po'romuri8, dar cativa au mai ramas, inclusiv pe insulai iar manastirea *f. 9heor'he este o
manastire ortodo@a operationala, una din putinele de pe teritoriul "urciei.
1m intrat, am aruncat o privire, foto'rafiatul era inter!isi 1m remarcat insa multimea de turci si
turcoaice care intrau in biserica, imbracati re'ulamentar 7cine avea fusta sau pantalonul prea scurt
primea o fusta lun'a, lun'a la intrare8, parca cu o oarecare sfiala, dar o evident curio!itatei se
vede ca nu calatorisera prin tari ortodo@e, uitandu2ma la mirarea de pe fetele lor.
=ra locul cel mai departat pe care urma sa2l atin'em. =ra si cel mai inalt, la cei CVC metri. Urma
lun'ul drum spre casai din nou aceleasi vile sarmante, din fericire, din ce in ce mai putini cai 7se
pare ca turistii se cam retra'eau spre port unde terasele si resturantele duduiau la cote ma@ime8,
asa ca returul chiar a fost o placere. 1sa ca l2am prelun'it cat de mult am putut `8. ;data a4uns in
portul care 'emea de atata lume 7*lava <omnului, marea ma4oritate stand la terasa8, am va!ut un
vapor care urma sa plece in vreo C minute. 1m cumparat ur'ent bilete 7tot L lire8 si am sarit in el,
a4un'and in doar KL minute inapoi in Bstanbuli Citisem pe undeva ca duminica seara, poti sa
astepti mult si bine sa prin!i loc la un vapor pentru ca pot fi si ?V,VVV turisti la sfarsitul !ilei
dornici de repatriere in Bstanbul.
1 fost o e@perienta faina0 5e ansamblu, dai 1 inceput un pic cam neplacut si !buciumat, dar
insula e superba, iar cladirile, de2a dreptul minunate. Jepet si eu ce am citit peste tot X incercati sa
evitati Geekendul. <aca chiar nu se poate, asteptati2va la multimi impresionante si incercati sa
'asiti alei laterale. <aca aveti antrenament serios, puteti lua o bicicleta, dar mai bine pe 4os 7e
drept, am facut vreo ?VX?L km la picior, dar nu sunt chiar asa de multi8. =u o sa revin candva in
Bnsulele 5rinteselor. <ar probabil pe cealalta insula. *a fac o comparatie 38.
Imagini Insulele Printeselor Z HuGuka5a
54
"erminalul din Tabatas. Unul din cele cateva
;rarul uneia dintre companii care operea!a in insule
55
= plin spre insule
<ar pana la insule, sa admiram Bstanbului din lar'
56
6oscheea <olmabahce 7mi se pare mie sau aduce putin cu Ca!inoul din Constanta 08
Catedrala *f. *ofia
57
6oscheea 1lbastra
*i in fine, prima din insulele din 6armara X Heybeliada. 1ici am facut prima oprire
58
-uyukada X final destination
*trada principala cum vi de la statia de ferry boat
59
5e soarele asta, e obli'atoriu sa2ti iei o palarie
*au o in'hetata *au parca e prea cald pentru o in'hetata
60
*tatia de calesti
;ferta masiva. Cerere la fel
61
<ar am decis sa pornim pe 4osi <e la turnul cu ceas
Un palat doar pentru stabi
62
*i cateva din vilele foarte frumoase de pe -uyukada
63
64
Cine vrea un talisman 0 1vem de toate, pentru casa, masina, sanatate, etc, etc
Eici cealalta insula, Heybeliada nu e prea departe
65
; hora turceasca
66
*i florii cate florii -uyukada este un mic paradis
Bn lar', numeroase vase de transport flanchea!a tarmul asiatic al orasului
67
Bn sfarsit, liniste. 5e aici nu mai trec nici carutele, nici biciclistii
1sta nu e copac de atarnat talismane
68
6ai de'raba tufisurile 4oaca acest rol
6anastirea *f. 9heor'he din varful -uyukadei
69
Ca sa intri, trebuie sa ai haine potrivite. 6ai ales doamnele
Una din panoramele de neuitat de lan'a manastire
70
si superba ve'etatie mediteraneeana
71
Yos la &una 5ark, caii in asteptare de clienti
72
Colectia de pisici a iesit la aer
73
Ce bine arata -uyukada fara calesti in vite!a
*farsitul !ilei, am prins un vapor la mustata
74
&a revedere, -uyukada
Hello, Bstanbul !
8umbert , L !ile n urm
5e mine m2a de!ama'it -uyukada. "ururile cu trasura sunt doar o cursa contra cronometru in care
caii si turistii sunt chinuiti ca sa mai scoata vi!itiul un ban in plus 7si ma4oritatea nici nu stiu
en'le!a ca sa2ti spuna ceva despre locurile prin care treci8. 5adurile de pe insula sunt pline de
'unoaie lasate de turcii veniti la picnic. Bn plus, preturile de acolo sunt mult mai mari decat in
Bstanbul si feribotul este arhiplin si lipsit de orice confort si la dus si la intors.
Blorin , L !ile n urm
Irumos reporta4.
*i acesta i cel despre Ianar, cu liceul construit de domnitor romn !
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.ncep s mi fac cura4 s mai mer' odat la Bstanbul.
5n acum sin'ura mea e@perien acolo 7i totodat prima hieireQ n strintate, e@ceptnd
-ul'aria8 a fost cam stresanti
1m plecat din -ucureti cu un avion "arom 7eram, evident, la prima cltorie cu un avioni8 care
a avut ntr!iere dintr2un motivi mai ciudat3 ncepuse cu o !i nainte r!boiul din Bu'oslavia, iar
spaiul aerian era disputat cui aviaia american 7era n anul ?]]]8.
1m a4uns la Bstanbul ntr2un Geek2end 7cu oca!ia unui curs de hperfecionareQi8 n care
7aproape8 totul a fost nchis3 ncepea Turban -airam 7cum ar fi 5astele la noi8.
1m prins o sin'ur !i cu mu!ee deschise 7i am bifat ma4oritatea atraciilor, totui8
1m aflat seara de la televi!iunile locale c am scpat hla mustaQ de un atentat 7era vremea
disputelor interne cu minoritatea kurdai8 n piaa "aksim, dimineaa cnd plecam de la hotelul
9olden 1'e spre mu!ee.
1m fost pcalit de comercianii din fata *fintei *ofia la cursul lirei3 era vremea sutelor de mii de
lire pentru un dolari
<ar asta este istorie, acum 7dup multe alte ri v!ute, inclusiv un se4ur hall inclusiveQ n !ona
&ara din 1ntalya8 parca as reveni la Bstanbul
Catalina , L !ile n urm
si noi tot in Geekend am nimerit. sambata, in luna mai. si a fost prima oara cand am mers cu
feribotul in picioare .
intr2adevar plimbarea cu trasura e o pacaleala. noi am mers pe 4os. 'reu la deal dar a meritat. asa
am putut admira pe2ndelete toate acele vile superbe.aproape toti vi!itatorii insulei erau turci. veniti
la picnic cu mic cu mare.si mai ales foarte multi adolescenti veniti cu 'asca.
eu si'ur voi reveni pe -uyukada. poate intr2o 4oi , toamna
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Istanbul alt1el[ cartierul Bener 5e un5e ne+am (roco(sit cu 1anarioti
*mi place foarte mult *stanbului. *ubesc freamatul orasului, iubesc nebunia acestei metropole in
care locuiesc 45 milioane de oameni ,si probabil ceva mai multe pisici-, iubesc ar#itectura,
iubesc mancarea, iubesc tanguirea muezinilor, iubesc arta negotului, in fine, *stanbul este un oras
pe care il recomand oricui. *n consecinta, am si fost de mai multe ori prin *stanbul, cred ca de
vreo zece ori. *stanbulul m&a acaparat total, de am ajuns sa nu vad si altceva din "urcia
decat Cappadocia in primavara acestui an. Dar, ducandu&ma de atatea ori pe malul 6osforului si
vazand ,nu neaparat vizitand- f. ofia sau .osc#eea 3lbastra de atatea ori, am decis ca in vara
acestui an, cand am petrecut trei zile la *stanbul ,mergand spre si intoarcandu&ma
din 7zbe0istan- , sa nu ma mai duc in aceleasi locuri batute si ras&batute si sa ajung si in alte
zone ale marii metropole turce. )u pot sa zic ca sunt niste zone complet neturistice ,am mai vazut
77
cateva suflete cu aparatul foto de gat si 8onel1 Planet in brate-, dar sunt de obicei niste zone in
care nu ajungi.
1sa ca in prima !i cand am venit in Bstanbul, am decis sa mer' in cartierul Iener 7ma ro', fusese
pe lista de foarte mult timp8, cartierul care ne2a dat o serie intrea'a de domnitori care au condus
tarile romane in funesta perioada a fanariotilor, dar si cartierul de unde a aparut cunoscuta echipa
de fotbal Ienerbahce.
*ituat pe malul apusean al 'olfului Cornul de 1ur, Iener a repre!entat, de2a lun'ul secolelor
otomane, cartierul crestin al 'recilor ramasi dupa masacrul de la caderea Constantinopolului.
<upa ?KLH 5atriarhia ;rtodo@a a Constantinopolelui s2a mutat in cartierul Ianar dupa ce sultanul
6ahomed BB hCuceritorulQ a numit un nou patriarh investindu2l de asemenea cu responsabilitatea
repre!entarii tuturor ortodocsilor din Bmperiu ;toman 7indiferent de nationalitate8. "rebuie
preci!at ca noul patriarh, 9ennadius *cholarius, a fost investit de 6ohamed la doar trei !ile dupa
cucerirea Constantinopolului 7in aceste trei !ile, armatele otomane au avut liber la ucis, violat si
4efuit8 si care prin acest 'est a dorit sa obtina loialitatea locuitorilor 'reci ai imperiului. 9ennadius
7care ca!use rob in !ilele cuceririi8 nu a fost ales intamplator. =l fusese cel mai mare inamic dintre
clericii bi!antini ai unificarii -isericilor Jomei si Constantinopolului decise de Conciliul de la
Ilorenta din ?KH] 7cand bi!antinii inca sperau ca salvarea lor va veni din ;ccident8, asa ca
6ahomed l2a ales pentru a fi si'ur ca -iserica ;rtodo@a trecuta acum sub suveranitate otomana va
spri4ini Bmperiul ;toman in ca!ul unei noi cruciade.
"inand cont ca masacrul de dupa ocuparea Constantinopolului de catre turci a fost nimica toata pe
lan'a ce facusera cuceritorii catolici in ?CVK, nici nu a fost 'reu. 9recii erau in mod cert mai
fericiti sub turci decat sub catolici.
*ediul patriarhiei ortodo@e se aflase pana la cucerire in imensa Catedrala *f. *ofia, transformata
imediat in moschee 7prima ru'aciune musulmana in biserica a avut loc a doua !i dupa caderea
Constantinopolului8. Eoul patriarh a fost nevoit sa se mai mute de doua ori datorita
sistemati!arilor impuse de sultanul 6ahomed 7demolari, convertiri, construirea de moschei si mai
ales a 6arelui -a!ar8, a4un'and pana la urma in cartierul mar'inas al Ianarului. 1ici a fost urmat
de familiile crestine care au supravietuit cuceririi. <upa cateva decenii de cumpana, 'recii din
Constantinopol 7numiti din acel moment hfanariotiQ8 au casti'at po!itii importante in afaceri si
chiar si in politica. <eoarece otomanii inter!iceau turcilor sa invete limbi straine 7pare ciudat in
!ilele noastre cand 'asesti turci capabili sa vorbeasca chiar si ?V limbi8, 'recii au 4ucat rolul de
talmaci, incet2incet, po!itia de dra'oman a4un'and echivalentul ministrului de e@terne. Bar toti
dra'omanii au fost de ori'ine 'reaca. Ianariotii au urcat apoi in ierarhie, multi fiind numiti
'uvernatori de provincii ma4oritar crestine din -alcani, a4un'and chiar si domnitori ai tarilor
romane. 5uterea lor s2a prabusit insa in ?\C? cand otomanii i2au suspectat de implicare in
revolutia 'reaca si in miscarea =teria, asa ca patriarhul Constantinopolului 9ri'ore A a fost
span!urat, iar marele dra'oman Constantin 6oru!i a fost decapitat. Corpul lui 9ri'ore A a fost
oferit cadou comunitatii evreiesti din Constantinopol care, dupa ce l2a tarat prin tot orasul, l2a
aruncat in -osfor unde a fost pescuit de un vas rusesc si dus la ;desa. <ar patriarhul si
dra'omanul nu au fost sin'urele victime. Bn urmatoarele luni au fost ucisi mii si mii de 'reci, in
'eneral capii comunitatii X arhiepiscopi, episcopi, ne'ustori, profesori etc. Ianarul nu2si va mai
reveni niciodata.
1m a4uns in Ianar cu autobu!ul din fata -a!arului ='iptean. =vident ca nu stiam e@act unde e, asa
ca soferul ne2a indicat locul unde sa coboram. "urcii de asta!i au descoperit ca turismul reli'ios
spre locatii crestine din actuala republica le poate aduce bani, chiar foarte multi bani, asa ca
tururile includ numeroase urme crestine X de la bisericile sapate in piatra ale Cappadociei pana la
78
cele din Bstanbul sau de aiurea. Cum am coborat, nu s2a putut sa nu ne sara in ochi o cladire
imensa, impo!anta, care iesea clar in evidenta, sus pe dealul Ianarului.
5ana atunci insa, am cautat biserica bul'areasca *f. *tefan. Eu este orice tip de biserica, ci este o
biserica de fier, mai precis structura sa este de fier. Bnitial, aici a fost construita o biserica din lemn
atunci cand -iserica ;rtodo@a -ul'ara si2a declarat independenta fata de Constantinopol, dar a
luat foc, asa ca bul'arii din capitala Bmperiului au hotarat sa ridice o biserica prefabricata din fier.
-ul'arii nu erau chiar ori'inali, en'le!ii construisera prin imensul lor imperiu biserici an'licane
prefabricate in 6area -ritanie si apoi trimise pe mare spre colonii. Bar structurile de fier erau la
mare moda la sfarsitul secolului al >B>2lea, 'anditi2va doar la turnul =iffel bunaoara. 1sa ca
biserica a fost prefabricata la Aiena si trimisa pe <unare si apoi, pe mare, la Bstanbul.
=ste o biserica unica, cel putin in =uropa, asa ca evident ca mi2am dorit sa o vi!ite!. E2a fost sa
fie pentru ca biserica de fier este in restaurare, o restaurare care se anunta de lun'a durata, pana in
CV?\. 1m reusit sa arunc un ochi prin 'ard si sa o admir din departare. *i sa2mi note! in a'enda
anului CV?\ ca trebuie sa o vi!ite!.
1poi, m2am pierdut pe stradutele Ianarului. 1proape nimic nu mai aduce aminte de comunitatea
'reco2ortodo@a care a dominat cartierul timp de aproape patru secole otomane. <impotriva, mi s2a
parut un cartier conservator musulmani
Iustele scurte si buricele la vedere din centru au disparut complet, in locul lor aparand chadorurile
pentru putinele femei de pe stra!i. 5arca nici ochii oamenilor nu erau la fel X citeai o incrancenare
si un refu! in a2ti !ice hbine ai venitQ. *i de fapt asta e ma'ia Bstanbulului X oamenii atat de veseli
si primitori. Bn Iener, nu am re'asit Bstanbulul meu, am descoperit un Bstanbul rece, distant, sarac
si neprimitor. 1sta nu inseamna ca nu m2am simtit in si'uranta. Iaptul ca nu esti bine venit nu
inseamna ca iti vor da si in cap atat timp cat stai in banca ta.
5e locurile fostelor biserici au aparut moschei, si daca in centru esti acceptat fara nici o problema
in orice moschee, evident daca esti imbracat decent si te descalti, in Iener nu mai e ca!ul. <ar nu
moscheile le cautam eu, ci 5atriarhia Constantinopolului. 1m suspectat ca imensa cladire pe care
o va!usem de pe malul Cornului de 1ur este patriarhia. Eu era asa. 1vea insa de2a face cu
ortodo@ia X este &iceul ;rtodo@ din Ianar.
Cum !iceam, cladirea este imensa. 1ctuala constructie provine din secolul al >B>2lea cand un
'rec bo'at din Bmperiu a vrut sa construiasca un palat imens pentru liceul care fusese fondat un an
dupa caderea Constantinopolului, in ?KLK. 1ici au invatat sute si mii de studenti ortodocsi din
!onele ocupate sau vasale imperiului, inclusiv viitori domnitori romani. Cel mai ilustru dintre ei,
probabil, e <imitrie Cantemir. <in pacate, intrarea in liceu era !dravan barata de niste lacate
imense, iar curtea cladirii era impre4muita de un 'ard solid cu sarma 'himpata. &iceul este
incon4urat totusi de o comunitate turca conservatoare ostila, asa ca orice se poate intampla. Bn
schimb, am descoperit cu surprindere o cafenea <imitrie Cantemiri evident ca nu am ratat
oca!ia de a bea o apa in cafeneaua care poarta numele domnitorului roman.
Cafk <imitrie Cantemir este fi@ sub imensa cladire a liceului si am intrat intr2o vasta curte
interioara, neasteptata pentru Ienerul care este supera'lomerat cu cladiri. ; curte linistita in care
coe@istau pisici, iepuri si boboci de rata. Bntreb de casa <imitrie Cantemir. *tiu ca aici acum cativa
ani fusese deschis un minimu!eu al domnitorului roman in locul unde si2a avut casa. <in pacate e
inchis, iar locul pare pustiu in ciuda investitilor de circa CLV.VVV de dolari. &ocul pare de'radat si
nu e intretinut. Cafeneaua arata ;T, dar 6u!eul <imitrie Cantemir e o ruina. Bntele' ca cladirea e
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o strutocamila din punctul de vedere al proprietatii X parterul e detinut de 5rimaria din Iener,
eta4ul X de -iserica ;rtodo@a a Constantinopolului. Eici o parte nu este realmente interesata de
pre!ervarea memoriei domnitorului roman care a studiat aici si chiar a donat o suma importanta de
bani ase!amantului. ;ricum, sa bei un suc la Cafk <imitrie Cantemir in vechiul Constantinopoli
merita sa a4un'i tocmai in Iener.
1m plecat din fosta citadela a celor mai bo'ati locuitori ai Constantinopolului cu sentimente
amestecate. <a, am fost bucuros sa descopar urmele unui domnitor roman, mi s2a parut interesanta
metamorfo!a cartierului, dar atmosfera mi s2a parut apasatoare. *ic transit 'loria mundii chiar si
arhitectonica.
Imagini Bener Z Istanbul
6oschee din centrul Bstanbulului
80
Areun cucuru! fiert doriti 0 ? lira !
Bstanbulul are iesire la mare, prin el trece -osforuli deci, trebuie sa aibe o lun'a traditie de
mancat peste
81
<ar inainte de a purcede spre Ianar, ne2am alaturat turcilor iesiti la picnic pe malul Cornului de
1ur
; cladire semeata se inalta dintr2un cartier cam 'ri
82
<ar nu poti intrain Iener cu adidasii nefacuti
Cam retro
83
Hamamul cartierului
&ocalniciii cam plictisiti
84
1u disparut pantalonii scurti
*arac, sarac, dar mai 'asesti niste case faine
85
&iceul ortodo@ din Iener
-ine flancat de o moscheei sa nu uitam ca ne aflam intr2o tara musulmana
86
*tra!ile in panta ale Ienerului
"erenul a fost cumparat de <imitrie Cantemir, fost elev al scolii
87
iar urmele domnitorului roman le 'asesti intr2o i cafenea
Un spatiu 'eneros intr2un cartier a'lomerat
88
Bepuras dra'alas
6dai mu!eu. Cam inchis si din pacate in para'ina
89
5e malul Cornului de 1ur, traditionalisti si liberali
8umbert , ? Geek n urm
Aad ca ai ratat cel mai interesant obiectiv din Iener3 patriarhia ortodo@a din Constantinopole, o
cladire mica dar in care e@ista multa istorie si o ma'ie aparte. 5atriarhia se afla pe o straduta sub
liceul ortodo@, aproape de Cornul de 1ur. "ot in Iener pot fi vi!itate si cateva mici biserici
bi!antine, unele mai au inca urme de mo!aic.
Eu este departe nici biserica din Chora 7un monument foarte vi!itat8 unde se poate a4un'e dupa o
plimbare mai lun'a sau cu transportul in comun. Bn !ona Chora sunt si !idurile "heodosiene dar si
sin'ura cladire laica bi!antina care a ramas in picioare 7palatul sau inchisoarea lui 1nemas8.
Bar dincolo de !idurile bi!antine se afla cel mai musulman cartier al orasului 7=yup8, cu
mormantul unui camarad al 5rofetului care a murit acolo in timpul primului asediu arab al
orasului.
Im(erator , ? Geek n urm
1sa e, am cautat patriarhia, nu am 'asit2o. <ata viitoare. !
90
beitriu , L !ile n urm
5acat, de la Casa Cantemir trebuia sa cobori pana in prima strada si sa o iei in dreapta, LV m. "e2a
pacalit pre!enta impo!anta a Cole'iului ;rtodo@. ;ricum, pentru data viitoare, daca mai a4un'i
lan'a cole'iu, acolo este sin'ura biserica bi!antina ramasa in functiune si acum, h6aria a
mon'olilorQ, construita in sec. >BBB, de fata lui 6ihail ABBB 5aleolo'ul, cel care a recucerit
Constantinopolul de la cruciati. -iserica a mai fost modificat arhitectural de2a lun'ul timpului dar
tot isi pastrea!a partea veche, inclusiv unele fresce.
Im(erator , L !ile n urm
6ultumesc de directii. <a, trebuie sa ma intorc la un moment dat in Ianar
(olat , ? Geek n urm
la un moment dat am va!ut ca se discuta pe la istanbul ca !ona asta fatih,fener,balat sa fie
curatata7adica sa li se dea o suma de bani actualilor proprietari sa se mute in alta parte urmand ca
aici sa se faca restaurarea caselor si sa fie !ona de hoteluri,comert dandu2i stralucirea de
altadata7aici la un moment dat locuiau cei mai instariti oameni ai orasului8!
anul asta cand am fost in istanbul am vrut sa a4un' si eu in !ona asta dar pana la urma nu am mai
a4uns.poate data viitoare.
0irel , ? Geek n urm
Bti impartasesc sentimentele le'ate de Bstanbul. *i eu am va!ut orasul de patru ori, ultima data de
curand 7parte a unui circuit prin "urcia8. &a fel ca si tine, am decis sa nu ma limite! la
*ultanahmet, acolo unde sunt concentrate ma4oritatea atractiilor turistice, desi oricand ai ce sa ve!i
ceva nou si acolo. Bn prima !i am ales traseul &aleli X =minonu X 9alata X -eyo'lu iar a doua !i
&aleli X Fenikapi X *ultanahmet. 1m descoperit un altfel de Bstanbul, mult mai interesant. Aoi
scrie si eu cat de curand pe blo'.
O%i5iu , ?? ore n urm
Ioarte interesant articol. &a anul am de 'nd s petrec vreo sptmn la Bstanbul $i intenione! s
vi!ite! $i Ianarul, a$a c voi folosi articolele tale drept 'hid $i voi reveni $i cu alte ntrebri.
.n ceea ce prive$te clubul Ienerbah)e, m tem c nu are le'tur cu cartierul Ianar, n ciuda
numelor asemntoare. *pre deosebire de 9alatasaray $i -e$ikta$, care se afl n =uropa,
Ienerbah)e este pe malul asiatic, n cartierul Tad%kNy.
91
hTurban -ayram%Q este considerat una dintre cele mai importante srbtori din calendarul
musulman $i marchea! sfr$itul pelerina4ului ritual comunitar la 6ecca.
<e a!i K octombrie si timp de K !ile este Turban -ayram% 2 *rbtoarea *acrificiului care este un
oma'iu adus profetului 1braham $i a credinei dovedite prin acceptarea sacrificrii fiul su
Bsmael. Credincio$ii $i ncep !iua cu ru'ciuni, trebuie s se mpace, se fie unii $i s i a4ute pe
cei sraci sau care au nevoie de a4utor, pentru a obine iertarea divin 2 =pisodul sacrificiului este
relatat de Coran $i este acela$i $i n -iblie, n Aechiul "estament. 2 1vraam, sau Bbrahim, n tradiia
islamic, s2a ru'at vreme ndelun'at lui 1llah pentru a2i da un copil. C s2i pun la ncercare
credin, 1llah i2a druit un urma$, ns cu o condiie3 s2l sacrifice la timpul cuvenit. Bsmail,
viitorul profet, l2a ncura4at pe tatl su s asculte porunca lui 1llah, ns n'eri trimi$i de =& i2au
adus un animal pentru a fi sacrificat n locul biatului. .n prima !i a *rbtorii *acrificiului,
musulmanii urmea! acest ritual de sacrificare a unui animal, amintind mereu i mereu de
istorisirea acestor doi profei $i de semnificaia sacrificiului. XX -airam fericith,
"urcia devine din C\ iulie cea mai dulce tara."urcii sarbatoresc :Jama!an sau /eker 7!ahar8:
sarbatoare reli'ioasa care tine H !ile plina de dulciuri incepand de a!i si marchea!a sfarsitul
Jama!anului, luna sfanta de post a musulmanilor. "urcii au o saptamana de vacanta si este mare
forfota peste tot. : Jama!an -ayram%n%! kutlu olsunj 7*arbatori fericite!8
Cum saW limba turca\
Z ;C";6-JB= CV?K

&, Cum sW i setezi tastatura ?)i@ (entru limba turc\
<e mare folos, redactarea cu litere turce$ti a te@telor, mesa4elor pe care intenionm s le scriem
este trecut cu vederea de muli. <ar ce ne facem cnd pree!ena sau lipsa punctuleelor schimb
sensul cuvintelor0 Un scurt e@emplu3 Hen 5onuGorum 7h=u n'heQ8 cnd de fapt ceea ce
intenionasem s spunem era3 Hen 5RnIGorum 7h=u m ntorcQ8. Cum pui mna pe caracterele
turce$ti0 Eimic mai simplu! Jespect pa$ii de mai 4os! .i trebuie un calculator deschis 7de4a ai
ndeplinit condiia dac cite$ti acest post!8 1cum, la treab!
92
"tart Z Control Panel Z egion?al@ an5 Language ?o(tions@ Z >eGboar5s an5 Language Z
CNange >eGboar5s Z A55 Z selectezi TurkisN Z O> Z O>
Ca s poi schimba apoi tastaturile ntre ele, apas concomitent "Ni1t ] Alt $i 'ata! 5n nvei
e@act unde anume s2au ascuns literele turce$ti pe tastatura ta, mer'i la"tart Z All Programs Z
Accessories Z Ease o1 access Z On+screen keGbor5 $i ar trebuie s2i apar tastatura virtual!
"astatura n limba turc
+, #, $, %, N, ) i 'ata! 1i v!ut0 E2a fost chiar a$a de 'reu! 38
*, Cum sW urmre)ti canale 5e tele%iziune turce)ti li%e\
Iie c vrei s fii la curent cu $tirile din "urcia, fie i dore$ti s au!i ct mai mult turc ca s2i
obi$nuie$ti urechea, oricare ar fi motivul tu, este foarte simplu s urmre$ti canale de televi!or
turce$ti chiar pe internet! Cum faci asta0 Cele mai multe pa'ini de internet ale canalelor respective
au butonul CA#LI <A<I# sauCA#LI 3:LE pentru a urmri live emisiunile difu!ate. <ac i
vor aprea tot felul de anchete care i condiionea! accestul la transmisia live, apas pe orice
opiune de acolo 7=A=" sau H1FBJ, sau orice va aprea8. 6ai 4os ai link2uri directe ctre
canalele live de pe internet!
1"A
Io@"A
Tanal<
*hoG"v
*tar"v
"J"?
Tral5;5"v 7canal de mu!ic8
*amanyolu
CEE "UJT
Fumurcak"v 7canal pentru copii8
5oi 'si aici mai multe canale turce$ti $i link2uri ctre difu!area lor live pe internet!
-, Cum sW gse)ti un 5icionar bun 5e limba turc\
Cel mai folosit dicionar de noi prin limba en'le! n anii studeniei este 0oon"tar
"RzlIk ?sRzlIk X dicionar8 pe care l poi obine 'ratuit de pe acest link. 1pe$ti pe ;desa
6oonstar *N!l#k CV?V (ndir, salve!i fi$ierul $i instale!i pro'ramul. 5oate fi niic btaie de cap
pn vei reu$i s l folose$ti la capacitatea lui ma@im, dar, crede2ne, merit orice pictur de
efort!
<ac i este la ndemn un dicionar turc2romn, romn2turc, i recomandm<icionarul
1C=*"1.
93
Aarianta carte a dicionarului de mai sus poate fi comandat n -ucure$ti la numrul de telefon
V[HH ]\Z []\.
., Cum sW 1ii la curent cu to(urile muzicale 5in Turcia\
1ici chiar c e floare la ureche! *iteul Tral5op"v ne d o mn de a4utor, sptmn de
sptmn! Bntr 1BCB ca s ve!i care sunt melodiile la mod n "urcia! Ca s le poi asculta mai
u$or, reine titlul $i interpretul $i caut2le pe Foutube, le vei 'si ct ai clipi!
2, Cum sW sur(rinzi LI$E Istanbulul\
^i2e dor, nu2i a$a c i2e dor0 Arei s te ntorci $i s cucere$ti pe deplin acest ora$ care pare c nu
se mai termin! Arei s colin!i fiecare strdu, s atin'i fiecare lespede srutat de istorie! 5n
a4un'i acolo, ai o hfereastrQ lar' deschis ctre Bstanbul, mai precis o mulime de camere live
care i arat ce se petrece n ora$ul tu favorit! 1pas 1BCB $i las2te purtat de $oaptele albastre
ale ora$ului fermecat!
Ba (asulP treci la ni%elul urmator
CK 61B CV?H

/tii s comunici n limba turc la un nivel de ba!, dar vrei mai mult. Arei sa depa$e$ti stadiul de
nceptor. Arei s poi nele'e mai mult, s te e@primi mai bine $i mai comple@ n limba turc.
1ceast postare este dedicat mi4loacelor care m2au a4utat pe mine s2mi ridic nivelul de
cuno$tine n urm cu ceva timp. .i vor prinde tare bine $i ie.
?. 5entru a te obi$nui cu sonoritatea limbii, urmre$te video2uri n turc fr subtitrare
direct. Acest site conine o multitudine de fi$iere video mprite pe cate'orii, de la economie,
politic, la educaie, familie, viaa familial $i pn la obiceiuri sau pove$ti de via. 1vanta4ul tu
este c poi descrca transcriera lor n limba turc dar $i traducerea n en'le!. .n plus, poi au!i
care este limba4ul folosit de oamenii obi$nuii, ca $i cnd i2ai asculta ntr2un local din Bstanbul sau
n casa unui prieten din 1nkara.
C. 6u!ica poate face minuni! <a, chiar a$a! Chiar dac turcii se pricep de minune s2$i spun oful
prin cntec noi putem profita nsu$indu2ne din e@presiile pe care ei le folosesc, uneori repetate n
mod obsesiv. .i poi asculta pe a1et el oman,>aGaNan, Can5an ErFetin, Teoman ori BerNat
GRFer Z ei pronun foarte deslu$it cuvintele $i nu i va fi 'reu s2i nele'i. .i
recomand aceast (agin,
H. 1i au!it cu si'uran de anecdotele lui Easreddin Hoca. 1cum poi asculta un nativ citindu2
le (e aceast (agin. <e asemenea, pentru cuvintele mai 'rele, ai la dispo!iie un mini2dicionar
n limba en'le!.
K. Arei s2i teste!i cuno$tinele de limba turc0 .ncearc s susi un test de plasare pentru
determinarea nivelului (e site+ul centrului !ilmer 5in Istanbul,
L. 1i nvat prea mult $i simi nevoia de o pau!0 1tunci te poi rela@a privind ima'ini
panoramice din cele mai 1rumoase locuri ale Turciei aici, site ce te poate totodat a4uta la
planificarea urmtoarei tale vacane n "urcia.
Z. =ste adevrat c fr s $tii s con4u'i foarte bine verbele, nu te poi descurca ntr2o limb
strin. 5ro'ramul cu un titlu foarte su'estiv ^in0ek0ak te a4ut s con4u'i verbe n turc la
toate timpurile $i modurile.
94
[. Carneelul ma'ic. =ste bine s ai la tine un carnet n care s note!i cuvintele noi n turc pe care
le au!i la prieteni, la filme sau n cntece. &e poi nota n ordinea n care le2ai ntnit. 1cest
carneel a nlocuit cu succes lectura mea din metrou!
\. Cum faci s 'se$ti un cuvnt cnd nu ai un dicionar la ndemn0 Eu, nu vei apela la 9oo'le
"ranslate, care este cea mai neinspirat variant ntr2o astfel de situaie. <icionarele pe care le
recomand sunt3
http3,,GGG.sesliso!luk.net,
http3,,GGG.turkishdictionary.net,
http3,,turen'.com,
<ac ai ntrebri le'ate de aceast postare, le a$tept la seciunea de comentarii.
#asrettin 8oca 8ikAGeleri
Arka5a)sCzlCk
Den'in, ya$l% bir adam Nl#nce b#t#n paras% tek o+luna kalm%$. ;+lan, ahmak birdelikanl%ym%$,
)ok 'e)meden b#t#n paras%n% harcam%$. -u vaki oldu+u !aman b#t#n arkada$lar% onu terketmi$.
1hmak o+lan 'itmi$ nasihat almak i)in Hoca ile 'Nr#$m#$.
:Iakirim $imdi ve hi) arkada$%m yok! Ee yapay%m0: diye sormu$.
:6erak etme,: demi$ Hoca. :Sok 'e)meden her $ey d#!elir. -ekle, tekrar mutlu olursun.:
;+lan heyecanlanarak3 :"ekrar !en'in mi olaca+%m0: diye sorunca Hoca3
:Hay%r, onu demedim. Iakirli+e ve arkada$s%!l%+a al%$%rs%n demek istedim.: diye cevap vermi$.
HalCk ile >e5i
Easrettin Hoca, ak$am yeme+i i)in bira! bal%k sat%n al%r. 1k$amleyin kar%s%, ona ak$am yeme+i
olarak )orba ile pilav verir. :-al%k nerede0: diye sorar Hoca.
:1a, onu kedini! yedi! TNt# bir hayvand%r o!: der kar%s%.
95
Easrettin Hoca )ok k%!ar. Tedi ile kar%s%n%, evinin yan%ndaki d#kkana 'Nt#r#r ve kediyi
dikkatle tartar. *onra kar%s%na dNner ve, :-al%+%m, #) kilo a+%rl%+%ndayd%. -u kedi de #) kilo
'eliyor. -al%+%m buradad%r, diyorsunu!. ; halde kedim nerededir0!: der.
Bu bebek baka bebek!
Easrettin HocaWn%n kar%s% Nld#+# !aman tekrar evlenmi$. Feni kar%s%, bir dulmu$. ;nunla
evlendikten bir hafta sonra, onun bir )ocu+u olmu$.
Hoca hemen )ar$%ya ko$ar bira! ka+%t birka) kur$un kalem ile )ocuk kitaplar% sat%n al%r. -u
$eylerle eve dNner ve onlar% yan%na koyar.
Tar%s% $a$%r%p kalm%$. :Ee yap%yorsunu!: demi$. :-ebek, onlar% daha u!un
bir s#rekullanamayacak. Eeden bu kadar acele ediyorsunu!0:
:*i! tamamen yan%l%yorsunu!,: diye cevap vermi$ kocas%. :-i!im bebe+imi!, alelade bir bebek
de+il. <oku! ay yerine bir haftada 'eldi. 1nl%yorsunu! ya, bundan iki hafta sonraokuyup ya!ma+%
N+renir duruma 'elecek.:
mlein bebekleri
Easrettin Hoca, kom$usundan Nd#n) olarak bir )Nmlek ald%. -ir iki '#n sonra. i)erisinde ba$ka
k#)#k bir )Nmlek oldu+u halde onu 'eri 'Nt#rd#.
:SNmle+ini!in bir bebe+i oldu bi!deyken,: dedi. Tom$u, )ok memnun olmu$.
Easrettin, tekrar ayn% )Nmle+i Nd#n) ald%. -u sefer onu 'eri 'Nt#rmedi. Tom$u, EasrettinWin
evine 'itmi$, :-enim b#y#k )Nmle+ime ne oldu0: diye sormu$. :Eeden onu bu !amana kadar 'eri
'etirmedini!0:
:;o, si!e u!un Nm#rler...-i!deyken Nld# o!: dedi Easrettin Hoca.
:1man Hocam, nas%l olur0 SNmlekler Nlme! ki!: diyen kom$uya Hoca $Nyle cevap vermi$3
:Eeden bNyle sNyl#yorsunu!0 SNmle+in bir bebe+i oldu dedi+im !aman inand%n%!. -ebe+i nas%l
olduysa )Nmlek Nyle de Nl#r tabii, de+il mi0:
8oca_nCn szI
-ir '#n Easrettin Hoca ba!% arkada$lar%yle sohbet ederken ona ka) ya$%nda oldu+unu
sormu$lard%. :T%rk ya$%nday%m,: diye cevap vermi$ti.
1radan on y%l 'e)er. 1rkada$lar bir '#n Easrettin HocaWya ayn% soruyu sormu$lar.
Hocaso+ukkanl%l%kla yine3 :T%rk ya$%nday%m,: diye cevap vermi$. 1rkada$lar hep bir a+%!dan3
:Eas%l olur, Hoca0 ;lama!! ;n y%l Nnce k%rk ya$%nday%m demi$tin!:
inkar etme!! -enim tek bir 1llah%m var ve tek bir sN!#m var... Firmi y%l 'e)erse de sorunu!a ayn%
cevab% verece+im...:
96
#asrettin 8oca_nCn e)ekleri
-ir sabah Hoca be$ e$ekle birlikte evinden ayr%ld%. Sar$%ya 'itmek istiyordu. Foruldu+u !aman,
e$eklerden birine bindi. <aha sonra e$ekleri sayd%3 sadece dNrt tane vard%! Hemen e$ekten inip
be$inciyi arama+a ba$lad%. =traf%na bak%nd%, ama onu bulamad%. 9eri dNn#p tekrar e$ekleri sayd%.
-u sefer be$ tane vard%.
;nlardan birine binip tekrar hareket etti. -irka) dakika sonra onlar% yeniden sayd%, ve 'ene yaln%!
dNrt tane vard%!
1rkada$lar%ndan biri yanlar%ndan 'e)iyordu. Hoca ona, :-e$ e$ekle evden ayr%ld%m` sonra dNrt
e$e+im kald%` daha sonra yine be$ oldu. -aksan%!a! -ir, iki #), dNrt. $imdi i$te sadece dNrt e$e+im
var,: dedi.
:Iakat,: dedi arkada$%, :bir e$e+in s%rt%nda oturuyorsunu!. ;, be$incisi! *i! de alt%nc%s%...:
#asrettin 8oca_nCn Gmlei
Hoca 'ece yar%s% uyanm%$. 5encereden bakt%+%nda bah)esinde beya! bir $ey 'Nrm#$. ;nun
bir h%rs%! oldu+unu !annederek silah%n% alm%$ ve bah)edeki beya! $eye ate$ etmi$. *onra tekrar
yatm%$ )#nk# karanl%kta evden )%kmayacak kadar )ok korkuyormu$.
=rtesi sabah d%$ar% )%k%nca, beya! 'Nmleklerinden birini
'Nrm#$3 )ama$%r ipinde as%l%duruyormu$ ve ortas%nda bir kur$un deli+i varm%$.
:<#n ak$am $ansl%yd%m,: demi$ Hoca. :<#n ak$am bu 'Nmle+i 'iymi$ olsayd%m, kur$un beni
Nld#rm#$ olacakt%!: Ae kendisini kurtard%+% i)in "anr%Wya $#kretmi$.
#asrettin 8oca_nCn akasC
HocaWn%n kNy#nden olan bir adam, u!aklara 'idip d%$ar%da bir )ok y%ll%n% harcar. *onra evine
dNner. =ski dostlar%, onun yabanc% #lkeler ve yabanc% insanlara dair hikyelerini merakla dinlerler.
:-u #lkelerin birinde hi) kimse hi) bir $ey 'iyme!! ;rada b#t#n y%l hava )ok s%cak olur,: der
adam.
:Oyle mi0: diye sorar Hoca. :Hi) elbise 'iyme!ler mi0 Oyleyse, o #lkede bir kimsenin erkek mi
yoksa kad%n m% oldu+unu nas%l anlarlar0:
#asrettin %e ka(C
1nnesi, ona3 :Easrettin, ben tarlaya 'idiyorum. -en evden u!aktayken, sen kap%n%n yan%nda
otur ve hep 'N!etle,: dedi+i !aman Easrettin k#)#k bir )ocuktu.
97
Tap%n%n yan%nda oturdu. -ir saat sonra day%lar%ndan birisi 'eldi ve EasrettinWe :1nnen nerede0:
diye sordu.
:"arlada,: diye cevap verdi Easrettin.
<ay%s%, :Tar%mla ben bu ak$am si!i !iyaret edece+i!. 9idip annene sNyle!: dedi.
Easrettin d#$#nme+e ba$lad%3 :1nnem bana hep kap%y% 'N!etlememi sNyledi. $imdi ne
yapay%m0: <#$#nd# ta$%nd%, ve sonra kap%y% yerinden sNk#p )%kard%, s%rt%na y#kleyip annesini
'Nrme+e 'itti.
Ta%uTun suGunun suGu
-ir '#n kNyl#n#n biri Easrettin HocaWya hediye olarak bir tavuk 'etirir. Hoca memnun olur ve
kar$%l%k olarak onu sofraya davet eder.
(ki '#n sonra #) kNyl# HocaWn%n kap%s%n% vurur. Tap%y% a)an Hoca sorar3 :Timsini!0:
1damlar3 :-i! tavuk 'etiren kNyl#n#n kom$ular%y%!,: derler.
=rtesi '#n kap% yine )al%n%r. Hoca a)ar ve kar$%s%nda dNrt adam 'Nr#r.
:*i! kimlersini!0: diye sorar.
:-i! 'e)enlerde si!e tavuk hediye 'etiren kNyl#n#n kom$usunun kom$ular%y%!,: diye cevap al%r.
-u durum kar$%s%nda Hoca bir$ey sNylemeden onlar% i)eri al%r ve sofraya oturtur. 1! sonra
onlara birer tabak s%cak su ikram eder...
Hep bir a+%!dan3
:-u nedir0: diye soran adamlara Easrettin Hoca $u cevab% verir3
:-u, hediye ald%+%m tavu+un suyunun suyudur...:
Tepsi kime4
HocaWn%n bir kom$usu onu 'Nr#nce ko$arak yan%na 'elir ve heyecanla3
:1man Hoca, kocaman bir tepsi baklava 'Nrd#m! Eefis kokuyordu!: der.
Hoca, :-ana ne0: diye sNylenir. Tom$u3
:1ma Hoca, tepsi si!in evini!e 'idiyor,: diyince Hoca3
:*ana ne0: diyerek yoluna devam eder.
98
<e KrkIm <e\
-ir '#n Easrettin Hoca b#y#k bir yemek !iyafetine 'itmi$. =ski elbiselerini 'iyiyormu$ ve i)eri
'irdi+i !aman hi) kimse bakmam%$ ve kendisine hi) kimse yer vermemi$.
Easrettin Hoca evine 'idip en iyi elbiselerini 'iymi$ ve sonra tekrar !iyafete 'itmi$. -u defa, onu
en iyi masaya 'Nt#r#p kendisine iyi bir yer vermi$ler, ve en iyi yemekleri ikram etmi$ler.
5altosunu yeme+in i)ine koyup, :-uyrun yeme+e, k#rk#m!: demi$ Hoca.
:Ee yap%yorsunu!0: diye sormu$lar ona.
:$ey..!: diye cevap vermi$ Easrettin Hoca. :5altomu yeme+e davet ediyorum. =ski elbiselerimi
'iydi+im !aman hi) kimse bana bakmad%, yemek veya i)ki ikram etmedi. *onra eve 'ittim ve bu
elbiselerimle dNn#p 'eldim ve bana en iyi yemekle en iyi i)kiyi verdini!. Oyle ya, bunlar% bana
k#rk#m i)in verdini!, kendim i)in de+il.:
_$erme_ %eGa _Alma_
Easrettin HocaWn%n arkada$lar%ndan birisi, paray% )ok seviyordu. Hi) kimseye asla bir$ey
verme!di. -ir '#n bu adam arkada$lar% ile nehir boyunda y#r#rken kayd% ve suya d#$t#.
1rkada$lar% ona yard%m etmek i)in ko$tular ve bir tanesi elini u!at%p, :=lini!i bana verin, si!i)ekip
)%karay%m!: dedi.
Den'in adam%n ba$% suya dald% ve sonra tekrar suyun #st#ne )%kt%, ama elini arkada$%na
vermedi. <i+erleri denediler, ama ayn% $ey oldu.
Easrettin Hoca 'elip, :=limi al%n, si!i )ekip )%karay%m!: dedi. Den'in adam elini ald% ve Easrettin
Hoca onu sudan )%kard%.
:;na WAerin!W dedi+ini! !aman, hi) bir $ey yapma!` ama W1l%nW dedi+ini!de al%r!: dedi Hoca
di+erlerine...
99
A#ATOLIA# BOTE""
-osphorus scenery. Bt Gas constructed upon the order of -aye!id B h"he "hunderboltQ at the
narroGest point of the -osphorus, betGeen the years ?H]? and ?H]]. <urin' the period, the
9enoese had sealed an alliance Gith the -y!antine =mpire and founded colonies in Tefe, *inop
and 1masra. "he -osphorus Gas of vital importance for both the 9enoese and the ;ttomans. Ior,
it Gas the lone method to take the passa'es from -osphorus under control and to ensure the
armyjs access to the opposin' coast in a safe manner durin' a potential battle to be fou'ht around
Jumelia.
"he castle, Ghich Gas constructed on an area of [ thousand sguare meters, Gas referred durin'
various eras Gith names such as 9#!el Hisar
7-eautiful Castle8, Feni Hisar 7EeG Castle8 and 1k Hisar 7fhite Castle8. "he castle, consistin'
of citadel Galls and tree toGers, has an important place in ;ttoman history. "he baileys of the
1nadolu Hisar, Ghose location Gas determined in a masterful manner strate'ically, are multi2
arched. "he Galls of the main castle lie for ZL meters in the east2Gest direction and \V meters in
north2south direction. "he thickness of the Galls is C,L meters. ;n the baileys e@ist vents Ghere
cannons Gere placed. -lock stones, filled Gith mortar in necessary places, Gere used on the main
castle and citadel Galls of 1nadolu Hisar%.
Chan'es made by 6ehmed BB in the year ?KLC, increased the stren'th of 1nadolu Hisar%
e@tremely. "he fortress, Ghich Gas previously used for the purpose of defense, therefore
Gas brou'ht to a condition enablin' the ;ttomans to start an assault from there. 1nadolu Hisar%
also be'an bein' a settlement durin' the 6ehmed the Congueror era. Bt Gas first ensured for
soldiers, and afterGards the people, to settle around the fortress. 1nadolu Hisar%, Ghere the attacks
from the -lack *ea Gere responded after the Conguest of (stanbul, lost its importance durin' the
?Zth century, after the -lack *ea be'an to be entirely controlled by the ;ttoman =mpire.
1s for another must2see buildin' of the era, it is the T#)#ksu Tasr% 7T#)#ksu 5avilion8, some
parts of Ghich Gere demolished and couldnjt reach our day. "he story of the pavilion located at
100
the south of 1nadolu Hisar%, 'oes back to the middle of the ?\th century. -ostan4i 7one of the
imperial 'uards of the
;ttoman =mpire8 euarters, located at the current place of the 5avilion, Gas removed in the year
?[LC, and a Gooden kiosk for 6ahmud B Gas constructed in lieu of it. Bn the year ?\VH, *elim BBB
procured the construction of a barogue style fountain in the 'arden of the pavilion for her mother
6ihri$ah Aalide *ultan. "he fountain and the pond in the 'arden are in a unigue harmony Gith
T#)#ksu Tasr%. &ater, a contemporary2style stone buildin' Gas constructed to replace the kiosk,
Ghich had a'ed in time. T#)#ksu Tasr%, Ghich Gas constructed upon the order of 1bd#lmecid B in
the year ?\LZ, is decorated Gith rococo patterns, and attracts attention Gith its en'ravin's on the
e@ternal side. "he structure, Ghich is currently used as a museum, continues to enthrall its visitors
Gith its en'ravin's, crystal chandeliers, carpets and fireplaces.
Gran5 Hazaar is one of the oldest lar'e shoppin' centers of the Gorld, and is one the unigue
places of (stanbul, Ghich are Gorth a visit. "he ba!aar, Ghich is located at the heart of the city,
reminds of a labyrinth Gith 'i'antic dimensions. "he ba!aar, Ghich stands betGeen
Euruosmaniye, 6ercan and -eya!%t, is a Gonderful structure, Gith its ZK avenues and streets, tGo
covered ba!aars, ?Z inns, CC 'ates and H thousand ZVV shops.
Bt is accepted that the ba!aar Gas first founded in the year ?KZ?. HoGever, the main bi' ba!aar
Gas constructed by timber, upon the order of *uleiman the 6a'nificent. Bt Gas referred durin' the
=mpire era as hSar$u2% TebirQ, meanin' h-i' -a!aarQ. <urin' the ;ttoman =mpire era, alon'side,
valuable belon'in's and ob4ects such as 4eGelry, precious metal, fur and be4eGeled Geapons, the
ma4ority of the state treasury Gas also protected in 9rand -a!aar. =vliya Selebi defines the ba!aar
in his *eyahatname 7-ook of "ravels8, likenin' it to a enormous, stron' castle. HoGever, this
castle Gas victim of the flames three times, on ?LKZ, ?ZL? and ?[?V. "he ba!aar, Ghich suffered
si'nificant dama'e durin' the earthguake of ?\]K, Gent throu'h many repairs and renovation
Gorks until noG. "he roof of the ba!aar, Ghich lies on an area of KL thousand sguare meters, is
covered Gith lead and it is full of countless domes. -eya!%t, Ies)iler, *ahaflar, T#rk)#ler,
Euriosmaniye, 6ahmutpa$a, 6ercan, "acirciler and Or#c#ler are the most important 'ates of the
9rand -a!aar. 9rand -a!aar, Ghich has been reflected on every era in the books of forei'n
travelers, in the verses of poets and in the paintin's of painters as an epic and fabulous place,
continues today to host its domestic and forei'n tourists visitin' (stanbul.
GALATA9alata "oGer is amon' the feG places Ghere the Historical 5eninsula, -osphorus and
the 9olden Horne may be vieGed in a panoramic manner, and it is one of the most important
symbols of the city. "he toGer, Ghich is located in -eyo+lu, betGeen TarakNy and "#nel, offers a
different and Gonderful visual feast to its visitors at each hour of the day. Bt Gas ori'inally
constructed by -y!antine =mperor 1nastasius on the Zth century as a li'hthouse. "he toGer,
Ghich Gas destructed durin' the Kth Crusade in the year ?CVK, Gas re2built of stone masonry in
?HK\ by the 9enoese, as an addition to 9alata Galls. "he structure, Ghich Gas named by the
"oGer of Christ by the 9enoese and the 9reat "oGer by the -y!antines, suffered a bi' dama'e
durin' the earthguake of ?LV], and Gas repaired by the erajs famous ;ttoman architect
Hayreddin. "he toGer, Ghich Gas built for the purpose of Gatchin' the port and the city, Gas used
for different purposes for many centuries. "he first fli'ht in history, Gas carried out from 9alata
101
"oGer in the year ?ZH\ by He!arfen 1hmet Selebi. He!arfen 1hmet Selebi, 4umped from the
toGer, usin' artificial Gin's for 'lidin', crossed the -osphorus, and landed in <o+anc%lar at
Rsk#dar, Ghich Gas H thousand HL\ meters aGay from the point of departure. "he 9alata "oGer
Gas also used as a fire2Gatch toGer durin' the ?\th century, in order to cope Gith fires, Ghose
occurrences increased day by day. HoGever, it Gas the victim of flames itself in the year ?[VK.
<urin' the *elim BBB era, a bay Gas added to the top floor of the toGer. 1nother fire dama'ed the
buildin' in the year ?\H?. IolloGin' the latter fire, further tGo stories Gere added to 9alata toGer,
and the top of the toGer Gas capped Gith the famous cone2shaped roof coverin'. "he hei'ht,
outside diameter and Gall thickness of the toGer are respectively ZZ,]V meters, ?Z,KL meters and
around H,[L meters. "he toGer, Ghich took its current form upon the repair carried out betGeen
the years ?]ZL and ?]Z[, is noGadays operated for touristic purposes. "o reach the balcony of
9alata "oGer, lift must be taken for [ floors, and the remainin' C floors shall be climbed. "he
balcony surroundin' the toGer continues to offer the full 'race of (stanbul, 9olden Horn and
-osphorus, to its visitors, in a panoramic manner.
"ULTA#A80ET
*ultanahmet 7Hippodrome8 is one of the most important sguares of (stanbul, a city, Ghich is
accepted as the startin' point of the civili!ations. Ha'ia *ophia, Ghich mana'ed to reach our day
by defyin' centuries, *ultan 1hmed 6osgue 7-lue 6osgue8, Ghich 'ave the sguare its name,
"urkish and Bslamic 1rts 6useum, 1rasta -a!aar, -asilica Cistern 7Ferebatan *arn%c%8, and
Cistern of 5hilo@enos 7-inbirdirek Cistern8 are located on the sguare. *ultanahmet *guare also
hosts the falled ;belisk, the 6illion *tone, ;belisk of "hutmose BBB, Ghich Gas brou'ht from
='ypt, *erpent Column, Ghich Gas brou'ht from the temple of 1pollo at <elphi, and the 9erman
Iountain.
*ultanahmet *guare, Ghich is seen as the most important touristic center of (stanbul, Gas referred
as Hippodrome durin' the Joman and -y!antine eras. Hippodrome, constructed upon the order of
Joman =mperor *eptimius *everus toGards the end of the Cnd century, Gas hu'ely e@panded by
the 9reat Constantine. Bt had a croGd capacity of HV thousand by some historians and ZV
thousands by others. Hippodrome maintained its si'nificance in the city, as a meetin',
entertainment, thrill and sports center until the ?Vth century. 1s for the important structures and
monuments in the city, these Gere built in the areas surroundin' the Hippodrome. "he =mpire
family palace, knoGn as the h9reat 5alaceQ, Gas lyin' from ri'ht ne@t to the Hippodrome until the
sea coast. -aths, places of Gorship, reli'ious, cultural, social and administrative centers Gere also
placed nearby. Bn the Hippodrome, there are H monuments Ghich mana'ed to reach our day3 the
falled ;belisk, ;belisk of "hutmose BBB, Ghich Gas brou'ht from ='ypt, and the *erpent
Column, Ghich Gas brou'ht from the temple of 1pollo at <elphi.
*ultanahmet *guare Gas referred as the Horse *guare durin' the ;ttoman era. Bt Gas the place of
Yanissary revolts, and of circumcision feast of *ultanjs sons 7$eh!ade8 and of festivals, Ghich Gere
lastin' forty days and forty ni'hts. *ultan 1hmed 6osgue, Ghich 'ave the historical sguare its
name, Gas constructed by 1rchitecture *edefkar 6ehmet 1+a, a pupil of *inan, upon the order of
*ultan 1hmed B, betGeen the years ?ZV] and ?Z?Z. *ultan 1hmed 6osgue, Ghich is amon' the
most important instruments of (stanbul silhouettes, is the first mosgue constructed Gith Z
minarets. "he interior of the mosgue is lined Gith more than CV thousand Gonderful (!nik Ceramic
"iles, and it is Ghy the mosgue is referred as h-lue 6osgueQ by the Gesterners. *ultan 1hmed,
102
Ghich became the main mosgue of (stanbul, after Ha'ia *ophiajs conversion to museum in the
year ?]HK, is a part of the !one added to the UE=*C; forld Herita'e &ist, under the name of
Historical Dones of (stanbul 7Dones historigues dj(stanbul8.
"he 5alace of (brahim 5asha, located opposite of *ultan 1hmed 6osgue, is the only e@ample of
rich and typical private palaces of the ?Zth century, Ghich reached our day. "he palace, Ghere the
9rand Ai!ier of *uleiman the 6a'nificent Gas residin', continues today to host its visitors today
as the "urkish and Bslamic 1rts 6useum. Ji'ht ne@t to the historical sguare are located the
-asilica Cistern and Cistern of 5hilo@enos. "he 9erman Iountain, Ghich is a 'ift of filhelm BB,
9erman =mperor, to *ultan 1bd#lhamid BB, is also located in the sguare.
TA>"30
"aksim *guare is amon' the most Gell2knoGn centers of the Gorld2famous city of (stanbul. "he
sguare takes its name from the historical stone reservoir, Ghich is located ri'ht behind the
6onument of the Jepublic. <urin' the ;ttoman era, a reservoir Gas procured at the area, Ghich is
referred as "aksim *guare today, in order to distribute Gater to nearby nei'hborhoods. "he
Gater, stored there, Gas distributed to the nearby nei'hborhoods, and todistribute means taksim
etmek in "urkish. Bn time, people started to refer it as "aksim Jeservoir, and the area as h"aksimQ.
"he nei'hborhood, Ghich Gas a narroG area occupied by old houses, Gas e@panded in the year
?]C\, durin' Ghich the 6onument of the Jepublic Gas erected, and Gas made a sguare. "he
6onument of "he Jepublic, Ghich has become the symbol of the "aksim *guare, Gas built by
Btalian sculptor 5ietro Canonica. "he monument, Ghich Gas made in C,L years, of stone and
bron!e, Gas unveiled in the year ?]C\. "he monument, erected in the middle of a round sguare
and Ghich is ?? meters hi'h, has tGo sides Gith bron!e fi'ures, and used traditional architecture.
5ink "arantino marblesand 'reen *u!a marbles Gere used in the pedestal of the monument, one
face of Ghich symboli!es the Jepublic "urkey and the other, the far of Bndependence. "he round
base on Ghich the 6onument of the Jepublic is erected, became a part of the (stiklal 1venue
passen'er road, after the ?]\\ "aksim, "arlaba$% and /i$hane demolitions.
"aksim 6eydan%, Ghich is also aculture, entertainment and a fairly important shoppin' center,
alon' Gith its surroundin's, accommodates today numerous stores, movie houses and theaters, art
Gorkshops, e@hibition hills and entertainment places. "he *guare and the 6onument of the
Jepublic, alon'side bein' a ceremony area durin' national holidays, continues to be the meetin'
point of those visitin' (stiklal 1venue and its surroundin's to spend time.
103
T8E 0AI!E#U" TO^E
h6ade on the sea, one arroG distance aGay from the land, it is a four2cornered artistically
constructed hi'h toGer. Bt is ei'hty ar$%n tall. fhen its surface is measured, it Gould make tGo
hundred steps. Bt has doors from tGo sides.Q "his is hoG =vliya Selebi describes the pearl of
-osphorus, Ghich is the 6aidenjs "oGer, in his seyahatname 7book of travels8i "he toGer,
Ghich Gas knoGn as h1rclaQ, in other Gords llittle castleQ, and h<amialisQ, Ghich means lkid of a
calfj durin' the 1ntiguity, also Gas reco'ni!ed under the name of h"our de &eandrosQ, meanin'
"oGer of &eandros. "he history of the toGer, about Ghich many rumors are told, and Ghich Gas
sub4ect to le'ends, 'oes back to K?? -.C.
"he most Gell2knoGn story about the 6aidenjs "oGer, is the snake story, in Ghich a fate
remindin' Cleopatrajs demise is told. 1ccordin' to the prophesy, the kin' Gas told that her
beloved dau'hter Gould be killed by a venomous snake on her ?\th birthday. "he kin', in an
effort to thGart his dau'htercm\C?[`s early demise by placin' her aGay from land so as to keep
her aGay from any snakes, had the toGer built in the middle of the -osphorus and the princess
Gas placed in the toGer. HoGever, a snake, Ghich had been hidin' amon' the 'rapes in a 'rape
basket sent to the toGer caused the death of the princess. "he kin' ordered an iron casket to be
made for her dau'hter, he placed it on top of the entrance 'ate of Ha'ia *ophia. Jumors about the
snake pesterin' the princess even after her death have reached our day. Ior, it is still told that there
Gere tGo small holes on the casket. "his small toGer, established on the rocky space at the
entrance of -osphorus, Gas used Githin the historical process as customs station, GatchtoGer and
li'hthouse. "he current foundations of the toGer, alon' Gith the important parts of the 'round
floor Gere carried out durin' the time of 6ehmed the Congueror.
"he 6aidensj "oGer, Ghich 'reets the roGin'2boats, vessels and ships of -osphorus every hour of
the day, Gas opened for tourism in the year CVVV, folloGin' the end of renovation Gorks, Ghich
Gere initiated in ?]]\. "he 6aidensj "oGer, Ghich is accessed by roGin'2boats departin' from
*alacak and ;rtakNy, still continues to host its 'uests, as one of the most important symbols of
(stanbul.
104
P3EE LOTT3
5ierre &oti Hill is the spot Ghere the ma'nificent 9olden Horn scenery unfolds in the most
beautiful manneri "he hill, Ghich bears the name of famous Irench Griter 5ierre &oti, is
accessed via steps slopin' upGards from behind of the cemeteries ne@t to the =y#p *ultan
6osgue, or via aerial ropeGay. 5ierre &oti Cafk, at the end of the road, Gelcomes its 'uests, as the
most Gell2knoGn place of the hill. "he Cafk Gas knoGn as Jabia Tad%n 7foman Jabia8
Coffeehouse until the end of the ?]th Century. 5ierre &oti, Ghich saG "urkey as his second nation,
Gas a freguent visitor of the coffeehouse durin' the era. Bt is told the coffeehouse is Ghere &oti
Grote his novel 1!iyade, Ghich Bs about his love to the 'irl of the same name, Ghom he met in
(stanbul. "he place has been referred as 5ierre &oti since then. "he hill Ghere the coffeehouse Gas
located Gas also later named the 5ierre &oti Hill, in memory of &oti.
6any historical buildin's are located at the 5ierre &oti Hill, Ghich Gas visited by virtually all
forei'ners and travelers comin' to (stanbul durin' the ?]th century. "he Gooden Ta$'ari &od'e,
Gith its tGo epi'raphs, Solak Hasan &od'e, ;ttoman =lementary *chool h*%byan 6ektebiQ, the
famous fishin' fell, are amon' those structures. Concernin' the latter Gell, =vliya Selebi Grote
the folloGin' in his *eyahatname 7-ook of "ravels83 h"hose lookin' to the Gell, see their Gishes,
their heartjs desire inside the GellQ. "here is also a historical cistern in the area, probably
constructed durin' the -y!antine era, and Ghich Gas also used durin' the ;ttoman era.
1t the 5ierre &oti Hill, Ghich offers a visual feast, accompanied by a cup of stron' tea, in every
hour of the day, also located are 1yvansaray, *#tl#ce, =y#p, -alat, HaskNy and Iener mansions.
"he Gooden mansions, Ghich Gere constructed in conformity Gith the ;ttoman2"urkish
architecture Githin the scope of the pro4ect initiated by the (stanbul 6etropolitan 6unicipality in
the year ?]][, hosts domestic and forei'n tourists. 5ierre &oti Hill, Ghich virtually takes its
visitors into a 4ourney in time Gith its unigue scenery, continues since many years to be the stop of
lovers, those Gishin' to meet it, and those Gantin' to Gatch the 9olden Horn.
105
HirtN O1 Istanbul
TNe 1irst signs o1 settlement aroun5 3stanbulP 5ating back to tNe PalaeolitNic eraP can be seen
in tNe ca%es nortN o1 <arimburgaz, !uring tNe 0armaraG rail`aG e'ca%ationsP neolitNic
gra%e ruins `ere 1oun5, OtNer signs o1 settlement 5ating 1rom tNe CalcolitNic era ?2===+-2==
HC@ can be 1oun5 surroun5ing Bikirte(e an5 Pen5ikP on tNe Asian si5e o1 3stanbul,
Certain sections o1 tNe `alls 1rom LGgosP 1oun5e5 bG TNraceans in 3stanbulP belie%e5 to be
tNe 1irst citG establisNe5 NereP are e%i5ent in "araGburnuP as `ell as remnants o1 some
PNoenician structures in >a5CkRG, "tillP tNe beginning o1 tNe citG as `e kno` itP 5ates back to
tNe 7tN centurG HC, Aroun5 tNis timeP a stea5G 1lo` o1 0egariansP trGing to e%a5e tNe
!orian assaults stage5 u(on tNe Greek (eninsulaP immigrate5 to tNe area, ^Nile tNe
1irstcomers settle5 in nearbG >a5CkRG an5 establisNe5 CNalce5onP legen5 Nas it tNat a 1e`
Gears laterP HGzas settle5 in tNe area kno`n as "araGburnu to5aGP `NicN is Dust o((osite
CNalce5onP naming tNeir citG HGzantium, "oon surroun5e5 bG tNe `allsP tNe citGP lGing at a
maDor crossroa5P cNange5 Nan5s among tNe PersiansP AtNeniansP "(artansP 0ace5onians
an5 omans as tNeG s`e(t tNrougN tNe region in successi%e `a%es, !es(ite tNe 1reauent
in%asionsP it still continue5 to 5e%elo( as a maDor tra5ing centre, It is `i5elG belie%e5 tNat
`Nile HGzantium `as tNe commercial centre o1 tNe areaP CNalce5on `as (re5ominantlG
agricultural, A1ter a (erio5 o1 (eace an5 stabilitG un5er oman controlP tNe gro`tN o1 tNe
commercial centre gaine5 greater momentum, ising to tNe status o1 tNe Doint ca(ital o1 tNe
`Nole oman Em(ire in --= A!P HGzantium became tNe ca(ital o1 tNe Eastern oman
?HGzantine@ Em(ire 62 Gears later,
106
HGzas an5 0egara 1oun5e5 bG tNe 1irst core o1 IstanbulHGzas be1ore tNeG Na%e establisNe5 in
>a5ikoG o1 tNe 0egaras >alke5onPoints o1 tNe 1irst settlements 5ating 1rom tNe CNalcolitNic
Legen5s "urroun5ing TNe Boun5ing O1 Istanbul
Nere are manG legen5s about tNe 1oun5ing o1 Istanbul, Accor5ing to Greek mGtNologGP :eusP
trGing to conceal Nis a11air `itN Io ?Euro(a@P 1rom Nis Dealous `i1eP 8eraP 5isguise5 Ner as a
co`, Io lea(e5 o%er tNe strait `Nile trGing to esca(e 1rom 8eraP 5isguise5 as a `as(P gi%ing
tNe Hos(Norus its nameP `NicNP in ancient Greek literallG means bCo` Passageb, A1ter
crossing to tNe otNer si5eP Io ga%e birtN on tNe sNores o1 tNe Gol5en 8orn to a 5augNter
calle5 >Nereossa ?tNe Gol5en 8orn takes its name in antiauitG 1rom tNis@, #urture5 bG tNe
`ater 1airG "emestraP >Nereossa `as `e5 to Posei5onP tNe Lor5 o1 tNe "eas, HGzasP tNe
1oun5er o1 tNe citGP `as born 1rom tNis union,
Accor5ing to anotNer legen5P tNe TNracian >ing HGzasP tNe son o1 tNe `ater 1airG "emestraP
marrie5 PNi5aleiaP tNe 5augNter o1 tNe ruler HarbGzosP an5 establisNe5 a citG on tNe lan5 o1
Nis 1atNer+in+la`, Accor5ing to tNe most `i5elG acce(te5 %ersion No`e%erP 1ollo`ing tNe
107
0egarian 1ligNt 1rom tNe !orians an5 tNeir settlement near >a5CkRGP HGzasP un5er tNe
gui5ance o1 tNe Oracle at !el(NiP `ent in searcN o1 tNe blan5 across 1rom tNe lan5 o1 tNe
blin5b, eacNing tNe settlement o1 tNe 0egarians near Accor5ing to anotNer legen5P tNe
TNracian >ing HGzasP tNe son o1 tNe `ater 1airG "emestraP marrie5 PNi5aleiaP tNe 5augNter
o1 tNe ruler HarbGzosP an5 establisNe5 a citG on tNe lan5 o1 Nis 1atNer+in+la`, Accor5ing to
tNe most `i5elG acce(te5 %ersion No`e%erP 1ollo`ing tNe 0egarian 1ligNt 1rom tNe !orians
an5 tNeir settlement near >a5CkRGP HGzasP un5er tNe gui5ance o1 tNe Oracle at !el(NiP `ent
in searcN o1 tNe blan5 across 1rom tNe lan5 o1 tNe blin5b, eacNing tNe settlement o1 tNe
0egarians near an5 obser%ing tNe beautG o1 tNe Euro(ean coastline o((ositeP HGzas an5 Nis
1ollo`ers 5eci5e5 one coul5 onlG be blin5 not to Na%e (re1erre5 to Na%e settle5 in tNe more
beauti1ul lan5 across tNe strait, 8enceP tNeG cNristene5 tNe 0egarians_ settlement CNalce5on
?tNe lan5 o1 tNe blin5@ an5 settle5 on tNe "araGburnu area on tNe o((osite sNore
A cNariot race at tNe 8i((o5rome engra%e5 on carnelianA statue o1 Artemis 1oun5 un5er tNe
ruins o1 ol5 3stanbulHake5 eartNen`are (ot 1oun5 at one o1 tNe ol5 settlement areas o1
3stanbul
HGzantium_s Constantino(le

Constantino(olisP tNe ca(ital o1 HGzantium `NicN Na5 become tNe strongest centre o1 tNe
`orl5 1ollo`ing tNe colla(se o1 ^estern oman Em(ireP `itnesse5 a (atN o1 brilliant
5e%elo(mentP bloo5G (o`er struggles an5 %iolent re%olts 1or &=== Gears, InitiallG boun5e5 in
bG tNe `alls constructe5 bG "e(timus "e%erusP otNer sets o1 `alls `ere a55e5 to
accommo5ate tNe citG_s out`ar5 e'(ansionP 1irst e'(an5ing to tNe `alls o1 Constantine an5
later to tNe `alls o1 TNeo5osius, Qust like omeP it s(ra`le5 on se%en Nills `itN tNe To(ka(C
PalaceP TNe Column o1 Constantine ?Jemberlita)@P "IleGmaniGe 0osaueP BatiN 0osaueP
"ultan "elim 0osaueP E5irneka(C ?0iNrimaN@ 0osaueP AltC 0ermer ?Jukurbostan@ ato(
tNese Nills, Immigrants `ere brougNt in 1rom tNe ne`lG occu(ie5 areas an5 settle5 in tNe
em(tG s(aces `itNin tNe citG `alls so tNat bG tNe 2tN centurG tNe citG_s (o(ulation Na5
s`ollen to more tNan &==P===, It `as in tNis (erio5 tNat tNe suburb o1 GalataP tNen kno`n as
"GcaeP `as 1irst 1orme5, Hut as tNe em(ire began to sNrink in tNe &&tN centurGP tNe ca(ital
too began to 5ecline, HGzantium began to lose territorG to tNe TurkisN an5 0uslim 1orces
(ressuring tNe em(ire_s eastern marcNes, At tNe beginning o1 tNe &-tN centurGP all tNat `as
le1t o1 tNe HGzantine Em(ire `as Constantino(leP a 1e` cities aroun5 tNe 0armara basin
an5 tNe coastline at Trebizon5 ?Trabzon@, TNe Latins sacke5 3stanbul an5 5ealt a blo` to
HGzantium 5uring tNe .tN Crusa5e, TNe HGzantians cNase5 tNe Latins a`aG 26 Gears later
but tNeG coul5 not sto( tNe Ottomans `No came a centurG later,
108
HGzantine Em(ire o1 &=== A! `as one o1 tNe most (o`er1ul states o1 its time,

Constantine tNe Great `No (roclaime5 Constantino(le as tNe Doint ca(ital o1 tNe oman
Em(ire an5 name5 it #o%a omaLauncNe5 bG TNeo5osius II in .&*P tNe buil5ing o1 tNe 1inal
ro` o1 5e1ensi%e `alls laste5 until .**, A((ro'imatelG uncNange5 in tNeir locationP an5
e'ten5ing 1rom <e5ikuleP on tNe 0armara sNoreP to AG%ansaraGP near tNe Gol5en 8ornP
tNese `alls ser%e5 to (rotect tNe citG 1rom Nostile outsi5ers 1or Nun5re5s o1 Gears, TNe main
roa5 calle5 0ese running 5o`n tNe mi55le o1 tNe citGP an5 s(litting into t`o at AksaraGP `as
tNe li1e arterG o1 tNe citG
TNe Conauest O1 Istanbul
As (art o1 Nis strategG to conauer IstanbulP a citG tNat Na5 been besiege5 manG times
(re%iouslGP 0eNmet II 1irst constructe5 tNe umeli 8isarc on tNe Hos(Norus base5 on
lessons learne5 1rom (re%ious sieges, 8e 1irst secure5 Nis eastern an5 `estern bor5ers, TNen
Ne brougNt master cannon makers 1rom Euro(e an5 concentrate5 Nis 1orces aroun5
dstanbul in earlG 0arcN &.2-, As Ne 5estroGe5 tNe `alls `itN Nea%G cannon 1ireP at an
a5%ance5 stage o1 tNe siegeP Ne trans(orte5 Nis sNi(s o%erlan5 in tNe 5arkness o1 tNe nigNtP
1rom tNe nortNern sNore o1 tNe Gol5en 8orn 1rom beNin5 GalataP bG+(assing tNe cNain set
across tNe moutN o1 tNe Gol5en 8orn bG HGzantine 5e1en5ers, TNis ga%e Nim tNe
o((ortunitG to (oun5 tNe `alls o1 tNe Gol5en 8orn as `ell, On *; 0aG &.2- tNe De`el o1 tNe
HGzantine Em(ire 1ell to Ottoman 1orces, Em(eror Constantine `as kille5 near (resent5aG
109
E5irneka(C, !eclare5P _1atiN_P tNe ConauerorP 0eNmet II entere5 tNe citG an5 `ent to (raG at
8agNia "o(Nia, TNe citG `as rename5 Istanbul, As tNe Greeks `No Na5 le1t be1ore tNe siege
began to returnP tNe citG_s (o(ulationP `NicN Na5 1allen to 2=+6=P=== Dust be1ore its conauestP
increase5 to -==P=== at tNe beginning o1 tNe &6tN centurG tNrougN tNe resettlement o1 %arious
(eo(le 1rom aroun5 tNe em(ire,
TNe coins minte5 1or BatiN "ultan 0eNmet rea5 bHlesse5 be Gour %ictorGb

110
"IEGE" O# I"TA#HUL
0anG comman5ers (rece5e5 0eNmet tNe Conaueror in attem(ting to conauer Istanbul,
111
441-51 The Huns, under Atilla's command, attack Constantinople
616 Sasanian siege
626 Aarian siege
666 !ma""ad siege
6#5 $"%p Sultan's Ara& siege
#1# 'rd Ara& siege (the Ara& mos)ue in *alata dates to this siege+
#22 4th Ara& siege
#,2 5th Ara& siege
,1' -ulgarian siege
,54 6th Ara& siege
,64 .ussian siege
,6/ #th Ara& siege during the time o0 Caliph Harun al-.ashid
,#1,th Ara& siege during the time o0 Caliph Harun al-.ashid
/14 .ussian siege
/5/ Hungarian siege
114' .ussian siege
1'/1 The 0irst 2ttoman siege under -a"e3id 4 (1',/-1412+
1'/1 The second 2ttoman siege under -a"e3id 4 (1',/-1412+
1422 The third 2ttoman siege under 5urad 44 (1421-1444+
2ttoman 6stan&ul
112
The spoils and tri&ute 0rom con)uered lands &egan to 0lo7 into 6stan&ul as the
2ttoman state continued spreading 7est7ards, and the cit" had an in0lu8 o0 skilled
cra0tsmen and artists 0rom the ne7 territories o0 the $mpire9 Thus, the cit", 7hich had
&egun to 0all into disrepair and ruin as the -"3antine $mpire su00ered its slo7 decline,
&egan returning to its 0ormer splendour9 5onumental &uildings 7hich are still present
in 6stan&ul 7ere &uilt &" such great masters as the architect Sinan and those 7ho
0ollo7ed in his 0ootsteps9 :acant lots 7ithin the cit" 7alls 7ere 0illed and ne7
neigh&ourhoods 7ere esta&lished and the cit" started to spra7l outside the 7alls9
Seaside palaces and mansions 7ere &uilt9 6stan&ul &egan to adorn the pages o0
traellers' diaries and 0uel the imagination o0 0oreigners as the capital cit" o0 an
empire straddling three continents9 Ho7eer, to7ards the end o0 the 1#th centur", as
the 2ttomans &egan to lose their technological adantage oer $urope, progress
came to a halt9 A series o0 de0eats and losses o0 territor" led to internal stri0e9 6stan&ul
&ecame the stage 0or great uprisings 7hich 7ere o0ten onl" suppressed at the cit"'s
e8pense9
Sultan
s%le"man ;the la7maker< insignia o0 the Sultan=s stamp o0 approal on decreesThe
mehter &and pla"ed a great role in &oosting the morale o0 troops going to &attleA
depiction o0 2ttoman li0e on the *olden Horn 0rom >eni=s Surname

113
The
ottoman empire at one point streched 0rom the Carpathian mouintains in the north
morocco in north A0rica and aden in the Ara&ian ?rensula in the south, 0rom lands o0
:enetian .epu&lic in the @est, To the heart o0 4ran in the east9
Ntt([EE```,istanbuluseGret,comEIstanbulGui5eEIn5e'E&=
114
"ultan
sIleGman VtNe la`makerX insignia o1 tNe "ultanUs stam( o1 a((ro%al on 5ecreesTNe meNter
ban5 (laGe5 a great role in boosting tNe morale o1 troo(s going to battleA 5e(iction o1
Ottoman li1e on tNe Gol5en 8orn 1rom Le%niUs "urname

115
TNe
ottoman em(ire at one (oint strecNe5 1rom tNe Car(atNian mouintains in tNe nortN
morocco in nortN A1rica an5 a5en in tNe Arabian Prensula in tNe soutNP 1rom lan5s o1
$enetian e(ublic in tNe ^estP To tNe Neart o1 Iran in tNe east,Le(anto BortressP an
im(ortant base 1or tNe Ottoman Bleet in tNe 0e5iteranean ^ater1ront (alaces Z tNe result o1
greater (ros(eritG an5 im(ro%e5 trans(ortation
116
The 5ost ?opular Sights 20 Topkapi
(-a&%sselam+
The *ate o0 ?eace 7as &uilt under 5ehmet the Con)ueror, and onl" the monarch
could cross it on horse&ack9 The rooms inside the gates &elonged to the palace
gatekeepers9 Statesmen sentenced to death 7ere imprisoned under the to7ers9 The
inscription on the imperial seal on the inner side o0 the doors menttion the name o0
4sa &in 5ehmet 7ho made them in 1524 on the order o0 4&rahim ?aAa9
117
-a&%ssaade
Bor 411 "ears, ascension ceremonies 7ere held in 0ront o0 the *ate o0 Belicit" that
diided the administratie and priate )uarters o0 the palace9 4t 7as here that the ro"al
0lag 7as placed and the arm" assem&led &e0ore setting out on campaign9
Se0erliler Cuarters
Cuarters o0 "oung pages &eing trained 0or state dut"9 Do7 it houses a displa" o0
clothing 7orn &" arious sultans and cro7n princes9 This sho7 &rings together the
0inest e8amples o0 the Turkish 7eaers' artE ca0tans, short em&roidered Fackets,
)uilted tur&ans, shalars and scares9
118
Ar3 2dasG (Throne .oom+
The cham&ers 7here the sultan receied am&assadors and in0ormation on the decisions o0 the Hian9 The magni0icent reception
ceremonies 7ere a source o0 inspiration 0or paintings that decorated the 7alls o0 $uropean palaces9
Hian To7er
-uilt during the reign o0 5ahmut 44, the top o0 the to7er took its current shape in the
1/th centur"9 The initial 15th c9 to7er 7as much shorter than the current one9 There is
also a passage7a" 0rom the Harem to the cham&er 7here the sultan listened in on
Hian meetings9
119
.ean ?ailion
-uilt in the 1#th centur", &" Sultan 4&rahim, this kiosk is one o0 the smallest in
TopkapG9
sultan's Supper
120
incriptions on the 7alls are 0rom the Ioran9 The clocks are gi0ts 0rom Cueen :ictoria9 T7o massie columns, 7hich
reole on their o7n a8is, 7ere placed at the entrance &" Sinan to detect an" structural insta&ilit" during
earth)uakes9
Circumcision Cham&er
The cro7n princes' circumcision ceremonies 7ere per0ormed here9 The tiled panel at
its entrance is one o0 the 0inest in the palace
121
The 2uter Treasur" (Arms Hispla"+
122
The arms and armour o0 the sultans, along 7ith some o0 the o&Fects that the"
ac)uired in the course o0 their campaigns, are displa"ed here9 4n the cellars &elo7,
the proceeds 0rom ta8es and customs duties 7ere stored in large urns9 The Hian
made goernment e8penditures and the )uarterl" salar" pa"ments 0rom here9 5ehmet
the Con)ueror's s7ord, the !ma"ad Ihali0 5ua7i""ah's s7ord, the e8ecutioner's
s7ord, and the armour o0 Selim the *rim's horse are particularl" note7orth" pieces in
this collection9
Iu&&ealtG
-e0ore the administration moed to the Su&lime ?orte, the sultan used to conduct
state a00airs 7ith i3iers in this hall9 A0ter turning oer
4nner Treasur" (Batih's ?ailion+
4n earlier da"s its cellars 7ere used as a treasur"9 4n the 1#th centur", the entire
pailion 7as trans0ormed into the imperial treasur"9 Currentl", the un&eliea&le 7ealth
o0 2ttoman Fe7els, gi0ts, and 7ar spoils are displa"ed here9 This also happens to &e
the palace pailion &oasting the most magni0icient ie7s9 Among these treasures are
a throne, initiall" thought to hae &elonged to Shah 4smail &ut later discoered to
hae &een a gi0t o0 Shah Dadir9 The golden 2ttoman ceremonial throne used &" the
sultans on their accession to the throneJ the ,5-carat IaAGkKG diamond, the 0i0th
largest in the 7orldJ the emerald studded dagger, 7hich
-aghdad ?ailion
123
This mansion 7as &uilt in 16', to commemorate 5urat 4:'s campaign on -aghdad9
The decoration o0 the ceiling and dome in this octagonal pailion are striking
e8amples o0 the classical 2ttoman st"le9 4ts commanding ie7 and the adFoining pool
made it a 0aourite place o0 the sultans9
5ecidi"e ?ailion
A alua&le ?re3iosi collection decorates the 7alls o0 this pailion &uilt &" A&d%lhamid
49 Currentl" the pailion hou-ses Ion"alL .estaurant9
?riate Cham&ers o0 5urat 444
124
This room, &" the the
architect Sinan, is one o0 the palace's most &eauti0ul9 4ts tiles are &rilliant e8amples o0
the 0amous 16th centur" 43nik tiles and the &ron3e 0ireplace is surrounded &" elegant
panels, 7hile a calligraphic 0rie3e spans the room9 The three-tiered mar&-le 0ountain
also sered to mu00le conersation9
Cro7n ?rinces' Cham&ers (Mi0te IasGrlar+
4n the 0irst cham&er,
one- notices the dome, the 7all tiles, &reathtaking stained glass and the small &asins inside the 7indo7s9 4n the
second cham&er, it is the mother-o0-pearl inlaid ca&inets that catch the e"e9 4n the 1#th centur", "oung heirs to the
throne 7ere thought to hae &een
imprisoned here to preent struggles 0or the throne, hence the name Ia0es, or Cage9 4t has later &een
determined that the Ia0es 7as in 0act located on the second 0loor o0 the Harem, immediatel" to the east9
125
.o"al Sta&les and 4mrahor Cham&er
The carriages and harness o0 the Sultanate are displa"ed in the ro"al sta&les, the
sta&le Treasur" Cham&ers, and the )uarters o0 the 5aster o0 Sta&les9 5ost o0 the
carriages displa"ed here are 0rom the 1/th centur"9 4n the t7o small &ut )uaint rooms
0eaturing 0inel" decorated 1,th centur" ceilings are displa"ed tack and harnesses
decorated 7ith precious stones9
126
Cuisines (Min and Napon porcelain+
5ehmed 449 The conical chimne"s 7ere added &" the architect Sinan 0ollo7ing the
great 0ire o0 15#49 The porcelain, used dail", 7as sent as gi0ts to the palace, &ought, or
trans0erred 0rom the estates o0 deceased statesmen9 The most important pieces in the
collection are Saledons9 The oldest pieces are the Sung and Ouan Saledon collection
(/-1'th c9+9 2ther prominent pieces are 5ing d"nast" &lue and 7hite porcelain (14-
1#th c9+ and the porcelain o0 the Ching d"nast" (16-21th c9+9
127
Treasurers' Cuarters (Calligraph" and ?ainting Collection+
The Turkish and 4ranian miniatures, 7hich, 0rom an artistic point o0 ie7, are the
greatest treasures o0 the palace, are displa"ed here9 The unparalleled 7orks o0
5ohammed Si"ah Ialem, &rought to Pstan&ul in 1514 a0ter an 4ranian campaign &"
Oau3 Sultan Selim, are also here9 The oldest miniatures in the 2ttoman collection are
those &" 5atrakKL Dasuh9 A prime item is the map dra7n in 151' &" ?iri .eis outlining
$urope, A0rica and South America as i0 ie7ed 0rom space9 A galler" containing
portraits o0 '# 2ttoman sultans is on the second 0loor9
The >i&rar" o0 Ahmed 4449
This elegant mar&le &uilding, &uilt in 1#1/, houses a er" rich collection o0 &ooks9
?ri" Cham&ers (HLrka-i Saadet+
The priate )uarters o0 the sultans 0rom the time o0 5ehmed 44 until the second hal0 o0 the 16th c9 The sultans a0ter S%le"man pre0erred to
sta" in the Harem9 A0ter 5urad 444 &uilt the ?ri" Cham&er in the Harem, this 0ormer &edroom decorated 7ith magni0icent 43nik tiles 7as
trans0ormed into a repositor" 0or ?rophet 5ohammed's sacred relics that 7ere &rought 0rom $g"pt9 Sultans ascending the throne 7ould
accept
128
4449 Ahmed OemiA 2dasG
4llustrates the sultan's 7ell-kno7n addiction to e8cesses in art and pleasure during
the Tulip Age, 7hen 4stan&ul 0irst &ecame ac)uainted 7ith the e8)uisite .ococo 7all
decorations in $urope9
129
HIGIka5a
This is the largest o0 the ?rinces' 4slands and, in spring, its Fudas trees and a&undant
spring 0lo7ers create a sight o0 uncommon &eaut"9 The hill 7here the Haghia Oorgi
5anaster" stands proides a s7eeping panorama o0 the islands9 The "ear round
population o0 -u"ukada is #,111, &ut e8ceeds 111,111 in the summer9 Bamous 0or its
pine 0orests and greenhouse 0lo7er production, -u"ukada 7as 0irst settled during
-"3antine times in the 5aden section o0 the island and 7as called Iaria9 Iaria 7as
later a&andoned and the settlement o0 ?rinkipo 7as esta&lished on the outskirts o0
the present to7nship9 The 7omen's monaster", 0ounded &" $mpress 4rene, 7as home
o0 e8iled 7omen9 The island had man" monasteries and 7as a place 7here monks
and priests alike 0ound peace and seclusion9 This is said to hae &een the island
7hich resisted the longest during the con)uest o0 6stan&ul9 4n 1,46, the island &egan
to &e sericed &" 0erries and &ecame a pleasure resort 0illed 7ith mansions9 -oasting
a relatiel" more @estern li0est"le, the island &ecame kno7n 0or its 0ish restaurants,
the elegance o0 its inha&itants and 0or its 7ine9 A0ter the coup o0 1/1,, statesmen
close to A&dulhamid 7ere held here under house arrest, 7hich &rought a ne7 &out o0
actiit" to the island9 4n the .epu&lican period, the island continued to &e a centre o0
attraction, aided &" the esta&lishment o0 a &ranch o0 the Anatolian Clu&, the 0irst
parliamentarians' association to &e 0ounded in the countr", on the island9 The Clu&
7as opened in the 1/'1s in the old premises o0 the $nglish Oachting Clu&9 -u"ukada
retained its position as a pre0erred residence 0or politicians9 The man" Fo"s o0 a isit
to -u"ukada include its 0ish restaurants, horse-and-&ugg" rides, its &eauti0ul sea, and
130
clean pine 0orests9
OQr%k Ali -eaches
The Di3am and Ali OQr%k inlets on either side o0 this 511m9 long point, hae the t7o
loeliest &eaches on the island to either side9 The name OQr%k Ali comes 0rom the
name o0 the 0ormer manager o0 the &eachE Oorgali9 The" are among the cleanest
&eaches in 6stan&ul9
*reek 2rphanage
4t 7as &uilt on one o0 the island's most &eauti0ul hills, the 4sa (Nesus+ Hill, in 1,/, &" a
Brench compan" 7hich intended to use it as a hotel9 @hen the compan" 0ailed to
o&tain the necessar" permit, it 7as purchased &" $leni Rari0i and turned into an
orphanage9 The Iuleli 5ilitar" School moed here &et7een 1/15- 1,9 !sed &" *erman
soldiers in @@4, and later &" the occupation 0orces to &oard .ussian re0ugees, it 7as
turned &ack into an orphanage in the .epu&lican era9
Haghia Oorgi Church and 5onaster"
>ocated on the highest hill o0 the island, it is &elieed that this monaster", re&uilt
man" times, 7as initiall" constructed in the 11th c9 The monaster" 7as re&uilt in the
1#th c9 7hen a priest or a shepherd 0ound the icons &urried in this site during the
Crusades9 The ne7 church 7as &uilt in 1/1/9 The staircase ne8t to this monaster"
leads to the old church dedicated to 5ar" o0 -lacherna9 The iron rings 7hich 7ere
used to contain mental patients 7ho 7ere &rought to the priests in hopes o0 0inding a
cure, are still on the 7alls o0 the monaster"9 Dear&" are t7o smaller churches
dedicated to Haghia Haralam&os and Haghia Oorgi, also &uilt in 1#519
633et ?aAa 5ansion (6l"asko 5ansion+
131
This mansion, &uilt 0or one o0 the 7ell-kno7n &ankers o0 *alata, Constantinos
H"asko, at the end o0 the 1/th c9, passed into the hands o0 Arap 633et ?aAa, the head
o0 Sultan A&d%lhamid 44's secret police9 >eon Trotsk" 7ho spent the "ears &et7een
1/2/-'' as a re0ugee in 6stan&ul, spent a large portion o0 his time at this mansion,
7here he 7rote his auto&iograph"9
Con ?aAa 5ansion
This mansion 7as commissioned &" the 2ttoman statesman o0 4talian-*reek ancestr"
Con ?aSa (Trasiolos Oannaros+, to architect Achileus ?olitsis9 A 0ine e8ample o0 the
eclectic st"le prealent in 6stan&ul at the time it 7as &uilt, this is the &est-kno7n o0
the mansions o0 -u"ukada and is still used as a summer residence9
Hotel Splendid
-uilt in 1/11 &" Ialudi >askaris 0or Ia3Gm ?aAa o0 Chios, the Splendid Hotel replaced
the *iacomo Hotel, 7hich had &urned do7n9 The 0emale 0igurine adorning the
entrance is a remnant o0 the ancient hotel9 2nce one o0 the most lu8urious hotels o0
its time, the Splendid enFo"ed electricit" through the use o0 generators at a time 7hen
the utilit" 7as not "et aaila&le on the island9 .eno7ned singers used to go on stage
at the hotel9
-%"%kada Cultural Centre
132
-uilt in 1,#,, this -%"%kada mansion 7as used alternatel" &" *reek and 4talian
0amilies until &ecoming the propert" o0 the Treasur"9 A0ter &eing neglected and
remaining acant 0or "ears, in 1//# it 7as allocated to the Touring and Automo&ile
Association 0or 25 "ears9 4n 1//, the renoation 7as completed and it 7as open to the
pu&lic9 The &uilding 0eatures meeting halls, a li&rar", and summer and 7inter ca0es9
2pen dail" e8cept 5onda", the centre also houses concerts9
-%"%kada 6skele Ca0e
The Touring and Automo&ile Asso-ciation opened this ca0T on the second 0loor o0 the
-%"%kada pier in 21129 4t 7as one o0 the last gi0ts Melik *%lerso" gae 6stan&ul9 The
ca0e has a magni0icent ie79 Brom April through Septem&er it is open dail", &ut seres
the pu&lic onl" on certain da"s in the 7inter9
133
Hagia Sophia
-"3antium's largest cathedral, Haghia Sophia 7as the centre o0 the $astern Christian
Church in its time9 Birst &uilt in '61 &" $mperor Constantine, the church 7as &urned
do7n t7ice during reolts9 -et7een 5'2 and 5'# AH, it 7as re&uilt on a larger scale to
match $mperor Nustinian's plans to re-unite the old .oman $mpire9 4ts architects
7ere the geometr" e8pert 4sidorus o0 5iletus and the master mathematician
Anthemius o0 Tralles9 The church is dedicated to Haghia Sophia, or Hol" @isdom9
2nce the 7orld's largest church, toda" it is surpassed in si3e onl" &" St9 ?aul's in
>ondon, St9 ?eter's in .ome and the Huomo in 5ilan9 The dome 7hich 7as preiousl"
used onl" in circular structures is here placed on a rectangular &asilica9 5ehmet the
Con)ueror made his 0irst pra"ers a0ter the con)uest o0 the cit" at Haghia Sophia, and
the church 7as immediatel" conerted into a mos)ue9 Bour minarets 7ere added to
the comple8 in later periods9 The mosaics 7ere coered 7ith plaster in 1#51, &ut a0ter
the &uilding 7as turned into a museum in 1/'4, the mosaics 7ere uncoered under
the direction o0 Thomas @hittemore9 The restoration 7as copleted in earl" 2111
134
(Click on image to enlarge+
135
A&lution Bountain
-uilt in 1#41, the cared capitals on the columns and the roses and 0lourishes on the ke"stone o0 the arch are note7orth"9 The loel"
calligraph" and 7rought &ron3e 7ork o0 the calligraphers hae 0e7 e)uals in 4stan&ul
136
5uakkithane
-uilding added &" Bossati in 1,4/ during restoration in order to stud" the sun's positions, to determine the time and esta&lish the pra"er
hours9 The s)uare pedestal under the dome holding the 0lat mar&le disk protects the clocks 0rom i&rations that harm their precision
Tom& o0 Selim 44
2ne o0 Sinan's most &eauti0ul 7orks9 The 0irst monumental tom& &uilt here9
The $mperor's *ate
4n Haghia Sophia there are nine gates 7hich open to the main nae9 The most magni0icent among these is the $mperor's *ate, 7hich
7as opened onl" on grand occasions and 7hen the emperor came to pra"9 The 7ooden door coated 7ith siler is rumoured to &e made
0rom the remnants o0 Doah's Ark9
137
Calligraphic Hisks
?ainted &" the calligraph" artist 5usta0a 433et $0endi, also a militar" Fudge, the 0our disks hae a diameter o0 #95 m and &ear the names o0
Allah, the prophet 5ohammad, Ha3rat Hassan, Ha3rat Hussain and the 0our caliphs9 The" 7ere &rought do7n in 1/'4 7hen Haghia
Sophia &ecame a museum, &ut 7ere hanged &ack in the 1/41s9 The" are considered to &e the largest e8amples o0 calligraph" in the
4slamic 7orld9
:irgin 5ar" and 4n0ant Nesus
4n most -"3antine churches, the part o0 the dome seen directl" &" the 7orshippers 0eatures a painting or icon o0 :irgin 5ar" and Nesus
Christ9 4n Haghia Sophia, the mosaic o0 :irgin 5ar" and 4n0ant Nesus 0ound on the interior o0 the dome does not appear to &e er" &ig at
the 0irst sight, &ut actuall" the height o0 the image is almost 5 meters9 The si3e o0 the dome, ho7eer, seems to diminish the image to
normal scale9
Calligraph" under the Home
The dome o0 Haghia Sophia 0eatures an e8ample o0 calligraph" &" the prominent artist 5usta0a 433et $0endi, o0 Door sura 0rom the Hol"
Ioran9
138
Tom&s o0 5urad 444 and the Cro7n ?rinces
>ocated &eside the tom& o0 Selim 44, the tom& o0 5urad 444 7as constructed &" the architect Haut AUa9 4t is coered 7ith coral red tiles
on the interior, and 7ith mar&le plates on the e8terior9 The 1/ &rothers o0 5ehmed 444 are &uried here9 2ne o0 the most e8)uisite e8amples
o0 Turkish architecture, this he8agonal tom& has a delight0ul e&on" door9 .ight ne8t to it is the small and more modest tom& o0 the
cro7n princes (Veh3adeler T%r&esi+, &elieed to &e the 7ork o0 the architect Sinan9 2ctagonal on the outside, "et rectangular 0rom
7ithin, the tom& is the &urial site o0 the 0our sons and one daughter o0 Sultan 5urat 4449
HA*H4A S2?H4A D2T$S
9999Oou are recommen-ded to constantl" keep "our e"es on the ceiling 7hile inside
Haghia Sophia9 The e8hilarating e00ect 7ill &e een greater i0 "ou start 7alking 0rom
&ehind the 7est end aisle &eneath the galler", adancing 0or7ard
Hagia Sophia -"3antium's largest
cathedral, Haghia Sophia 7as the centre o0 the $astern Christian Church in its time9
Birst &uilt in '61 &" $mperor Constantine, the church 7as &urned do7n t7ice during
reolts9 -et7een 5'2 and 5'# AH, it 7as re&uilt on a larger scale to match $mperor
Nustinian's plans to re-unite the old .oman $mpire9
4ts architects 7ere the geometr" e8pert 4sidorus o0 5iletus and the master
mathematician Anthemius o0 Tralles9 The church is dedicated to Haghia Sophia, or
Hol" @isdom9 2nce the 7orld's largest church, toda" it is surpassed in si3e onl" &"
St9 ?aul's in >ondon, St9 ?eter's in .ome and the Huomo in 5ilan9 The dome 7hich
7as preiousl" used onl" in circular structures is here placed on a rectangular
&asilica9
5ehmet the Con)ueror made his 0irst pra"ers a0ter the con)uest o0 the cit" at Haghia
Sophia, and the church 7as immediatel" conerted into a mos)ue9 Bour minarets
7ere added to the comple8 in later periods9
The mosaics 7ere coered 7ith plaster in 1#51, &ut a0ter the &uilding 7as turned into
139
a museum in 1/'4, the mosaics 7ere uncoered under the direction o0 Thomas
@hittemore9 The restoration 7as copleted in earl" 2111 (Click on image to enlarge+
A&lution Bountain -uilt in 1#41, the cared capitals on the columns and the roses and
0lourishes on the ke"stone o0 the arch are note7orth"9 The loel" calligraph" and
7rought &ron3e 7ork o0 the calligraphers hae 0e7 e)uals in 4stan&ul 5uakkithane
-uilding added &" Bossati in 1,4/ during restoration in order to stud" the sun's
positions, to determine the time and esta&lish the pra"er hours9
The s)uare pedestal under the dome holding the 0lat mar&le disk protects the clocks
0rom i&rations that harm their precision Tom& o0 Selim 44 2ne o0 Sinan's most
&eauti0ul 7orks9
The 0irst monumental tom& &uilt here9 The $mperor's *ateG 4n Haghia Sophia there are
nine gates 7hich open to the main nae9 The most magni0icent among these is the
$mperor's *ate, 7hich 7as opened onl" on grand occasions and 7hen the emperor
came to pra"9 The 7ooden door coated 7ith siler is rumoured to &e made 0rom the
remnants o0 Doah's Ark9 Calligraphic Hisks ?ainted &" the calligraph" artist 5usta0a
433et $0endi, also a militar" Fudge, the 0our disks hae a diameter o0 #95 m and &ear the
names o0 Allah, the prophet 5ohammad, Ha3rat Hassan, Ha3rat Hussain and the 0our
caliphs9 The" 7ere &rought do7n in 1/'4 7hen Haghia Sophia &ecame a museum, &ut
7ere hanged &ack in the 1/41s9 The" are considered to &e the largest e8amples o0
calligraph" in the 4slamic 7orld9 :irgin 5ar" and 4n0ant Nesus 4n most -"3antine
churches, the part o0 the dome seen directl" &" the 7orshippers 0eatures a painting or
icon o0 :irgin 5ar" and Nesus Christ9 4n Haghia Sophia, the mosaic o0 :irgin 5ar" and
4n0ant Nesus 0ound on the interior o0 the dome does not appear to &e er" &ig at the
0irst sight, &ut actuall" the height o0 the image is almost 5 meters9
The si3e o0 the dome, ho7eer, seems to diminish the image to normal scale9
Calligraph" under the Home The dome o0 Haghia Sophia 0eatures an e8ample o0
calligraph" &" the prominent artist 5usta0a 433et $0endi, o0 Door sura 0rom the Hol"
Ioran9 Tom&s o0 5urad 444 and the Cro7n ?rinces >ocated &eside the tom& o0 Selim 44,
the tom& o0 5urad 444 7as constructed &" the architect Haut AUa9 4t is coered 7ith
coral red tiles on the interior, and 7ith mar&le plates on the e8terior9 The 1/ &rothers
o0 5ehmed 444 are &uried here9 2ne o0 the most e8)uisite e8amples o0 Turkish
architecture, this he8agonal tom& has a delight0ul e&on" door9 .ight ne8t to it is the
small and more modest tom& o0 the cro7n princes (Veh3adeler T%r&esi+, &elieed to
&e the 7ork o0 the architect Sinan9 2ctagonal on the outside, "et rectangular 0rom
7ithin, the tom& is the &urial site o0 the 0our sons and one daughter o0 Sultan 5urat
4449 HA*H4A S2?H4A D2T$S 9W999Oou are recommen-ded to constantl" keep "our e"es
on the ceiling 7hile inside Haghia Sophia9 The e8hilarating e00ect 7ill &e een greater
i0 "ou start 7alking 0rom &ehind the 7est end aisle &eneath the galler", adancing
0or7ard then slo7l" inching "our 7a" underneath the dome9 Dot immediatel" &eing
a&le to 0ocus, "ou 7ill 0eel as i0 the dome is encompassing "ou as it comes into 0ull
ie7, deceiing "our e"es, as it seems to reole all the 7a" up in its grand height9
W999$nter 0rom the door 7here the -"3antine $mperors once pra"ed, get a sense o0 the
0eeling o0 the &oundless dome reoling on top o0 "ou, ga3e at the unattaina&le gleam
o0 the mosaics, clim& up the stone ramps, 0eel the coolness emanating 0rom the
mar&le 7alls and look out 0rom the same location 7here the $mpress Theodora once
stood9
W999$ach architectural piece seems to &e 0loating in the air, proiding an e8traordinar"
140
cohesion &" its contact 7ith others ne8t to it9 This unit", 7hich normall" should help
"ou 0ocus "our attention on one place, 7ill, on the contrar", keep "our e"es in
constant motion9 Oou get an impression o0 perpetual moement and uninterrupted
0lo79 Bar 0rom &eing static, it is d"namic in its im&alance, creating a sense o0
'oneness' and thus, 0or &elieers, the 0eeling o0 *od's presence could neer &e more
po7er0ul9
141
6&rahim ?aAa ?alace
Across the Hippodrome, P&rahim ?aXa ?alace is a 0ine e8ample o0 16th c9
architecture9 The original date o0 construction is not kno7n9 4t 7as &esto7ed to the
*rand :i3ier 6&rahim ?aXa &" S%le"man the 5agni0icent in 15219 The scene o0
numerous 7eddings, 0estiities and ceremonies, the &uilding later sered as militar"
&arracks, em&ass", land registr", se7ing 7orkshop and prison9 Bollo7ing repairs in
1/,', it &ecame the 5useum o0 Turkish and 4slamic Arts9 The 0act that it has suried
to the present is largel" due to the 0act that &rick rather than 7ood 7as used in its
construction9 The area used as a museum toda" consists o0 the palace's reception
room used 0or ceremonies, the court surrounding it and the second court"ard
(Click on image to enlarge9+
142
"treets O1 Ol5 Istanbul On Boo5

T^alk 5o`nNill 1rom tNe main 5oor o1 To(ka(C Palace along tNe lengtN o1 "ur+C "ultani on
IsNak Paea <okueu, <ou can tNus see tNe (alace `alls 1rom u( close, A little `aG 5o`n is a
large sign abo%e tNe `alls inscribe5 b0atbaa+i Amire,b It is tNe entrance to tNe "tate
Printing 8ouse 1oun5e5 in &92*P `NicN `as use5 1or tNe (rinting o1 manG im(ortant `orks
an5 go%ernment 5ocuments,
igNt across is tNe roa5 `NicN lea5s to tNe "ultanaNmet (rison, At tNe Nea5 o1 AkbCGCk
Ca55esi Gou can see tNe IsNak Paea 0osaue an5 IsNak Paea 8amamP built bG tNe
(rominent statesman IsNak Paea in tNe &2tN c, TNe gate locate5 at tNe 0armara "ea e5ge o1
tNe ^allsP 1ormerlG tNe HalCkNane ?1isN market@ gateP is no` tNe entrance 1or tNe militarG
troo( in cNarge o1 (rotecting tNe (alace, TNe street `NicN runs (arallel to tNe train tracks
1rom tNe small sauare at tNe bottom o1 tNe Nill along Cankurtaran Ca55esi contains ratNer
uns(oilt e'am(les o1 cNarming `oo5en Nouses `NicN `ill gi%e Gou an i5ea o1 `Nat bol5
Istanbulb `as like, At tNe en5 o1 tNe streetP cross to tNe otNer si5eP tNrougN tNe (assage
un5er tNe train tracks,
143
#earbG are (leasant streets Gou can stroll along[ >eresteci 8akkC "okakP OGuncu "okakP
>u(acClar "okak an5 AkbCGCk Cami "okak, AkbCGCk Cami "okak Nas tNe AkbCGCk 0osaueP
`NicN `as built in tNe &2tN centurG, It `as calle5 bImam ul+mesaci5b or btNe
lea5er o1 mosauesb because it is tNe structure locate5 at tNe,
1ore1ront o1 all tNe mosaues o1 Istanbul `Nen tNe >cbleP tNe 5irection o1 0eccaP is taken into
account, TNere is a
maksem ?`ater 5istribution centre@ at tNe intersection o1 ANCrka(CP
>eresteci 8akkC an5 OGuncu "treets an5 an a5Dacent 1ountain,
O((osite tNeseP tNe Nouse o1 !e5e E1en5i ?&779+&9.6@P `No `as one o1 tNe great masters o1
classical TurkisN music is locate5, TNe mansion 5ates back to tNe &9tN centurG an5 `as use5
as a (olice station be1ore it `as restore5 in tNe &;9=s, TNe 0useum 1or TurkisN 0usic `as
o(ene5 Nere in &;;6P `NicN `as 5eclare5 tNe Gear o1 !e5e E1en5i,
Once moreP return to tNe railroa5 tracksP but tNis time use tNe o%er(ass to cross to tNe otNer
si5e an5 `alk 1rom <ukarc AkbcGck !efirmen "okak 5irectlG to`ar5s "ultanaNmet,

144
TNere is a %erG ol5 but `ell+(reser%e5 Namam on )i1a 8amamc "okak[ tNe 8istorical )i1a
8amam, TNis classic Namam `itN &6 batNbasins 5ating 1rom tNe en5 o1 tNe &9tN c, is still in
use an5 is reser%e5 1or men onlG, I1 Gou continue `alking along >IFIk AGaso1Ga Ca55esiP
Gou `ill come to tNe entrance o1 tNe Arasta 0arket locate5 at tNe lo`er entrance to tNe
"ultanaNmet 0osaue, E'ca%ations in tNe &;-=s re%eale5 tNat (art o1 tNe 1oun5ation o1 tNe
Arasta Na5 been built on tNe remains o1 tNe HGzantine Great Palace an5 a section o1 tNe
Arasta containing 1loor mosaics belonging to tNe Great Palace `as con%erte5 into tNe
0osaic 0useum, TNe sNo(s no` sell sou%enirs 1or tourists,
Imme5iatelG beNin5 Gou are tNe scNool an5 tomb o1 tNe 1oun5er o1 tNe 5er%isN lo5ge in
Galata Isken5er Paea, TNe scNool built bG Isken5er PaeaP `No 5ie5 in &2&2P is com(rise5 o1
t`o sauare areas `itN a 5ome, igNt ne't to it tNere is 3sken5er Pa)a_s single 5ome5P sauare
out5oor tomb `itN t`o gra%es, TNere is also a small 1ence5 gra%eGar5 a5Dacent to tNe scNool,
TNe Arasta 8amam is locate5 on tNe corner 5iagonal to tNe entrance to tNe Arasta on tNe
roa5 lea5ing to tNe rigNt, ^itN its Ne'agonal (lanP it is one o1 Istanbul_s more interesting
NamamsP but `as burne5 in tNe &;&* IsNak Paea Bire an5 is em(tG an5 in a state o1
5isre(air to5aG, ^alking 1urtNer along Gou can see tNe HaGtar 0ektebi ?%eterinarG scNool@P
o1 `NicN onlG tNe 5oor an5 a sign rea5ing b0IlkiGe HaGtar 0ekteb+i Alisib Na%e sur%i%e5 to
tNe (resent, TNe t`o+storeG brick scNool 5esigne5 bG aimon5o 5_Aronco use5 to be an ol5
mansion, TNe scNool `as 5estroGe5 bG tNe 3sNak Pa)a 1ire in &;&*, I1 Gou `alk 1urtNer along
tNe roa5P a 1ineP ol5 gate `ill greet Gou, TNis is tNe onlG remaining (art o1 tNe Arasta !er%isN
Lo5ge,P
145
Pratik Ga(alCm\ L "a 1acem (ractic\
[ ;C";6-JB= CV?K
.n urm cu cteva sptmni, lansam o provocare interesant le'at de limba turc, iar
prietenii TurcaLaUnCeai au rspuns cu mult ori'inalitate! 1st!i postm cele mai reu$ite
dialo'uri pentru fiecare situaie propus n parte! 6ulte felicitri tuturor!
"ituaia &[
Cere 5ou (orii 5e gRzleme 5e la un %Anztor ambulant 5in Istanbul,
A(oi (lte)teP mulume)te )i ia+i rmas bun,
Georgiana >arina ne2a trimis o variant corect $i foarte potrivit pentru aceast situaie! -ravo!
>olaG gelsin\ 3ki tane gRzleme alabilir miGim4 #e ka5ar4
por la treab9 :mi pute%i da dou plcinte2 Ct cost2
+ 2 lira\ Cinci lire9
+ HuGurun\ Pofti%i9
+ Jok te)ekkIr e5erim\ 3Gi gInler\; mul%umesc foarte mult9 $ zi bun9
146
"ituaia *[
Te ntAlne)ti ntr+o 5iminea (e stra5 cu un %ecNi (rieten,
Cum l salui4 Imagineaz+i o (osibil continuare a 5ialogului,
0elek 0lk ne2a trimis un dialo' foarte interesant3
+ GInaG5Cn\Arka5a)CmP nasClsCnP nereler5esin4 6un diminea%a9 Prietene, ce faci, pe unde
umbli2
+ "ana 5a gInaG5Cn\ 8am5olsunP iGiGim\ "en nasClsCn4 <i %ie bun diminea%a9 :%i mul%umesc,
sunt bine9 "u ce faci2
+ 3GiGim\ #e olsun4 3) gIF\ "eni gRrmeGeli Fok ol5u\ #e %ar ne Gok4 UmarCm i)lerin
Golun5a5Cr, Ailen nasCl4
unt bine9 Ce s fac2 .unc i iar munc9 3 trecut mult timp de cnd nu te&am vzut9 Ce mai
zici2 per c toate sunt n regul9 =amilia ta ce face2
+ E%etP NaklCsCnP 5ostum\ GRrmeGeli baGaTa zaman geFti\ Ailem iGiP AllaNUa )IkIr\ 3)lerim
Golun5aW Hir ara bulu)alCm kar)ClCklC bir kaN%e iFelim\ Da, ai dreptate, prietene9 3 trecut
mult timp de cnd nu ne&am vzut9 =amilia mea este bine, slav Domnului9 "otul mi merge
bine( :ntr&o zi s ne ntlnim i s bem o cafea9
X Tabii kiW Uzun uzun soNbet e5eriz o zamanP beraberce oturu( eski gInleri
anarCzW Desigur9 3tunci vom discuta i mpreun ne vom aduce aminte de zilele de demult(
X Anla)tCkP 5ostum\ /im5i gitmek zorun5aGCmP kusura bakma to(lantCGa geF
kalmaGaGCm\ )e&am n%eles, prietene9 3cum sunt nevoit s plec, nu te supra, dar nu vreau s
ntrzii la edin%9
+ GRrI)IrIz o zamanP kolaG gelsinW )e mai vedem atunci, spor la treab(
X "aT ol,,sana 5a! .ersi, la fel i %ie9
147
"ituaia -[
Este searP te a1li la mas cu mai muli (rieteni )i trebuie s (leci, Cum i iei la re%e5ere4
5entru a treia situaie, am ales propunerea venit din partea prietenei noastre, 05lina Clin!
Hen kalkCGorumP arka5a)lar, >u plec? . ridic, prieteni.
GeF ol5u, &a fcut trziu.
<arCn erken kalkacaTCmP Fok i)im %ar, .ine m voi trezi devreme, am foarte mult treab.
Hu gece NarikaG5C, eara aceasta a fost super.
>en5inize iGi bakCn, 3ve%i grij de voi.
8aG5i gRrI)IrIzP iGi ak)amlar\ @ai c ne mai vedem, o sear plcut9
<ac e$ti interesat s nvei mai mult turc, ai aici la ndemn, leciile de vocabular destinate
nceptorilor, album pe care l completm cu alte lecii noi de2a lun'ul timpului! Bar pentru orice
ntrebare le'at de limba turc ne poi contacta pe adresa de e2mail3
launpahardeceaiturcescnyahoo.com .i rspundem cu mare dra'!
148
Publicat (e 2 iul, *=&.
site for Halit =r'enc https3,,GGG.facebook.com,pa'es,Halit2...&FJBC* in
=n'lish
B have been in love before
6y life Gas crashed because of this love
B understood that it Gas my youth Ghich Gas 'one, in e@chan'e for a love
B kneeled in front of him
Bt didnt help me for him to be my beloved
at the end B fell and 'ave my last breath to the 'reen sea that is in his eyes
=ven if B didnWt Grap his Gaist, B didnt 'ive up this aim
Bts a pitiful adventure, they took him aGay from my hands
He became someothers beloved, unknoGn stran'ers became happy
6y heart turned into a tumbled doGn land
5ast is a Gound in my heart
6y luck is darker than my hair
Bt is that sad memory Ghich makes me cry time to time
He didnWt make me sleep on his chest,
He didnWt comfort me Gith his kisses
*ome lon' years passed by
He for'ot me Gith that Goman
=ven if B didnt Grap his Gaist, B didnt 'ive up this aim
Bts a pitiful adventure, they took him aGay from my hands
He became someothers beloved, unknoGn stran'ers became happy
6y heart turned into a tumbled doGn land
149
"urkish
ben de 'Nn#l )ektim eskiden
yand% hayat%m bu sev'iden
anlad%m ki bir a$ka bedel
'en)li+immi$ elimden 'iden
Nn#nde ben 'eldim de di!e
yar olmad% bu kimse bi!e
en nihayet d#$#p can verdim
'N!#ndeki ye$il deni!e
sarmad%msa da belden, 'e)medim bu emelden
bir ha!in macerad%r onu ald%lar elden
ba$kas%na yr oldu, eller bahtiyr oldu
'Nnl#m hep ba$tan ba$a viran bir diyr oldu
ma!i kalbimde bir yarad%r
baht%m sa)lar%mdan karad%r
beni !aman !aman a+latan
i$te bu ha!in hat%rad%r
ne 'N+s#nde uyuttu beni
ne boseyle avuttu beni
'e)ti ard%ndan u!un y%llar
o kad%n da unuttu beni
sarmad%msa da belden, 'e)medim bu emelden
bir ha!in macerad%r onu ald%lar elden
ba$kas%na yr oldu, eller bahtiyr oldu
'Nnl#m hep ba$tan ba$a viran bir diyr oldu
150
Hilmeceler Z GNiciP gNicitoarea mea\ Pe turce)te\
?C ;C";6-JB= CV?K

Curio$i din fire, ntotdeauna am apreciat 'hicitorile, 4ocurile de lo'ic sau ntrebrile de cultur
'eneral. 1$a c am profitat de aceast curio!itate peste limitele normale $i am folosit2o n
avanta4ul nostru, n procesul perfecionrii limbii turce! Jspunsurile se afl la finalul postrii!
Cte ai bifat dintre ele0 38 Eu tri$a!
"1atul TurcaLaUnCeai[ <up ce afli rspunsurile, merit s le nvei pe cele care i2au plcut cel
mai mult $i s le spui prietenilor turci! Aei vedea c astfel reii mult mai u$or cuvintele noi. 1sta
fr s punem la socoteal c2i vei impresiona peste msur pe turci!
&, Jar)C5an al5Cm bir taneP e%e gel5im bin tane, 3m luat din pia% o bucat, am venit acas
cu o mie de buc%i.
*, <emGe)il Ga(raklarC %arP GiGenleri gIFlI Ga(ar, L 3re frunze foarte foarte verzi, i face
puternici pe cei care&l mnnc.
-, <er altCn5a turuncu minare, L ub pmnt, minaret portocaliu.
., Hir baFaTCm %arP bir 5e )a(kam. 3m un picior i o plrie.
2, 8anCm iFer5eP )acC 5C)arC5a\ Doamna este nuntru, prul este pe afar9
6, Henim bir kCzCm %arP mantosu Ge)ilP 5ITmeleri kara, >u am o fat, cu mantoul verde i cu
nasturii negri.
7, <er altCn5a sakallC 5e5e\ 7n bunic brbos sub pmnt9
9, >aN%altC so1ralarCnC sIslerimP $rnez mesele de mic&dejun
A1iGetle Genir meG%elerim Cu mare poft se mnnc fructele mele
<aTCm FCkar salatalara girerim Devin ulei i intru n salate
Je)it Fe)it renklerim 3m culori diferite.
;, !C)C %ar iFi GokP 5aGak Ger suFu Gok, A 3re e'terior dar n&are interior, mnnc btaie dei n&
are nicio vin.
&=, 8CrsCz iFer5e ba)C 5C)ar5a, @o%ul este nuntru, capul su este pe afar.
&&, :ilim %arP ka(Cm Gok, 3m sonerie dar nu am u.
&*, 8a%a5a uFarP kana5C Gok, Bboar prin aer dar nu are airipi.
&-, CanC %arP kanC Gok. 3re via% dar nu are snge.
&., >uGruTu %ar canlC 5eTilP konu)ur ama insan 5eTilP camC %ar ama (encere 5eTil, 3re
coad dar nu este o fiin%, vorbete dar nu este om, are geam dar nu este fereastr.
&, #ar 7rodia8. *, Is(anak 7spanacul8 -, 8a%uF 7morcovul8 ., 0antar 7ciuperca82,
0CsCr 7porumbul8 6, >ar(uz 7pepenele ro$u8 7, PCrasa 7pra!8 9, :eGtin 7mslin8;,
To( 7min'e8 &=, Ji%i 7cui8 &&, Tele1on 7telefonul8 &*, Hulut 7norul8 &-, >elebek7fluture8 &.,
Tele%izGon 7televi!orul8
1$k%n ne !aman, nerede ve han'i $artlarda si!e '#l#mseyece+i hi) belli olma!. Eu se poate $ti
cnd, unde $i n ce circumstane v va !mbi dra'ostea.
151
3rem !erici[ SHir miGiz4 Z "untem un tot4U
?? ;C";6-JB= CV?K&1UE51H1J<=C=1B"UJC=*C 6=&;<BB "UJC=/"B "J1<U*= .E
&B6-1 J;61E1 *CJB= UE C;6=E"1JBU

<up succesul fulminant pe care l2a avut n aceast var cu piesa V>albimin Tek "aNibineX,
tnra (rem <erici, noua sen!aie a mu!icii din "urcia, se ntoarce cu o nou pies! VHir
miGiz4X se afl de4a n topul clasamentelor mu!icale din "urcia, motiv pentru care popose$te $i la
noi pe blo', n a unspre!ecea postare a lunii octombrie!
OlmuGor X )u va merge
Hu sabaN gIne) bile tuNa1 X :n diminea%a asta c#iar i soarele&i ciudat
!oTmuGor 2 <i nu rsare
>a1am NaGli karC)Ck 2 .intea mi&e destul de confuz
GRzlerim aGna5a beni bile gRrmIGor + . uit n oglind i nici c#ipul nu mi&l mai vd
Hil ki zorluGor X tii c e foarte greu
Hu ka5ar belirsizlik bizi zorluGor + 3tta nesiguran% este tare grea
Hen a)kC Na(settim 2 >u am ncarcerat dragostea
Ama artCk kilit sen5e 5urmuGor X Dar lactul nu mai st de&acum la tine
Gel Ga(ma 5e5im bak bRGle 2 Ci&am spusD ;ino, nu face asta
#e olur iki kelam 5a sen sRGle X "e implor, spune&mi mcar cteva cuvinte
!urumumuz belirsizP Faba sar1e5elim X itua%ia noastr este incert, #ai s ne strduim pu%in
<a)anClanlar Ne( aGnC 2 3mndoi ne confruntm cu aceleai lucruri
8e(imiz5e o tuNa1 kaGgC X 3cea nelinite ciudat e'ist n noi to%i
HakarsCn to(arlarCzP 5e%am e5elim X $ s ne revenim noi, #ai s continum
!inleteme5imP 5inleteme5im X )u te&am putut face s m ascul%i
>elimeler tIken5i 2 Cuvintele s&au sfrit
"RGleteme5imP sRGleteme5im X )u te&am putut face s spui
/im5i senle ben X 3cum eu i tu
Hir miGiz senle Goksa NiF miGiz4 & untem un singur tot sau nu suntem nimic2
GRzIme baka baka umutlar X peran%e, ce vin cnd te privesc n oc#i
<IzIme baka baka Galanlar 2 .inciuni, pe care mi le spui fr s clipeti
!aTClmCGor i)te o kara bulutlar X *at c acei nori negri nu se risipesc
>a5er miGiz sRGle Goksa biter miGiz4 2 untem destina%i s fim mpreun sau se va termina totul
ntre noi2
152
CAntece (entru co(ii n limba turc
?V ;C";6-JB= CV?K
Cum a putea s nv% ct mai repede cuvinte n limba turc2! este ntrebarea pe care o au!im
aproape !ilnic $i pe bun dreptate, cci nu2i chiar att de u$or s asimile!i vocabular! "ocmai de
aceea, propunem o abordare inedit $i de mare folos celor care se afl la nceput de drum n
procesul de nvare al limbii turce! 5rin ritmul lor antrenant $i ima'inile simpatice ce le nsoesc,
cntecelele pentru copii repre!int cea mai la ndemn metod de a reine cuvinte $i structuri
'ramaticale n timp record, de aceea i lansm o provocare3 nva unul dintre cntecele de mai
4os $i spune2ne dac metoda propus de noi i2a fost de folos!
1lturi de versurile traduse n limba romn, e$ti invitat s accepi $i cteva hpastilue de limba
turcQ, ce se refer fie la o construcie 'ramatical, fie la una de vocabular! <m n mintea
copiilor $i redevenim piticii n!drvani de odinioar! 38
>IFIk >urbaTa Z Hroscua
>IFIk kurbaTaP kIFIk kurbaTaP X -roscuo, broscuo
>ulaTCn nere5e4 Unde i2e urechea0
>ulaTCm Gok kulaTCm Gok, X E2am ureche, n2am ureche.
<Izerim 5ere5e\ X .not n pru.
>u %ak %ak %ak ku %ak %ak %ak ku%ak ku%ak ku%ak ?'*@
>IFIk kurbaTaP kIFIk kurbaTaP + -roscuo, broscuo
>uGruTun nere5e4 Z Unde i2e codia0
>uGruTum Gok kuGruTum Gok Z Eu am coad, nu am coad
<Izerim 5ere5e\ X =u not n pru.
>u %ak %ak %ak ku %ak %ak %ak ku%ak ku%ak ku%ak ?'*@

Pastile 5e limba turc
Pastila &[ 2 .n limba turc, cuvintele din orice titlu se scriu cu liter mare, nu doar prima, a$a cum
se ntmpl n limba romn. Jeine re'ula cnd redacte!i o scrisoare sau un eseu, sau chiar $i un
bilet n limba turc.
Pastila *3 Construcia cu romnescul ha aveaQ se red n limba turc printr2o structur compus
dup re'ula3 cuvnt nsoit de sufi@ul posesiv 7al meu, al tu, al lui etc8 _ A1J 7pentru forma
afirmativ8 $i F;T 7pentru forma ne'ativ8.
>ulaTCm Gok. X =u nu am ureche 7ad literam3 Urechea mea nu e@ist8
>ulaTCm %ar, X =u am ureche. 7Urechea mea e@ist.8
:amanCm Gok, X =u nu am timp. 7"impul meu nu e@ist.8
<arCn zamanCm %ar, X =u am mine timp. 76ine e@ist timpul meu8.
=ste o construcie total diferit de cea din limba romn, dar o dat nvate sufi@ele posesive,
devine floare la ureche!
>CrmCzC HalCk Z Pe)tele cel ro)u
>CrmCzC balCk gRl5e X 5e$tele cel ro$u n lac
>C%Crla kC%Crla GIzIGor X .noat unduindu2se
HalCkFC 8asan geliGor X Aine pescarul Hasan
OltasCnC atCGor + .$i arunc undia
HalCkFC seni tutacak X 5escarul te va prinde
"e(etine atacak X "e va arunca n co$ul su
"akCn Gemi Geme X * nu cumva s mu$ti din momeal
>CrmCzC balCk kaF kaF X 5e$te ro$u pleac, pleac 7n turc, hfu'i, fu'iQ de lakaFmak X a fu'i8
153
>CrmCzC balCk kaF, 2 5e$te ro$u, pleac de acolo
Pastila &[ 5entru a da sfaturi sau ordine n turc, pornim de la forma de infinitiv a verbelor
7'se$ti 1BCB o list8 $i tot ce ai de fcut este s renuni la terminaiile n +0A> sau la +0E> $i
'atai ai format imperativul! Completm mini2e@plicaia cu ni$te e@emple edificatoare!
U<U0A> X a dormi` U<U\ X <ormi!
A#LA0A> 2 a nele'e` A#LA\ X .nele'e!
G3T0E> 2 a pleca` G3T\ X 5leac!
HA>0A> X a privi` HA>\ X 5rive$te!
3J0E> X a bea` 3J\ X -ea!
O>U0A> X a citi` O>U X Cite$te!
Ali HabaUnCn bir Ji1tliTi %ar Z Haba Ali are o 1erm
Ali HabaUnCn bir Fi1tliTi %ar X 1li -aba are o ferm
Ci1tliTin5e kuzularC %ar X &a ferm el are mielu$ei
0e+me 5iGe baTCrCr X =i fac a$a3 me2me
Ci1tliTin5e Ali HabaUnCn, Z &a ferma lui 1li -aba
Ali HabaUnCn bir Fi1tliTi %ar X 1li -aba are o ferm
Ci1tliTin5e inekleri %ar X &a ferm el are vaci
0R+mR 5iGe baTCrCr X =le fac a$a3 mu2mu
Ci1tliTin5e Ali HabaUnCn, Z &a ferma lui 1li -aba
Ali HabaUnCn bir Fi1tliTi %ar X 1li -aba are o ferm
Ci1tliTin5e NorozlarC %ar X &a ferm el are coco$i
K+IrI+I 5iGe baTCrCr X =i fac a$a3 cu2cu2ri2'u
Ci1tliTin5e Ali HabaUnCn + &a ferma lui 1li -aba
Ali HabanCn bir Fi1tliTi %ar Z 1li -aba are o ferm
Ji1liTin5e e)ekleri %ar + &a ferm el are m'ru$i
Aii aii 5iGe baTCrCr Z =i fac3 Bha iha
Ji1liTin5e Ali HabaUnCn Z &a ferma lui 1li -aba
Ali HabaUnCn bir Fi1tliTi %ar X 1li -aba are o ferm
Ci1tliTin5e ke5ileri %ar X &a ferm are pisici
0iGa%+miGa% 5iGe baTCrCr X =le fac a$a3 miau miau
Ci1tliTin5e Ali HabaUnCn, Z &a ferma lui 1li -aba.
Ali HabaUnCn bir Fi1tliTi %ar X 1li -aba are o ferm
Ji1tliTin5e kR(ekleri %ar X &a ferm el are celu$i
8a%+Na% 5iGe baTCrCr X =i fac a$a3 ham2ham
Ji1tliTin5e Ali HabaUnCn, + &a ferma lui 1li -aba
Ali HabaUnCn bir Fi1tliTi %ar X 1li -aba are o ferm
Ji1tliTin5e FocuklarC %ar X &a ferm el are copii
8a Na Na Na 5iGe baTCrCr X =i ip $i rd a$a3 ha ha ha ha
Ji1tliTin5e Ali HabaUnCn, Z &a ferma lui 1li -aba
Pastila &[ Bntr pe acest link $i afl care este denumirea animluelor n limba turc.
Pastila *[ "e2ai 'ndit vreodat cum hvorbesc animaleleQ pe turce$te0 Bndiferent de rspunsul tu,
iat lista interesant cu 'raiurile lor!
>R(ek Z cAine[ Na% Na%, Or5ek Z raa[ %ak %ak, >e5i Z (isica[ miGa% miGa%, Ta%uk Z gina[
gCt gCt gC5ak, Bare Z )oarece[ iGk iGk, 8in5i Z curcan[ glu glu, At Z cal[ iiiaaaaNaNN, "erFe Z
%rabie[ ciiiik ciiik, >urbaTa Z broasc[ %Crak %Crak,
Pastila -[ <ar cum vom interaciona cu animluele de pe teritoriul "urciei, ne vor nele'e ele
oare dac n2au au!it n viaa lor de hpui pui puiQ, hmar$Q sau hdiQ0 386ai bine s fim
pre'tii! V!eN\X spunem pentru a face un cal sau un m'ar s mear' $i VJI)X ca s2i
oprim, VONa\X folosim ca vcuele s se urneasc din loc,VPisi (isiX este suficient ca felinele att
154
de iubite din Bstanbul s se apropie de noi,XGeN geNX este un fel de hCuu cuuQ, iar
pentru V0ar)X vom spune V8o)t\X 5e 'ini $i pe restul ortnilor dintr2o curte le putem anuna
sosirea mesei prin VHili biliX. 38
ArC $Cz $Cz $Cz Z Albinua bAz bAz bAz
<az gel5iP FiFekler aFtC + Aara a venit, florile s2au deschis
ArClar Ne( FalC)tC 2 1lbinuele au tot muncit
ArC %Cz %Cz %Cz X 1lbinua b! b! b!
ArC %Cz %Cz %Cz 5iGe FalC)Cr Z 1lbinua lucrea! fcnd b! b! b!
ArC %Cz %Cz %Cz 5iGe FalC)Cr X 1lbinua lucrea! fcnd b! b! b!

0ini 0ini >u) Z 0icua %rbiu
0ini mini bir kus 5onmustu Z ; vrbiu mic de tot
Pencereme konmu)tu Z *2a pus pe perva!ul ferestrei mele
Al5Cm onu iFeriGe Z 1m lsat2o nuntru
cik cik cik cik RtsIn 5iGe Z Ca s ciripeasc cip cirip
PCr (Cr e5erken canlan5C Z <nd din aripi a prins via
Ellerim bak bo) kal5C X /i, uite, mi2a scpat din mini
155
Iulia Ale'an5ra[ Unutulmaz anClar ?amintiri 5e neuitat@ alla turca
?L ;C";6-JB= CV?K
VHir %armC)P bir Gokmu) ?a 1ost o5at ca nicio5at@ la sud2est de -osfor, CVVV km deprtare de
cas n inima 1natoliei, o fat dintr2o alt PinimQ, cea a "ransilvaniei. 1cea fat eram eu i
fceam primii pai pe pmnt turcesc. =ra iunie, un iunie fierbinte i uscat, crmi!iu i prfuit
precum acC biber ?ar5eiul iute mcinat@, 1pusul mirosea a FaG ?ceai@ iar ezan+ul ?cNemarea la
rugciune@mbria oraul, conferindu2i o aur de mister i armoni!ndu2i diversitatea. "impul
s2a oprit n loci ntr2un loc de poveste. 1 fost ilk gRrI)te a)k ?5ragoste la (rima %e5ere@i
<ei am fost ElazCTlC ?5in ElazCT@ timp de o var, a fost mai mult dect o iubire de var. 6ult mai
multi
*e spune c >albe gi5en Gol mi5e5en geFer ?5ragostea trece (rin stomac@, ei bine n acest ca!,
tind s cred c este adevrat. LaNmacunP A5ana kebabCP bakla%aP %i)neli %e limonlu
5on5urma $i lokum sunt in'redintele care au aat focul, pe care nici mcar ayranul rece nu l
mai poate stin'e. "urcia a devenitbenim gRnlImIn (a5i)aNC ?sultanul inimii mele@ i
totodat ka5erim ?5estinul meu@. =ste motivul pentru care am renunat de dou ori la un 4ob pe
care l ndr'eam, prima dat n vara CV?C cnd am decis s accept provocarea unui sta'iu de
practic n estul "urciei, iar apoi, un an mai tr!iu cnd am renunat la tot pentru un vis3
doctoratul n Btaliai a@at evident, pe politica i istoria turc, i care mi2a permis s revd "urcia
i s redescopr emoia i corul de fluturai n stomac de data aceasta pe coasta mrii ='ee, n
B!mir.
9ndul la "urcia mi desenea! !mbete pe fa i sclipiri de amintiri frumoase. .mi este e@trem
de 'reu s reali!e! un top al momentelor de neuitat, sunt prea multei iar to(+ul ?minge@ meu se
va mai rosto'oli pe terenul "urciei, 3n)allaN\ ?Cu %oia lui !umnezeu\@ .n consecin, voi evita
reali!area unui top i voi ncerca s v pre!int 'rupuri sau cate'orii de momente.
156
Aoi incepe cu3
p 3lk izlenim ?(rima im(resie@ pentru c ilk izlenim Rnemli5ir ?(rima im(resie conteaz@3
5rima !i n "urcia va ocupa mereu un loc special n biblioteca amintirilor mele. Eu voi uita
niciodat prima cltorie cu autobu!ul care se balansa ritmic i violent pe mu!ica turceasc,
uitnd de orice re'ul de circulaie i semnalndu2mi mpreun cu a'lomeraia, a'itaia 'eneral
i culorile nocturne ale oraului c am a4uns ntr2o alt lume. 1cea lume ma'ic era desprins
parc din pa'inile celor ?VV? i una de nopi la care visam de mici 5rimul te)ekkIr e5erim
?mulumesc@ $i Fok gIzel ?1oarte 1rumos@, iar apoi inevitabilul Fok sCcak ?1oarte cal5@, avnd n
vedere c temperaturile se ridicau i la K[ qCi prima i sin'ura GaTmur ?(loaie@, care n cteva
minute a inundat str!ile campusului, iroaiele rcoroase fiind topite n mai puin de o 4umtate
de or de ra!ele soarelui. 5rima nunt 7dar i a doua8 tradiional turceasc la care am participat,
primul NalaG n anl%urfai "oate acestea i multe alte Pprime impresiiQ au asi'urat "urciei un
loc de cinste n inima mea.
p Insanlar ?oamenii@3 =i bine, frumuseea "urciei nu se re!um doar la locurile sale unice ci i la
sufletul su frumos3 oamenii. 1m avut norocul ca printre coordonatori s avem un 0elek ?nger8
care a avut tot timpul 'ri4 de noi. Eu le voi uita niciodat pe frumoasele i veselele noastre
vecine de toate vrstele i nici seara petrecut cu ele n faa blocului, dei ele nu vorbeau en'le!a
iar turca noastr era limitat la nasClsCn4 ?Cum e)ti4ECe 1aci4@, lezzetli ?5elicios@, gIzel
?1rumos@, a1iGet olsun ?(o1t bun@ i formulele de saluti 5rietenia noastr a nceput ntr2o
sear de Jamadan cnd una dintre femei a aler'at cu o farfurie de pr4ituri dup noi. 1m luat cte
una i i2am mulumit, ns ne2a pus farfuria n brae. <rept urmare, am urcat cu farfuria de
pr4ituri am 'olit coninutul i ne2am ntors s returnm farfuria splat. Iarfuria a rmas, la fel i
noi iar ceea ce a urmat se poate re!uma prin !mbete conta'ioase, edine foto i discuii despre
"arkan, -rad 5itt i Bnna. Eu voi uita nici copilaii simpatici din campus, care stri'au de fiecare
dat cnd ne vedeau PHelloooo! HoG are you0Q i desi'ur, prietenii minunai care ne2au invitat n
snul familiilor lor i ne2au fcut ederea mai frumoas. "urcii sunt amabili i dornici s ofere o
mn de a4utor, drept dovad am obinut finanare de la universitatea 'a!d?BCrat
Kni%ersitesi@ pentru or'ani!area unui eveniment dedicat rii noastre P<escoper JomniaQ, am
aprut n reporta4e reali!ate de BCrat T$, iar n aceast primvar n B!mir nite profesori
minunai m2au a4utat s reali!e! un chestionar n rndul studenilor.
157
p TIrk mut1aTC ?buctria turceasc@[ 5reparatele turceti au cucerit i rsfat 'urmanda din
mine. 5rimul FaG i primulaGran, prima mas ?VVd turceasc, primul keba( ?kebab@ adevrat,
i contienti!area faptului c nu are nici o le'tur cu ceea ce se 'sete n
Jomaniai laNmacunul sau noua mea pi!!a preferat, aventura mea culinar soldat cu
L bakla%a2le i crampe, cum am mncat carne de miel fr s tiu, i, dei n mod normal nu o
suport, mi2a plcut la nebunie 5Rner keba(2ul preparat din miel. !on5urma
?ngNeata@ i limonata ?limona5@ de dup fiecare RTle GemeTi ?(rAnz@. =ntu!iasmul meu
copilresc nainte de mas, ateptarea i1tarului n timpul postului de Jamadan, munii de simit
devorai, i cele mai frumoase L kilo'rame n plus 7sau mai mult08 rmase ca amintirei "oate
aceste momente delicioase mi2au cucerit stomacul.
<esi'ur lista poate continua la nesfr$it, fiecare loc vi!itat, fiecare persoan dra' cunoscut,
fiecare preparat 'ustat, fiecare apus i fiecare rsrit au scris o poveste n sufletul meu. Eu este
surprin!tor faptul c apropiaii au nceput s mi spun turcoaic i s se molipseasc de obsesia
mea pentru mu!ica turceasc, limba turc si locurile ma'ice din "urcia! 38
"e%gilerle ?Cu 5rag@P Iulia ?sau 8IlGa4@h; poi urmri pe Bulia $i frumoasele ei articole despre
"urcia $i limba turc pe acest blo'! Di de !i apar postri interesante $i pe pa'ina ei de
Iacebook3 "urkish <eli'ht -a!aar. ; poi vi!ita dac vrei s te ndulce$ti cu aroma de neuitat a
"urciei ori dac i2e dor de ima'ini de vis de acolo. Eoi o facem cu fiecare oca!ie $i de fiecare
dat rmnem fermecai!
158
Brom 3n)allaN to 0a)allaN
OCTOBER 12, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
Photo credits: Anita Go!"
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On *+ 4a+ to Ma#allah@ #in$% I .a'% a 1(+ ($.%"!% I 4i!! (%t (o*%
*i!%(ton%(B
"i($o'%) *+ 4%a-n%((%( an" t)n t.%* into (t)%n,t.( 6in ot.%) 4o)"(
?n" t.% *o(t $o**on *i(ta-%( I *a-% an" "o (o*% )%(%a)$.8
)%a" 6an" ?ni(.;8 a no'%! in T)-i(. 6"%'ot% at !%a(t a .a!5 an .o)M"a+ to
!%$t)%8
!i(t%n to T)-i(. *(i$ an" t)an(!at% t.% !+)i$( 6/o(t a (on,N!+)i$(M4%%-
on 1!o,8
4at$. a T)-i(. *o'i%M4%%-
(/%a- an" 4)it% in T)-i(. a( *$. a( /o((i1!%
Po(t %'%)+ "a+ on T)-i(. D%!i,.t Ba<aa)&( Da$%1oo- /a,%
"n#allah I&!! )%a$. *+ "%(tination;
160
Kurban Bayramnz
mbarek olsun!
OCTOBER 4, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
To"a+ i( t.% ?)(t "a+ o5 F)1an Ba+)a*O 6Ei" a!EA".a8, t.% D%a(t o5 #a$)i?$% in
T)-%+ an" a!! a)on" t.% M(!i* 4o)!"2 I 4o!" !i-% to 4i(. a!! *+ M(!i*
)%a"%)( (urban 'ayramnz Mbarek )lsun; 6Ma+ +o) D%a(t o5 #a$)i?$%
1% 1!%((%";8 A( I .a'% n%'%) 1%%n in T)-%+ 6no) in anot.%) M(!i* $ont)+8
")in, F)1an Ba+)a*O, I 5%!t I&* not t.% )i,.t /%)(on to 4)it% a1ot2 I )%5(%
to 1a(% *+ -no4!%",% an" G",%*%nt /on ot.%) /%o/!%&( 5%%!in,( an"
o/inion(2 #ti!!, I $o!"n&t (tan" a(i"% an" -%%/ tota!!+ Li%t ")in, t.% 1a+)a*2
I $annot /)%t%n" t.%)% i( not.in, ,oin, on2 #o I *a"% (o*% )%(%a)$. an" I
/)%/a)%" a (.o)t (%!%$tion o5 an" %0t)a$t( 5)o* t.% 1%(t a)ti$!%(M1!o, /o(t( I
5on" a1ot F)1an Ba+)a*OB
I&* ,oin, to (ta)t 4it. *aneyinmersin,a 1!o, I&* a!4a+( "%!i,.t%" to
)%a"2 Pan%+ %0/!ain( ( t.% *%anin, o5 F)1an Ba+)a*OB
6F)1an Ba+)a*O8 i( a 4 1M2 "a+ 5%(ti'a! 4.i$. ta-%( /!a$% Q0 "a+(
a5t%) Ramazan .a( %n"%"2 It i( -no4n a( t.% D%(ti'a! o5 #a$)i?$% )%5%))in, to
t.% (to)+ o5 A1)a.a* 4.o 4a( 4i!!in, to (a$)i?$% .i( (on I(*a%! at Go"&(
1%L%(t2 P)%tt+ *$. t.% (a*% "%a! a( A1)a.a* an" I(aa$ i5 +o a)% )nnin,
161
in C.)i(tian $i)$!%(2 T.% 5%(ti'a! i( a!! a1ot $.a)it+ an" $o**nit+2 Ea$.
5a*i!+ 64.o $an aRo)" to "o (o8 4i!! /)$.a(% an ani*a! 5o) t.% (a$)i?$% an"
o'%) t.% /a(t 5%4 4%%-( t.%)% .a( 1%%n an a1n"an$% o5 ani*a!( to 1% 5on"
,)a<in, on an+ (/a)% /a)$%! o5 !an" a)on" t.% $it+2 A5t%) t.% ani*a! .a( .a"
it( t.)oat $t an" t.% !i5%E1!oo" .a( ")ain%" a4a+ t.% *%at i( (/!it into t.)%% S
on% t.i)" to +o) 5a*i!+, on% t.i)" to +o) n%i,.1o)&( an" on% t.i)" to t.%
/oo)2 It&( a !o'%!+ i"%a 64%!! %0$%/t 5o) t.% (a$)i?$% t.at i(82 I5 +o $annot
aRo)" to /)$.a(% an ani*a! +o $an *a-% a "onation to an o),ani<ation
($. a( Trk Hava Kurumu an" .a'% ani*a!( (!a,.t%)%" in +o) na*%2 T.%
o),ani<ation 4i!! a!(o *a-% ()% t.% 5oo" i( $o))%$t!+ "i(t)i1t%" to t.% /oo)2
R%a" Pan%+&( /i%$%here.
I&!! $ontin% t.% !i(t 4it. on% o5 *+ 5a'o)it% 1!o,(B Nata!i%
#a+in&( Turkish Tra!el 'log% a *(tE)%a" 5o) t.o(% 4.o /!an to 'i(it
T)-%+2 Nata!i% 4)ot% a1ot .%) )o!% in t.% $%!%1)ationB
HI 4i!! ")%(( in *+ o!"%(t an" ")a1 $!ot.%( 61%a) 4it. *%E t.%)% i( a )%a(on
4.+ I a* 4%a)in, o!" $!ot.%(8, t.%n .%a" to 5)i%n"( an" 5a*i!+ to Goin in
4it. t.i( a,%Eo!" )%!i,io( t)a"ition2 M+ )o!% in t.% $%!%1)ation i( (i*/!%2 I
4i!! (tan" an" !i(t%n 4.i!% a '%)(% 5)o* t.% T)an i( )%a"2 T.% t.)oat o5 t.%
(.%%/ 4i!! t.%n 1% (!it an" t.% 1!oo" ")ain%" into a .o!% in t.% ,)on"2
On$% t.i( .a( 1%%n "on%, I 4i!! Goin in 4it. t.% ot.%) 4o*%n to $!%an an"
$t t.% ani*a! /, .%n$% 4.+ I a* not ")%((%" in *+ 1%(t ,%a)2 A $%)tain
a*ont o5 t.% *%at 4i!! 1% a!!o$at%" to t.% /oo)2 N%i,.1o)( 4.o .a'% not
.a" t.% o//o)tnit+ to /)$.a(% an ani*a! 4i!! 1% ,i'%n (o*% an" t.% )%(t
4i!! 1% "i'i"%" 1%t4%%n t.% 5a*i!i%(2&E C!i$- here to )%a" t.% 4.o!% a)ti$!%2

Anot.%) %0/at, Danni 6+i!ing the Turkish ,ream8, %0/!ain( ( 4.+
(a$)i?$in, (.%%/ ")in, F)1an Ba+)a*O i( not a( 1a" a( it (%%*(B
HI .a'% (%%n $o**%nt( 5)o* /%o/!% in t.% /a(t 4.o (a+ t.% /)o$%(( o5
(a$)i?$in, *i!!ion( o5 (.%%/ o'%) a 5%4 "a+( 5o) a )%!i,io( 5%(ti'a! i( 1a)1a)i$
an" in.*an%, .o4%'%), t.% *%anin, 1%.in" t.% t)a"ition an" t.% /)o$%(( o5
,i'in, *%at to t.o(% !%(( 5o)tnat% /%o/!% i( a ,oo" on% in *+ o/inion, it i(
not *%anin,!%(( -i!!in, 5o) t.% (a-% o5 it, it .a( a /)/o(%2 #o*% /%o/!% "o
?n" t.i( an ot"at%", o!" 5a(.ion%" t)a"ition an" (o*% *o"%)n 5a*i!i%( !i-% to
"onat% *on%+ to $.a)it+ in(t%a"2&E C!i$-here to )%a" *o)%2
162
3 in 1 word of the
day: a!zl
#EPTEMBER 1U, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
V"oTukX stories $I[ VUr1alCX 1or a 5aG
OCTOBER 2, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
3%!!, I&'% ,ot it a!! 1a$- to 5)ont2 B%5o)% on% ni,.t in U)5a 6(%% *+
/)%'io( "ost8, I 4a( -r&al 65)o* U)5a8 5o) a "a+2 #o, t.i( (.o!" .a'% 1%%n
*+ Ut. H(oV-& (to)+, not t.% Wt.; B!a*% it on *+ i!!o,i$a! Ao4 o5 *%*o)i%(2
B!a*% it on *+ ,o)*an"E(%!5, 4.o 5%!t t.% n%%" 5o) a tatl 6(4%%t8
an" a.biberli 6.ot /%//%)%"8 $!ina)+ to)t)%2 I to)t)%" *+(%!5 an" *+ "%a)
)%a"%)(2 #o))+ 5o) t.at2 A* I 9 No, I ,%(( I&* not@ a( I&* ,oin, to $ontin%2
In t.% 5o!!o4in, *int%( +o&!! 1% (1G%$t%" to as.ak 6.ot8 to)t)%2 Don&t
4o))+, it&( not ,oin, to 1)n +o2 A!t.o,. on% o5 t.% $.a)a$t%)( +o&!! *%%t a
5%4 !in%( 1%!o4 4a( a!*o(t (%t on ?)%2 O., *% an" *+ 1i, *ot.; 7o/% I
.a'%n&t G(t (/oi!%" a!! t.% *a,i$@Mo(t o5 *+ Hso/ukH 6$o!"8 (to)i%( 4%)%
a$ta!!+ ok s.ak 6'%)+ .ot8 4.%n I !i'%" t.%*2 An" t.i( on% i( 5a) 5)o*
1%in, an %0$%/tion2 B%$a(% 4% $annot "%5+ !o,i$ an+*o)%2 Can 4% $!o(% o)
*in"(M(%n(%( to Xan!O)5a&( .ot $!i*at%9 D)in, (**%) t%*/%)at)%( (a!!+
)%a$. YZ [C2 7ot, .ot, .ot;
163
I&* ()% t.at *an+ o5 +o .a'% a!)%a"+ .%a)" a1ot Xan!O)5a, %'%n t.o(%
4.o a)% t%*/t%" to (a+ no2 Do%( t.% an$i%nt to4n E"%((a )in, a 1%!!9 I5 +o)
an(4%) i( a:)*ati'%, I 4a( )i,.t, +o a!)%a"+ .%a)" a1ot Xan!O)5a2 E"%((a i(
a$ta!!+ t.% 5o)*%) na*% o5 t.% No)t.E3%(t M%(o/ota*ian U)5a, 4.i$. .a( a
!on, .i(to)+ an" 4a( /a)t o5 *an+ %*/i)%(B A--a", #*%)ian, Ba1+!onian,
7ittit%, A((+)ian, Ma$%"onian, #%!%$i", B+<antin% an" Otto*an2 Mo)%o'%),
a$$o)"in, to A2 Ci.at FI)-\IoV! o5 7a))an Uni'%)(it+ the history of
#i$ilization bean in %rfa& .i( a),*%nt 1%in, 1a(%" on t.% "i($o'%)+ o5
t.% o!"%(t (tat% in t.% 4o)!", HBa!O-!O,J!& #tat%, )%/)%(%ntin, t.% HGo" o5
R%/)o"$tion&2
No4a"a+( t.% $it+ i( $a!!%" Xan!O)5a o) HU)5a t.% ,!o)io(& 6#anl],!o)io(,
"i,ni?%"8 an" i( .o*% to "iR%)%nt %t.ni$ ,)o/(B T)-(, A)a1(, T)-*%n,
F)"(, A)*%nian( an" Ka<a2 U)5a $o!" 1% a *%ta/.o) 5o) "i'%)(it+2 It(
*!ti/!% 5a$%(, a)$.it%$t)%, $i(in%( an" t)a"ition( 5o)* an n(%tt!%" an"
1)%at.ta-in, *o(ai$2 DiR%)%nt $!t)%( an" /%o/!%( a)% *i0%" to,%t.%)
4it.ot !o(in, t.%i) (/%$i?$it+, on t.% $ont)a)+ t.% t%n"%n$+ i( to /)%(%)'%
t.%i) niL%n%((2 It i( no 4on"%) t.at t.i( /!a$% (%" to 1% $a!!%" t.% $)a"!% o5
$i'i!i<ation2
I5 *+ 4o)"( 4%)%n&t %no,. $on'in$in, to /t U)5a on +o) t)a'%! 1$-%t !i(t,
*a+1% t.% /i$t)%( 4i!! "o a 1%tt%) Go12 Do!!o4 *% in t.% G!o)io( $it+; P%o/!%
%($a/% t.% 1)nin, (n )a+( 5o) t.% (.a"o4 o5 t.% /a!* t)%%( in t.% #ehir
merkezi 6$it+ $%nt%)8, t.% ,)%%n oa(i( o5 t.% $it+B
164
3% Goin%" t.%* 5o) a 4.i!%, *a-in, o) 4a+ to t.% *ain att)a$tion o5 t.% $it+,
4.i$. i( A1)a.a*&( Poo! o) 'alkl G0l 6!a-% o5 ?(.82
At t.% 1%,innin, o5 t.i( /o(t I 4)ot% t.at on% o5 t.% $.a)a$t%)( o5 t.i( (to)+
4a( a!*o(t (%t on ?)%2 I t.in- I o4% +o (o*% %0/!anation(2 T.% $.a)a$t%) I
4a( ta!-in, a1ot i( t.% 1i1!i$a! A1)a.a* 6^1)a.i*8, i*/o)tant ?,)% not G(t
in C.)i(tianit+, 1t a!(o in I(!a* an" P"ai(*2 A$$o)"in, to t.% M(!i*
t)a"ition, U)5a i( t.% 1i)t./!a$% o5 A1)a.a*2
165
Ba!O-!O GJ! .a( a (/%$ia! (i,ni?$an$% a( it i( 1%!i%'%" to 1% t.% /!a$% 4.%)%
Ni*)o" *a"% a 5n%)a! /+)% 6)%*%*1%) t.% (to)+ o5 \iV -J5t% in *+ /)%'io(
/o(t98 an" /!ann%" to -i!! A1)a.a* 1+ t.)o4in, .i* into ?)%2 Go" (a'%"
A1)a.a* 1+ t)nin, t.% ?)% into 4at%) an" t.% $oa!( into ?(.2 T.% ?(. 5)o*
t.% /oo! i( $on(i"%)%" (a$)%" an" it i( 1%!i%'%" to 1)in, !$-2
A5t%) 'i(itin, t.% /oo!, 4% .a" a (.o)t (.o//in, (%((ion in t.% 1a<aa)B
166
It 4a( i*/o((i1!% to *i(( t.% U)5a biber 6/%//%)8 4.i$. i( 5a*o( in T)-%+
5o) it( niL% ta(t%2 A!t.o,. it i( not t.at (/i$+ !i-% ot.%) $.i!!i /%//%)(, it i(
*o)% Aa'o)(o*%2 It $an 1% 5on" in *an+ $o!o)( )an,in, 5)o* +%!!o4 to
)%", /)/!% to 1!a$-2
An" .%)%&( t.% /)o'% t.at I 4a( an -r&al kz 6,i)! 5)o* U)5a8 5o) a "a+ B8 Gi)!(
!o'% ")%((E/ ,a*%( BP
167
V"oTukX stories $[ One nigNt in Ur1a
#EPTEMBER 2Q, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
T.an- +o Ni$_/.o)% Ni_/$% 5o) in'%ntin, /.oto,)a/.+; 3.%n *%*o)i%( (ta)t
to 5a"% a4a+ in o) o'%)!oa"%" =.a)" "i(-> /i$t)%( 4o)- !i-% a =R%5)%(.>
1tton;
I (at $)o((E!%,,%" !i-% a T)- an" (*i!%" to t.% $a*%)a a( I -n%4 t.at on% "a+
t.i( /i$t)% 4i!! (t%a! a (*i!% an" ,i'% *% 1a$- *+ *%*o)i%(2
An" it "i"2 It too- *% 1a$- to t.% (**%) o5 20122 To *+ ?)(t t)a"itiona!
T)-i(. %'%nin,2 In Xan!O)5a2 An" I "%$i"%" to ta-% +o 4it. *%2 I 4on&t .o!"
+o) .an"@ 1t .o/%5!!+ I&!! .o!" +o) i*a,ination2 R%a"+9 I*a,in% +o)(%!5
%nt%)in, a 4U0 +%a) o!" konuk e!i 6,%(t .o(%8 in Xan!O)5a2 T.% /%)5%$t
/!a$% 5o)tarihi kokusunu arayanlar 6t.o(% 4.o a)% (%%-in, t.% ($%nt o5
.i(to)+8 a( (tat%" on t.% 7a))an ,%(t .o(%&( 4%1(it%2 An" I 4a( on% o5
t.%*, /)o" an" (o*%.o4 o'%)4.%!*%" to 1% in t.% /!a$% 4.%)% "i'%)(%
/%o/!%, .i(to)i%( an" i"%ntiti%( *%%t, in M%(o/ota*ia, t.% (oE$a!!%" $)a"!% o5
$i'i!i<ation(@ A (t)an,%, na*%!%(( 5%%!in, %*1)a$%" *% an" *a"% *% )%a!i<%
t.at 4% "on&t .a'% %no,. 4o)"(, an" (o*%ti*%( !i'in, o) ")%a*( (i*/!+
/a)a!+<%( o) t.o,.t(2 M+ int)o(/%$tion 4a( int%))/t%" 1+ t.% t%*/tin,
Aa'o)(2 I *(t (a+ t.at #ot.EEa(t%)n T)-%+&( .i(to)+ (*%!!( "%!i$io(2
168
An" (/oi!( +o) ta(t%1"( 4it. it( domatesli !e patl.anl kebap (to*ato%
an" %,,/!ant -%1a18, bostana 6T)-i(. ,a(/a$.o8, salata6(a!a"8, lebeni
orbas 6+o,.)t (o/82
A5t%) "inn%) I 5on" ot t.at /)%/a)in, i/ k0&te 6)a4 *%at1a!!(, +%( t.%
*%at i( a$ta!!+ RA3, i( not $oo-%"8 )%Li)%( a)ti(ti$ (-i!!(2 It i( 1%!i%'%" t.at
\iV -J5t% 4a( in'%nt%" in U)5a in t.% ti*% o5 A1)a.a*2 Ni*)o" 6t.% -in, o5
t.o(% ti*%(8 4ant%" to %0%$t% A1)a.a* 1+ (%ttin, .i* on ?)% an" o)"%)%"
to $o!!%$t a!! ?)%4oo" in U)5a 5o) t.i( /)/o(%2 A( a )%(!t /%o/!% "i"n&t .a'%
?)%4oo" to $oo- an" at% )a4 5oo"2 On% "a+ (o*%1o"+ 5on" a 4a+ to *a-%
*%at ta(ti%) 1+ a""in, 1!,), .%)1(, (/i$%( an" -n%a"in, t.% *i0t)%2 I
*%ntion%" a1o'% t.at *a-in, \iV -J5t% i( not an %a(+ ta(-2 #%%
t.% a# 6$oo-8 in a$tionB
169
T.% 1%(t i/ k0&te i( *a"% 1+ "an$in, on t.% ).+t.*( o5 t.%da!ul 6")*8 o)
on t.% da!ul B8 2
An" .%)%&( t.% )%(!tB
170
3%!!, \iV -J5t% i( not *+ 5a'o)it%, an" not 1%$a(% i( )a4 *%at, at t.% ti*% I
"i"n&t %'%n -no4 4.at I 4a( %atin,; A$ta!!+ it "o%(n&t %'%n ta(t% !i-% *%at@
It&( !i-% a (t)an,% $o*1ination o5 .%)1( an" (/i$%( 4o)t. to t)+ at !%a(t on$%;
T.% .a!!$inatin, $o*1ination o5 Aa'o)(, t.% ).+t.* o5 t.% ")* an" t.%
t)a"itiona! T)-i(. *(i$ *a"% t.% %'%nin, n5o),%tta1!%2
An" /)%/a)%" ( 5o) t.% n%0t !%'%!B Halay 6Anato!ian 5o!- "an$%8 4.i$. i(
Lit% (i*/!%B /%o/!% 5o)* a $i)$!% 1+ .o!"in, %a$. ot.%)( !itt!% ?n,%) an" t.%
!%a"in, "an$%) 4a'%( a .an"-%)$.i%52
171
Dan$in, )%Li)%( %n%),+, an" t.% 1%(t H5%!& to 1oo(t +o) %n%),+
a)% taltlar 6(4%%t(8& elbette 6o5 $o)(%8;
172
'he (rst ) words you see
des#ribe you
#EPTEMBER 2U, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
M+ 4o)"( a)%B ,In%` 6(nE 4%!!, I&* in !o'% 4it. t.% (n8, %Viti* 6%"$ation,
I&* a P.2D2 (t"%nt )i,.t9 BP 8, (%',i 6!o'%E 1%$a(% a!! 4% n%%" i( !ooo'%%%8,
Nt%!!a 69; I&* not $ontin, t.i(, a( i( not %'%n a T)-i(. 4o)", 1t I "o !o'%
Nt%!!a a8, -a.'% 6$oR%%, o5 $o)(% B(ta)B ;8 an" (on\ 6)%(!t, ot$o*%8
Co) t)n;
173
3 in 1 word of the
day: dilbilisi
#EPTEMBER 22, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
174
3 in 1 word of the
day: yzba*
#EPTEMBER 1Q, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
JaG la% Guu becauseW"EPTE0HE &9P *=&.
175
I&* an a)"%nt (to)+ )%a"%), an" (o*%ti*%(, on t.i( 1!o,, I /)%t%n" to 1% a
(to)+t%!!%)2 A (to)+ )%a"%) o) t%!!%) 4.o 4o)-( 1%tt%) 4it. ay 6t%a8 %(/%$ia!!+
4it. T)-i(.2 I !o'% to t%!! (to)i%(@ a!t.o,. I (a!!+ t%!! t.%* in Ro*anian,
4.i$. 1+ t.% 4a+ i( not %'%n *+ *ot.%) ton,%, an" (ti!!, i( *+ nati'%
!an,a,%2 No4, /)o1a1!+ +o t.in- t.at I ")n- too *$. ay/)%/a)%" 4it.
(o*%t.in, (t)on,%) t.an 4at%) an" a(- +o)(%!5 Lit% "i(a//oint%"B
=+hy a* I )%a"in, t.i( non(%n(% /o(t9>
3.+9 T.%)%&( a!4a+( a =4.+>2 An" 1%5o)% +o) =4.+> a))i'%" I .a" !an$.%"
*+ o4n (%t o5 =Nedenler> 63.+(82 Don&t 1% a5)ai" to ,%t +o)(%!5 !o(t in
t)an(!ation, (oon it 4i!! 1% a!! $!%a) 4.%t.%) 4% ta!- a1ot t.% L%(tion( o) t.%
an(4%)( 6G(t ($)o!! "o4n82 7%)%&( t.% !i(tB
12 Neden yazarm?
22 Neden baz insanlar bunu okur?
Y2 Neden kendime neden diye sorarm?
42 Neden tm nedenlerin evab bilmek isterim?
U2 Neden Trkiye?
W2 Neden Trkiye yerine !talyadr?
3%!!, be#ause %'%)+ L%(tion i( a bo# ay barada/ 6%*/t+ ,!a(( o5 t%a8@
%0$%/tin, on%2 On% (in,!% L%(tion, L%(tion no2 U i( a ay dolu bardak 65!!
,!a(( o5 t%a8B +hy'ukey, 4.i$. +o $an %nGo+ 1+ $!i$-in, .%)%2 1ere&e!
6C.%%)(;8
An" to %!i*inat% t.% initia! $on5(ion, *+ *ot.%) i( 7n,a)ian an" *+ 5at.%)
i( Ro*anian, (o I "o (% to (/%a- =5%!% a/b 5%!% 'i<> 6a/b]4at%) in Ro*anian,
'i<] 4at%) in 7n,a)ian, 5%!%].a!5 in 7,a)ian, it&( a 4a+ o5 (a+in, =I (/%a-
.a!5 7n,a)ian .a!5 Ro*anian>8, 4.i!% on t.i( 1!o, I (/%a- -half su half
water.6(]4at%) in T)-i(.82 It (%%*( t.at I&'% $)%at%" %'%n *o)%
$on5(ion@ I ,%(( I&* /)%tt+ ,oo" at $on5(in, /%o/!%2
=Ca!* "o4n 1a1+ an" ")in- a ay;>E 6n%'%)8 (ai" *+ inn%) T)-E=T.%n (ta)t
4it. t.% 1%,innin,>
176
7a.; 7% $an 1% )%a!!+ .i!a)io(; I&!! $ontin% 4it. t.% 1%,innin,@ a( L%(tion
no2 U a!)%a"+ .a" a .%a" (ta)t2 #o@
+hy do / write,EB%$a(% *+ 4o)"( Ao4 !i-% ay in t.% %*/t+ ,!a((%(@ an"
t.%)% a)% (ti!! too *an+ ,!a((%( to ?!!; 3)itin, i( a 4a+ to =%0o)$i(%> a!! *+
n$%)tainti%( an" 5%a)( 6to,%t.%) 4it. Go,,in,82 I( a 4a+ to "i($o'%) *+(%!5
an" t.% 4o)!" ())on"in, *%2 It&( a 4a+ to 6)%8$)%at% *+ inn%) 4o)" an"
/%a$%2 #.o)t!+, I 4)it% to n"%)(tan" *+(%!52 3.o -no4(, on% "a+ I&!! ?,)%
ot 4.o I a*; c8
12 +hy do some "eo"le read this,E T.i( ,!a(( $annot 1% ?!!%" 1+ *%2
#o, t.%)% i( a bo# ay barada/ an" I $annot "o an+t.in, a1ot2 On!+ +o,
*+ "%a) )%a"%), $an@
22 +hy do / ask myself -+hy,.E 2 =4.+(> in t.% (a*% L%(tion9 A)% +o
nt9 I&* "%?nit%!+ not a nt 6")i%" 5)it8; P(t in $a(%@ BEP #o 4.+ 4.+9
B%$a(% I a* t.% ,i)! 4it. t.% =4.+(>; I&* .o/%5!!+ in !o'% 4it. =4.+>;
O1(%((%"; I n%%" to -no4 a!! t.% )%a(on( an" i5 I "on&t, *+ *in" 4i!! %nt%)
it( (to)+t%!!%) *o"% an" 1o*1 *% 4it. n!i*it%" /o((i1i!iti%( o5 an(4%) to
=3.+>2 #o*%ti*%( I 4on"%) .o4 %:$i%nt an" in%:$i%nt 4o!" I 1% 4it.ot
*+ "%a) =3.+>9@ 6not%B =3.+> i( Lit% i*/o)tant in (o$ia! ($i%n$%(8
Y2 +hy do / want to know the answer to all these whys,EA* I a5)ai"
to "i% (t/i"9 P(t a !itt!% 1it@1t /!%a(%, "on&t t%!! an+1o"+ %!(%2 #ti!! a
,!a(( o5 ay $an t%*/o)a)+ 4o)- in(t%a" o5 t.% an(4%)2 O) anot.%)
$.a!!%n,in, =4.+>2
42 dddddddddddddddEe 6($)o!! / i5 +o *i((%" it8
U2 +hy /taly instead of 'urkey,E no4 t.at&( a )%a!!+ )%a!!+ to,. on%2 A
(.o)t $!a)i?$ation to n"%)(tan" 4.%)% "o%( t.i( L%(tion $o*% 5)o*B t.o(%
4.o .a'% 'i(it%" *+ 1!o, at !%a(t on$% *(t .a'% )%a!i<%" t.at I&* in !o'%
4it. T)-%+ o) at !%a(t t.at t.i( 1!o, .a( *an+ t.in, to "o 4it. T)-%+2 I5
+o "i" not )%a!i<% t.at, 1t +o "i" )%a" *+ 1!o,, it *%an( t.at I&* "oin,
a )%a!!+ a45! Go1 an" I (.o!" (to/ 4)itin, )i,.t no42 A $on(o!ationB I *i,.t
1% t.% 4o)(t 4)it%) %'%), 1t at !%a(t +o $an ?n" 5)o* ti*% to ti*% (o*%
,)%at /i$t)%( .%)%@ an" t.% na*% o5 *+ 1!o, T)-i(. D%!i,.t Ba<aa),
(.o!" 4o)- a( a .int2 No4 !%t&( ,%t 1a$- to 1(in%((2 3.at a!! t.i( .a( to
"o 4it. Ita!+9 I&* not an Ita!ian, a!t.o,. I "o (/%n" (o*% ti*% in Ita!+,
,i'%n t.at I&* (t"+in, t.%)%2 A( I to!" +o 1%5o)% I&* (o*% -in" o5
=*i0t)%> 6G(t !i-% T)-%+8, !o(t 1%t4%%n *+ 7n,a)ian an" Ro*anian
(%!'%(B P%o/!%, %(/%$ia!!+ 5o)%i,n%)( t%!! *% t.at I !oo- !i-% a 7n,a)ian
1%$a(% o5 *+ !i,.t $o*/!%0ion an" 1!on"% .ai), 1t %'%)+1o"+ 1a$- .o*%
1%!i%'%( t.at I /.+(i$a!!+ )%(%*1!% *o)% *+ 5at.%)&( 5a*i!+, 4.i$. i(
Ro*anian@ Mo)%o'%), *+ 4a+ o5 1%in, i( $on(i"%)%" *o)% 7n,a)ian t.an
Ro*anian 69;8, 4%!!, (o*%ti*%(@ A)% +o (ti!! t.%)%9 2a sabr ya
$llah! 6Go" ,i'% ( /ati%n$%;8 3% (ti!! .a'%n&t )%a$. o) "%(tination2 A
,!a(( o5 ay 4o!" 1% 4%!$o*%" no4, +o -no4 4.at I *%an2 #o .%)%&( a
177
Ro*anianE7n,a)ian ,i)!, $)a<+ a1ot T)-%+ 1t (t"+in, in Ita!+@ G%((
4.at (.%&( (t"+in,9 A1ot TURFEC; No4 $an +o n"%)(tan" t.i(
"i!%**aMt)i!%**a@9 I&!! ,i'% +o a (.o)t (o!tionB (ader 6"%(tin+82 T.%)%&(
an a((*/tion t.at i5 +o $an %0/!ain (o*%t.in, (.o)t!+ +o t)!+
n"%)(tan" it2 3%!!, not a!! t.% ti*%@ Bt I .a'% /!%nt+ o5 ti*% to
n"%)(tan"2 A( 5o) (ader !%t&( (a+ t.at .% $a*% 1%5o)% T)-%+@ An" I
!o'% (ader a!*o(t a( *$. a( I !o'% T)-%+2 #o *$. t.at I&* $on(i"%)in,
to o/%n an Ita!ian 1otiL% in *+ 1a<aa)2 Ita!+ "o%(n&t .a'% ay 1t it .a(
t.% 1%(t latte ma..hiato an" .appu..ino to ?!! t.% %*/t+ ,!a((%(,
a*a<in, gelato 6i$%E$)%a*8 an" pizzzzaaaa; Ma**a *ia; It&( i*/o((i1!%
to )%(i(t; #o %no,. 4it. t.% =4.+(> 5o) to"a+;
0oral of the storyB I n%%" *o)% ay 6o) .appu..ino98 in *+ !i5%, *o)% dolu
bardaklar;
A strange 5esire[ &?==@& nigNts in tNe Narem
#EPTEMBER 14, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA4 COMMENT#
f
=A)% +o $)a<+999> No, I&* not2 A$ta!!+@ C%(, I a*2 Bt not in t.% 4a+ +o
*i,.t t.in-; #...tt@ C.i!!; 1on2t 3ude 1%5o)% )%a"in,, 14 #omment a5t%)2
L%t *% t%!! +o a (.o)t storyB
On$% /on a ti*% 1%+on" t.% 4oo"(, 1%+on" .i,. *ontain(, 1%+on" t.%
(%'%n (%a(@ t.%)% 4a( a ,i)!2 3.o* a* I !+in, to9 T.i( i( not a 5ai)+ta!%2 T.i(
i( t.% o//o(it% o5 a 5ai)+ta!%2 6I( it98 T.%)% /5 a ,i)!2 No42 7%)%2 5he hates
-fairytales. starrin "resumed real life monsters& imained hell and
stereoty"es. T.% *+t.(2 7at%( an" !o'%( t.%* in a (t)an,% 4a+2 Lo'%( to
n'%i! t.%i) .i""%n t)t. an" .at%( t.% )%a$tion( *+t.( t)i,,%)2 No4 (.%
/oint( a ?n,%) at t.% Otto*an .a)%*2 3ait, t.%+ "i", an" t.%+ (tain%" it 4it.
t.%i) "i)t+ 4o)"(B lust& brothel& se6ual sla$es2 An" t.i( i( .%) )%(/on(%B
-/ would lo$e to s"end 178891 nihts in the harem!.
178
=A)% +o in(an%9 7a'% +o !o(t +o) *in"9>E 5o!!o4%" 1+ t.%i)
t.o,.t(E=T.i( ,i)! .a( no /)in$i/!%(; 3.+ on Ea)t. 4o!" (o*%on% 4ant to
1%$o*% t.% to+ o5 t.% (!tan9>
3%!!, t.at ,i)! i( *%2 An" no, I 14 :4' dream to be a sla$e!/ don2t e$en
want to see the sultan! M+ /)/o(% i( *o)%@ ($i%nti?$2 I5 I .a" t.%
o//o)tnit+ to t)a'%! 1a$- in ti*% I 4o!" $.oo(% t.% Otto*an .a)%*2
B%5o)% t%!!in, +o why& !%t *% debunk some myths an" /)o'i"% +o (o*%
(%5! in5o)*ationB
7a)%* i( not t.% (+non+* o5 !(t, a$ta!!+ harem means sa#red&
taboo& forbidden& res"e#t& "urity and honour:
=T.% 4o)" .a)%* i( on% o5 an i*/o)tant 5a*i!+ o5 4o)"( in t.% 'o$a1!a)+ o5
I(!a* "%)i'%" 5)o* t.% A)a1i$ )oot .E)E*2> *%anin, =to 1% 5o)1i""%n o)
n!a45!, an" to "%$!a)% (a$)%", in'io!a1!%, o) ta1oo2 A .a)%* i( 1+ "%?nition
a (an$ta)+ o) a (a$)%" /)%$in$t2T.% *o(t (a$)%" o) %0a!t%" /!a$%( in t.%
(i0t%%nt.E$%nt)+ Otto*an 4o)!" 4%)% .a)%*(2 'he holy #ities of 0e##a
and 0edina and their en$irons were& and remain& the two most
re$ered harems in /slam2 On% o5 t.% *o(t i*/o)tant tit!%( .%!" a5t%) 1U1Q
1+ t.% Otto*an (!tan, !i-% t.% (!tan( o5 /)%$%%"in, "+na(ti%( 1%5o)% .i*,
4a( =t.% (%)'ant o5 t.% t4o no1!% (an$ta)i%(> 6.a"O*!E.a)%*%+nI!E
`%)i5%+n8, a tit!% /)o"!+ (%" to"a+ 1+ t.% )!%)( o5 #a"i A)a1ia2> 6@8>3.i!%
not .i*(%!5 "i'in%, the sultan& -;od2s shadow on <arth&. #reated a
sa#red s"a#e with his "resen#e2 6@8
T.% /)i'at% La)t%)( in t.% /a!a$% /)%$in$t to .o(% 4o*%n an" $.i!")%n o5
t.% )o+a! .o(%.o!", 4a( )%5%))%" to a( =t.% i*/%)ia! .a)%*> 1%$a(% o5 t.%
/)%(%n$% t.%)% not o5 4o*%n 1t o5 t.% (!tan2> L%(!i% P%i)$%ET"e #ttoman
Harem$ %omen and &overei'nty in t"e #ttoman (m)ire
T.%)%5o)%, =.a)%*> )%5%))%" a!(o to family. T.i( *%an( t.at 4% a)% not
ta!-in, 6on!+8 a1ot (!a'%( 1t ?)(t an" 5o)%*o(t a1ot t.% wife or wi$es
7u" to =9& #hildren& mother 7$alide sultan9& mothers>in>law&
di$or#ed or widowed sisters of the so$erein, an" o5 $o)(%, t.%i)
5%*a!% (%)'ant(2
C%(, t.%)% 4%)% (%)'ant(2 B%' *an+ o5 t.%* o$$/i%"administrati$e
"ositions in t.% .a)%* an" )%$%i'%" !a),% (a!a)i%(B
A$$o)"in, to T)a'%! Lin- T)-%+B =t.% a$ta! .an"!in, o5 t.% 7a)%* 4a(
/%)5o)*%" an" (.a)%" 1+ t4o 4o*%n, (ahya, =7%a" 7o(%-%%/%)>
an" Haznedar -sta, =7%a" T)%a()%)>2 7a<n%"a) U(ta 4a( )%(/on(i1!% 5o)
t.% ?nan$ia! *att%)( o5 t.% 7a)%*, an" (.% a$t%" !i-% a t)%a()%) a!!o$atin,
$a(. a!!o4an$%( an" *at%)ia! /o((%((ion( to .a)%* 4o*%n in "i)%$t
/)o/o)tion to t.%i) )an-2 A5t%) kal*a an" "aznedar usta, $a*% (al&a(, t.%
(%nio) *ai"( 4.o 4%)% )%(/on(i1!% 5o) (%'%)a! "ti%(B Di)(t #%$)%ta)+, Di)(t
(%a!E1%a)%), Di)(t Mi(t)%(( o5 Ro1%( an" (o 5o)t.2 T.%+ 4%)% a((i(t%" 1+ !%((%)
(%)'ant( $a!!%" Halayik(2>
Con(%L%nt!+, (o*% 4o*%n %nGo+%" e#onomi# inde"enden#e:
179
=A 5)t.%) (o)$% o5 4o*%n&( inA%n$% 1%+on" t.% 5a*i!+ 4a(their
ownershi" and e6"loitation of "ro"erty2>6@8 =63o*%n8 $ont)i1t%6"8 to
t.% /1!i$ 4%!5a)% 1+ %n"o4in,reliious foundations 6@8 o) n"%)ta-in,
ot.%) 5o)*( o5#harity2 D)o* t.% ,)%at *o(L% $o*/!%0%( 5on"%" 1+ t.%
(!tan(& *ot.%)( to *o"%(t n%i,.1o).oo" %n"o4*%nt( $)%at%" 1+ o)"ina)+
in"i'i"a!(, Otto*an 4o*%n !%5t t.%i) *a)- on t.% $iti%(26@8 An int%)%(tin,
5%at)% o5 4o*%n&( /1!i$ $.a)it+ 4a( t.at a (i,ni?$ant /o)tion o5 it 4a(
ai*%" at .%!/in, ot.%) 4o*%nB $ont%*/o)a)+ .i(to)i%( an" t%(ta*%nta)+
"o$*%nt( (.o4 4%!!EtoE"o in"i'i"a!( *a-in, /)o'i(ion not on!+ 5o) 5%*a!%
5a*i!+ *%*1%)( an" )%tain%)( 1t a!(o 5o) !%(( 5o)tnat% 4o*%nB o)/.an(,
/a/%)(, /)i(on%)(, an" /)o(titt%(2> L%(!i% P%i)$%ET"e #ttoman Harem$
%omen and &overei'nty in t"e #ttoman (m)ire
Mo)%o'%), 4o*%n in .a)%* 4%)% edu#atedB t.%+ 4%)% t%a$.%" a1ot
Otto*an $!t)%, !%a)n%" to )%a" an" 4)it% in Otto*an T)-i(., to /!a+
'a)io( in(t)*%nt(, to (in,, to "an$% an" to )%$it% /o%t)+2
3% *(t *%ntion t.at t.%)% 4a( a /%)io" in t.% Otto*an .i(to)+ $a!!%"
t.% -5ultanate of +omen., 4.%n t.% %*/i)% 4a( )!%" 1+ 4o*%n2 #o*%
o5 t.%* %0%)t%" areat in?uen#e in Otto*an /o!iti$( 5)o* t.% (.a"o4, a(
7I))%*, t.% 4i5% o5 #!%+*an t.% Ma,ni?$%nt, 4.i!% ot.%)(, (%% FJ(%*
#!tan, 4%)% o@#ial reents2
#o, a( +o $an (%%, !i5% 4a(n&t t.at 1a" in t.% Otto*an .a)%*2No4, !%t *% t%!!
+o +AB I 4o!" $.oo(% t.% Otto*an .a)%* a( a "%(tination i5 I .a" t.%
o//o)tnit+ to t)a'%! 1a$- in ti*%B
T.i( /a)t i( (.o)t%) t.an +o 4%)% %0/%$t%", a( *+ an(4%) i( Lit%
(i*/!%B to dis#o$er the truth and debunk more myths;
A #lari(#ationB
I 4o!" (/%n" 160081 611, !%t&( a"*it Y +%a)( 4o!" 1% too *$.8 ni,.t(
in t.% Otto*an .a)%* a( an obser$ant o) inan administrati$e "osition.
TurkeG tNrougN :eGne(,Us eGes
#EPTEMBER 1Y, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA12 COMMENT#
No4 t.at&( 4.at I n"%)(tan" 1+ t.% %0/)%((ion =a /i$t)% i( 4o)t. a
t.o(an" 4o)"(>; I 5on" K%+n%/2 on D!i$-)@ I 4a( (o %n$.ant%" 1+ .%)
/i$t)%( t.at I $o!"n&t .%!/ 1t (.a)% t.%*@ I G(t !o'% t.%(% /%o/!%2 I !o'%
t.% 4a+ K%+n%/2 $at$.%" t.% (/i)it o5 T)-%+@ #.% too- *% 1a$- to T)-%+
an" *a"% *% *i(( it %'%n *o)%@ Co (.o!" "%?nit%!+ $.%$- .%)
a!1*( .%)%2 #.% ta-%( )%a!!+ a*a<in, /i$t)%( not G(t o5 T)-%+ 1t o5 ot.%)
$ont)i%( a( 4%!!2 EnGo+ *+ 5a'o)it%(B
180

181
182



183

184
185
186
187
188
189
3 in 1 word of the
day: ayakkab
#EPTEMBER 11, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
3 in 1 word of the
day: kah$ereni
#EPTEMBER Z, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
190
V"oTukX stories[ Ball 1al tol5 me mG 5estinGW
#EPTEMBER 10, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
191
It 4a( a 5a!! *al, a!t.o,. I&* not (o ()% o5 t.at@1t $on(i"%)in, t.% 5a$t t.at
it 4a( a !itt!% 1it $o!" t.at ni,.t, it *(t .a'% 1%%n at*n a!)%a"+, a( E!a<OV
-%/t it(%!5 ok saknti! o) !a(t "a+( t.%)% an" /)o1a1!+ t)n%" so+uk on!+ to
(.o4 ( it( "i(a//oint*%nt $a(%" 1+ o) "%$i(ion to a1an"on it2 Un!%(( it
4a( a (**%) ni,.t 5)o<%n in *+(t%)+@ It "o%(n&t %'%n *att%) an+*o)% t.%
%0a$t ti*% 6o) (%a(on8 o5 t.% %0/%)i%n$%2 It&( *o)% i*/o)tant .o4 it 5%!t2 It 5%!t
!i-% 5a!!2 It (on"%" !i-% 5a!! 65a!82 T.%)%5o)% it 4a(n&t a (**%) 5a! 5o) ()%, it
4a( a 5a!! 5a! 5o) *%2 An" it (ti!! i(2 Bt t.% )%(%*1!an$% o5 t.% 2 4o)"( 65a!!M5a!8
"on&t ,i'% ( an+ a(()an$% a1ot t.% t)t.5!n%(( o5 t.% 5o)tn%Et%!!%)2 I&*
not %'%n ()% I .a" a )%a!*al 6t.% /%)(on 4.o $an )%a" t.% 5o)tn% in $oR%%8,
4.at%'%) t.at (.o!" *%an2 Bt I "on&t $a)%, It 4a( 5n2 An" I ($$%%"%" to
a'oi" (o*% /at.( o5 "%(tin+ 4)itt%n in t.% $oR%% ,)on"(2 O) not9 3%!!, it
"%/%n"( 4.at I 4ant to 1%!i%'%@ A$$o)"in, to =In(i"% ot I(tan1!> 6t.% /o(t I
(.a)%" +%(t%)"a+8 it i( 1%!i%'%" t.at t.% *al .a( t.% /o4%) to /)%"i$t on!+ t.%
n%a) 5t)%2 T.% '%)+ n%a) on%2 Do)t+ "a+(2 3%!!, it .a( 1%%n 2 +%a)( (in$%
t.%n2 L%t&( $.%$- t.% =!i(t> o5 /)%"i$tion(B
192
you2ll work a lotB o-, I "i" 4o)- a !ot@1t 4.o "o%( not9 A 4.o!% +%a) I
4a( )%a"in, 5o) an" 4)itin, *+ Ma(t%) t.%(i(, /a)ti$i/at%" in a( *an+
$on5%)%n$%( a( I $o!", !%a)nin, 5o) *+ %0a*(, /)%/a)in, 5o) *+ P.2D
a"*i((ion %0a*, !%a)nin, Ita!ian an" T)-i(. on *+ o4n, .a'in, a (t)i$t
/)o,)a**% 5)o* g a2*2 to 10 /2*2 an" on!+ a 5%4 .o)( o5 5)%% ti*% ")in,
t.% 4%%-%n"(2 3o)-in, 5o) a 5on"ation an" $oo)"inatin, a +ot.
/)o,)a**% 6Cot.1an-8, 4)itin, %"ito)ia!( 5o) a n%4(/a/%)@ I5 t.i( i( not a
LOT o5 4o)-, t.%n 4.at i( it9 #o t.i( on% i( t)%@1t I "on&t $on(i"%) it a
/)%"i$tion; Un!%(( +o a)% ?!t.+ )i$. o) +o 4on t.% !ott%)+, +o *(t 4o)-2
An" %(ti*atin, +o) a*ont o5 4o)- i( a (1G%$ti'% i((%2
and su##eed: T)%@/ to a /oint2 I5 I ta-% on!+ t.% /( an" 5o),%t t.%
"o4n(2 I "i" /a(( *+ P.2D2 %0a* in Ita!+, (o no4 I&* on% o5 t.% 1U !$-+
P.2D2 $an"i"at%( in 7i(to)+ o5 E)o/% 6*+ t.%(i( 5o$(%( on T)-i(. /o!iti$(8
at #a/i%n<a Uni'%)(it+ o5 Ro*%, t.% o!"%(t an" 1i,,%(t ni'%)(it+ in
E)o/%2 An" on% o5 t.% Y 5o)%i,n%)( (t"+in, t.%)%2 T.i( 4a( t.% ,)%at%(t
$.a!!%n,% I&'% %'%) 5a$%"2 An" /a((%"2 #$$%((5!!+2 Anot.%) a$.i%'%*%nt I
a* /)o" o5 i( 1%in, on% o5 t.% U0 (t"%nt( 65)o* *o)% t.an Y208 (%!%$t%"
to /a)ti$i/at% in an int%)nationa! $on5%)%n$% t.i( +%a) in I<*i), an" on% o5
t.% 10 (t"%nt( 4.o )%$%i'%" 5n"in,2 3%!!, I "i" /a)ti$i/at% in *an+
$on5%)%n$%( 1%5o)%, 1t t.i( 4a( *+ ?)(t on% in TURFEC; P(t on% *o)% an"
I&!! (to/2 P)o*i(%; A !i'% TV (.o4, a 5%4 4%%-( a,o2 M% a( a /)%(%nt%)2 Y
,%(t(2 To/i$B Lin,i(ti$ Go)n%+ in T)-%+2 T)-%+ an" T)-i(.E 2 4o)"(
4.i$. t)an(5o)*%" t.i( .*1!% %0/%)i%n$% in (o*%t.in, %0t)ao)"ina)+;
6E'%n t.o,. I $o!" .a'% 1%%n *o)% %0t)ao)"ina)+8 I&* ()% 5o) *o(t o5
+o t.%(% a)% not ,)%at a$.i%'%*%nt(, 1t I 4a( .a//+ !i-% a $.i!", a $.i!"
in .%) t4%nti%(2 O-2 I a,)%%2 Eno,. 4it. t.% /)ai(%; T.% 5o!!o4in, 4o)"
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1t you won2t be ri#h. T.% *aliH( %+%( (ai" =Don&t /ani$> an" .i(
*ont. $ontin%" t.% i"%a2 Bou won2t be "oor either2 Co&!! .a'%
%no,. *on%+ to !i'% 4%!! 6an" to t)a'%!, I .o/%" (%$)%t!+;82 No2 I "i"n&t
/ani$2 I&'% n%'%) ")%a*t to 1% a )i$. ,i)!BE8 An" i5 I 4%)% on%, I 4o!" (%
*+ *on%+ to 1)in, (*i!%( on t.% 5a$%( o5 /oo) $.i!")%n2 Ta-% t.i( a( a
/)o*i(%; T.% *al 4a( )i,.t, I&* (ti!! not )i$.;BE88
you2ll li$e somewhere in the mountains near to a lake2 No4 t.at
4a( )%a!!+ "i(a//ointin, 5o) (o*%on% 4.o&( .o/%!%((!+ in !o'% 4it. t.%
(%a@ D)o* t.at *o*%nt I&'% (ta)t%" to "i(!i-% t.% *ontain(2 La(t (**%)
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.o(t, 4.o (ai" =Ro*ania ni$.t($.Jn, ni$.t ($.Jn> 6Ro*ania i( not
1%ati5!, not 1%ati5!8, a!t.o,. (.% .a( n%'%) 'i(it%" *+ $ont)+; I .at%
t.% (t%)%ot+/%( )%!at%" to *+ $ont)+; O-, I !i'%" in t.% *ontain( 5o) Y
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5)o* t.% (%a2 D%a) *al, at t.i( /oint I /)%5%) to $on(i"%) +o a !ia);
Bou2ll make a "ara#hute 3um"2 I "i" not2 Not +%t2BE8
T.% t)t. i( I a* *+ 1%(t *al, I&* ")a4in, an" ,%((in, *+ "%(tin+
6"%(tini%(82 Bt (ti!!, 4.o -no4(9 L%t&( -%%/ a !itt!% *+(t%)+;
Bal Z 1ortune in Gour co11ee cu(
#EPTEMBER Z, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA1 COMMENT
I!ia A!%0an")a O/)%aB
I "on&t )%a!!+ 5a!! 5o) 5a!65o)tn% )%a"in, in T)-i(. $oR%%8, a!t.o,. I .a'% to
$on5%(( t.at i( Lit% %0$itin, to .a'% +o /a(t an" 5t)% =,%((%"> 1+ a
T)-i(. 5a!$i2 2 +%a)( a,o I .a" *+ 5o)tn% to!" in Ea(t%)n T)-%+@ I&!! t%!! +o
*o)% a1ot *+ %0/%)i%n$% in a 5o!!o4in, /o(t@ i5 it&( *%ant to 1% (.a)%"BE82
Unti! t.%n I )%$o**%n" +o to )%a" a 5a! (to)+ 5o) 5a!! 6at*n8 %'%nin,( 5)o*
a ,)%at 1!o, o5 an %0/at in I(tan1!2 EnGo+ it;
O)i,ina!!+ /o(t%" on in(i"%otini(tan1!B
T.o(% o5 +o 4.o !i'% in T)-%+ 4i!! -no4 t.at 1)n$. i( a!*o(t an in(tittion2
La<+ #n"a+ *o)nin,( t.at (t)%t$. into %n"!%(( a5t%)noon( 4.%)% +o %at too
*$., ,o((i/ a !ot, an" G(t %nGo+ +o)(%!52 3.at +o *a+ not -no4 i( t.at t.%
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5)o* t.% /att%)n( 5o)*%" 1+ t.% $oR%% ,)in"( !%5t in +o) $oR%% $/, i( a
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3.%n t.% $oR%% i( ?ni(.%", /!a$% t.% (a$%) /(i"% "o4n on to/ o5 t.% $/,
an" *a-% a 4i(.2 7o!" t.% $/ in t.% ai) an" t)n it antiE$!o$-4i(% t.)%%
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#EPTEMBER g, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
Photo credits: Ni$- L%ona)"
12 CJ*%)t!i- '% +a)"O* %t*%"% a-a)( ,i1i o!2
22 X%5-at '% *%).a*%tt% ,In%` ,i1i o!2
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42 7i""%t '% a(a1i+%tt% J!I ,i1i o!2
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W2 7o`,J)I!I-t% "%ni< ,i1i o!2
Q2 Ca o!"Vn ,i1i ,J)In, +a ,J)In"IVIn ,i1i o!2
En,!i(. t)an(!ationB
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22 In $o*/a((ion an" ,)a$% 1% !i-% t.% (n
Y2 In $on$%a!in, ot.%)(& 5a!t( 1% !i-% t.% ni,.t
195
42 In an,%) an" 5)+ 1% !i-% a "%a"
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W2 In to!%)an$% 1% !i-% t.% (%a
Q2 Eit.%) !oo- a( +o a)% o) 1% a( +o !oo-
0aktubW
#EPTEMBER Q, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
No .%a'%n 4it.ot /ain@No /ain 4it.ot !o'%@No !o'% 4it.ot Go"2 No (2
NoEon%2 Ma-t1h2Co) (n i( o) )ain No )ain1o4, G(t t.% Aa*% 4.i$. 1)n(
4it. %'%)+ t%a) +o) )%(t an" o) /%a$%@Ma-t12Un(/o-%n L%(tion(, (i!%nt
5%%!in,( t)%*1!in, .%a)t( an" (o))o4(@D%(%)t%" )o(%(, *i!!ion $o!o)( 5a"%"
a4a+ in 1!a$- .o!%(@Ma-t12 7%a! (, o. *%*o)+ +o) (*i!%(, +o) -in"n%((
a)% o) n%%" to (oot.% t.% (to)* an" /!ant t.% (%%"( o5 5t)% (*i!%( an"
")%a*(2 Ma-t1;
M+ $!*(+ /o%t)+ "%"i$at%" to *+ "%a) ,)an"*ot.%) 4.o i( 4at$.in, ( 5)o*
.%a'%n@ In(/i)%" 1+ Pa!o Co%!.o&( 1oo-T"e -l"emist
3 4Maktub5 the mer.hant said% 6nally.
47hat does that mean?5
42ou 8ould ha!e to ha!e been born an $rab to understand%5 he
ans8ered. 4'ut in your language it 8ould be something like 9:t
is 8ritten.5
'he Cl#hemist% Daulo Eoelho
196
Aello <yllF
#EPTEMBER 1, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA4 COMMENT#
197
No2 I&* not a 5an o5 (yll. Bt I $an to!%)at% .i*2 I (ti!! 1%!i%'% .% i( t.% 1%(t
o5 &onba"ar 5a*i!+2 7%&( not (o 1a"@not !i-% .i( (ton%E.%a)t%"
1)ot.%)(, (kim an" Kasm2 7% i( %'%n a 5)i%n" o5 *+ /ne0. Bt (o*%.o4
.% .a( a 1a" inA%n$% on *+ /oo) !o'%)@ a( .% .a( 1%%n 'i(i1!+ !oo(in, .i(
%nt.(ia(* (in$% t.%+ (ta)t%" to .an, ot to,%t.%)2 I 4on"%) 4.+@
198
3%!!, /ne0i( (ti!! on ?)%; At !%a(t nti! .i( "%a) (i(t%), 1a+mur, 4on&t
(4%%/ t.% Hava 4it. .%) t%a)(2 C%(, (.% i( ,oin, to *a))+ (yll.An" I&* not (o
.a//+ a1ot .%) $.oi$%, 1%$a(% (.%&( too (%n(iti'% 5o) t.at 5a*i!+; 3% a!!
-no4 (yllH( *ot.%), Rz'ar2 #.% $an 1% (o $o!" an" $a)%!%((; Not to *%ntion
t.at t.%+ a)% /!annin, to !i'% to,%t.%) 4it. t.%&onba"ar 5a*i!+, in t.% (a*%
.o(% 4it. Rz'arH( )"% 1)ot.%) /3k /rlts an" .i( noi(+ 4i5%, ,rtna;
T.an-( Go"(yll i( "iR%)%nt@ 7% i( a!*o(t a( 1)i,.t an"
5)i%n"!+ a( *+/ne0. (yll i( $a!* an" .% !o'%( to )%a"2 A!*o(t a( *$. a( I
"o2 An" .% i( a ,)%at $oo- an" *a-%( t.% /%)5%$t ka"ve2 7%&( a!(o a (-i!!5!
,a)"%n%), +o $an ?n" t.% *o(t "%!i$io( zm,elma$ armut$ 0e*tali an" *o(t
1%ati5! iekler in .i( ,a)"%n2 An" .% i( (o (t+!i(.; Lo'% t.% 4a+ .% *i0%(
1)o4n '%!'%t 4it. ,o!"%n o) $o//%)E$o!o)%" (o5t 4oo!2 I ,%(( I&!! .a'% to ,%t
(%" 4it. .i( /)%(%n$%@ 7%!!o (yll; 7%!!o #%/t%*1%);
Vocabulary:
E+!I!E#%/t%*1%)
E-i*EO$to1%)
Fa(O*ENo'%*1%)
#on1a.a)EAt*n
GIn%`E#n
CaV*)E)ain
7a'aEai)
RI<,a)E4in"
GJ- GI)I!tI(IEt.n"%)
DO)tOnaE(to)*
I<I*E,)a/%(
%!*aEa//!%
`%5ta!iE/%a$.
a)*tE/%a)
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199
$eronica[ O (o%este ati(ic 5e iubire
?Z ;C";6-JB= CV?K

h/i eu am fost acoloi Cunosc "urcia doar ca turist, dar un turist din acela econom, ce cntre$te
mult nainte s mear' acolo, calculnd nu att n bani costul unei asemenea cltorii, ci n
hriscuriQ sau n capcane care mi s2ar putea ivii 5rima oar am plecat sin'ur, nu n 'rup
or'ani!at, la 5oarta ;rientului, unde o femeie sin'ur $i nensoit ar fi fost privita cu o oarecare
suspiciunei 5lecam ntr2o ar musulman cu o ima'ine neclar despre ce nseamn istoria,
cultura, oamenii, comportamentul lor, de$i mi place s m documente! bine nainte de orice
cltoriei
5n atunci, pentru mine "urcia si turcii erau cei care ne2au cucerit, ne2au oropsit $i crora le2am
trimis spre Bstanbul care cu aur , bo'ii, le plteamQ haraciulQ ca s ne pstram credina, valahii $i
moldovenii fiind !idul de aprare a =uropei etc. etci 1poi au venit anii j]V, cu libertate $i
liberali!are, romnii ntreprin!tori buni au vndut n -a!ar la Bstanbul tot ce se putea transporta
n portba'a4ul daciei, piese auto, rulmenti, nc mai e@istau fabrici $i u!inei au trecut $i "BJ2istii
turci prin parcrile noastre, 'seau hde toateQi
1$adar, cu toate temerile $i ideile preconcepute am a4uns la Bstanbul, prima oar ntr2un oras cu
!eci de milioane de locuitori, ateri!nd pe un aeroport modern. "urcii cu care am venit n contact,
cu care am relaionat, culmea, erau altfel de cum i hcate'orisisemQ eui inteli'eni, politico$i,
ntreprin!tori, cal!i $i one$ti!
200
1lt moment a fost cnd am descoperit filmele turce$ti, sturat de serialele de du!in, pline de
violen. 1$a am descoperit c au o adevrat industrie de actori frumo$i, cu nfi$are european,
care pot fi $i blon!i, $i cu ochi alba$tri. 1m descoperit c au peisa4e $i locuri frumoase, o mu!ic
traditional e@traordinar cu armonii plcute, am recunoscut obiceiuri, tradiii, cuvinte care se
nrudesc cu ale noastre. 1cesta a fost declicul care mi2a incitat curio!itatea, s mer' la Bstanbul.
<up ce2am revenit acas, am citit despre cultura $i civili!aia lor, despre istoria lor, istorie ce se
lea' profund de a noastr. <up patru ani l2am luat $i pe soul meu, cruia i umplusem capul cu
hturcii mei. Ee2a plcut ora$ul, modern, cosmopolit, dar $i traditional. Ee2a plcut amestecul de
civili!aii, de reli'ii, culorile si aromele, dar $i oamenii foarte diferii, cu portul lor, cu
preocuprile lori 1m ntlnit foarte muli tineri, n campusuri universitare $i copii n vi!it la
mu!ee sau n parcuri cu mamele lor. -ineneles c sunt $i sraci, $i srcie mult, sau cldiri
drpnate, dar toate acestea dau un anumit farmec $i autenticitate. &2am citit pe 5amuk $i am
neles mai bine acest Bstanbul cu melancolia lui, cu acea atmosfer de vra4, mister, de contraste
vi!uale sau acustice. = un ora$ imens, a$e!at pe dou continente, ntr2un peisa4 de vis, ln' dou
mri $i un 'olf de auri &a tot pasul sunt straturi de istorie, de civili!aii amestecate, de reli'ii
amestecatei
201
202
O a!tb )%'%!aii% /%nt) *in% a 5o(t *<i$a !o), % 5oa)t% *%!o"ioa(b, /a(iona!b
"a) `i )it*atb2 A a"a/tat o ,)b*a"b "% .it)i int%)naiiona!% jn *ani%)a
/)o/)i%, "% a!t5%! o ')%*%, $ /)i%t%n%!% *%!% 'i)ta!%, ani*at% "% a$%!%a`i
/a(ini, n% 5b$%a* n o1i$%i "in a "%($o/%)i, a in'%(ti,a (a "% a )%$noa`t%
`i o a!tb *%!o"i% `i n a!t .it t)an(/( /% )it*)i!% !o)2
D%Ea !n,! i(to)i%i `i t)$ii, "a) `i ,)%$ii (Ea /%)in"at /% !a noi `i a !b(at
)*% a"kn$i, )*% /% $a)% n ')%* (b !% *ai )%$noa`t%*, jn "o)inia noa(t)b
"% a ? $a $%i "in O$$i"%nt2 MEa* $on'in(, jn$b o "atb, $b (nt%* ai$i jn no)"!
Dnb)ii, *ai jn E)o/a ,%o,)a?$, 'o)1in", "a) (tb* 1in%, jn?/ii /t%)ni$ !a
Po)ii!% O)i%nt!i `i n atkt /)in $!t)a, !it%)at)a, *<i$a, $i jn"%o(%1i /)in
o1i$%i)i, n jn jni%!%(! "% t)a"iiii, o1i$%i)i /oat% $.ia) "int)% $%!% *ai /tin
1n%, /)in *o" "% $o*/o)ta)% `i =!a(bE*b (b t% !a(>, /)in a$%a !kn$%<%a!b `i
/!b$%)% ="%Ea /i%)"% ')%*%a>, "% a $k)$oti, "%Ea !b(a "% a<i /% *kin% (a
=!a(&$b *%),% `iEa`a>2
D%`i n a* 5o(t "%$kt jnt)En (in,) o)a`, n a* t)bit /)int)% t)$i, n !%
$no($ !i*1a, a* "o)*it "oa) `a(% no/ii !a I(tan1!, /ot (/n% $b, a$*,
$no($ `i % T)$ia@ /oat% /iin, "oa) o /b)ti$i$b@ ln(b, o)i$kt% $b)ii ai $iti,
o)i$kt% ?!*% ai '%"%a, ni*i$ n 'a!o)%a<b `i nEii )b*kn% jn (A%t, /)%$* o
203
$b!bto)i% ACOLO@ /% *a!)i!% Bo(5o)!i (a Mb)ii Ma)*a)a@ !a Van (a
E5)at, n"% %)a o"ata ,)anii%!% E)o/%i;>
204
5oGuk odalarF
OCTOBER 1W, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
M%).a1a 6.%!!o8 %'%)+on%; I "on&t -no4 .o4 i( t.% 4%at.%) in +o)
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O!"i% 1t ,oo"i%, t.% /%)5%$t (on, 5o) a $!o"+, $o!" at*n "a+@ EnGo+ it;
;o/uk )dalarEE*)% A+"On
,urdu zamanm% bir #ey diyemedim
M+ ti*% (to//%", I $o!"n&t (a+ an+t.in,
Gitmek istedin !e gittin.
Co 4ant%" to !%a'% an" +o !%5t
$yn g0kyznde ayryd gne#in
On t.% (a*% (-+ +o) (n 4a( "iR%)%nt
;0yle bari iyi misin?
T%!! *%, a)% +o at !%a(t o-9
'uras so/uk% so/uk odalar
It&( $o!" .%)%, $o!" )oo*(
2oksun neye yarar
Co a)% a1(%nt, 4.at&( t.% /oint
<rtnsem kat kat yorganlar% aman!
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;o/uk% so/uk olanlar
Co!", $o!" on%(
=urdum dibe kadar
A( I .it )o$- 1otto*
Halimden yalnz uyuyanlar anlar.
On!+ t.o(% 4.o (!%%/ a!on% n"%)(tan" *%2
205
TNe 0use 0eets tNe Artist, TNe Art
meets Istanbul
AUGU#T Y1, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREAW COMMENT#
Orhan Grel
Lat% #**%)2 Lat% #n"a+2 Lat%@ #ti!! not too !at% 5o) a)t2 Not too !at% 5o)
")%a*(2 N%'%) too !at% 5o) I(tan1!2 D%/i$t%" in 1!% an" o)an,%2 Co!" an"
.ot2 Rationa! an" /a((ionat%2 On% *(%, (%'%)a! a)ti(t(2 D)o<%n *o*%nt( in
4a)* )a+(2 Pa(t an" /)%(%nt2 7i(to)+ an" 5t)%2 T)a"ition an" *o"%)nit+2 It&(
a!! .%)%2 No t%$.ni$a! t%)*(, on!+ /aint ")o/( an" 5%%!in,( 5)o* (o*%on% 4.o
!o'%( I(tan1! an" a)t2 Da) 5)o* 1%in, an %0/%)t, ,)on"%" on!+ in t.% )%a!it+
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a1ot t.%i) *(%2 A1ot t.% 4o)!"&( $a/ita!, a( Na/o!%on (%" to $a!! it2 A1ot
I(tan1!2
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5o) *%2 I (%% I(tan1! in o)an,% an" 1!%2 3.%t.%) 4% ta!- a1ot t)a"ition,
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.i( 1!% I(tan1! *i!" )a+( o5 o)an,%2 7% *%!t%" t.% $ont)a(tin, $o!o)( nti!
it 4a( i*/o((i1!% to (%/a)at% t.%* 6(%% t.% ?)(t /aintin,82
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206
t)a$in, $!%a) !in%( in(t%a" o5 1!))%" $onto)(2 7i( o)i,ina!it+ $a,.t t.%
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D%')i* 4a( %!%$t%" T)-%+&( =Con, A)ti(t O5 T.% C%a)> an" in 1ZZ1 .% 4a(
a4a)"%" t.% /)%(ti,io( tit!% o5 T)-%+&( #tat% A)ti(t2 m1n In *+ o/inion t.%(%
a)% t4o o5 .i( 1%(t /i%$%(B
207
O)an,% o) 1!%9 O) 1ot.9 I $annot "%$i"%;
M+ !i(t $o!"n&t i,no)% t.% /aint%) 4.o 4a( a4a)"%" =T.% Mo(t #$$%((5!
A)ti(t o5 T)-%+> in 2004, I(*ai! A$a)2 In .i( /aintin,( t.% =Ea(t a//%a)( to
*%%t t.% 3%(t, 4it. t%n( o5 t.o(an"( o5 +%a)(& .i(to)+ 'i%4%" 1+ .i* in a
$ont%*/o)a)+ 4a+ 2 I(*ai! A$a) a//!i%( $ont%*/o)a)+ *%"ia t%$.niL%(,
in$!"in, $o*/t%) t%$.no!o,+, to t)a"itiona! /aintin, t%$.niL%(2> m2n T.%
5o!!o4in, /aintin, i( 4it.ot L%(tion *+ no2 1 5)o* .i( 4o)-; It ,i'%( *% a
")%a*+ in(i,.t o5 )%a!it+, 4it.ot ")a4in, a !in% 1%t4%%n 5anta(+ an" t)t.,
/)o'i"in, t.% o//o)tnit+ to $.oo(% 4.i$. I(tan1! ?t( ( 1%tt%)2 T.% in(i"%
on%, t.% ot(i"% on%9 T.% /(i"% "o4n I(tan1!9
7o4%'%) *+ 5a'o)it% /aintin,( "%/i$tin, I(tan1! 4%)% $)%at%" 1+ t.%
U-)ainianE1o)n R((ianEA)*%nian /aint%) I'an Fon(tantino'i$. Ai'a<o'(-+
61g1QE1Z0082 Ttt&a)ta t%!!( ( .i( (to)+B =In 1g4U, Ai'a<o'(-+ 4%nt to ^(tan1!
/on t.% in'itation o5 #!tan A1"I!*%$i" I, a $it+ .% 4a( to t)a'%! to %i,.t
ti*%( 1%t4%%n 1g4UE1gZ02 D)in, .i( !on, (oGo)n in ^(tan1!, Ai'a<o'(-+ 4a(
$o**i((ion%" 5o) a n*1%) o5 /aintin,( a( a $o)t /aint%) 1+ t.% Otto*an
#!tan( A1"I!*%$i", A1"!a<i< an" A1"!.a*i", Y0 o5 4.i$. a)% $))%nt!+ on
"i(/!a+ in t.% Otto*an I*/%)ia! Pa!a$%, t.% Do!*a1a.$% M(%* an" *an+
208
ot.%) *(%*( in T)-%+2> mYn 3.%n I&* !oo-in, at t.%(% /aintin,( I 5%%! !i-%
t)a'%!!in, 1a$- to ti*%2 T.%+ n)t)% *+ $)io(it+ a1ot t.% Otto*an /a(t an"
Aatt%) *+ i*a,in%" *%*o)+2
I( t.%)% an+t.in, *o)% 1%ati5! t.an Con(tantino/!% 1at.in, in t.% 4a)*
(n(%t )a+(9 I 4o!" !o'% to .a'% on% o5 t.i( /aintin, in *+ !i'in, )oo*;
A!t.o,. it&( Lit% )i(-+@a( I *i,.t 1% na1!% to ta-% *+ %+%( oR t.i( *a(t%)E
/i%$%(@
fhat about you0 fhich one do you prefer0
209
-iblio'raphy3 ?.=rbil, <evrim, euadro Iine 1rt 9allery 7visited3 H?.V\.CV?K8
C. "he =volution of "urkish 1rt, h"he 1rt History 1rchiveQ 7visited3 H?.V\.CV?K8 H.Bvan
1iva!ovsky r *eascape and landscape painter, h"uttjartaQ 7visited3 H?.V\.CV?K8
3 in 1 word of the
day: eliak
AUGU#T Y0, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
3 in 1 word of the
day: CyieGi
AUGU#T 2g, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
210
-5oGuk. stories ///:
AasankeyfF my lo$e!
AUGU#T 2Q, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREAY COMMENT#
211
O.,
7a(an-%+5; Do),ott%n $a'% to4n o5 Ea(t%)n T)-%+@+o a)% .antin, *+
"a+")%a*( an" *%*o)i%(2 T%(ti*on+ o5 t.% /a(t, (%$)%t o5 t.% /)%(%nt @ I
4a( %n$.ant%" 1+ +o) $a!!( to /)a+%), $o!o)5! 1a<aa), )ain1o4 (/i$%(,
*%"!%+ o5 Aa'o)( an" (*i!in, /%o/!%@
7o4 ti*% Ai%(, 1t (ti!! -%%/( o) *%*o)i%( a!i'%, .%!" $a/ti'% in a /i$t)%, an
o1G%$t, a Aa'o) o) a /%)5*%@ A!! 4% n%%" i( on% !oo- to t)i,,%) t.% (/a)-!%(
o5 a 5a!(% "_Go '@
It .a( 1%%n t4o +%a)( (in$% I "i($o'%)%" t.i( ot.%)4o)!"!+ /!a$%, 4.i$.
(%%*%" )at.%) t.% /)o"$t o5 an i*a,in%" 1oo- 4)itt%n in a ())%a! ti*%,
1%t4%%n no4 an" t.%n2 I in(tant!+ 5%!! in !o'% 4it. it( (n1at.in, .i!!(, "(t+
/at.(, an$i%nt )o$-(, *+(t%)io( $a'%( an" 4a)* t)Loi(% Ti,)i(, 4.i$.
$a))i%( t.% (%$)%t o5 t.i( /!a$% 5a) a4a+@ to an n$%)tain 5t)% o) *a+1% to a
n%4, +%t n"i($o'%)%" /a(t@
I 5%!! in !o'% 4it. it( /!a+5!, 5)i%n"!+ $.i!")%n@ 4.o(% ")%a*( $an $.an,% t.%
5t)% an" *%*o)i%( t.% /a(t@ 4.o -no4 *o)% t.an t.%+ $an %'%) ,%((@
1t n.%a)" (to)i%( /a(( a4a+@
212
surrounded by
the children of Hasankeyf
D%!! in !o'% 4it. t.% *+(t%)+ o5 t.% a)on" 4000 $a'%(@ (o*% o5 t.%* 122000
+%a)( o!"@ $an +o i*a,in% 4.at 4o!" it 1% !i-% i5 t.%(% )o$-( $o!"
(/%a-@9
213
I 5%!! in !o'% 4it. t.i( 1a<aa)@ ,a)"%" 1+ t.% /)o" *ina)%t o5 t.% RO<-
Ca*ii@ 4.i$. .a( 1%%n $a!!in, /%o/!% a)on" to /)a+%) 5o) a)on" (i0
$%nt)i%(@ n%'%) !oo(in, it( ni5+in, 'oi$%@ it( 5at% an" .o/%@

I 5%!! in !o'% 4it. t.% Ti,)i( )i'%)@ (o Li%t@ *%!tin, it( )%5)%(.in, 4at%) in
t.% .ot %a)t.@
214
7a(an-%+5, I 5%!! in !o'% 4it. +o;
215
3 in 1 word of the
day: ;!kku*aG
AUGU#T 2U, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
216
Helie%eP trustP No(eP be con1i5entW
AUGU#T 2Y, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
En,!i(. t)an(!ationB
DAIT7B On% "a+ t.% 'i!!a,%)( "%$i"%" to /)a+ 5o) )ain2 On!+ on% $.i!"
$a*% 4it. an *1)%!!a to t.% /)a+%)@
TRU#TB 3.%n +o t.)o4 a 1a1+ in t.% ai), .% !a,.( 1%$a(% .% -no4 t.at
+o 4i!! $at$. .i*2
7OPEB E'%)+ ni,.t 4.%n 4% ,o to (!%%/ 4% (%t o) a!a)* $!o$- %'%n i5 4%
"on&t .a'% an+ a(()an$% t.at 4% 4i!! 4a-% / t.% n%0t *o)nin,2
CONDIDENCEB E'%n i5 4% "on&t -no4 an+t.in, a1ot t.% 5t)% 4% *a-%
/!an(2
OVERCONDIDENCEB 3% (%% /%o/!% a)on" ( (R%)in,2 3% -no4 t.at t.%
(a*% t.in,( $o!" .a//%n to (2 Bt 4% (ti!! ,%t *a))i%"99
217
;, $arE <ok
AUGU#T 21, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
7%+ !a<+ on%(; N% 'a) n% +o-9 It&( ti*% to !%a)n (o*% T)-i(. ,)a**a); To"a+
4% a)% ,oin, to !%a)n .o4 to (% Va)MCo-E T.%)% i(MT.%)% i( not $o))%$t!+2
T.% T)-i(. Har an" Bok a)% (%" to %0/)%(( t.% %0i(t%n$%Ma1(%n$% o5
(o*%t.in, o) t.% /o((%((ion2
Har>'here is I Bok>'here is not
Ma(a"a 1i) %!*a 'a)2E T.%)% i( an a//!% on t.% ta1!%2
Ma(a"a %!*a +o-2E T.%)% i( no a//!% on t.% ta1!%2
In $a(% o5 "ossession 4% a"" t.% "ossessi$e su@6es to t.% non:
Bi) %!*a* 'a)2E I .a'% an a//!%2
E!*a* +o-2E I .a'% no a//!%2
XI/.%* +o-2EI .a'% no "o1t2
Va-tO*O< 'a)2E3% .a'% ti*%2
Pa)an +o-2ECo .a'% no *on%+2
Int%))o,ati'% i( 5o)*%" 1+ a""in, t.% Juestion "arti#le >mi65o!!o4in, t.%
)!%( o5 'o4%! .a)*on+8 o) (in, t.%interroati$e "ronounsI
ad3e#ti$esIad$erbs :
E-*%- 'a) *O9E I( t.%)% 1)%a"9
Fita1On 'a) *O9E Do +o .a'% a 1oo-9
E'"% -i* 'a)9E 3.o i( in t.% .o(%9
Ma(a"a n% 'a)9E 3.at i( on t.% ta1!%9
panta"a "%5t%) +o- *9E I(n&t t.%)% a not%1oo- in t.% 1a,9
218
<6"ressions:
N% 'a) n% +o-9E 7o4 i( it ,oin,9
N% 'a)9E3.at&( /9 3.at&( t.% *att%)9
Bi) 'a)*O`, 1i) +o-*`E On$% /on a ti*%
V"oTukX stories II[ VCo%er u(P look 5o`n\X
1U9U*" ?], CV?KBU&B1 1&=>1E<J1 ;5J=1
=la!%+
;k, B a'ree! "he title sounds a little bit like a stereotype, but B assure you, that Gas not my
intention Ghen choosin' iti 1ctually, it may prove to be up to a certain point a myth debunker. B
hate stereotypes and B try to be as open2minded as possible, ima'inin' myself in the same boat
Gith those Ghom Bjm tempted to 4ud'e, findin' he@cusesQ, e@planations for everythin' and even
endin' up 4ud'ed for bein' too understandin' buti =ven thou'h Ge try hard to avoid fallin' into
stereotypical traps, Ge cannot deny that Ge all see the Gorld throu'h our unigue lenses, reality
bein' affected by our perspective. Irankly speakin', this Ghole blo' shoGs you "urkey throu'h
my eyes, not "urkey has it isQ. Can Ge even talk about h"urkey as it isQ, Ghen h"urkey as it isQ
is decided by humans Gho are by definition sub4ective0 *ome ar'ue that the best perspective is
that of the ma4ority. fell, B donjt a'ree Gith them! B think h"urkey as it isQ is the sum of all
the perspectives and in the same time each one of them separately. fhat is reality Ghen
everythin' is relative0 i. "hatjs a 'ood guestion and an interestin' topic, but 'iven that the
purpose of this post is not to debate the nature of and the reasons behind stereotypes, Bjll 'et back
to my hso+uk storiesQ before 'ettin' into deep Gaters.
hCover up, look doGnQ is nothin' more than an advice. 1nd itjs a very 'ood advice for those Gho
travel throu'h =astern "urkey and donjt Gant to be misunderstood or find themselves in odd
situations. 1nyGay, Ghen you 'roG up in a country Ghere everybody Gears short skirts, dresses
and pants durin' the summer and Ghere people consider you shy if you donjt establish eye
219
contact Gith them, you mi'ht find this advice a little bit unusual, even if you did your homeGork
before departure. 1nd B did, B did a serious but mostly disappointin' researchi 1ctually you
cannot even ima'ine hoG many stupidities Bjve read about "urkey!
Jude men, dan'erous places, unsafe for Gomen blah blah blahi "he icin' on the cake Gas3 if
you are a blond you should either 'et your hair darkened or cover it. Jeally0 Bjm a natural blond
and B Gas as blond as alGays Ghen bein' in "urkey, Githout havin' any trouble because of thati
Eo, no! <onjt rush to draG conclusions! "he hcover upQ part of the advice doesnjt have anythin'
to do Gith coverin' your hair! Bt simply means you should dress decently, cover your le's and
shoulders. Btjs not even a rule, you can dress as you Gish, but if you shoG too much skin youjll
probably draG attention to yourself, you can be misunderstood and even taken as an easy Goman,
and Bjm sure you Gouldnjt like that!
Bn =astern "urkey 7Eote3 =astern "urkey! not the festern part of the country or the touristic
places Ghere you can see people Gearin' any type of clothes8 people are more conservative, many
Gomen Gear baErtF 7headscarf8 and you hardly see someone Gith bare shoulders or knees in the
city. Bjm kindly askin' you to think tGice before you 4ud'e someone by the Gay they dress.
fearin' a veil is not a si'n of backGardness, nor is Gearin' a mini skirt. B meet a lot of friendly
and open2minded Gomen havin' their hair covered, the same thin' B can say about 'irls Gearin'
short dresses. ;f course, stereotypes e@ist on the both sides and all they do is separate us. fe all
have the ri'ht to dress as Ge like and the obli'ation to respect others and ourselves. 1nd to respect
others and yourself means that you should inform yourself and adapt to the host culture Ghen
travelin'. 1nd this Gay youjll keep yourself out of troubles. Fou probably Gouldnjt Gear bikini
Ghen skiin' in the Ginter, 4ust as you Gouldnjt 'o to sGim Gearin' boots and 4acket. *o, Ghy on
=arth Gould you 'o in a tiny dress to a place Ghere most of the Gomen cover their hair0
fell, reality on the 'round can be very confusin'i Eo one 7at least, B didnjt see anybody8 Gas
Gearin' short dresses in =la!%+, buti the shops Gere full of skirts, shorts and sleeveless tops. B
could not understand Ghy, until B Gent to a Geddin'. 6any Gomen Gear short skirts, dresses at
Geddin's or parties. 1nd on holidays, as one of my friends told me. fhile Gearin' skirts or
dresses in the campus Gas ok, B avoided to Gear them in the city. Bt happened only once or tGice
at the be'innin', and even thou'h B Gas Gearin' knee2len'th dresses B felt uncomfortable, havin'
the impression that people are 'a!in' at me. "he attention Gas also due to my hdifferentQ
appearance, bein' one of the very feG natural blonds in the city. -ut nothin' bad happened. ;f
course, B had been approached by people askin' me )erelisin0 7fhere are you from08. B ansGered
to some of them, others B simply i'nored, pretendin' that B do not understand them.
"he hcover upQ unGritten rule hhitQ me Gith the occasion of our trip to the cities near the *yrian
border 7more about in a folloGin' post8, Ghen one of the coordinators informed me that B Gould
better Gear lon' pants, unless B Gant to 'et myself and the 'roup into trouble. *he presented me
the Gorst scenario ever3 B could put the 'roup in the situation to fi'ht for me if some man Gants to
take me aGay 7!08. Fou donjt 'et everyday this kind of Garnin's! B did panick a bit. ;k, letjs chill
out! "here is a very very small possibility for this scenario to happen! 6ost likely, in such a
situation youjll be 4ust Gatched in a disapprovin' Gay. 1nd thatjs not really pleasant. B folloGed
her advice and everythin' Gent Gell. fhat B learned from this e@perience is, that if you donjt put
yourself in dan'er everythin' is 'oin' to be all ri'ht!
220
-ut Ghat about the hlook doGnQ rule0 fell, lookin' into the eyes of a "urkish men on the street
can be considered a si'n of interest, so itjs better to avoid holdin' eye2contact Gith stran'ers. B
Gas a little hshockedQ Ghen my friend advised me to look doGn. B must admit that B had some
troubles Gith this hruleQ, even thou'h donjt usually stare at people. -ut B do use to look at them
Ghen Galkin'. Btjs somethin' natural, done unconsciously, and hard to chan'e. *ometimes B like
to 'uess Ghat people think, Ghere they 'o, Ghat they do for livin'i ;r, if someone is starin' at
me B do look at him,her in order to stop them. Bjm like h;k, B 'ot you! Btjs rude to stare at
someone, donjt you knoG that0 EoG look someGhere else, please!Q Bjm sure it happened to me in
"urkey as Gell but as soon as B noticed B looked aGay. Bf you cannot chan'e your habit try to
control it.
Yust like in the case of the hcover upQ advice, you are not bound to folloG it. -ut if you donjt Gant
to be disturbed by flirty 'uys itjs better to take it into account. Eothin' bad happens 4ust because
you hold eye contact Gith someone or dress in a specific Gay 7e@cept Ghen you e@a''erate8 if you
establish clear limits from the be'innin'.
6e in =la!%+
221
&, V"oTukX stories 1rom VsCcakX TurkeG[ Birst ste(s on TurkisN lan5
AUGU#T 1U, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREAg COMMENT#
4ir varm0$ bir yokmu0@ 4.%n t.% 4o)!" 4a( !it%)a!!+ 5!! o55okum@ G(t
a( sak a( to"a+ 1t *o)% a, t.%)% 4%)% U Ro*anian ,i)!( "i($o'%)in, t.%
Ea(t at 4U "%,)%%(@ ta(tin, it(krmz biberli "i(.%(, ")in-in, it( sak
ay$ $oo!in, "o4n 4it.limonlu ve vi0neli dondurma on t.% $)o4"%" (t)%%t(@
!%a)nin, to $o*/!ain =6ok sak;> an" to a(- =4ir so+uk su 0i0esi;>, in(t%a" o5
\a+@ Lat%!+, Ro*ania .a( 1%%n a!*o(t a( =(O$a-> a( E!a<OV t4o +%a)( a,o,
1)in,in, t.% a!)%a"+ =(oV-> *%*o)i%( to *+ *in"2 I "%$i"%" to *%!t t.%*
into *+ 1!o, 1%5o)% t.%+ 1%$o*% a( $o!" a( i$%2 T.%)%5o)% 5)o* no4 on I&!! 1%
4)itin, *+ !at% "ia)+, (o*% o5 *+ =(oV-> (to)i%( 5)o* =(O$a-> T)-%+2
It a!! (ta)t%" in P!+ 20122 Lo$ationB E!a<OV "avaalan2 Main $.a)a$t%)(B U
Ro*anian $)io( ,i)!( "%t%)*in%" to =$onL%)> Ea(t%)n T)-%+B Bi1i, Gio),i,
C)i(tina, D!a'ia an" *%2 O) a$$o)"in, to o) 4%!$o*in, $o**itt%%, 4.o
*i((/%!!%" *+ na*% an" D!a'ia&( (%$on" na*% t)nin, t.%* into (o*%t.in,
5nni%)B L!ia in(t%a" o5 I!ia an" Man"a!ina i(t%a" o5 Mb"b!inaB
7photo3 =*E I%rat8
In t.% $a(% o5 Mb"b!ina t.% %0/!anation i( (i*/!%B Man"a!ina *%an( *an"a)in
in T)-i(.2 A( 5o) t.% *i((/%!!in, o5 *+ na*%, it /)o1a1!+ o$$))%" 1%$a(% o5
t.% "iR%)%n$%( 1%t4%%n En,!i(., Ro*anian on t.% on% .an" an" T)-i(. on
t.% ot.%) .an"2 3.i!% in t.% $a(% o5 En,!i(. an" Latin !an,a,%( t.% $a/ita!
=i> i( "ot!%(( an" 4)itt%n !i-% =I> in T)-i(. i( 4)itt%n 4it. a "ot a1o'% a( =^>
,i'%n t.at t.% "ot!%(( =I> i( anot.%) !%tt%) 6C.%$- *+ !%((on a1ot A!/.a1%t
an" P)onn$iation82 T.%)%5o)%, a( O!ia 64it. "ot!%(( i8 i( '%)+ .a)" to
/)onon$%, t.%+ t.o,.t *+ na*% (.o!" 1% L!ia2 3.i!% in Ro*ania I 4a(
(%" to 1% $a!!%" L!ia on!+ 1+ 1a1i%( 4.o $o!"n&t /)onon$% *+ na*% 6T.%
222
?)(t (+!!a1!% o5 *+ na*%, =i>, i( /)onon$%" !i-% t.% En,!i(. /)onon =+o>8,
in T)-%+ I 4a( L!ia 5o) a!*o(t %'%)+on%; An" L!ia i( (ti!! .ntin, *%@ I5
T)-i(. /%o/!% .a" /)o1!%*( to /)onon$% o) Ro*anian na*%( 4% 4%)% not
1%tt%) at /)onon$in, o) "%(tination&( na*%B E!a<OV2 I (ti!! )%*%*1%) t.%
$on5(ion on t.% 5a$% o5 an ai)/o)t %*/!o+%% in I(tan1! 4.%n a(-in, a1ot
o) Ai,.t to E!aK^G2
3.%n 4% ?na!!+ a))i'%" 4% 4%)% a!! ti)%", ,i'%n t.at 4% t)a'%!!%" a!*o(t 20
.o)( 1+ $a) an" /!an%, in$!"in, t.% n%'%)E%n"in, 4aitin, in t.% ai)/o)t(
6a)on" Y . in B$.a)%(t an" Q . in I(tan1!82
*leepy 'irls at 1tat#rk 1irport, Bstanbul
Bt 4% 4%)% too %0$it%" an" too .n,)+2 #o 4% "%$i"%" to "i($o'%) t.% $it+
to,%t.%) 4it. t.% (t"%nt( 4.o .a" 4ait%" 5o) ( in t.% ai)/o)t2 3% 4%)%
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=4%!$o*in, $o**itt%%>2 3% too- t.% $it+ 1(, a *%*o)a1!% %0/%)i%n$% a(
t.% 0o*3r 4a( ")i'in, !i-% a $)a<+, 1a!an$in, t.% 1( on t.% ).+t.*( o5 T)-i(.
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/%)(on 6a)on" 2,U E)o82 T.% !o4 $o(t o5 !i'in, in Ea(t%)n T)-%+ 4a( a ni$%
()/)i(%2 O) ($.o!a)(.i/ 4a( U00 E)o /%) *ont. an" it 4a( *o)% t.an
%no,.2 3% %'%n t)a'%!!%" an" .a" (o*% (%)io( (.o//in, (%((ion( 4it. t.at
*on%+2 Ba$- to o) (to)+, I .a" *+ ?)(t a+)an, )%a! T)-i(. -%1a1 an" \o)1a
64.i$. I .a'% to $on5%(( i( not *+ 5a'o)it%8 t.at ni,.t 5a!!in, in !o'% 4it.
T)-i(. $i(in%2
223
;ur first dinner in =la!%+
T.% 'arson 4a( '%)+ %0$it%" to (%)'% ( 4.%n .% 5on" ot t.at 4%
a)% yabanlar$ a( t.% $it+ i( not )%a!!+ a to)i(ti$ "%(tination, %'%n t.o,. it
.a( a )i$. .i(to)+ an" $!t)%2 I&!! 4)it% *o)% a1ot in *+ 5o!!o4in, /o(t( nti!
t.%n !%t&( !%a)n (o*% T)-i(. 4o)"(;
4ir varm0$ bir yokmu07On$% /on a ti*%
5okum7T)-i(. D%!i,.t
sak7 .ot 64%at.%)8
a7 .ot 6ta(t%8
krmz biberli7 $.i!!i /%//%)
sak ay7 .ot t%a
limonlu ve vi0neli dondurma7 !%*on an" (o) $.%))+ i$%E$)%a*
=6ok sak;>E V%)+ .ot;
=Bir 0i0e so+uk su;>E A 1ott!% o5 $o!" 4at%) 63% (%" it in$o))%$t!+ a( &o+uk su
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224
0eet tNe Cats o1 Istanbul ] $oCATularG
AUGU#T 12, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREAZ COMMENT#
I&'% G(t 5on" t.% 1%(t ,i"%( to !%a" ( t.)o,. I(tan1!B T)-i(. $at(a
An" in $a(% +o 4ant to a"o/t on%, +o *a+ n%%" t.% 5o!!o4in, 'oCAT!a)+B
$at]-%"i
-itt%n]+a') -%"i
to /))]6-%"i8 *O)!a*a-
to -%%/ a $at] -%"i 1%(!%*%-
$at 5oo"]-%"i *a*a(O
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!i-% a $at 4it. nin% !i'%(] -%"i ,i1i "o-< $an!O
4.%n t.% $at i( a4a+ t.% *i$% 4i!! /!a+] -%"i ,i"in$% *%+"an 5a)%!%)% -a!O)
.a( t.% $at ,ot +o) ton,%9] "i!ini -%"i *i +tt9
=Nin% Li'%( S Cat( in I(tan1! i( a "o$*%nta)+ 5%at)% 5o$(in, on t.%
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ani*a! .*an( .a'% %'%) -no4n, t.% Cat2>
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225
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AUGU#T 10, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
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227
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t.% *o*%nt2 A!t.o,. noi(+ an" 1)i,.t!+ $o!o)%", i5 4% t.in- a1ot it(
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/i$t)%(L% 'i!!a,%(, .i""%n 1%a$.%( an" (i!%nt *ontain(2 A /!a$% 4.%)% +o
$an !%a)n *an+ t.in,( a1ot .i(to)+, a1ot /%o/!%, $!t)% an" a1ot
+o)(%!52 A /!a$% 4.%)% +o $an *a-% %'%)+"a+ a .o!i"a+2 Do) *% T)-%+ i(
!i-% a 1a<aa) 4.%)% +o $an ?n" 4.at%'%) +o a)% !oo-in, 5o)@ an" %'%n
t.in,( +o .a'%n&t -no4n t.at +o n%%"2 3% )%(%*1!% %a$. ot.%) '%)+ *$.2
M% an" T)-%+2 C.aoti$ an" o),ani<%", $a!* an" )%(t!%((@ I G(t 4ant to .it
t.% )oa" to T)-%+ a,ain, to .a'% t.% o//o)tnit+ to "%1n- *+ T)-i(.
%($a/% *+t.2 Unti! I&!! 4ant to %($a/% 5)o* it@
!i5 Gou kno`4 Unbelie%able 1acts about TurkeG
AUGU#T g, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREAY COMMENT#
Kunny 'urkish for
<nlish s"eakers
AUGU#T W, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
V%)+ 5nn+; 7o4 a $on'%)(ation a1ot ")in-in, a+)an 6T)-i(. "i!t%" (a!t%"
+o,.)t8 in T)-i(. *i,.t (on" in En,!i(.B
228
T)-i(. '%)(ionB
A+)an i\tin *i9 6Di" +o ")in- a+)an98
E'%t, i\ti*2 6C%(, I ")an-8
A+)an i\*%- i(ti+o)(an, i\2 6I5 +o 4ant to ")in- a+)an, ")in-8
7a+O), "%*in i\ti*2 6No, I .a'% G(t ")n-8
Fa\ 1a)"a- i\tin9 67o4 *an+ ,!a((%( "i" +o ")in-98
On 1a)"a- i\ti*2 6I ")an- t%n ,!a((%(8
Va+ .a+'an 'a+; 6O. +o ani*a!;8
L. /nterroati$e and
neati$e forms of -to
be.> Dresent 'ense
AUGU#T W, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT

229
# k3)ek$ de+il mi? T"at8s a do'$ isn8t it?
C%(t%)"a+ 4% !%a)n%" t.% a:)*ati'% 5o)* o5 t.% T)-i(. =to 1%> in P)%(%nt
T%n(%2 To"a+ 4%&!! $ontin% o) !%((on 4it. t.% int%))o,ati'% an" n%,ati'%
5o)*(2
Int%))o,ati'% 5o)*B
t.% 4o)" %0/)%((in, t.% (at% o5 1%in, )%*ain( n$.an,%" an" i(
5o!!o4%" 1+ t.% int%))o,ati'% /a)ti$!% mi,N (RO0%(in a$$o)"an$% 4it. t.%
'o4%! .a)*on+B
qV)%t*%n *i+i*9 EA* I a t%a$.%)9
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qV)%t*%n *i+i<9EA)% 4% t%a$.%)(9
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7a<O) *O+O*9EA* I )%a"+9
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TI)- *I+I*9EA* I a T)-9
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230
TI)- *I(InI<9EA)% +o T)-(9
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N%,ati'% 5o)*B
4o)" 5o!!o4%" 1+ deGil 6not8N (:0%(
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qV)%t*%n "%Vi!i<2E3% a)% not t%a$.%)(2
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N%,ati'% int%))o,ati'% 5o)*B
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qV)%n$i "%Vi! *i+i*9EA* I not a (t"%nt9
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7, Present tense o1 Vto beX
AUGU#T U, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
T)-i(. "o%(n&t .a'% an %Li'a!%nt to t.% En,!i(. '%)1 =to 1%>, %'%n t.o,.
(o*% !in,i(t( (/%a- a1ot t.% 5o)* =i*%->, 4.i$. 4a( n%'%) o:$ia!!+
231
)%$o,ni<%"2 =To 1%> i( %0/)%((%" 4it. t.% .%!/ o5 (:0%( 65o!!o4in, t.% ,)%at
'o4%! .a)*on+8 an" (%" to "%($)i1% a state of bein2
1%n >7y9im >7y9m >7y9m >7y9um
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1i< >7y9iz >7y9z >7y9z >7y9uz
(i< >siniz >snz >snz >sunuz
on!a) >7dir9Nler >7dr9lar >7dr9ler >7dur9lar
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Bi1!io,)a/.+B Ro(ita D&A*o)a, Co)(o "i Lin,a T)$a, 7o%/!i, 2012
TurkisN T$ series anGone4
AUGU#T Y, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA2 COMMENT#
With every TV series you watch a book commits suicide. Although I totally
agree with this statement, I believe there is one exception: watching TV series
with the purpose of learning a new language. Turkish TV series anyone?
Baces o1 TurkeG
AUGU#T 2, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
Dani%! F!%in .a" t.% 4on"%)5! i"%a to $at$. T)-%+&( .*an H%((%n$%& in t.i(
(.o)t 'i"%o, HDa$%( o5 T)-%+&2 M%%t T)-i(. /%o/!%, *%%t T)-%+;
0utluluTun BormIlI+ TNe 8a((iness Bormula
PULC Y1, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
233
GInIn JVIt!%)iEA"'i$%( o5 t.% "a+
Mt! o!;EB% .a//+;
M%)a- %t;E B% $)io(;
7%)`%+"%n i!.a* a!;EDin" in(/i)ation in %'%)+t.in,;
Ba`-a!a)Ona +a)"O* %t;E7%!/ ot.%)(;
^+i o!"Vn `%+!%)i +a/;E Do t.in,( +o&)% ,oo" at;
Fita/ o-;ER%a" a 1oo-;
T%!%'i<+on 1O)a-;EL%a'% t.% TV;
^`ini (%';ELo'% +o) Go1;
E,<%)(i< +a/;E3o)-ot;
Fo)-!a)On!a +I<!%`;EDa$% +o) 5%a)(;
F%n"in% inan;ET)(t +o)(%!5;
A)-a"a`!a)Ona '% ai!%n% +a-On o!;E B% $!o(% to +o) 5)i%n"( an" 5a*i!+;
Fa!1in, /(!an o!(n;EL%t +o) .%a)t 1% +o) $o*/a((;
Celebrate a better `orl54
PULC Y0, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREAU COMMENT#
234
To"a+ T)-%+ an" ot.%) M(!i* $ont)i%( a)% $%!%1)atin, t.% !a(t "a+
o5 Ra*a<an Ba+)a*O2 E'%n t.o,. I&* not a M(!i*, an" I a* not %'%n !i'in,
in a M(!i* $ont)+ at t.% *o*%nt, (o*%.o4 I&'% 5%!t t.% (/i)it o5 Ba+)a*
(in$% t.% ari*e, t.% %'% o5 t.% .o!i"a+ an" t.% !a(t "a+ o5 Ra*a"an2 I&'%
t)n%" on *+ .o!i"a+ *oo" an" I@ %'%n /)%/a)%" $oo-i%(2 M+ inn%) (%!5 .a(
1%%n 4%a)in, .%) 1%(t 1i1 an" t$-%) an" 4a( -in" o5 ()/)i(%" to (%% /%o/!%
,oin, to 4o)-, a$tin, no)*a!!+ on Mon"a+ *o)nin, @ a( I 4a( %0/%$tin, to
(%% t.%* $%!%1)atin,2 I 5%!t !i-% it 4a( C.)i(t*a(; I 5%!t .a//+ t.at it 4a(
(o*%on% %!(%&( =C.)i(t*a(>2 E'%n t.o,. t.% =1a(i$> )%a(on( o5 $%!%1)atin,
C.)i(t*a(, Ra*a<an Ba+)a*O o) ot.%) )%!i,io( 5%a(t( a)% "iR%)%nt, 4% $annot
"%n+ t.%i) $o**on *%((a,%B 1% .*an, !o'% ot.%)(2 #o 4.+ not to $%!%1)at%
.*anit+ 4it. ot.%)(9 I $an a!)%a"+ .%a) *+ $)iti$(B =3a-% / "a+")%a*%);
3% $annot $%!%1)at% %'%)+"a+; 3% n%%" to %a)n o) !i'in,;> I tota!!+ a,)%%2
Bt@ I&* not (,,%(tin, t.at 4% (.o!"n&t 4o)- ")in, t.% $%!%1)ation( o5
ot.%)(@ Not n%a)!+2 A!! I&* (a+in, i( to !%t t.% (/i)it o5 t.% .o!i"a+( in'a"% o)
(o!( an" a$t a$$o)"in,!+2 P%o/!% t%n" to 1% -in"%), *o)% 4i!!in, to .%!/
ot.%)( an" .a//i%) ")in, $%!%1)ation(2 #o 4.+ not $%!%1)at% *o)%9 An"
1%$o*% 1%tt%) .*an 1%in,(2
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t.%*, n"%)(tan" t.%*2 In5o)*ation an" %*/at.+2 3% a!! .a'% t.% -%+( to
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T)-%+ i( a1ot to 1%$o*% on% o5 t.% (4%%t%(t $ont)i%( in t.%
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PULC 2U, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA4 COMMENT#
T)-i(. .a( (i0 ,)a**ati$a! $a(%(B
1. 'he :ominati$e >Baln Aal 7:ominatif9
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240
!uGgular, A)kistanU5an se%gilerle
PULC 24, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
241
h1$k bir seferdir. -u sefere )%kan her her yolcu, istese de istemese de tepeden t%rna+a de+i$ir. -u
yollara dal%p da de+i$meyen yoktur.Q 7&ove is a 4ourney. <urin' the 4ourney travellers chan'e
from top to toe Ghether they Gant or not. Eo one can travel into love and remain the same.8 =lif
afak21k, Jule ?C
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242
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PULC 22, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
243
M%).a1a; Ben ^!ia; 5en Kimsin9 Bu ne9 Bu benim TI)-i+% '% TI)-\% i!%
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/)onon(;
Rahs Samirleri>Dersonal Dronouns
BenEI
5enECo
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244
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T*aret zamirleri> 1emonstrati$e Dronouns
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5oru zamirleri> /nterroati$e Dronouns
Kim,E3.o9
:asl,E7o49
:e,E3.at9
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:e zaman,E3.%n9
1!n*llk zamirleri>Oe?e6i$e "ronouns
KendimEM+(%!5
KendinECo)(%!5
KendisiE7i*(%!5, 7%)(%!5, It(%!5
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245
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PULC 21, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREAU COMMENT#
T.i( L%(tion i( .antin, *%@ %'%) (in$% I&'% (ta)t%" *+ P.2D@ Initia!!+ it
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att)a$tion to %'%)+t.in, =o)i%nta!>B !an"($a/%(, a)$.it%$t)%, %<an, /%)5*%(,
o!i'% t.)%%(, 1%!!+ "an$%, *(i$, t)Loi(%, !o-* an" I $an $ontin% t.% !i(t
5o) 1001 ni,.t(@ Bt I&'% a!4a+( 5%!t t.at *+ an(4%) i( in$o*/!%t%, an"
*a+1% too !o,i$a! to $at$. t.% %((%n$% 1)i%" "%%/ in(i"% *%@ T.%)% *(t
1% *o)%, *$. *o)%, an" *o)% to "i($o'%)2 An" it i(2 I -no4 it2 E'%n t.o,.
I&* not ()% i5 I&* /)%/a)%" to an(4%), to %0/)%(( *+(%!5, to ?n" a 4a+ ot
5)o* *+ inn%) !a1+)int.2 It&( $o*/!i$at%"; R%a!!+ it i(@
To"a+ I .a" a =.a!5> )%'%!ation2 I *i((%" T)-%+, an" (o*%.o4 I -n%4 4.+2 I
.a" a =(o an" (o> "a+, 1a!an$%" *o)% in t.% "i)%$tion o5 =not (o ,oo">, Lit%
n(a! 5o) an innat% o/ti*i(t@ I in(tant!+ -n%4 4.at I n%%", a (4%%t
%($a/%@ an" *+ (4%%t %($a/% i( T)-%+2 T.% )%a! T)-%+ o) *+ i*a,in%"
T)-%+9 I "on&t )%a!!+ -no4 an" I "on&t $a)%; I&* a4a)% a1ot t.% 5a$t t.at I
*i,.t .a'% $)%at%" *+ o4n '%)(ion o5 T)-%+, a Aa4!%(( T)-%+, G(t !i-%
+on, !o'%)( "o $!o(in, t.%i) %+%( to *i(ta-%( an" i*/%)5%$tion2 #o 4.at9 A(
5a) a( I %nGo+ t.i( =i*a,%> o) =i*/)o'%"> *%*o)+ an" ?n" in it an oa(i( o5
)%!a0ation, %($a/% an" ")%a* (/a)-!%( it "o%(n&t *att%) 4.%t.%) it ?t( 100s
to t.% )%a!it+ o) not@
#o 4.+ I !o'% T)-%+9 B%(i"%( "%!i,.tin, *+ %+%( an" *+ ta(t% 1"(, T)-%+
4o)-( 5o) *+ (o! a( (o*% -in" o5 *%"i$in%2 Do) *% T)-%+ i( (+non+*o(
4it. .a//+, 5)i%n"!+, 4%!$o*in, an" )%!a0%" /%o/!%, 4it. $onta,io( ,oo"
*oo", 4it. n%'%)E%n"in, .o!i"a+( an" (t)on, .*an )%!ation(.i/(2 No )(.,
no (t)%((, G(t (*i!%(; P%o/!% -no4 .o4 to %nGo+ !i5% an" (%%* to .a'% a
1a!an$%" !i5%(t+!%2 T.%+ a)% not $ont)o! *ania$(, an" n%it.%) anti(o$ia!,
(o!ita)+, o'%)!+ /)%o$$/i%" o) "%/)%((%", a "%?nition 4.i$. ?t( *o)% an"
*o)% t.% *o"%)n *an2 3.%n it .a//%n(, .o4%'%), to 5%%! in a 1a" *oo",
/%o/!% %0/)%(( t.%i) (a"n%((, an,%) an" "i(a//oint*%nt, ,%ttin, )i" Li$-!+
o5 n%,ati'% %*otion(2 An" 4.%n t.%+ a)% .a//+ t.%+ (.a)% t.%i) .a//in%((
4it. t.% 4.o!% 4o)!"; No /)%t%n"in,, no .i""in,2 E'%)+t.in, (%%*( to 1%
%a(i%) in T)-%+, @t.at&( 4.+ T)-%+;
P.oto ta-%n 1+ E!i5 Fa)a,o< tD!i$-)
246
., Bormation o1 (lural nouns in TurkisN
PULC 1Z, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
&adee bir !stanbul bir ok renk$ duy'u$ kedi
(#nly one <stanbul many olours$ emotions$ ats;
L%t&( 1)%a- t.% *+t. o5 !a<+ #at)"a+( an" !%a)n t.% T)-i(. /!)a!; In T)-i(.
t.% /!)a! i( 5o)*%" 1+ a""in, t.% (:0 Ulero) >lar in a$$o)"an$% 4it.
t.% !itt!% 'o4%! .a)*on+2
T.%)%5o)%B
E' 6.o(%8E%'!%) 6.o(%(8
Ba!O- 6?(.8E 1a!O-!a) 6?(.%(8
F%"i 6$at8E -%"i!%) 6$at(8
Fita/ 61oo-8E -ita/!a) 61oo-(8
M%-t/ 6!%tt%)8E *%-t/!a) 6!%tt%)(8
<6e"tions:
7a)5 6!%tt%)Ea!/.a1%t8E .a)5!%) 6!%tt%)(8
#aat 6.o)8E (aat!%) 6.o)(8
Fa!/ 6.%a)t8E -a!/!%) 6.%a)t(8
0any 'urkish reetins are e6"ressed by usin the "lural:
^+i ,In!%);E .a'% a ni$% "a+;
^+i a-`a*!a);E ,oo" a5t%)noonM%'%nin,;
^+i ,%$%!%);E ,oo" ni,.t;
^+i +o!$!-!a);E.a'% a ni$% Go)n%+;
247
^+i `an(!a);E ,oo" !$-;
^+i %V!%n$%!%);E .a'% a ,oo" ti*%M .a'% 5n;
Mt! +O!!a);E.a//+ anni'%)(a)+;
Mt! 1a+)a*!a);E.a//+ .o!!i"a+(;
R%n-!i )I+a!a);E#4%%t 6!it%)a)+ $o!o)5!8 ")%a*(;
T%1)i-!%);E Con,)at!ation(;
4ther uses:
u Co!!%$ti'% non(B ai!% 65a*i!+8E ai!%!%) 65a*i!i%(8
u P%)(ona! non(B M%.*%t!%) 6M%.*%t an" .i( 5a*i!+M5)i%n"(8
! +e don2t use "lural su@6es with numerals and other words
e6"ressin Juantities!
u Bi) -a!%* 6on% /%n8
u ^-i -a!%* 6t4o /%n(8
u po- -a!%* 6*an+ /%n(8
<6e"tions:
u v\ #i!a.`o)!a)E T.% T.)%% M(-%t%%)(
u C%"i CI$%!%)E T.% #%'%n D4a)5(
u FO)- 7a)a*i!%)E T.% Do)t+ T.i%'%(
I*a,%B.tt/BMM44424a!!/a/%).i2$o*MAni*a!(MCat(Mi(tan1!w(%aw!%tw*%w(!%%/w2
11Q1
Bi1!io,)a/.+B
12 Ro(ita D&A*o)a, Co)(o "i Lin,a T)$a, 7o%/!i, 2012

248
-, Learn to count in TurkisN\
PULC 1Q, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
Co a!)%a"+ -no4 t.% T)-i(. A!/.a1%t, no4 it&( ti*% to !%a)n t.% n*1%)(;
:umbers> 5aylar
1E 1i)
2E i-i
YE I\
4E "J)t
UE 1%`
WE a!tO
QE +%"i
gE (%-i<
ZE "o-<
10E on
20E +i)*i
Y0E ot<
40E -O)-
U0E %!!i
W0E a!t*O`
Q0E +%t*i`
g0E (%-(%n
Z0E "o-(an
100E +I<
12000E 1in
120002000E 1i) *i!+on
1200020002000E 1i) *i!+a)
N*1%)( 5)o* %!%'%n a)% 1i!t 1+ (/%!!in, ot t.% t%n(, 5o!!o4%" 1+ t.% "i,it(
11E on 1i)
12E on i-i
1YE on I\
249
24E +i)*i "J)t
UWgE 1%` +I< a!t*O` (%-i<
22U002000E i-i *i!+on 1%` +I< 1in
'he 4rdinals:
In T)-i(. t.% o)"ina!( a)% 5o)*%" 1+ a""in, t.% >7i9n#7i9(:0 an" )%(/%$tin,
t.% reat $owel hamony an" in (o*% $a(%( t.% #onsonant hamony2 I5
+o *i((%" t.% !%((on a1ot t.% 'o4%! an" $on(onant .a)*on+ #li#k here.
1(tE 1i)in#i
2n"Ei-in#i
Y)"EI\n#
4t.E"J)dn#
Ut.E 1%`in#i
11t.E on 1i)in#i
20t.E +i)*in#i
Y0t.Eot<un#u
100t.E +I<n#
12000t.E 1inin#i
120002000t.E *i!+onun#u
Bi1!io,)a/.+B
12 Ro(ita D&A*o)a, Co)(o "i Lin,a T)$a, 7o%/!i, 2012
I*a,%B .tt/BMM/)%($.oo!%)2t.%1*/2$o*M(.o!"Eto""!%)Ea1!%E$ontE14Q42.t*!

250
Colours o1 li1e an5Wstairs a la Turca
PULC 1U, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
I5 (o*%on% a(-( *% =7o4 i( +o) !i5%9>6Aayatn nasl,8 t.% 1%(t an(4%)
6#e$a"8 I $an ,i'% i( =V%)+ $o!o)5!> 6Vok renkli8, *o(t o5 t.% ti*% 6zaman8
/aint%" 6boyamak8 in 1)i,.t 6"arlak8 an" (%)%n% 6rahat8 $o!o)( !i-% 1!%
6ma$i8 o) ,)%%n 6ye*il8, (n1at.%" in +%!!o4 6sar8 1%$a(% *+ ?)(t !o'%
6aQk8 i( t.% (n 6ne*8, (/!a(.%" 4it. o)an,% 6turun#u8 )%5)%(.in, o)an,%
6"ortokal8 Gi$%, ?)%" 4it. )%" 6krmz8 %nt.(ia(* 6he$es8, (4%%t%n%"
4it. /in- 6"embe8 $.i!"i(. (*i!%( an" /)/!% 6mor8 ")%a*( 6hayal8, /o4%)%"
4it. a ,)%at a*ont o5 4.it% 6beyaz8 "%t%)*ination 6azim8@ an" on!+
%0t)%*%!+ )a)%!+ 6nadiren8 (tain%" 4it. ,)%+ 6ri8 o) 1!a$- 6siyah8
*%!an$.o!+ 6melankoli8 an" 5%a)( 6korku82 3% 6biz8 a!! !i'% 6ya*amak8 in a
4o)!" 6dnya8 o5 $o!o)(, .a'in, t.% o//o)tnit+ 6imkan8 to $.oo(%
6semek8 t.% /)o/%) (.a"%( 6!le8 an" Lantiti%( 6miktar8 o5 /aint 5o) o)
251
!i5%&( *a(t%)/i%$% 6ba*ya"t82 3% $an /!a+ 6oynamak8 4it. $o!o)( a( 4%
4i(.@ 4% $an t.)o4 a!! o) H)a4& 5%%!in,( 6duyu8 on t.% $an'a( o) 5o!!o4 o)
)ationa!it+&( 6rasyonalite8 )i,i" *%t.o"( o5 /aintin,@ 3.at 4% (.o!" -%%/
in *in" 6aklda tutmak8 4.i!% .an"!in, t.% /aint 1)(. 6boya fras8 i( t.at
4% $annot %)a(% 6silmek8 o) a$tion( 6eylem8 an" t.at 4% .a'% on!+ on%
$an'a(@ #o 4% (.o!" 1% '%)+ $a)%5! 6dikkatl8 not to 4a(t% 6bo*a
har#amak8 o) ti*% an" (/a$% on t.% $an'a( 4it. (.a/%( 6*ekil8 an" (.a"%(
4.i$. "o not )%/)%(%nt 6temsil etmek8 (, $)%atin, a 5a!(% 6yanl*8 an"
n(ati(5+in, /aintin,, 4it. it( $o!o)( *%!tin, 6erimek8 in a "a)- 6koyu8 an"
"i)t+ 6kirli8 *i0t)%2 It&( .a)" 6zor8 to 1% t.% a)ti(t 6sanat8 o5 +o) o4n !i5%,
to *ana,% %'%nt( 6olay8, 5%%!in,( 6duyu8 an" 5a$t( in a /)o/%) *ann%), to
ta-% (in$%)% 6drst8 "%$i(ion( 6karar8 an" to *a-% o) *in" 6akl8 (%% %+%
to %+% 4it. o) .%a)t 6kal"82 I5 4% ($$%%" 6ba*armak8 o) inn%) /aintin, 4i!!
1% )%A%$t%" 6yanstmak8 in o) Hot(i"%& 4o)!" a( 4%!!, $o!o)in, o) !%n(%(
6mer#ek8 an" %'%)+t.in, t.at ())on"( 6e$relemek8 (2 O) Hot(i"%&
4o)!" 5o!!o4( o) Hin(i"%& 4o)!"2 An" 'i$% '%)(a 6tersine82
I !o'% $o!o)(, an" /)o1a1!+ t.at i( anot.%) )%a(on 6sebe"8 4.+ I !o'% T)-%+2
It&( a $o!o)5! an" !i'%!+ 6ruhlu8 $ont)+ 6lke82 D)o* it( /%o/!% 6halk8,
$iti%(, 1a<aa)( to it(@ (tai)( 6merdi$en82 E'%)+t.in, i( (/!a(.%" 4it. $o!o)(2
T.% 4a'% 6dala8 o5 )ain1o4 6!kku*aG8 (tai)( .it T)-%+ in 201Y, 4.%n a
)%ti)%" 6emekli8 %n,in%%) 6mhendis8, 7(%+in C%tin%!, /aint%" a *a((i'%
(tai)$a(% in )ain1o4 .%( in I(tan1!2 E'%n t.o,. t.% )ain1o4 (tai)( 1%$a*%
t.% (+*1o! 6sime8 o5 t.% antiE,o'%)n*%nt )%(i(tan$% 6direnme8 an" o5 t.%
LGBT $o**nit+, t.% o)i,ina! /)/o(% 6ama8 4a( to *a-% /%o/!% (*i!%
6lmek82 To"a+ t.%)% a)% *an+ )ain1o4 (tai)( a!! a)on" T)-%+, $o!o)in,
.a//in%(( 6mutluluk8 on 5a$%( 6yz8 an" (o!( 6#an82
252
*, TNe TurkisN $o`el an5 Consonant 8armonG
PULC 14, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA12 COMMENT#
7a'% +o %'%) 4on"%)%" 4.+ T)-i(. i( (o "iR%)%nt an" "i:$!t to !%a)n9
3%!!, on% o5 t.% )%a(on( i( t.at T)-i(. i( an a,,!tinati'% !an,a,%2 T.i(
*%an( t.at 4o)"( a)% 5o)*%" 1+ a""in, (:0%( 4it. ,)a**ati$a! o)
(%*anti$ *%anin,2 A( +o $an (%% in t.% %0a*/!% a1o'% +o $an 5o)* a
4.o!% (%nt%n$% in T)-i(. G(t 1+ a""in, (:0%( to t.% 4o)" (t%*2 On% 4o)"
in T)-i(. $an 1% t)an(!at%" into *an+ 4o)"( in En,!i(.2 B%5o)% !%a)nin, t.%
(:0%( an" t.%i) *%anin, +o (.o!" n"%)(tan" t.% /)in$i/!%( o5 'o4%! an"
$on(onant .a)*on+, 5o!!o4%" in 4o)"E5o)*ation an" $onG,ation2
1. Howel Aarmony
T.%)% a)% t4o t+/%( o5 'o4%! .a)*on+ +o n%%" to -no4B
253
Wittle $owel harmony 7su@6es of Xe2 ty"e9
u Ha&, HO&, Ho&, H& $an 1% 5o!!o4%" 1+ Ha&
u H%&, Hi&, HJ&, HI& $an 1% 5o!!o4%" 1+ H%&
E0a*/!%(B %'!%) 6.o(%(8, -a/O!a) 6"oo)(, ,at%(8
;reat $owel harmony 7su@6es of Xi. ty"e9
u Ha&, HO& $an 1% 5o!!o4%" 1+ HO&
u H%&, Hi& $an 1% 5o!!o4%" 1+ Hi&
u Ho&, H& $an 1% 5o!!o4%" 1+ H&
u HJ&, HI& $an 1% 5o!!o4%" 1+ HI&
E0a*/!%(B t%*i<!i- 6$!%ann%((8, .a(ta!O- 6i!!n%((8, ,J<!I- 6,!a((%(8, +aV*)!-
6)ain$oat8
O5 $o)(%, t.%)% a)% (o*% not%4o)t.+ e6e"tionsB
u T)-i(. 4o)"( !i-%B ann% 6*ot.%)8, %!*a 6a//!%8, `i`*an 65at8
u 3o)"( o5 5o)%i,n o)i,inB ti+at)o 6t.%at)%8, -ita/ 61oo-8, !a!% 6t!i/8, -a!%*
6/%n8, )o<1i5 6)oa(t 1%%58, )J/o)taG 6)%/o)ta,%8, !i*an 6/o)t8
u Co*/on" 4o)"(B 1,In6to"a+8] 1 6t.i(8N ,In 6"a+8, Fa)a"%ni< 6B!a$-
#%a8] -a)a 61!a$-8N "%ni< 6(%a8
u 3o)"( 5o)*%" 4it. in'a)ia1!% T)-i(. (:0%(B E-i, E-%n, E6i8+o), E6%81i! 1
Y. Eonsonant Aarmony
u Hoi#ed #onsonants: H"&, H,&, HV&, HG&, H+&, H!&, H*&, Hn&, H)&, H'&, H<&
u %n$oi#ed #onsonantsB H\&, H5&, H-&, H/&, H(&, H`&, Ht&
3.%n a 4o)" %n"( in t.% n'oi$%" $on(onant( H/&, H\&, H-&, Ht& an" i( a""%" 1+
a 'o4%! o) a (+!!a1!% 1%,innin, 4it. a 'o4%!, t.% n'oi$%" $on(onant( $.an,%
into t.%i) 'oi$%" $ont%)/a)t( H1&, H$&, HV&, H"& B
u H/& $.an,%( into H1&B -ita/N O] -ita1O 6.i( 1oo-8
u H\& $.an,%( into H$&B aVa\NO] aVa$O 6.i( t)%%8
u H-& $.an,%( into HV&B -J/%-Ni] -J/%Vi 6.i( "o,8
u Ht& $.an,%( into HV&B -anatNO] -ana"O 6.i( 4in,(8
5ome e6#e"tions:
u Mono(+!!a1i$ 4o)" )oot(B *a\NO]*a\O 6.i( *at$.8, (a\NO](a\O 6.i( .ai)8,
atNO] atO 6.i( .o)(%8, (\N](\ 6.i( 5a!t8
u #o*% 4o)"( %n"in, in Ht& o) Hn-&B .a+atNO] .a+atO 6.i( !i5%8,
.I))i+%tNi].I))i+%ti 6.i( 5)%%"o*8, an-%tNi]an-%ti 6.i( ()'%+8, 1an-NO]
1an-O 6 .i( 1%n$.8
Bi1!io,)a/.+B
12 Ro(ita D&A*o)a, Co)(o "i Lin,a T)$a, 7o%/!i, 2012
22 CI-(%! GJ-n%!, T)-i(. G)a**a) U/"at%" A$a"%*i$ E"ition, 201Y
254
&, "tart `itN tNe beginning[ Pronunciation
PULC 11, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREA1 COMMENT
T.% T)-i(. A!/.a1%t 6A!5a1%8 .a( 2Z !%tt%)( 6.a)582 L%t&( !%a)n t.%i)
/)onn$iation;
g 'o4%!( 6In!I!%)8B
aE a( xaax in 1a<aa)
eE a( x%x in ten
E a( xax6?)(t8 in a,ain, (i*i!a) to Ro*anian xkx
iE a( xix in T)-i(.
oE a( xoxin o'%)
!E a( xx in tu)n, (i*i!a) to 7n,a)ian an" G%)*an xJx
uE a( xoxin 4.o
E a( x%xin 'a!ue, (i*i!a) to 7n,a)ian an" G%)*an xIx
21 $on(onant( 6In(I<!%)8B
bE a( x1x in bo+
#E a( xGx in 3o-%
E a( x$.x in #h)$.
dE a( x"x in dan$%
fE a( x5x in fa$%
E a( x,x in i'%
255
GE (o5t GE !%n,.t%n( t.% /)%$%"in, 'o4%!2 %02 "aV 6*ontain8 i( /)onon$%"
"aa
hE a( x.x in ho11+
3E a( x(xin $asa!, (i*i!a) to Ro*anian xGx
kE a( x$x in #a-%
lE a( x!x in l%a)n
mE a( x*x in moon
nE a( xnx in na*%
"E a( x/x in "i$t)%
rE a( x)x in r%"
sE a( x(x in s**%)
*E a( x(.xin sha/%
tE a( xtx in t)a'%!
$E a( x'x in $i!!a,%
yE a( x+x in yo
zE a( x<x in zon%
I5 +o (ti!! .a'% "o1t( a1ot /)onn$iation $.%$- t.% 5o!!o4in, 'i"%o 6T)-i(.
A!/.a1%t 5o) $.i!")%n8B
TurkisN !eligNt[ tNe s`eetest s`eet since &777
PULC 10, 2014IULIA ALEXANDRA OPREALEAVE A COMMENT
T)-i(. "%!i,.t i( not G(t t.% (4%%t%(t (4%%t, a "%!i,.t5! "%((%)t 1t a!(o a
t)a"%*a)- o5 T)-%+2 It&( on% o5 *+ 5a'o)it% T)-i(. $!ina)+ "%!i,.t(; T.%(%
6(a!!+8 (La)% /i%$%( o5 G%!!+ $on(i(t%n$% a)% (%)'%" 4it. $oR%% o) t%a at
an+ ti*% o5 t.% "a+2 Lo-* $an 1% 5on" in a ,)%at 'a)i%t+ o5 Aa'o)(B
4.%t.%) 4% ta!- a1ot nt(, /i(ta$.io, "iR%)%nt -in"( o5 5)it( o) Ao4%)( an"
/!ant( !i-% )o(% o) !a'%n"%)2
256
A$$o)"in, to T)-%+ T)a'%! P!ann%) =T.% (to)+ o5 t.% $)%ation o5 'urkish
1eliht 6!o-*8 1%,in( in t.% !at% 1Q00(, 4.%n Cli 0uhiddin Aa# Bekir,
$on5%$tion%) to t.% i*/%)ia! $o)t in I(tan1!, !i(t%n( to t.% sultan )antB
=Aard #andy! /2m tired of hard #andy!> t.% sultan ,)o4!%" a( .% $)a$-%"
a toot. on +%t anot.%) (o) 1a!!2 -/ demand soft #andy!..
7a$O B%-i) $o*1in%" (,a) an" (ta)$. to /!%a(% t.% (!tan an" to $)%at% .i(
5a*o( !o-*2 A$$o)"in, to Vi$to)ia Co*1%t.% o)i,ina! na*% o5 T)-i(.
"%!i,.t 4a( )a.at !o-*, 4.i$. $o*%( 5)o* t.% A)a1i$ ra"at7ul
"ulkum *%anin, =(oot.% o) .%a! t.% t.)oat>2 T.% En,!i(. '%)(ion, =T)-i(.
D%!i,.t>, 4a( att)i1t%" 1+ an En,!i(. t)a'%!!%) 5)o* t.% 1gt. C%nt)+, 4.o
1o,.t !o-* 5o) .i( )%!ati'%(, an" $o!"n&t /)onon$% it( na*% in A)a1i$2
T)-i(. "%!i,.t i( =i*/o((i1!% to 1% )%/)o"$%" in an+ ot.%) $ont)+, a!t.o,.
%Ro)t( to i*itat% t.% t%0t)% o5 T)-i(. !o-*( .a'% $on"$%" to t.%
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