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Analele Universitii Constantin Brncui din Trgu Jiu, Seria Inginerie, Nr.

2/2011

ANALIZA CU METODA FATIGUE TENSION ANALYSIS


ELEMENTELOR FINITE A USING THE FINITE ELEMENT
TENSIUNILOR DE OBOSEALA METHOD IN A ELASTIC
INTR-O LAMEL ELASTIC LAMELLA

Stefan Ghimisi Prof.dr.ing., Stefan Ghimisi Prof.dr.eng.,


Universitatea Constantin Brncui Constantin Brncui University of
din Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu

ABSTRACT: Analysis by finite element method is a


Rezumat: Analiza cu metoda elementelor finite este o
modern method for studying various contacts, allowing
metoda moderna pentru studiul contactelor in vederea
the determination of important parameters for the
determinarii celor mai importanti parametrii. Se
study of various contacts. We consider the sphere
considera contactul sfera-plan acesta reprezentand
plan contacts which represent the materialization of the
materializarea contactelor punctiforme existente in
point contacts from Experimental Standfor the
cadrul Standului Experimental pentru Studiul fretting-
fretting study which is in the Machine Elements
ului din cadrul laboratorului de Organe de masini
Laboratory

1.Introduction
1.Introducere
To better study the stress state at the
Pentru a putea studia mai bine starea contact level ,in the professional literature a
de tensiuni la nivelul contactului,n literatura number of criteria are introduced that allow a
de specialitate sunt introduse o serie de better assessment of the state of stress, being
criterii care permit o mai bun apreciere a able to make predictions about the probability
strii de tensiuni, putndu-se face predicii of occurrence of cracks in the contact.
privind probabilitatea de apariie a fisurilor la A first criterion can be deduced from the
nivelul contactului.Astfel un prim criteriu Von Mises criterion as the square root of
poate fi dedus din criteriul Von Mises ca second invariant of stress tensor. In
rdcina ptrat a celui de al doilea invariant rectangular form that can be written:
al tensorului tensiunilor. n form cartezian
acesta poate fi scris:
[
6
2
]
J 2 = p zy2 + p xz2 + p xy2 + ( p yy p zz ) + ( p zz p yy )
1 2
(1)

limita atingndu-se atunci cnd ( J 2 ) the limit is reached when attains in


1/ 2
(J 2 )1/ 2
ajunge ntr-un punct la valoarea unei simple a point the simple tangential forces value a
fore tangeniale. simple tangential force[1]. It can also be
De asemenea pot fi folosite ca, criterii used as criteria of fatigue: plasticity criterion,
de oboseal: criteriul plasticitii, criteriul Tresca tension stress criterion, Dang Van
tensiunii de oboseal Tresca, Criteriul Dang criterion. Existing fatigue state in a hertzian
Van. contact can be investigated through the finite
Starea de oboseal existent poate fi element method, thus achieving results which
investigat i prin metoda elementului finit, can not be achievable by conventional
astfel obinndu-se rezultate care nu ar fi fost methods.
posibil de obinut prin metodele clasice. The knowledge of fatigue state in a
Cunoaterea strii de tensiuni este hertzian contact is very important, it provides
foarte important, ea oferind informaii information regarding the appearance of

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privind apariia fisurilor n contact, astfel contact cracks , this fact contributing to to
putndu-se prezice apariia fisurilor, i deci, predict the appearance of the cracks, and
scoaterea din uz a contactului respectiv. therefore the disposal of respective contact.

2. Stages of the finite element


method analysis
2. Etapele analizei metodei
elementului finit Using specialized software for finite element
Folosind un soft specializat pentru analysis (Cosmos, Ansys, Nice, Pro / driver,
analiza cu element finit (Cosmos, Ansys, etc..) can proceed to study the structures
Nisa, Pro/MECANICA, etc.), se trece la comprising the steps: preprocessing and
studiul structurilor care cuprinde etapele: postprocessing.
preprocesarea i postprocesarea. Preprocessing - initial stage for the structure
Preprocesarea etapa iniial pentru where we can define
structur, n cadru creia se pot defini: 1 - the system of units
1 sistemul de uniti; 2 - reference system;
2 sistemul de referin; 3 - the geometry of the structure;
3 geometria structurii; 4 the material that will make the structure;
4 materialul din care se va realiza 5 item type used to structure the digitization
structura; 6 -the analysis will be performed;
5 tipul de element folosit pentru 7 - structural loads;
discredizarea structurii
6 analiza care se va efectua; 8 - the contour conditions;
7 ncrcrile structurii; 9 - softwer type used.
8 condiiile de contur;
9 tipul de softwer folosit. For realizing the geometry of the system the
Realizarea geometriei sistemului a was used Pro / ENGINEER program, version
fost fcut folosind programul Pro/ 2000i and the analyse by finite element
ENGINEER versiunea 2000i, iar analiza prin method was done using Pro / Mechanica
metoda elementului finit a fost fcut version 21 - which working in an integrated
folosind programul Pro/Mechanica varianta way with Pro / ENGINEER, thus reducing
21 care lucreaz n mod integrat cu Pro/ transfer errors.
ENGINEER, astfel reducndu-se erorile de For digitization of the structure we
transfer. used the "p-element method which at the
Pentru discretizarea structurii am circular surfece digitized use the block
folosit metoda p-element metod care la method. The sensitivity of the digitization
discretizarea suprafeelor circulare folosete depends of the interpolation degree of the
metoda blocului. Fineea discretizrii polynomial
depinde de gradul de interpolare al
polinomului.

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Fig.1. Eroarea de discretizare n funcie de numrul elementelor


Fig. 1. Digitization error based on the number of elements

3. Analiza tensiunilor de oboseal 3. Tension analysis in a sfere plan


Tresca i Von Mises ntr-o lamel contact
elastic
We consider the sphere plan contacts
Se consider contactele sfer-plan ce which represent the materialization of the
reprezint materializarea contactelor point contacts from Experimental Standfor
punctiforme din cadrul Standului the fretting study which is in the Machine
experimental pentru studiul frettingului Elements Laboratory[2].
existent n cadrul Laboratorului de Organe de Thus was considered the geometrical model
Maini. Astfel s-a considerat modelul shown in fig.2.
geometric prezentat n fig.2.

Fig.2. Modelul teoretic sfer-plan


Fig.2. Theoretical sphere-plan model

Un prim model analizat este A first analyzed model is represented


reprezentat de o lamel elastic asamblat by an elastic lamella assembled through 8
prin intermediul a 8 bile de rulment de bearings ball 19 mm diameter, thus
diametru 19 mm, realizndu-se astfel 8 achieving eight point contacts. In this model
contacte punctiforme. Intr-un prim model lamella receives at the free end, an upward
analizat lamela primete la captul liber, o diplacement by 20 mm. The blade recess area
deplasare n sus de 20 mm. n zona de is based on a fix lower part, top part being

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ncastrare lamela se sprijin pe o parte loaded by 4 screws with an uniform


inferioar fix, partea superioar fiind distributed force by 200 N on each screw.
ncrcat prin intermediul a 4 uruburi cu o Using the finite element method we
for uniform distribuit, de 200 N pe fiecare obtain the fatigue tensions Von Misses and
urub. Tresca which are given in the fig. 3 and fig.4
Folosind metoda elementului finit am
determinat tensiunile de oboseal Von Mises
i Tresca acestea fiind date n fig.3 si fig.4.

Fig.3. Tensiunile de oboseal Tresca pentru lamel


Fig.3. Fatigue tensions Tresca for the lamella

Fig.4. Tensiunile Von Mises pentru lamel


Fig.4. Fatigue tensions Tresca for the lamella

Al doilea model analizat a presupus o The second model examined involved

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deplasare n jos a lamelei la captul liber cu a down displacement at the open end with 20
20 mm. n zona de ncastrare lamela se mm. The blade recess area is based on a
sprijin pe o parte inferioar fix, partea lower part fixed, top loaded by 4 screws with
superioar fiind ncrcat prin intermediul a 4 an evenly distributed force of 200 N on each
uruburi cu o for uniform distribuit, de 200 screw.
N pe fiecare urub. In this case the fatigue tension Fresca
In acest caz tensiunile de oboseal are given in the fig.5 and Von Mises tensions
Tresca sunt date n fig.5 iar tensiunile Von in fig. 6
Mises in fig.6.

Fig.5. Tensiunile Tresca pentru lamel Fig.6. Tensiunile Von Mises pentru lamel
Fig.5. Tresca tensions for the lamella Fig.6. Von Mises tensions for the lamella

innd seama de cele dou modele se Taking into consideration the two
pot face consideraii privind reprezentarea models it can be donwe considerations
tensiunilor de oboseal Tresca i Von Mises regarding the representation of the fatigue
n lungul lamelei. Pentru aceasta am folosit tensions Tresca and Von Mises along the
datele extrase n urma analizei contactului cu lamella .For this reperesentation we utilised
programul Pro/MECHANICA pe care le-am the dates following the contact analysis with
prelucrat i reprezentat cu ajutorul Pro/MECHANICA program ,dates which has
programului STATISTICA v.5.0. been representated with STATISTICA
Reprezentrile obinute sunt date n v.5.0.program. The obtained reperesentations
fig.7, 8, pentru tensiunile Tresca i fig.9, 10 are given in fig.7, 8, for the Tresca tensions
pentru tensiunile Von Mises and fig.9, 10, Von Mises tensions

Fig.7. Tensiunile Tresca n lungul lamelei-jos (fa) Fig.8. Tensiunile Trescan lungul lamelei-sus (fa)
Fig.7. Tresca tensions along the lamella down (front) Fig.8.Tresca tensions along the lamella up (front)

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Fig.9. Tensiunile Von Mises n lungul lamelei-jos Fig.10. Tensiunile Von Mises n lungul lamelei-sus
(fa) (fa)
Fig.9. Von Mises tensions along the lamella down Fig.10. Von Mises tensions along the lamella up
(front) (front)

4. Concluzii 4. Conclusions
Analiza prin metoda elementului finit, Analysis by finite element method is a
reprezint o metod modern pentru studiul modern method for studying various contacts,
diferitelor contacte, permind determinarea allowing the determination of important
unor parametrii importani pentru studiul parameters for the study of various contacts.
diferitelor contacte. n cazul contactelor In case of hertzian contact are obtained
hertziene sunt obinute informaii exacte precise informations regarding the state of
privind starea de tensiuni la nivelul deformation at the contact level, it can be
contactului. Analiza contactului punctiform obtained information about the state of the
folosind metoda clasic (Teoria Hertz) nu existing tension at the contact level. Analysis
permitea obinerea unor rezultate de o of the point contact using the classical
asemenea precizie.Determinarea tensiunilor method (Hertz theory) does not permit to to
Von Mises si Tresca permite o analiza a stari achieve the results of such precision .The
de tensiune din lamele permitand astfel o determination of Von Mises an Tesca
cuantificare corecta a acestei stari i tensions permits a proper analysis of a
posibilitatea identificarii deteriorarilor ce tension state from the lamella, in this way can
apar. be daine a correct cuantification of this state
and give the possibility to identify the
eventual deteriorations.

Bibliography
Bibliografie
1.Hertz,H. Uber die Beruhrung fester
1.Hertz,H. Uber die Beruhrung fester elastischer Korper . On the contact of elastic
elastischer Korper . On the contact of elastic solids. J reine une angewandth, Mathematik n
solids. J reine une angewandth, Mathematik n 92,p.156-171, London: Macmillan, 1896,
92,p.156-171, London: Macmillan, 1896, p.88-114
p.88-114 2.Ghimisi Stefan, Contribution
2.Ghimisi Stefan, Contribuii privind regarding the wear by fretting with
studiul uzrii prin fretting cu aplicaii la applications at the elastic assembling.Tez de
asamblrile elastice-Tez de doctorat, doctorat, Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti,
Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti, 2000. 2000.

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