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1

BILANUL DE MATERIALE

I.Faza de curire:

M
i
= M
e
M
i
= M
semine curate
+ M
impuriti
+ P
1
P
1
=


P
1
=



P
1
= kg
M
impuriti
=


M
impuriti
=
M
impuriti
=
M
i
= M
semine curate
+ M
impuriti
+ P
1

M
semine curate
= M
i
(M
impuriti
+ P
1
)
M
semine curate
= ( )
M
semine curate
=
M
semine curate
=

Nr.
Crt
Operaia Materiale intrate Cantitatea
(kg)
Materiale ieite Cantitatea
(kg)
1 Curire -Semine 2500 Semine curite
Impurii
Pierderi
2400
75
25
Total 2500 2500
2



II. Faza de uscare

M
i
=M
e
M
i
= M
semine curate
+ L
aer
M
e
= M
semine uscate
+ L
aer
+ H
2
O

Din literatur => U
i
=40%
U
f
=6%
U
i
= umiditatea iniial a seminelor
U
f
= umiditatea final a seminelor
Conform formulei de calcul din ecuaia lui Pavlov vom determina
cantitatea de ap i semine uscate
=> H
2
O=

M
semine curate
(

) = M
semine uscate
(

)
H
2
O=
( )


H
2
O=


H
2
O=

M
semine uscate


M
semine uscate



M
semine uscate

M
semine uscate


M
semine uscate


3


Calculul debitului de aer necesar usrii se deduce din ecuaia de bilan parial
pentru umiditatea materialului.

M
semine curate

= M
semine uscate




L=debitul de aer
x
0
=umiditatea absolut a aerului iniial;
x
2
= umiditatea absolut a aerului final;
x
0
=0,022
x
2
=0,035




( )








4


C-consumul specific

























Nr.
Crt
Operaia Materiale intrate Cantitatea
(kg)
Materiale ieite Cantitatea
(kg)
2 Uscare - Semine curite 2400 Semine uscate 1531,915
- Aer 66767,69 Ap 868,085
Aer epuizat 66767,69
Total 69167,69 69167,69
5

III. Faza de mcinare

M
i
= M
semine uscate
M
e
= M
semine mcinate
+ P
2
P
2
=


P
2
= pierderi

M
e
= M
semine mcinate
+ P
2
M
semine mcinate
=
M
semine mcinate
=


Nr.
Crt
Operaia Materiale intrate Cantitatea
(kg)
Materiale ieite Cantitatea
(kg)
3 Mcinare Semine uscate 1531,915 Semine mcinate 1524,256
Pierderi 7,659
Total 1531,915 1531,915







6


IV. Faza de extracie

M
i
= M
semine mcinate
+ M
solvent
M
e
= M
rot
+ M
miscel
+ P
3

P
3
=





M
solvent
= M
semine mcinate

M
solvent
=
M
solvent
=
n seminele de pepenele verde se gsesc 45 % ulei.

M
ulei n semine
=


M
semine mcinate

M
ulei n semine
=
M
ulei n semine
=

M
ulei n rot
=

M
ulei n semine
M
ulei n rot
=
M
ulei n rot
= ulei n rot

M
solvent n rot
=


M
solvent
M
solvent n rot
=
M
solvent n rot
= solvent n rot


7



P
3
=

M
solvent n rot
+


M
ulei n rot

P
3
=
P
3
=
P
3
= pierderi

M
ulei n miscel
= M
ulei n semine
- M
ulei n rot
-M
ulei pierdut

M
ulei n miscel
=
M
ulei n miscel
= (ulei extras)

M
solvent n miscel
= M
solvent
- M
solvent n rot
- M
solvent pierdut

M
solvent n miscel
=
M
solvent n miscel
=

M
miscel
= M
ulei n miscel
+ M
solvent n miscel
M
miscel
=
M
miscel
=

M
i
= M
semine mcinate
+M
solvent
M
i
=
M
i
=



8


M
e
= M
rot
+ M
miscel
+ P
3

M
rot
= M
e
M
miscel
P
3

M
rot
=
M
rot
=

Nr.
Crt
Operaia Materiale intrate Cantitatea
(kg)
Materiale ieite Cantitatea
(kg)
4 Extracie Semine mcinate 1524,256 Miscel 6119,282
Solvent 6097,024 Srot 1492,168
Pierderi 9,83
Total 7621,28 7621,28












9



V. Faza de distilare

M
i
= M
miscel

M
e
=

M
ulei brut
+ M
solvent
+ P
4

P
4
=

x M
solvent n miscel

P
4
=
P
4
= pierderi (solvent pierdut)

M
miscel
= M
ulei n miscel
+M
solvent recuperat
+ P
4
M
solvent recuperat
= M
miscel
- M
ulei n miscel
- P
4
M
solvent recuperat
=

M
solvent recuperat
=



Nr.
Crt
Operaia Materiale intrate Cantitatea
(kg)
Materiale ieite Cantitatea
(kg)
5 Distilare

Miscel 6119,282 Solvent recuperat 5367,943
Ulei extras 641,79
Pierderi 109,549
Total 6119,282 6119,282
10

VI Faza de filtrare

M
i
=

M
ulei brut n miscel

P
5
=




P
5
=
P
5
= pierderi

I =




I =
I = impuriti
M
i
=

M
e
+ P
5
+ I
M
e
=

M
i
- P
5
I
M
e
=


M
e
=






Nr.
Crt
Operaia Materiale intrate Cantitatea
(kg)
Materiale ieite Cantitatea
(kg)
6 Filtrare

Solvent recuperat 5367,943
Impuriti 3,208
Pierderi 6,415
Total