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EDITORIAL

PROTECIA PATRIMONIULUI INDUSTRIAL I


ARHEOLOGIA INDUSTRIAL N ROMNIA1
- SCURT PRIVIRE DE ANSAMBLU -
IRINA IOANA IAMANDESCU
Cldirile i structurile construite pentru activiti industriale, procesele i 1 Textul de fa
uneltele folosite, oraele i peisajele n care sunt amplasate, mpreun cu reia unele
pasaje din
manifestrile lor tangibile sau intangibile, sunt de o importan fundamental. Ele Raportul
trebuie studiate, istoria lor trebuie predat, nelesul i semnificaia lor trebuie naional pentru
demonstrate i subliniate n ochii opiniei publice, iar exemplele cele mai congresul
TICCIH din
semnificative i caracteristice trebuie identificate, protejate i ntreinute, n sensul septembrie
Cartei de la Veneia, spre folosul prezentului i viitorului 2006, precum i
extras din preambulul Cartei Patrimoniului Industrial din articolul

C
Arheologia
industrial
arta Patrimoniului Industrial2 refer la mrturiile, materiale sau repere
TICCIH - adoptat de TICCIH - imateriale, ale modului de via i internaionale i
contribuii
Comitetul Internaional pentru producie industrial, n evoluia lor romneti,
Conservarea Patrimoniului Industrial, la istoric. Interpretnd aceste mrturii din publicat n
congresul su de la Moscova/Nizhny punct de vedere economic, tehnologic, volumul
Patrimoniul
Tagil n 2003, reprezint un document arhitectural, arheologia industrial face, industrial al
de referin n domeniul relativ recent al n secolul al XXI-lea, un important pas Banatului
arheologiei industriale, aflndu-se la nainte, lund n considerare puternica Montan
valoare
captul unei evoluii continue n a doua semnificaie cultural3 a patrimoniului european i
jumtate a secolului al XX-lea, evoluie industrial ca element determinant al potenial de
mpletit deseori cu lupta pentru evoluiei societii umane. Politicile de integrare,
UAUIM,
recunoaterea legitimitii acestui nou protecie a patrimoniului in astzi cont Bucureti, 2005,
cmp de cercetare. de aceast semnificaie. Prin campanii ambele avnd-o
Prima utilizare a controversatului sistematice de inventariere (ca primi ca autor pe
subsemnata, n
termen de arheologie industrial pai indispensabili n protecia dorina de a
apare n Anglia anilor 50 ai secolului patrimoniului industrial) s-au putut oferi cititorilor
trecut, oficializarea sa fcndu-se apoi identifica tipurile de valori de un material de
sintez, ct mai
n 1959 de ctre Council for British patrimoniu industrial precum i riscurile exact i
Archaeology. Odat cu nfiinarea n la care acestea erau supuse, putndu-se cuprinztor.
1973 a TICCIH i, mai apoi, cu prima astfel lua deciziile necesare pentru 2. The Moscow
Charter for the
Recomandare n domeniu a Consiliului salvarea unor situri considerate semni- industrial
Europei (nr. 872 /1979) legitimitatea ficative i ameninate cu dispariia. Au heritage, 2003
domeniului este consolidat iar existat unele pierderi inevitabile, ns www.mnactec.c
om/TICCIH/
politicile de protecie a patrimoniului numeroase monumente au fost 3. Palmer,
ncep s se ocupe cu mai mult atenie recuperate, mai ales ncepnd cu anii 90 Marilyn,
de cercetarea i conservarea patrimo- i, odat cu recunoaterea internaional Neaverson,
Peter, Industrial
niului industrial. a importanei domeniului, mai multe Archaeology,
Chiar dac uneori termenul este situri industriale avnd valoare Principles and
nc contestat i chiar dac specialitii universal excepional au fost incluse practice,
Routlege,
domeniului au fost uneori mai n Lista Patrimoniului Mondial4. London, 2000,
preocupai de protecia imediat a Teritoriul Romniei este depozitar p. 15
patrimoniului industrial periclitat dect al unui patrimoniu industrial construit
4. vezi i http://
whc.unesco.org/
de fundamentarea teoretic a noii sau mobil remarcabil pentru sud-estul en/list/
discipline, arheologia industrial s-a European, datnd n principal din
impus ca domeniu interdisciplinar perioada secolelor al XVII-lea al XX-lea.
complex al crui arie de cercetare se Pe lng obiecte singulare valoroase,
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sunt prezente eantioane coerente de centre, ariile industriale destructurate,


dezvoltare ilustrnd nc toate fazele foste industrii de marc ale oraului,
cunoscute ale evoluiei industriale (pre sunt vzute ca o imens rezerv
industrial, manufacturiera, industrial, urbanistic n ateptare de destinaii.
fin-de-siecle i hiperindustrializata n Proprietarii i investitorii interesai de
epoca socialist). Dup al doilea rzboi amplasamentele foarte avantajoase nu
mondial regimul comunist a confiscat doresc ns s investeasc n
dar nu a distrus foarte grav aceste dotri reconversie simindu-se condiionai de
n dorina de a le exploata uneori cu restricii i probleme de restaurare
investiii mai mult dect minime. pentru ceea ce ei considerau ca spaiu
Dezvoltarea industrial intensiv, de sau teren disponibil pentru orice fel de
multe ori ncurajat artificial, politic, a intervenie profitabil.
dat natere unor noi imense situri Susinerea opiniei publice, nu
industriale ) care uneoli le-au asimilat ntotdeauna receptiv la un astfel de
pe cele mai vechi). Unele dintre acestea subiect, este greu de obinut n
au fost, curnd dup 1989, nchise, Romnia. Pe lng o anumit lips a
acest lucru determinnd probleme spiritului civic, oamenii nu sunt ataai
sociale importante i crend importante de acest subiect, considernd uneori
zone destructurate. fabrica un simbol al ngrdirii
Situaia economic precar a libertii personale, al subordonrii i
multora dintre societile ce dein acceptnd cu greu s-o vad, de
patrimoniu industrial le determin pe exemplu, n cri potale ilustrate,
acestea fie s abandoneze patrimoniul a alturi de monumente consacrate cum
crui ntreinere este prea costisitoare sunt mnstirile din nordul Moldovei.
(un caz trist este cel al Morii Assan din Pe de alt parte ns, unii foti sau
Bucureti aparinnd unei societi actuali lucrtori ncep s devin
aflate n lichidare, care a lsat, mai mult interesai i decid uneori s ia atitudine
sau mai puin ntmpltor, monumentul n favoarea pstrrii memoriei
prad distrugerii), fie s-l industriale (aa cum a fcut-o recent un
refuncionalizeze, cu investiii grup de foti muncitori i ingineri de la
distructive ieftine i de slab calitate. Combinatul Siderurgic Reia pentru a
Din comoditate sau din lipsa unei salva ultimul Furnal de la Reia de la
strategii de perspectiv, sunt preferate distrugere). Unii proprietari de situri
construciile noi interveniilor mai industriale au nceput, de asemenea, s
pretenioase pentru recuperare- neleag potenialul vechilor cldiri
restaurare, sunt casate i distruse utilaje industriale pentru imaginea unei mrci
valoroase sub motivul retehnologizri. de tradiie, deciznd chiar s fac mici
Aceste iniiative sunt cu att mai muzee de fabric (cum este cazul
duntoare pentru marile ansambluri, Fabricii de bere din Timioara,
mprite prin privatizrile grbite de la productor al mrcii Timioreana).
nceputul anilor 90, ansambluri a cror n momentul de fa, protecia
coeren iniial nu se va mai putea n legal a patrimoniului industrial este
curnd descifra. Reprezentnd procente asigurat, n principal, prin Legea
impresionante din suprafaa oraelor i 182/2000 privind protejarea
situndu-se acum relativ aproape de patrimoniului cultural mobil i Legea
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EDITORIAL

422/2001 privind protejarea monu- acompanieze metodologic sau s


mentelor istorice, cu modificrile i ntreasc unele prevederi cum sunt
completrile ulterioare. Cele dou legi, accesul n situri industriale, metodele
stabilesc responsabiliti i unele (nc de privatizare a societilor industriale,
discrete) faciliti pentru deintorii campanii de inventariere i releveu.
de patrimoniu i pentru cei care doresc Rspunznd necesitii unei
s investeasc n restaurare. n inventarieri sistematice a acestui
conformitate cu cea de-a doua patrimoniu, Ministerul Culturii i
(modificat i completat recent de Cultelor a demarat, de asemenea, un
Legea 259/2006) monumentele program pentru Salvarea patrimoniului
protejate din Romnia sunt cele nscrise industrial din Romnia, program care
n Lista Monumentelor Istorice urmrete declanarea inventarierii
L.M.I.. Dintr-un total de 29425 de specializate, identificarea obiectivelor
monumente, ansambluri i situri, un n pericol, gsirea de soluii i parteneri
numr de 716 sunt industriale sau n pentru salvarea lor, mediatizarea
relaie cu dezvoltarea industrial. Lista domeniului i stabilirea unei strategii
monumentelor istorice (2004) are ns naionale coerente pe termen lung. n
scpri importante. Informaiile legate prima etap, care este acum n derulare,
de monumentele clasate sunt deseori avnd n vedere resursele materiale
limitate la denumire i adres potal, limitate i neuniformitatea prezenei
pentru ansambluri de mii de metri specialitilor din domeniu n teritoriu,
ptrai neexistnd vreo ierarhizare s-a iniiat un experiment axat pe
valoric a numeroaselor corpuri de identificare / minim catalogare /
cldiri, sau un inventar al utilajelor urgene de salvare / propuneri de
coninute. Cele mai periclitate situri clasare. Prin intermediul aceluiai
sunt cele care nu sunt nscrise n L.M.I. program se urmrete, de asemenea
(ntruct la procesul de elaborare a identificarea de resurse umane n
acesteia, la nceputul anilor 90, au domeniu.
participat diferii experi, receptivi sau Dei primi pai valoroi s-au fcut
nu la subiectul patrimoniului industrial) n anii 80, n special n zona Banatului,
i deci neprotejate prin Lege. Dei prin eforturile unor istorici - muzeografi
clasarea de urgen n caz de pericol sau arheologi, arheologia industrial
este posibil, chiar fr acordul este nc un domeniu nou i nu foarte
proprietarului, procesul de clasare de bine definit n Romnia. Cercetarea n
noi situri este lent i dificil. n schimb domeniu este ilustrat de unele studii i
cererile pentru declasarea siturilor articole referitoare la situri sau evolutii
industriale sunt, din cauza diverselor particulare. Nu au fost publicate studii
presiuni economice, destul de sintetice de amploare. O prim lucrare
numeroase. Ministerul Culturii i de specialitate - Arheologia Industrial
Cultelor Serviciul Monumentelor pe teritoriul Romaniei (V. Wollmann,
Istorice, a elaborat un nou proiect de 2003), furnizeaza prime informaii
Lege a patrimoniului industrial ce se despre patrimoniul din Transilvania i
afl n momentul de fa n dezbatere Banat. Cursuri introductive ocazionale
public i este menit s coreleze au fost organizate la Universitatea de
elemente ale legislaiei actuale, s Arhitectur i Urbanism Ion Mincu
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sau la Universitile din Cluj Napoca, care: Ministerul Culturii i Cultelor, i


Reita sau Timioara i au fost, de Institutul de Cercetri Ecomuzeale -
asemenea, introduse n programa parteneri n programul Patrimoniu
Centrului de Pregtire Profesional n industrial ntre pmnt i mare pentru
Cultur, centru care a iniiat recent i o o reea european de ecomuzee un
baz de date a specialitilor din proiect european Cultura 2000 derulat
domeniu. Cteva proiecte de licen sau sub patronajul TICCIH i n parteneriat
teye de Master n arhitectur sau instituii din 7 ri europene
geografie au fost dedicate cercetrii i (www.amers.info); Universitatea de
restaurrii patrimoniului industrial. Arhitectur i Urbanism Ion Mincu
n intenia de a corela aceste partener n FORCOPAR un proiect
eforturi mai degrab dispersate, european Leonardo privind realizarea
Ministerul Culturii i Cultelor a unui studiu de fezabilitate pentru un
organizat, ncepnd cu 2001, o serie de sistem de nvmnt la distan (e-
ntlniri tiinifice internaionale learning) n domeniul arheologiei
ateliere de arheologie industrial (2001 industriale (www.forcopar.com);
- Bucureti, 2002 - Banatul Montan, asocierea Romniei la propunerea de
2003 - Cluj Napoca, 2004 - Baia Mare). creare a unui nou itinerariu cultural
Atelierele au fost susinute de TICCIH european privind patrimoniul industrial
(n al crui Buletine se pot gsi (www.itinerairesculturels.com); Dintre
rapoartele a dou dintre ele) i au avut o proiectele naionale sunt de menionat:
semnificativ participare romneasc i proiectul Memoria Patrimoniului
european, contribuind la o mai Industrial derulat de Complexul
profund nelegere a arheologiei Naional Muzeal Moldova Iai i
industriale n Romnia prin colaborare finanat prin Fondul Cultural Naional;
European. Prin schimbarea anual a Proiectul de Cercetare Patrimoniul
locului de desfurare, atelierele au Industrial al Banatului Montan
fcut posibil contactul cu importante valoare european i potenial de
situri industriale din Romnia, de la integrare, derulat de Universitatea de
instalaii tehnice din lemn ( numeroase, Arhitectur i Urbanism Ion Mincu
de multe ori bine pstrate i nc n din Bucureti i finanat de CNCSIS.
funciune) la mine i situri metalurgice. Dei exemplele de recuperare a
Pe parcursul atelierelor a devenit clar patrimoniului industrial sunt nc rare
necesitatea crerii unei organizaii n Romnia (aici ar fi de menionat
naionale pentru arheologie industrial restaurarea Fabricii de bere din
care s fie afiliat la TICCIH. Acest Timioara sau reconversia unui fost
proces este n curs de definitivare depou de tramvaie la Bucureti),
existnd intenia lansrii oficiale a experiena ctigat deja la nivel de
Asociaiei la cel de-al cincilea Atelier concept va duce probabil, n scurt timp,
internaional de arheologie industrial la rezultate concrete.
ce se va organiza n 10-15 octombrie Nu n cele din urm, sunt de
2006 la Bucureti i Reia. menionat evenimentele culturale
O serie de proiecte internaionale organizate n Romnia cu ocazia zilei
au fost demarate n ultimii ani, unele internaionale a monumentelor i
dintre ele datorit Atelierelor, printre siturilor (18 aprilie) ce a avut n 2006 ca
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EDITORIAL

tem patrimoniul industrial. Pentru Prin urmare se poate spune c


contientizarea de ctre public a valorii Romnia ncepe s reacioneze (chiar
culturale a patrimoniului industrial au dac mai trziu dect ar fi putut s-o
fost organizate expoziii, dezbateri fac) n faa provocrii reprezentate de
publice, lansri de carte, un forum on- acest inedit domeniu i c, ncet, unele
line cu tema Patrimoniul industrial n iniiative sunt puse n practic n
fostele ri comuniste, precum i domeniul legislativ, n realizarea de
lansarea paginii oficiale de internet inventare, n formarea de specialiti, n
dedicate patrimoniului industrial din recuperarea de patrimoniu industrial
Romnia, ca prim instrument de sau n sensibilizarea publicului n faa
comunicare n domeniu (www.cimec.ro/ urmelor unei evoluii industriale ce a
patrimoniuindustrial). contribuit esenial la definirea identitii
noastre.
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INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE PROTECTION AND


INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY IN ROMANIA1
- SHORT OVERVIEW -
IRINA IOANA IAMANDESCU
1 This text
The delegates assembled for the 2003 TICCIH Congress in Russia wish to
refers to some assert that the buildings and structures built for industrial activities, the processes
paragraphs of and tools used within them and the towns and landscapes in which they are located,
the National along with all their other tangible and intangible manifestations, are of
Report for the fundamental importance. They should be studied, their history should be taught,
TICCIH
Congres of their meaning and significance should be probed and made clear for everyone, and
september the most significant and characteristic examples should be identified, protected and
2006, and from maintained, in accordance with the spirit of the Venice Charter, for the use and
the article

T
Industrial
benefit of today and of the future
Heritage extract from the preamble of the Industrial Heritage Charter.
international
issues and
romanian he Industrial Heritage Charter2 material or immaterial traces of the
contribuition, TICCIH - adopted by TICCIH industrial society in its historical
published in The international committee for evolution and its research methods are
Patrimoniul the conservation of the industrial including the interpretation of these
industrial al
Banatului heritage, at its Moscow/Nizhny Tagil traces from economical, technological
Montan Congress in 2003represents a reference or architectural point of view and are
valoare document in the relatively new field of considering (by taking a step forward in
european i the industrial archaeology, at the end of the 21st century) their strong cultural
potenial de
integrare, a continuous evolution during the significance3 as an element of the
UAUIM, second half of the 20th century, often evolution of the human society.
Bucureti, combined with the struggle for its International heritage protection
2005, both recognition. strategies are now taking into account
signed by
myself, in The term industrial archaeology this significance. Through industrial
order to offer was first employed in England, in the heritage systematic inventory cam-
the readers a early 1950s and was then officially paigns (as first indispensable steps in its
larger study. accepted by the Council for British protection) types of industrial heritage
2. The
Moscow Archaeology. Once TICCIH was values as well as types of risks were
Charter for the founded in 1973 and the first Council of identified. This helped in taking
industrial Europe Recommendation in the field conservation decisions for significant
heritage, 2003 was adopted (no. 872/1979) the and endangered sites. Inevitable losses
-
www.mnactec. legitimacy of the discipline is were recorded, but also various sites
com/TICCIH/ consolidated and the heritage protection were recovered, particularly in the
3 Palmer, politics is beginning to pay attention to 1990s and, together with the
Marilyn, the research and conservation of the international recognition of the field,
Neaverson,
Peter, industrial heritage. several industrial heritage sites, having
Industrial Even if sometimes the term is still outstanding universal value, were
Archaeology, controversial and that, more than often, included in the UNESCOs World
Principles and the field specialists were more Heritage List4.
practice,
Routlege, concerned with the immediate heritage Romania still preserves industrial
London, 2000, protection than with the conceptual heritage objects of the past, from the
p. 15 definition of the field, industrial 17th to the 20th century, quite
4 archaeology proved itself as a new and remarkable for the south-eastern
http://whc.unes
co.org/en/list/ complex contemporary discipline. Its Europe. Besides singular sites of
main research area comprises the particular value (sometimes, still in
11
EDITORIAL

use), coherent samples of industrial the old buildings, considering this a too
development stages (pre-industrial, complicated and uncomfortable
manufacture, industrial, fin de sicle, process.
modern inter-bellum era) are still very The public support in preserving
present. After the war, the communist these industrial objects is very difficult
regime confiscated, but didnt destroy to obtain in Romania. Besides a
all these assets (unless for technological somewhat general lack of civic
reasons), with the intention of using reaction, people are still not receptive to
them for as long as possible, often with this particular subject - they rather
less than the minimum necessary consider the factory as a place of
maintenance works. Intensive industrial exploitation and they could hardly
development, often artificially and accept it in postcards, for example,
politically encouraged, gave birth to together with Romanias famous
huge new industrial sites (that painted medieval churches.
sometimes swallowed the former and However, on the other hand, some
smaller ones). Some of them were, soon of them are slowly becoming interested
after 1989, closed, creating important and choose sometimes to plead for
social problems and leaving behind preserving their industrial memory
immense derelict areas. (very recently a group of former
After 1989, the bad economic workers and engineers organized
situation of many industrial buildings themselves to fight for the Resita tall
owners made them either to abandon furnace that is facing an imminent
the heritage for being too expensive to demolition danger). Some of the
maintain, or to renovate it by low- industrial sites owners also started to
cost destructive methods, in order to see the potential of preserving the old
make an immediate profit. Due to buildings as being valuable for their
unawareness, inertia or lack of strategy, brand image and even decided to do
new buildings were preferred to old small factory museums.
ones, which were in need of more The legal protection of the
delicate restoration works, old industrial heritage is now ensured
machines were scrapped in the name of through two main laws regarding the
the renewing of the production movable and immovable heritage (2000
methods. This attitude was even more and respectively 2001). The law sets
dangerous for the big industrial sites both responsibilities and some (still
divided by the rushed privatization discreet) facilities for the heritage
process from the beginning of the 90s owners and for the ones willing to
these sites initial coherence will be soon invest in restoration works. According
impossible to read. Representing to the second one, regarding the
important percentages in our cities and protection of historic monuments, an
being now rather close to the city official list of historic monuments has
centres, these huge sites are seen as been established. Out of a total of
immense empty areas fit for new urban 29425 monuments ensembles and sites
developing. The investors are attracted in the list, a number of 716 are
by the good location of the property, but industrial or related to industry.
are not willing to invest in reconverting However the list has important
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inaccuracies regarding the industrial the country, an experimental national


heritage and the information is often survey was initiated in order to identify
limited to the denomination and unprotected sites, to establish which
address; so, for some lost objects, there sites are to be immediately listed, which
is no inventory, no image, and no sites are in immediate danger etc.
survey. The most endangered sites and Through the same program also human
objects are the ones that are not listed resources are to be identified.
(as the listing process used, in the early Although first steps were taken in
1990s, different experts, not always the 80s, especially in the Banat area,
receptive to the subject), therefore through the efforts of a few
unprotected by the law. Although the archaeologists and historians, industrial
immediate listing of a building in case archaeology is still a rather new and not
of danger is possible, even without the very well defined discipline in
agreement of the owner, this process is Romania. The research in the field is
slow and difficult and the demands for illustrated by a number of articles and
delisting industrial buildings are, due to studies mostly related to particular
different development pressures, quite sites. No synthetic study was published
numerous. A new project for a although a first introductory book on
Romanian Law of industrial heritage Industrial Archaeology in Romania
was proposed by the Romanian (Arheologia Industrial pe teritoriul
Ministry of Culture the Historic Romniei Wollmann, Volker, 2003)
Monuments Department, and is now in gives information on the industrial
public debate. Its purpose is to heritage of Transylvania and Banat
accommodate the inaccuracies and deal regions. A number of dedicated courses
with aspects not taken into were organized at the University of
consideration by the actual law frame, Architecture and Urban Studies Ion
regarding access in not protected sites, Mincu in Bucharest, at the
ways of privatization of industrial Universities of Reia, Timioara and
societies, specialized inventories and Cluj and were as well included in the
surveys. curricula of the Centre for Professional
Responding to the necessity of a Training in Culture (the centre also
national strategy in the field, the established a database regarding
Ministry of Culture also initiated a Romanian specialists in the field).
program for the Salvation of the Quite a few architecture or geography
national industrial archaeology diplomas and master thesis were
heritage, whose aims are to begin a dedicated to industrial heritage study
specific inventory, to identify the most and restoration.
endangered sites, to find viable In order to bring together these
solutions and partners in saving them, quite dispersed efforts, a series of four
to make a press campaign in order to international workshops on industrial
get the people understand these values. archaeology were organized in
In the first stage, which is now in Romania, by the same Ministry, starting
process, taking into account the limited with 2001. Having TICCIHs support
as well as imbalanced human and (reports of two of the workshops can be
material resources in different areas of found in the TICCIH bulletin) and a
13
EDITORIAL

significant national and European Architecture and Urban Studies Ion


participation, they essentially Mincu in Bucharest dedicated to the
contributed to a better understanding of region that contains the highest
the industrial archaeology in Romania, concentration of industrial heritage in
through scientific exchanges between Romania.
experts and enthusiasts form all over Although examples of industrial
Europe. By constantly changing the heritage recovery are still very few in
location, they also made possible the Romania (one could mention the
direct contact with various industrial restoration of the Timisoreana brewery
heritage sites in Romania from tradi- in Timisoara, or the reconversion of a
tional wood installations (numerous, former tram depot in Bucharest), all the
quite well preserved and often still in conceptual experience brought by the
use) to mines or heavy metallurgical quoted projects is expected to lead to
sites. During these meetings the more concrete results in short time.
necessity of a national organization for Last but not least, on the occasion
industrial archaeology that should be of the 18 of April - the international day
affiliated to TICCIH became clear and of monuments and sites, dedicated in
the formalities for the creation of such 2006 to the industrial heritage, a series
an entity are in process. Hopefully the of events were organized in Romania in
future Romanian industrial archaeology order to raise public awareness on the
association will be launched at the 5th subject. Besides exhibition openings,
international workshop on industrial book launches and a forum on the
archaeology which is to be organized in Industrial heritage in ex communist
October 10-15, 2006. countries that contributed to a the better
A number of national and understanding of the common issues
international projects were initiated, related to the protection of industrial
also due to the exchanges facilitated by heritage in the East-European context, a
these meetings, among which: web site dedicated to the Industrial
Industrial heritage between land and Heritage was launched (www.cimec.ro/
sea for a European network of patrimoniuindustrial/) as a first needed
ecomuseums a Culture 2000 project of working instrument in the protection of
several European partners, developed the industrial heritage of Romania.
under the patronage of TICCIH Therefore one can say that
(www.amers.info); Forcopar a Romania is beginning to face (even if
Leonardo European project for a later than it could have done it) the
feasibility study regarding distance challenge represented by this rousing
learning in industrial archaeology field and that some initiatives are,
(www.forcopar.com); the association of slowly, beginning to be put in practice
Romania to the proposal of a new in various directions as law
Cultural Route of Europe regarding improvement, inventories, training,
Industrial Heritage (www.itineraire industrial heritage restoration or raising
sculturels.com); Industrial Heritage of public awareness for the valuable traces
the Mountaineous Banat European of an industrial evolution that
value and integration potential a essentially contributed to the
research project of the University of construction of our identity.