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Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara

Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic

Proiect Maini Electrice II


Proiectarea Motorului Asincron

Profesor coordonator:Drago Ursu


Student:Ioan-Marius Florea
An III ET Grupa 1.1

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

CUPRINS
1.Introducere..............................................................................................................2
2.Tema de proiectare.................................................................................................4
2.1.Cerine.......................................................................................................4
2.2.Obiective...................................................................................................4
3.Not de prezentare..................................................................................................5
4.Fiierul de intrare i cel de ieire al programului de proiectare.............................6
5.Caracteristicile motorului.....................................................................................13
6.Alegerea gabaritului.............................................................................................19
7.Concluzii..............................................................................................................20
8.Bibliografie...........................................................................................................21

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

1.Introducere
Maina de inducie trifazat
(sau maina asincron trifazat)
este cea mai folosit n acionrile
electrice de puteri medii i mari, n
regim de motor. Din punct de
vedere constructiv maina de
inducie este format din:
- Stator, avnd rolul inductorului, realizat din tole n care sunt tanate crestturile n
interiorul crora este introdus bobinajul trifazat;
- Rotor, cu rol de indus, fiind realizat tot din tole tanate, n crestturile acestora
putndu-se regsi bare de aluminiu (main de inducie cu rotor n colivie) sau un bobinaj trifazat
ale crui capete sunt conectate prin interiorul axului la 3 inele colectoare (main de inducie cu
rotor bobinat). Accesul la inele dinspre cutia de borne se realizeaz prin intermediul a 3 perii.
- Intrefierul-distanta radiala dintre stator si rotor are valori in intervalul (0.15-3) mm,
valorile mici ale intrefierului corespund puterilor de ordinul watilor, iar cele mari se refera la
motoare mari cu conditii grele de functionare.
- Crestaturile sunt, in general, semiinchise si pe stator si pe rotor. Numai la tensiuni
mari, crestaturile din stator sunt deschise pentru a permite introducerea bobinelor executate
separat in exterior. La puteri mici se utilizeaza crestaturi trapezoidale si dinti dreptunghiulari, in
timp ce la puteri mari crestaturile au peretii paraleli pentru a se putea introduce bobinele formate
in exterior.
Carcasa se executa din otel sau fonta, iar la puteri sub 100 kW, adesea din aluminiu sau
fara carcasa, scuturile in care se plaseaza rulmentii fiind executate din aluminiu si fixate direct la
capatul miezului magnetic statoric a carui forma exterioara este poligonala. In vederea reducerii
zgomotului trebuie reduse armonicile campului magnetic in intrefier,deci trebuie reduse
deschiderile crestaturilor.
La alimentarea bobinajului statoric cu un sistem trifazat de tensiuni se va forma un sistem
de cureni ce vor produce un cmp magnetic nvrtitor. Acesta va induce n conductoarele din
rotor o tensiune electromotoare. n circuitul nchis din rotor se vor forma cureni ce vor produce
un cmp magnetic n acelai sens cu cel al cmpului statoric. Interaciunea celor dou cmpuri va
pune n micare rotorul n sensul cmpului magnetic nvrtitor. Motorul se numete asincron
pentru c turaia rotorului este ntotdeauna mai mic (pentru regimul de motor) dect turaia
cmpului magnetic nvrtitor, denumit i turaie de sincronism. Dac turaia rotorului ar fi egal
2

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

cu turaia de sincronism atunci nu ar mai avea loc fenomenul de inducie electromagnetic, nu sar mai induce cureni n rotor i motorul nu ar mai dezvolta cuplu.
Turaia cmpului magnetic nvrtitor este dat de frecvena de alimentare i numrul de perechi
de poli ce se formeaz n stator:

n1

60 f
p

unde: f frecvena de alimentare;


p numrul de perechi de poli.
Pentru o frecven de alimentare de 50 Hz, se vor obine urmtoarele turaii n funcie de
numrul de perechi de poli:
P

n1

3000

1500

1000

750

O mrime specific acestui tip de main electric este alunecarea, notat cu s, fiind
dat de diferena ntre turaia motorului i turaia cmpului magnetic nvrtitor statoric:
s

n1 n
n1

unde: n1 turaia de sincronism;


n turaia rotorului.
Modificarea turaiei se poate face prin modificarea frecvenei tensiunii de alimentare, a
numrului de perechi de poli sau prin modificarea alunecrii. Modificarea sensului de rotaie al
rotorului se face prin schimbarea succesiunii fazelor (prin schimbarea a dou faze ale tensiunii de
alimentare ntre ele).

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

2.Tema de proiectare
S se proiecteze un motor asincron care s aib urmatoarele caracteristici:
Puterea nominal

=2.2 [kW];

Viteza de rotaie sincron :

= 1000 [rpm] ;

Tensiunea de alimentare

= 400 [V] ;

Frecvena tensiunii

: f = 50 [Hz] ;

Numrul de faze

: m=3 ;

Tipul conexiunilor fazelor : Y;


Clasa de izolaie

: F;

Clasa de cretere a temperaturii :B;


2.1.Cerine
Se cere ca motorul s respecte urmtoarele date funcionale:
- Factorul de putere: cos = 0.73;
- Randamentul: N =0.83 ;
- Curentul de pornire raportat: Ip/In = 5.5;
- Cuplu de pornire raportat: Mp/Mn = 2;
- Cuplu maxim raportat: Mmax/Mn = 2.2;
2.2.Obiective
Randamentul i factorul de putere, au un interval de eroare acceptat de +/4%. Curentul de pornire raportat trebuie s fie mai mic dect cel specificat, iar
cuplurile electromagnetice raportate (att cel de pornire ct i cel maxim) obinute
n urma proiectrii, trebuie s aib valori egale sau mai mari dect cele specificate.

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

3.Not de proiectare

Mrime

Valoare prescris

Valoare obinut

Eroare

0.83

0.85

+2.4%

cos

0.73

0.75

+2.7%

IP/IN

5.5

4.89

-11.09%

Mp/Mn

2.63

+31.5%

MNmax/Mn

2.2

3.4

+54%

n[rpm]

1000

954

-13.5%

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

4.Fiierul de intrare i cel de ieire al programului de proiectare


Fiierul de intrare:
%filename
m1.m
%input parameter for induction machine design
%
%Used in idesign.m
%
%Lucian Tutelea Aug. 1999
Pn=2.2;
nb=1000;
nmax=2*nb;
Vn=400;
m=3;
conex='y';

%kW,
rated Power
%rpm, rated (base) sped

%V, rated line Votage


%
Phase number
%
Stator windings conections
%
y for star and d for poligon conection
poles=6;
%
numbers of poles
etaSpec=0.83;
%
rated eficiency
cosPhiSpec=0.73;
%
rated power factor
rpos='i';
%
rotor position: i -iner rotor, o - outer rotor
rwkind='s';
%
kind of rotor windings: s - shortchircuit
designAs='m';
%
Design as: m-motor, g-generator
lg=0.25;

%mm

length of airgap;

%
Stator slots - Primary dimensions
sSlotShape = ['b']; % Stator slot shape
sMs=1.5;
%
Mouth of stator slot mm.
sh4=0.5;
%
height of slot mouth mm.
sAlpha=22.5;
%
degrees
sh2=0;
%
in this case as winding fills slot
%Rotor slots - Primary dimensions
%rSlotSkew=27; %
Rotor skew = 1/rSlotSkew of rotor periphery
rSlotShape= ['b']; %
Rotor slot shape
rMs=1.8;
%
Mouth of rotor slot mm.
rh1=0.3;
%charge of materials
Js=2.5;
%A/mm^2 Stator current density
Jr=2;
%A/mm^2 Rotor current density
Jendring= 0.85* Jr;
%A/mm^2 Current denssity in rotor end ring of rotor
cage
elsp=13;
%kA/m
Specificate electric load
sBToothsp=2;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator Tooth
sBYokesp=1; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator yoke
rBToothsp=2;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor Tooth
rBYokesp=1; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor yoke
Bagsp=0.8;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in air gap
sSlotFills=.45;%
Specificate stator sllot fill

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
%*******************************************************************
%Secondary data prescriptin
ParallelPaths=1;
lcpertau=0.7;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=4;
%
Slots per pole per phase
layers=2;
sStep=(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase-1)/(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase); %
Stator
coill step
sOvehang_ins=2; %mm Stator overhang insulated, minimum distance between axe
and overhang
delcmax=.75;
%mm Maximum diameter for
elementary conductor in stator
rSlots=62;
sDeltaT =100;
%
Temperature rise in stator winding
rDeltaT =140;
%
Temperature rise in rotor winding
BoltHoles = 1; % Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
% = 1 if no bolt holes
% = 1.05 if bolt holes
FW = 5*Pn;
%W Friction and windage loss at full load
% Assumed 0.5% from Pn
M0=30*FW/(pi*nb);
constant;
%
get constant
dk66_35;
%
get magnetc features of lamination
file_results='florea_out.m';
trun_file='tm1'; %Files in 'mat' format to save results for diffrent speed
and voltage

Fiierul de ieire:
% Parameters of Electrical machine
% This is a results file generated by e7_or.m using save_par.m
% Generated at: 28-May-2014 21:44:32
%

Rated parameters

Pn=2.200000;
nb=1000.000000;
Vn=400.000000;
m=3.000000;
conex='y';
%
poles=6.000000;
rpos='i';
%
rwkind='s';
%
designAs='m';
Vfn=230.940108;
In=6.338908;
fn=50.000000;
Torq=21.008452;
Mmax=72.138590;
nn=954.049000;
nslip=0.045951;
kslip=0.405224;

% kW
rated Power
% rpm rated synchronous (base) speed
% V rated line Voltage
%
Phase number
Stator windings connections
%
numbers of poles
rotor position: i -inner rotor, o - outer rotor
kind of rotor windings: s - shortcircuit cage
%
Design as: m-motor, g-generator
%V
%A Rated Current
%Hz Rated frequency
%Nm Rated Torque
%Nm Peak Torque
%rpm
Rated speed
%
Rated slip
%
critical slip

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
rJ=0.183848;
Tmn=0.874268;
Tmk=0.266882;
P1n=2.590185;
etan=0.849360;
cosphin=0.589788
etamax=0.853462;
cosphimax=0.757519
lcpertau=0.700000;
sDeltaT=100.000000;
rDeltaT=140.000000;
BoltHoles =1.000000;
FW = 11.000000;

Proiect Maini Electrice II


%kg*m^2 Inertial moment of rotor
%s Mechanical time constant (rated tork)
%s Mechanical time constant (peak torq)
%kW Rated Electric power
%
Rated efficiency
%
Rated power factor
%
Maximum of efficiency
%
Maximum of power factor
%
length per pole tau (for start design)
%C Temperature rise in stator winding
%C Temperature rise in rotor winding
%
Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
%W Friction and windage loss at full load speed

%
Stator windings
N1=132;
%
Turns per stator phase
ParallelPaths=1;
layers=2;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=4;%
Stator Slots Per Pole Per Phase
sStep=0.916667;
%
Stator coil step
sb_c=11.127266;
%
Turns per coils in stator windings from calculus
sb=11.000000;
%
Chose turns per coils in stator windings as
integer number
CpS=22.000000;
%
Conductors per slot in stator
fws=0.995247;
%
Distribution factor for stator winding
fchs=0.999978;
%
Shorting factor
fw=0.949469;
%
Stator windings factor
sOverhangLength=215.818722; %mm, Stator over hang length
MLC=367.818722;
%mm, Length of the mean conductor
sdelcc=0.730635;
%mm,
diameter of elementary conductor from
calculatin
selc=5;
%
Stator elementary conductor on coil
sdelc=0.750000;
%mm, it is standard diameter around sdelcc
sdelc_ins=0.832000;
%mm, diameter of insulated elementary conductor
sacu=2.208932;
%
area of stator equivalent conductor
sacu_ins=2.718357;
%
area of insulated stator equivalent conductor
sWireBareD =1.677051;
%
equivalent diameter of stator wire
sWireCovD =1.860409;
%
equivalent diameter of insulated stator wire
%
Rotor windings
rWireBareD=9.540848e+00;
rEndRingCSA =260.063937;
rhRing =18.000000;
%mm
fwr =0.956000;
%

%mm
Diameter of rotor bare
%mm^2 End of ring area
radial ring height
Winding factor for squirrel-cage motor

%
Stator main dimensions
sDo=311.000000;
%mm, Stator OD
sDi=205.000000;
%mm, Stator bore diameter
sSlots=72.000000;
%
No. of stator slots
BoltHoles=1.000000;
%
There are not exactly bolt holes
lc=152.000000;
%mm, Core length
lcEff=141.360000;
%mm, Effective iron length
tauPole=107.337749;
%mm, pole pitch
C0=68.912657;
%kVAs/m^3
Machines constant, used for design start
lgMin=0.420161;
%mm
minimum length of air-gap from calculus
lg=0.250000;
%mm, air-gap length

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
%
Stator slots - Primary dimensions
sMs=1.500000;
%mm, Mouth of stator slot
sh4=0.500000;
%mm, height of slot mouth
sW3=5.213052;
%mm, width of top slots
sh3=0.768998;
%mm
sW2=5.213052;
%mm
sh2=0.000000;
%mm
sW1=6.866720;
%
bottom slots width mm
sh1=18.915078;
%mm
sR1=3.433360;
%mm, radius of bottom of stator slot
sht=18.937606;
%mm, distance from bottom circle center to air gap
shOA=23.617436;
%mm, over all slot height
sAlpha=22.500000;
%degrees
sSlotAlpha=0.087266;
%rad, angle between two stator slots
tauSslot=8.944812;
%mm, stator slot pitch at bore
sSlotArea=137.520229;
%mm^2
sSlotWindingArea=129.997073;
%mm^2, Slot area need for windings
%
Stator slot insulation
slotInsulThick=0.150000;
%mm, Thickness of slot insulation
slotClosureThick=0.500000; %mm, Thickness of slot closure (wedge)
%
Rotor main dimension
rSlots=62.000000;
%
Number of rotor slots
rDi=118.000000;
%mm, rotor bore diameter
rDo=204.500000;
%mm, rotor outer diameter
rrJ=88.348516
%mm, rotor inertial radius
%
Rotor slots dimensions
rMs=1.800000;
%mm
rh4=2.291989;
%mm, height of mouth of rotor slot
rh3=8.814723;
%mm
rh1=0.300000;
%mm
rhOA=14.057729;
%mm
rW1=5.592060;
%mm
rW2=4.822342;
%mm
%
Stator magnetic circuit dimensions
sToothTop=3.839486;
%mm, width at tooth root
sToothBot=3.842501;
%mm, width nearest air-gap
sCoreDepth=29.382564;
%mm
Dx=271.823248;
%mm, effective diameter of magnetic length path in
stator core
%
Rotor magnetic circuit dimensions
rToothTop=4.739726;
%mm, width of root of rotor Tooth
rToothBot=4.115213;
%mm, width of rotor tooth nearest air-gap
Dy=156.923028;
%mm, effective diameter of magnetic length path in
rotor core
rCoreDepth=29.192271;
%mm
%
Stator weight
WeightIronUsed=106.645348; %kg, Weight of iron used
WeightStCoreIron=28.662907; %kg

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
WeightStTeethIron=7.201616; %kg
WeightStIron=35.864523;
%kg, Weight of stator Iron
WeightStCu=11.492721;
%kg, Copper weight
WeightSt=47.357244;
%kg, Stator weight
%
Rotor weight
WeightRtIron=19.270384;
%kg, Weight of Rotor Iron
WeightCage=4.283375;
%kg, Rotor Copper weight
WeightRt=23.553759;
%kg, Rotor weight
WeightM=70.911004;

%kg, Generator weight

%
Electrical parameter
sR=2.161979;
%Ohm, Stator resistance at 120.000000 grade C
rR=2.242658;
%Ohm, Rotor resistance at 160.000000 grade C
rm=12473.194975;
%Ohm, Equivalent iron loss resistance
lh=0.132441;
%H
k_Carter=1.338092;
%
Carter Factor
k_sat=1.982297;
%
Saturated Factor
Js=2.372568;
%A/mm^2 Stator current density
Jr=2.000000;
%A.mm^2 Rotor current density
sSlotFill=0.585741;
%
fill factor for stator
%
Magnetic induction
Bg_max=0.539844;
%T air-gap magnetic induction
sBTooth=1.478641;
%T magnetic induction in stator tooth
sBCore=0.924633;
%T magnetic induction in stator yoke
rBTooth=1.397457;
%T magnetic induction in rotor
rBCore=0.842967;
%T magnetic induction in rotor yoke
%
Losses
spcu=260.616309;
%W, Stator windings losses
IronLoss=12.603221;
%W, Iron Loss
IronLossCore=6.673215; %W, Iron Loss
IronLossTeeth=5.930005;
%W, Iron Loss
stLoss=273.219529;
%W, Stator Loss
rpcu=106.471100;
%W, Rotor windings Loss
pmec=10.494539;
%W, Mechanical loss
%
Rotor mechanical stress
vmax=21.415190;
%m/s Maximum value of periphery speed
sigma_yoke=2.403894;
%N/mm^2 Yoke stress under itself weight
sigma_max=3.701950;
%N/mm^2 Maximum stress in rotor yoke
%
Torkue and power density
Tdn=0.310548;
%Nm/kg Rated torque per kilo
Tdk=1.017312;
%Nm/kg Peak torque per kilo
Pd=0.031025;
%
kW/kg Power per kilo

%This outputs was produced using the next data as input:


%filename
m1.m
%input parameter for induction machine design
%
%Used in idesign.m
%

10

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
%Lucian Tutelea
Pn=2.2;
nb=1000;
nmax=2*nb;
Vn=400;
m=3;
conex='y';

Aug. 1999
%kW,
rated Power
%rpm, rated (base) sped

%V, rated line Votage


%
Phase number
%
Stator windings conections
%
y for star and d for poligon conection
poles=6;
%
numbers of poles
etaSpec=0.83;
%
rated eficiency
cosPhiSpec=0.73;
%
rated power factor
rpos='i';
%
rotor position: i -iner rotor, o - outer rotor
rwkind='s';
%
kind of rotor windings: s - shortchircuit
designAs='m';
%
Design as: m-motor, g-generator
lg=0.25;

%mm

length of airgap;

%
Stator slots - Primary dimensions
sSlotShape = ['b']; % Stator slot shape
sMs=1.5;
%
Mouth of stator slot mm.
sh4=0.5;
%
height of slot mouth mm.
sAlpha=22.5;
%
degrees
sh2=0;
%
in this case as winding fills slot
%Rotor slots - Primary dimensions
%rSlotSkew=27; %
Rotor skew = 1/rSlotSkew of rotor periphery
rSlotShape= ['b']; %
Rotor slot shape
rMs=1.8;
%
Mouth of rotor slot mm.
rh1=0.3;
%charge of materials
Js=2.5;
%A/mm^2 Stator current density
Jr=2;
%A/mm^2 Rotor current density
Jendring= 0.85* Jr;
%A/mm^2 Current denssity in rotor end ring of rotor
cage
elsp=13;
%kA/m
Specificate electric load
sBToothsp=2;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator Tooth
sBYokesp=1; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in stator yoke
rBToothsp=2;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor Tooth
rBYokesp=1; %T
Specificate magnetic inductin in rotor yoke
Bagsp=0.8;
%T
Specificate magnetic inductin in air gap
sSlotFills=.45;%
Specificate stator sllot fill
%*******************************************************************
%Secondary data prescriptin
ParallelPaths=1;
lcpertau=0.7;
sSlotsPerPolPerPhase=4;
%
Slots per pole per phase
layers=2;
sStep=(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase-1)/(m*sSlotsPerPolPerPhase); %
Stator
coill step
sOvehang_ins=2; %mm Stator overhang insulated, minimum distance between axe
and overhang

11

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
delcmax=.75;
%mm Maximum diameter for
elementary conductor in stator
rSlots=62;
sDeltaT =100;
%
Temperature rise in stator winding
rDeltaT =140;
%
Temperature rise in rotor winding
BoltHoles = 1; % Factor to allow for bolt holes in stator core
% = 1 if no bolt holes
% = 1.05 if bolt holes
FW = 5*Pn;
%W Friction and windage loss at full load
% Assumed 0.5% from Pn
M0=30*FW/(pi*nb);
constant;
%
get constant
dk66_35;
%
get magnetc features of lamination
file_results='florea_out.m';
trun_file='tm1'; %Files in 'mat' format to save results for diffrent speed
and voltage

12

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

5.Caracteristicile motorului

Induction machine - Inner rotor


200
lc= 152
150
311

100
205

[mm]

50

118

0
-50
-100
-150
-200
-200

-150

-100

-50

0
[mm]

13

50

100

150

200

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
Performance Curves - Catalogue style
600

Electrical Power [%]

400

200

-200

-400
GENERATOR
-600
-1200

-1000

MOTOR

-800
-600
-400
-200
0
Mechanical Power [% of nominal load]

200

400

Performance Curves - Catalogue style


25

Input Power [kW]

20

15

10

Electrical Power
0
-500

-400

Mechanical Power

-300
-200
-100
0
100
Output Power [% of nominal load]

14

200

300

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
Performance Curves - Catalogue style
0.8
0.7

Power factor

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Electrical Power
0
-500

-400

Mechanical Power

-300
-200
-100
0
100
Output Power [% of nominal load]

200

300

Performance Curves - Catalogue style


0.9
0.8
0.7

Efficiency [%]

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
Electrical Power
0
-500

-400

Mechanical Power

-300
-200
-100
0
100
Output Power [% of nominal load]

15

200

300

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
Performance Curves - Catalogue style
45
40
35

Current [Amp]

30
25
20
15
10
5
Electrical Power
0
-500

-400

Mechanical Power

-300
-200
-100
0
100
Output Power [% of nominal load]

200

300

Performance Curves - Torque/speed


100

Torque [Nm]

50

-50

-100

MOTOR
-150

200

400

GENERATOR
600

800 1000 1200


Speed [rpm]

16

1400

1600

1800

2000

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II
Performance Curves - Real(I1)/Imag(I1)
20

15

Real (I1) [A]

10

-5

-10

10

15

20
25
Imag (I1) [A]

Input Power [kW]

Performance Curves - Slip related


40
20
0
-20
-40
-1

Torque [Nm]

0
0.5
1
Slip
Performance Curves - Slip related
60

Current [Amp]

-0.5

40

20

0
-1

Power factor and efficiency

-15

-0.5

0
Slip

0.5

17

35

40

45

Performance Curves - Slip related


1

0.5

0
-1

0
0.5
1
Slip
Performance Curves - Slip related
100

-0.5

-100

-200
-1

30

-0.5

0
Slip

0.5

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic

0.18
Link Inductance [H]

0.02
st
rt

0.015

0.01

0.005
-1

-0.5

0
Slip

0.5

0.5

0
-1

Leakage Inductance [H]

all
sc
st
rt
rc

-0.5

0
Slip

0.5

0.16

0.14

0.12
-1

1.5
Saturated factors

Leakage Inductances [H]

Proiect Maini Electrice II

18

-0.5

0
Slip

0.5

0.04

0.03

0.02

0.01

20
40
Stator current [A]

60

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

6.Alegerea gabaritului
H=

Din tabelul de mai sus am ales carcasa de aluminiu careia ii corespunde H=180mm cu
codul:M2AA180M

19

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

7.Concluzii
Motoarele asincrone trifazate formeaz cea mai mare categorie de consumatori de energie
electric din sistemul energetic, fiind utilizate n toate domeniile de activitate:maini-unelte,
poduri rulante,macarale, pompe, ventilatoare etc. Pn de curnd, motoarele asincrone erau
utilizate ca motoare de antrenare n acionrile cu turaie constant; prin dezvoltarea electronicii
de putere, acionrile reglabile cu motoare asincrone au cptat o extindere remarcabil, datorit
fiabilitii lor net superioare, n comparaie cu motoarelede curent continuu.
n acest proiect pentru obinerea valorilor apropiate de cele impuse,prin modificarea
parametrilor am observat urmtoarele:
Pentru stabilirea numrului de crestturi este necesar alegerea unui numr de crestturi
pe pol i faz.Numrul de crestturi pe pol i faz este bine s fie ct mai mare pentru a
obine o variaie n spaiu a cmpului magnetic ct mai apropiat de o sinusoid.Dac
numrul de poli este mare, se va alege pentru q o valuare mai mic astfel ca numrul de
crestturi s nu rezulte prea mare.
Este de preferat ca ntrefierul s fie ct mai mic deoarece permeabilitatea magnetic a
fierului este de ordinul miilor pe cnd permeabilitatea magnetic a aerului este
aproximativ 1.Astfel cmpul magnetic din stator se transmite mult mai uor spre rotor
crendu-se mult mai uor cmpul nvrtitor si motorul pornete mult mai uor.
Dac crestturile statorice i rotorice sunt prea nalte factorul de putere este
mic,deasemenea dac reactana de dispersie este mare factorul de putere este mic.
Reactana de dispersie este mare atunci cnd ntrefierul este prea mare

20

Universitatea Politehnica din Timioara


Facultatea de Electrotehnic i Electroenergetic
Proiect Maini Electrice II

8.Bibliografie
1. Transformatoare si maini electrice Ion Boldea
2. Proiectarea Mainilor Electrice - Cioc I., Nica. C
3.ndrumtor de proiectare a mainii asincrone Madescu Gheorghe

21