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SUBIECTE PENTRU ESEUL PRIVIND O DILEMA ETICA Eseul are ca tema o dilema etica.

O dilema etica este o dilema intre valori morale (cu privire la bine) si care sunt in conflict. Adica nu stii ce sa alegi pentru a face bine. Eseul este despre o dilema etica in general sau o dilema etica medicala in particular. Ce are de facut autorul eseului? 1. De ales o dilema etica. Cand exista o dilema etica? Atunci cand asupra moralitatii (a binelui) opiniile celor ce asculta prezentarea dilemei sunt contrare, opuse. 2. Nu exista o dilema etica cand toata lumea este de acord asupra solutiei. Nu exista o dilema etica intre bine si rau. 3. Cel care se afla in decizie intr-o dilema etica cauta mereu binele si se intreaba de partea cui se afla. De asemenea gandeste ca decizia sa sa corespunda valorilor morale ale majoritatii (ideal pentru toti) si sa nu produca prin decizia sa injustitie pentru altii. 4. Are de construit o balanta etica expunand cele doua pozitii pe cate un taler figurativ- punand de o parte valorile morale ale unei pozitii (solutii) si de alta parte valorile morale ale celeilalte pozitii (solutii). Sa aduca argumente pro si contra pentru fiecare dintre pozitii (solutii). Sa analizeze si sa faca decizia intre ele si obligatoriu sa argumenteze decizia sa. 5. Sa ofere credit autorilor si sa le recunoasca meritele indicand referintele bibliografice de unde a luat datele, ideile ori informatiile pe care le prezinta ori pe care se bazeaza opiniile sale. Ce are de evitat? 1. Sa evite sa amestece valorile in discutie: de ex. sa aduca in comparatie o pozitie legala (valori legale) fata de una morala (valori morale) ca atunci cand se analizeaza in dilema avortului dreptul la viata al nenascutului vs. fidelitatea medicului fata de mama (pacienta), ceea ce devine o falsa dilema. Sau sa prezinte o dilema profesionala privind alegerea unei tehnici ori metode ori tratament fata de altul. 2. Sa nu uite sa citeze ceea ce preia de la altii 3. Sa nu copieze

Cum si cand se depune? In format scris, se depune la ultima intalnire din decembrie 2013

Lungime? Libera

Constructie? Este un eseu argumentativ. Se bazeaza pe argumentatie. Essayer= incercare (fr.). Se prezinta incercarea autorului de a afla solutia unei dileme etice, dar obligatoriu argumentata. Uzual cuprinde: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. prezentarea tezei (aspectul care ar trebui determinat) contra-argumentare (2-3 argumente contra) argumentare pro (1 argument) opinia proprie argumentatia pro pentru sustine opinia proprie (inca 2-3 argumente pro diferite).

As prefera sa folositi aceasta constructie, cea uzitata, pentru a invata sa creati o argumentatie pe teme de etica.

Posibile teme Puteti alege teme fie din: 1. Curicula de etica medicala facuta la curs sau din cuprinsul cartii de Elemente de etica medicala, Casa Cartii de Stiinta 2013, GC Curca 2. Teme in discutie de pe internet, media, etc. De ex. este moral ca dra. Angelina Jolie sa solicite operatia radicala pentru BRCA 1 pozitiv? A starnit o larga discutie care inca nu s-a stins.

3.Teme din AJOB, American journal of Bioethics o revista de specialitate renumita. Zecile de teme de mai jos din AJOB sunt DOAR pentru a va da o idee despre ce se discuta pe teme de bioetica. Puteti sa preluati o astfel de tema sau nu, dupa cum doriti. Abstract-ul titlurilor permit intelegerea esentei dilemei si poate oferi o idee de eseu. Pe website-ul ajob [] se gasesc tag-uri: alegerea oricaruia dupa interesul autorului care doreste sa scrie eseul, permite deschiderea unor materiale in extenso sau chiar filme scurte continand prezentari interesante si lamuritoare cu privire la dilema respectiva. Vi le recomand: vizualizati 30 minute-1 ora maia multe teme, alegeti o tema si faceti eseul, nu ar trebui cu documentare cu tot sa dureze mai mult de 1-2 zile.

Weekly News Stem Cell Research on Donor Eggs Often Kept Confidential 01 Jan 2012 - Many U.S. fertility clinics don't tell egg donors that embryos made from their eggs may end up being used in stem cell research, according to a new government survey. #bioethics Should we erase painful memories? 01 Jan 2012 - "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind" could soon become a reality -- but the concept raises some thorny questions. #bioethics Physicians Group: Weigh Costs In Treating Patients 03 Jan 2012 - There is a lot of debate these days about the costs of medical care, and the risks. On Monday, the American College of Physicians issued new ethical guidelines on whether doctors should consider costs when deciding how to treat patients. Disaster Medicine Dilemmas Examined 03 Jan 2012 - Mass disasters require quick decisions about treatment that can lead doctors to question whether they made the best medical and ethical choices. Donors Unaware Their Eggs Could Be Used in Stem Cell Research 04 Jan 2012 - A third of Americans find stem cell research morally offensive -- but how many have unwittingly contributed to it by giving up eggs? #bioethics Transplants Bring New Faces In 2011 04 Jan 2012 - Three transplants gave severely injured patients completely new faces in 2011. Now the doctors involved have revealed details about the complex cases in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Outcry over disabled girl's transplant care renews eligibility debate 06 Feb 2012 - A parent's anguished online plea for an organ transplant for her developmentally disabled daughter and new research on kidney transplantation eligibility among elderly patients have refocused attention on the vexing decisions that face physicians who determine which patients are suitable for transplantation Is money's sweet lure undermining the ethics of new student doctors? 06 Feb 2012 When medical schools' hospitals start adopting separate services for fee-paying patients, the ethical line in the noble profession is getting blurred. #bioethics Why Isn't the Public Terrified of Nanotechnology? 07 Feb 2012 - Some conspiracy theorists are convinced that nanotechnology will destroy the world; at least one person has sent bombs to professors researching the field. But most people aren't terribly worked up about nanotechnology. Why not? #bioethics Why Cognitive Enhancement Is in Your Future (and Your Past) 07 Feb 2012 - Using technology to enhance our brains sounds terrifying, but using tools to make ourselves smarter may be part of humans' nature Humanizing Stem Cell Politics 07 Feb 2012 - As the election season heats up, the issue of stem cell research and the rights of embryos is once again taking traction. #bioethics Is it ever ok to hug your doctor? 08 Feb 2012 - To hug or not to hug, that really is the question. We've all had those awkward moments. Should I go in for the hug? I'm not a hugger, what should I do? What about in the medical setting? Is it ever OK to hug your doctor? U.S. begins stem cell trial for hearing loss 08 Feb 2012 - U.S. researchers have begun a groundbreaking trial to test the potential of umbilical cord blood transplants, a kind of stem cell therapy, to treat and possibly reverse hearing loss in infants. #bioethics Patient Communication Study Shows Doctors Regularly Withhold Truth 08 Feb 2012 - If you think your doctor is hiding something from you, you might be right. #bioethics Beyond DSM-5, Psychiatry Needs a "Third Way" 09 Feb 2012 - Both the psychiatric profession and the general public have strong feelings about the pending DSM-5-what many in the media like to call "Psychiatry's Bible." #bioethics Cancer trial participants may have misconceptions10 Feb 2012 - People enrolled in early stage trials for possible cancer treatments may underestimate the risks involved and overestimate the potential benefits. #bioethics

this edition's featured journal:

AJOB Volume 13 Issue 10 Special Section What Does the Duty to Warn Require? Seema K. Shah, Sara Chandros Hull, Michael A. Spinner, Benjamin E. Berkman, Lauren A. Sanchez, Ruquyyah Abdul-Karim, Amy P. Hsu, Reginald Claypool & Steven M. Holland Should Researchers Disclose Results to Descendants? Mark A. Rothstein Relationships Matter: Ethical Considerations for Returning Results to Family Members of Deceased Subjects Lauren C. Milner, Emily Y. Liu & Nanibaa A. Garrison Managing Disclosure of Research Misconduct by a Graduate Student to a University Mental Health Professional During a Clinical Counseling Session Holly A. Taylor & Benjamin S. Wilfond A Systems-Level Approach to Resolve Tension between Research Misconduct and Confidentiality Walter Limehouse Let Therapists Be Therapists, Not Police Paul S. Appelbaum Why Misconduct Trumps PatientTherapist Confidentiality and Ways to Avoid the Disclosure Dilemma Nicholas H. Steneck

this edition's featured journal: AJOB Volume 13 Issue 10 Editorial Critically Appraising Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis to Prevent Disorders of Sexual Development: An Opportunity Missed Laurence B. McCullough Target Article Sports Medicine and Ethics Daniela Testoni, Christoph P. Hornik, P. Brian Smith, Daniel K. Benjamin Jr. & Ross E. McKinney Jr. Open Peer Commentary Athletes Are Guinea Pigs Nancy M. P. King & Richard Robeson Concussion in Sports Medicine Ethics: Policy, Epistemic and Ethical Problems Mike McNamee & Brad Partridge From Sports Ethics to Labor Relations Ishan Dasgupta & Dan OConnor If You Can't Walk the Walk, Do You Have to Talk the Talk: Ethical Considerations for the Emerging Field of Sports Genomics Dov Greenbaum Prescription for Sports Medicine and Ethics Pam R. Sailors, Sarah Teetzel & Charlene Weaving Professional Codes of Ethics as Leading Benchmarks? Charles Marsan Do Conflicts of Interest Create a New Professional Norm? Physical Therapists and Workers 6

Compensation Maude Lalibert & Anne Hudon this week's featured journal: Target Article Gender Eugenics? The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions Robert Sparrow Open Peer Commentary Queer Liberation, Not Elimination: Why Selecting Against Intersex is Not Straight Forward Jason Behrmann & Vardit Ravitsky PGD and Parental Obligations: What Parents Owe to Communities That Do Not Yet Exist Chelsea Haramia On the Inseparability of Gender Eugenics, Ethics, and Public Policy: An Israeli Perspective Miriam Bentwich The Limits of Procreative Liberty Felice Marshall Informed Choice and PGD to Prevent Intersex Conditions Jeff Nisker Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Intersex Conditions: Beyond Parental Decision Making Kristina Gupta & Sara M. Freeman The Social Costs of Preempting Intersex Traits Georgiann Davis The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions: Problems With the Diversity Argument David Trafimow For the Sake of Normality? Medical Indication, Social Justification, and the Welfare of Children Diana Aurenque & Hans-Jrg Ehni Gender Eugenics Between Medicine, Culture, and Society Vincent Couture, Rgen Drouin, Anne-Sophie Ponsot, Frdrique Duplain-Laferrire & Chantal Bouffard 7

this week's featured journal: AJOB Volume 13 Issue 9 Editorial Vaccine Mandates Are Justifiable Because We Are All in This Together John D. Lantos & Mary Anne Jackson

Ethics of Clinical Science in a Public Health Emergency: Drug Discovery at the Bedside Sarah J. L. Edwards Open Peer Commentary The Value of Sound Research Practices Even Facing Pandemics Abigail B. Shoben Abigail B. Shoben Is the Precautionary Principle Adaptable to Emergency Scenarios to Speed Up Research, Risking the Individual Informed Consent? Margarita Gonzalvo-Cirac, Mara Victoria Roqu, Ferran Fuertes, Mauricio Pacheco Ignacio Segarra A Free-Market Approach to Clinical Data Gathering Is More Ethical Michael Keane Public Health Emergencies: Research's Friend or Foe? Stephanie Solomon Issues in the Use of Stepped Wedge Cluster and Alternative Designs in the Case of Pandemics Ingeborg van der Tweel Rieke van der Graaf Do Commercial Interests Impact Clinical Science During a Public Health Emergency? Valerie Delva 8

Ethics of Clinical Science in a Public Health Emergency: Reflections on the Role of Research Ethics Boards Carlo Petrini An Ethical Analysis of Mandatory Influenza Vaccination of Health Care Personnel: Implementing Fairly and Balancing Benefits and Burdens Armand H. Matheny Antommaria Open Peer Commentary The Case for Mandatory Flu Vaccination of Children Ben Bambery, Michael Selgelid, Hannah Maslen, Andrew J. Pollard & Julian Savulescu Guidance From Vaccination Jurisprudence Michael R. Ulrich Before the Mandate: Cultivating an Organizational Culture of Trust and Integrity Joshua E. Perry Exemptions From Influenza Vaccinations for Health Care Personnel Based on Self or Identity Issues: Are They Justified? David Trafimow Evidence and Ethics in Mandatory Vaccination Policies Jason L. Schwartz Mandatory Influenza Vaccination: How Far to Go and Whom to Target Without Evidence? Jean-Christophe Blisle Pipon & Marjolaine Frenette Professional Solidarity: The Case of Influenza Immunization Maritte van den Hoven & Marcel Verweij How the Weight of the Ethical Arguments Depends on the Empirical Facts Georg Marckmann, Anna M. Sanktjohanser & Sabine Wicker Applying Kass's Public Health Ethics Framework to Mandatory Health Care Worker Immunization: The Devil is in the Details Saad B. Omer

Rebuttal to Jason Manne re Dangerous Catholic Attack on POLST Thaddeus Mason Pope

Rebuttal to Jason Manne re Dangerous Catholic Attack on POLST Thaddeus Mason Pope

this week's featured journal:

AJOB Volume 13 Issue 8 Editorial Global Aging and the Allocation of Health Care Across the Life Span Norman Daniels Target Articles Justice Between Age Groups: An Objection to the Prudential Lifespan Approach Nancy S. Jecker Treating Patients as Persons: A Capabilities Approach to Support Delivery of Person-Centered Care Vikki A. Entwistle & Ian S. Watt

Rape And Abortion: Negating A Myth Sabine Hildebrandt, M.D. William Seidelman, M.D. Arthur Caplan, Ph.D.


Dangerous Catholic Attack on POLST Thaddeus Mason Pope, J.D. Ph.D. In Response to Professor Thaddeus Popes article Dangerous Catholic Attack on the POLST? Jason W. Manne, J.D., Dr.PH Pride in A Health Care System Craig Klugman, Ph.D. Doctors Who Torture: Why No Punishment? Maurice Bernstein, M.D. this week's featured journal:

AJOB Neuroscience Volume 4 Issue 3 Editorial Values at the Crossroads of Neurology, Psychiatry, and Psychology Paul J. Ford Target Articles Silos of Silence, Stress, and Suffering: Patient and Physician Experiences of MUPS and Diagnostic Uncertainty Chlo G. K. Atkins, Keith Brownell, Jude Kornelsen, Robert Woollard & Andrea Whiteley Attitudes on Mind Over Matter: Physician Views on the Role of Placebo in Psychogenic Disorders Karen S. Rommelfanger Half Someone Else's: Discourse and Trauma in the PNES Patient Lauren Boehm Faces of Fatigue: Ethical Considerations on the Treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Smaranda Ene


Addiction: Current Criticism of the Brain Disease Paradigm Rachel Hammer, Molly Dingel, Jenny Ostergren, Brad Partridge, Jennifer McCormick & Barbara A. Koenig

this week's featured journal: AJOB Volum e 13 Issue 7 Editorial Overthrowing the Tyranny of the Journal Impact Factor David Magnus Target Articles Ethical and Professional Considerations Providing Medical Evaluation and Care to Refugee Asylum Seekers Ramin Asgary & Clyde L. Smith Prohibition or Coffee Shops: Regulation of Amphetamine and Methylphenidate for Enhancement Use by Healthy Adults Veljko Dubljevi

A Tale of Two (or Three) States Kayhan Parsi, JD, PhD


this week's featured journal: AJOB Volume 13 Issue 6 Editorial The Oys of Yiddish Paul Root Wolpe Target Articles Nudging and Informed Consent Shlomo Cohen Toward a More Stable Blood Supply: Charitable Incentives, Donation Rates, and the Experience of September 11 Reuben G. Sass Overthrowing the Tyranny of the Journal Impact Factor David Magnus, Ph.D. Vermont Passes Physician-Assisted-Suicide Craig Klugman, Ph.D. Carbon, Bioethics and Planetary Health Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

this week's featured journal:


AJOB Neuroscience Volume 4 Issue 2 Editorial Minimizing Harm in Psychiatric Treatment and Research Robert L. Sadoff Target Articles What We Owe the Psychopath: A Neuroethical Analysis Grant Gillett & Jiaochen Huang Ethical Considerations in Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Addiction and Overeating Associated With Obesity Jared M. Pisapia, Casey H. Halpern, Ulf J. Muller, Piergiuseppe Vinai, John A. Wolf, Donald M. Whiting, Thomas A. Wadden, Gordon H. Baltuch & Arthur L. Caplan This Week's Featured Journal: The American Journal of Bioethics Volume 13 Issue 5 Editorial Military Doctors and Deaths by Torture: When a Witness Becomes an Accessory Steven H. Miles Target Articles Ban the Sunset? Nonpropositional Content and Regulation of Pharmaceutical Advertising 14

Paul Biegler & Patrick Vargas The Right to Know Your Genetic Parents: From Open-Identity Gamete Donation to Routine Paternity Testing An Ravelingien & Guido Pennings This Week's Featured Journal: AJOB Primary Research Volume 4 Issue 2 Article What Constitutes the Best Interest of a Child? Views of Parents, Children, and Physicians in a Pediatric Oncology Setting Martine C. de Vries, Dorine Bresters, Gertjan J. L. Kaspers, Mirjam Houtlosser, Jan M. Wit, Dirk P. Engberts & Evert van Leeuwen Using the Best Interests Standard to Generate Actual Duties Loretta M. Kopelman Articles Factors That Affect Integrity of Authorship of Scientific Meeting Abstracts John Lynch, Jane E. Strasser, Christopher J. Lindsell & Joel Tsevat Do Medical Students Recall and Use the Language of Ethics They are Taught Preclinically Once They are in the Clinical Training Environment? An Empirical Study in Ethics Education Lauris C. Kaldjian, Laura A. Shinkunas, Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman, Marcy E. Rosenbaum, Jerold C. Woodhead, Lisa M. Antes & Jane A. Rowat Views of IRBs Concerning Their Local Ecologies: Perceptions of Relationships, Systems, and Tensions Between IRBs and Their Institutions Robert Klitzman


Knowledge of and Training in Research Ethics in an African Health Research Community Omokhoa Adedayo Adeleye & Temidayo Olusade Ogundiran Do Hospitalized Patients in a Nigerian Community Consider Informed Consent Necessary? Omokhoa Adedayo Adeleye & Ekaete Alice Tobin This Week's Featured Journal: AJOB Volume 13 Issue 4 Editorial Can Informed Consent Go Too Far? Balancing Consent and Public Benefit in Research Lauren C. Milner & David Magnus Target Articles Does Consent Bias Research? Mark A. Rothstein & Abigail B. Shoben