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P

Nume student: Cretu Viorelia-Alexandra


Grupa: 1142

D[mm] (Alezaj) S[mm] (Cursa pistonului) Pm[kW] (Puterea maxima)


BMW 320D E90 84 90 120
Audi A4 B7 81 95.5 125
Mercedes-Benz C2 88 88.3 125
PROIECT PCMAI

nm[rot/min] (Turatia la puterea maxima) ε (Raport de comprimare) PL[kW/l] (Puterea litrica)


4000 17 60.149260427776
4200 18 63.5019016430962
3800 17.5 58.188088733255
MM[Nm] (Momentul maxim al motorului) Vt[dm3] (Volumul total)
340 1.99503699873566
320 1.96844498771935
400 2.14820597687996
Calculul termic al unui motor cu aprindere prin comprimare

Puterea nominala a motorului: Pn= 120 kW


Pn= 163.2 CP
Turatia nominala a motorului: nn= 4000 rot/min
Nr de cilindrii ai motorului: i= 4 cilindrii amplasati in linie

Alegerea parametrilor iniatiali

>temperatura initiala: Ts= 360.3423239 K


>presiunea initiala: ps= 2.5 *10^5 N/m^2
>temperatura gazelor reziduale: Tr= 800 K
>presiunea gazelor reziduale: pr= 2.4 *10^5 N/m^2
>coeficientul de exces de aer: λ= 1.4
>raportul de comprimare: ε= 18
>presiune atmosferica p0= 1.02 *10^5 N/m^2

Parametrii proceselor de schimbare a gazelor

>presiunea la sfarsitul admisiei: pa= 2.45 *10^5 N/m^2


>preincalzirea amestecului: ΔT= 15 K
>coeficientul de postumplere: νp= 1.14

Coeficientul gazelor reziduale: γr= (To+ΔT)*pr/(Tr*(ε*pa*νp-pr))= 0.023521


Temperatura la sfarsitul admisiei: Ta= (To+ΔT+γr*Tr)/(1+γr)= 385.101
Coeficientul de umplere: ηv= (pa*To*ε*νp)/(po*Ta*(ε-1)*(1+γr))= 1.08143

Parametrii procesului de comprimare

Coeficientul politropic de comprimare: n1= 1.3


Presiunea la sfarsitul comprimarii: pc= pa*ε^n1= 104.9591587 *10^5 N/m^2
Temperatura la sfarsitul comprimarii: Tc= Ta*ε^n1-1= 916.5505277 K

Parametrii procesului de ardere

c= 0.857 kg
h= 0.133 kg
o= 0.01 kg
Qi= 41868 kJ/kg

Coeficientul de utilizare a caldurii: ξ= 0.85


Coeficientul de crestere a presiunii: π= 1.5
Aerul minim necesar arderii a 1 kg
de combustibil: Lmin= (1/0,21)*((c/12)+(h/4)-(o/32))= 0.496925 kmol aer/kg comb
Cantitatea de aer necesara arderii
(reala): L= λ*Lmin= 0.695694444 kmol aer/kg comb
Coeficientul teoretic de variatie molara
a incarcaturii proaspete: μo= (L+(h/4)+(o/32))/L= 1.048243162
Coeficientul real de variatie molara
a incarcaturii proaspete: μf= (μo+γr)/(1+γr)= 1.047134528
Caldura specifica molara medie a
amestecului initial: Cμv`= 20+17,4*10^(-3)*Tc= 35.94797918 kJ/kmolK
Caldura specifica molara medie a
gazelor de ardere pt λ>1: Cμv``= (20+(9,2/λ))+((13,8/λ)+15,5)*10^(-4)*Tz=
26.57142857 + 0.002535714 *Tz
Temperatura la sfarsitul arderii: Tz (ξ*Qi)/(λ*Lmin(1+γr))+(Cμv`+RM*π)*Tc=(Cμv``+RM)*μf*Tz
0.002655234 *Tz^2+ 36.52973679 *Tz- 94357.26 =
Δ= 2336.584097
Tz= 2223.624987
Presiunea la sfarsitul arderii: pz= pz`=π*pc= 62.97549523 *10^5 N/m^2
Gradul de destindere prealabila: ρ= (Vz/Vc)=(μf*Tz)/(π*Tc)= 1.693621487

Destinderea

Coeficientul politropic al destinderii: n2= 1.25


Gradul de destindere: δ= Vb/Vz=ε/ρ= 10.62811268
Presiunea la sfarsitul destinderii: pb= pz/δ^n2= 3.281719093 *10^5 N/m^2
Temperatura la sfarsitul destinderii: Tb= Tz/δ^(n2-1)= 1231.537125 K

Parametrii principali ai motorului

Coeficientul de rotunjire a diagramei: μr= 0.96


Randamentul mecanic: ηm= 0.83
Presiunea medie a ciclului teoretic: pi`= (pc/(ε-1))*(π*(ρ-1)+(π*ρ)/(n2-1)(1-1/δ^(n2-1))-(1/(n1-1))*(1-1/ε^(n1-1))=
pi`= 22.4821242 *10^5 N/m^2
Presiunea medie indicata: pi= μr*pi`= 21.58283923 *10^5 N/m^2
Randamentul indicat al motorului: ηi= RM*pi*Mi*To/(po*ηv*Qi)= RM*pi*λ*Lmin*To/(po*ηv*Qi)=
ηi= 0.397403475
Presiunea medie efectiva: pe= ηm*pi= 17.91375656 *10^5 N/m^2
Randamentul efectiv al motorului: ηe= ηm*ηi= 0.329844884
Consumul specific efectiv
de combustibil: ge= 3600/(ηe*Qi)= 260.6816929

Dimensiuni fundamentale ale motorului

Raportul cursa-alezaj: Φ= S/D= 1.07


Capacitatea cilindrica necesara: Vh= 120000*Pn/(pe*n*i)= 0.502407185 l
D= (4*Vh/π*Φ)^(1/3)= 84.24258089 mm
S= Φ*D= 90.13956156 mm
Viteza medie a pistonului: wm= S*n/30= 12.01860821 m/s
Cilindreea totala a motorului: Vt= i*Vh= 2.009628738 l
Puterea litrica a motorului: Pl= Pn/Vt= 59.71252188 kW/l

Volumul la sfarsitul admisiei: Va= Vh*ε/(ε-1)= 0.531960548 l


Volumul la sfarsitul compresiei: Vc= Va/ε= 0.029553364
Vz= ρ*Vc= 0.050052212
aer/kg comb
0

-1/ε^(n1-1))=
10.16173

3.333333
6.174068
*
1.040432
+
* 0.446158 = 4.533736
-
* 0.579837 = 1.932789
=
22.48212
Caracteristica externa

n [rot/min] Pe [KW] Me [Nm] ge [g/kWh] Ge [kg/h]


1000 31.406 300.0597 343.880597 10.8
1100 35.243 306.1057 337.088515 11.88
1200 39.150 311.7038 331.034483 12.96
1300 43.113 316.8541 325.65371 14.04
1400 47.119 321.5565 320.891365 15.12
1500 51.152 325.8111 316.701031 16.2
1600 55.200 329.6178 313.043478 17.28
1700 59.248 332.9767 309.885676 18.36
1800 63.281 335.8877 307.2 19.44
1900 67.287 338.3509 304.9636 20.52
2000 71.250 340.3662 303.157895 21.6
2100 75.157 341.9337 301.768173 22.68
2200 78.994 343.0533 300.78329 23.76
2300 82.746 343.7251 300.19544 24.84
2400 86.400 343.949 300 25.92
2500 89.941 343.7251 300.19544 27
2600 93.356 343.0533 300.78329 28.08
2700 96.630 341.9337 301.768173 29.16
2800 99.750 340.3662 303.157895 30.24
2900 102.701 338.3509 304.9636 31.32
3000 105.469 335.8877 307.2 32.4
3100 108.040 332.9767 309.885676 33.48
3200 110.400 329.6178 313.043478 34.56
3300 112.535 325.8111 316.701031 35.64
3400 114.431 321.5565 320.891365 36.72
3500 116.074 316.8541 325.65371 37.8
3600 117.450 311.7038 331.034483 38.88
3700 118.545 306.1057 337.088515 39.96
3800 119.344 300.0597 343.880597 41.04
3900 119.834 293.5659 351.487414 42.12
4000 120.000 286.6242 360 43.2

nm= 4000 rot/min


α1= 0.75
α2= 1.5
α3= -1.25
Pm= 120 kW
Mm= 286.6242 Nm
nM= 2400 rot/min
MM= 343.94904 Nm
c min= 300 g/kWh
n [rot/min]Pe [KW] Me [Nm] ge [g/kWh]Ge [kg/h]
1000 31.406 300.0597 22.92537 10.8
1100 35.243 306.1057 22.47257 11.88
1200 39.150 311.7038 22.06897 12.96
1300 43.113 316.8541 21.71025 14.04
1400 47.119 321.5565 21.39276 15.12
1500 51.152 325.8111 21.1134 16.2
1600 55.200 329.6178 20.86957 17.28
1700 59.248 332.9767 20.65905 18.36
1800 63.281 335.8877 20.48 19.44
1900 67.287 338.3509 20.33091 20.52
2000 71.250 340.3662 20.21053 21.6
2100 75.157 341.9337 20.11788 22.68
2200 78.994 343.0533 20.05222 23.76
2300 82.746 343.7251 20.01303 24.84
2400 86.400 343.949 20 25.92
2500 89.941 343.7251 20.01303 27
2600 93.356 343.0533 20.05222 28.08
2700 96.630 341.9337 20.11788 29.16
2800 99.750 340.3662 20.21053 30.24
2900 102.701 338.3509 20.33091 31.32
3000 105.469 335.8877 20.48 32.4
3100 108.040 332.9767 20.65905 33.48
3200 110.400 329.6178 20.86957 34.56
3300 112.535 325.8111 21.1134 35.64
3400 114.431 321.5565 21.39276 36.72
3500 116.074 316.8541 21.71025 37.8
3600 117.450 311.7038 22.06897 38.88
3700 118.545 306.1057 22.47257 39.96
3800 119.344 300.0597 22.92537 41.04
3900 119.834 293.5659 23.43249 42.12
4000 120.000 286.6242 24 43.2
Caracteristica externa
Me [Nm] Column P Pe [KW] ge [g/kWh] Ge [kg/h]
300 110

100

250
90

80

200
70

60
150
50

40
100

30

20
50

10

0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 00 1 20 1 40 1 60 1 80 2 00 2 20 40
2 60
2 2 80 3 00 3 20 3 40 3 60 3 80 4 00 4 20
n [rot/min]
Diagrama indicata

S= 0.09013956156 m
λb= 0.27777777778
Φ= 1.07
D= 0.08424258089 m
pa= 245000 N/m^2
Ap= 0.00557099776 m^2
Vc= 0.0295533638 l
Vz= 0.05005221195 l
Va= 0.53196054832 l
pz= 6297549.52258 N/m^2
n1= 1.3
n2= 1.25
pr= 240000 N/m^2

αa= 35 °RAC
αev= 40 °RAC
x inj= S/2*[(1-cos(αa))+(λb/4)*(1-cos(2*αs))]= 10.21015 mm
x ev= S/2*[(1-cos(αev))-(λb/4)*(1-cos(2*αev))]= 7.957972 mm

Vx= Sx*1000*Ap+Vc
Px= pa*((Va/Vx)^n1) Compresie
Px= pz*((Vz/Vx)^n2) Destindere

α [°RAC] Sx [m] Vx [l] Px [N/m^2]


0 0 0.029553364 105000
10 0.00087346404 0.03441943 245000
20 0.0034502852 0.048774895 245000
30 0.00760312862 0.071910376 245000
40 0.01313067951 0.10270435 245000
50 0.01977282204 0.139707711 245000
60 0.02722965922 0.181249734 245000
70 0.03518245483 0.225554741 245000
80 0.04331443445 0.270857981 245000
90 0.05132947255 0.315509741 245000
100 0.05896700505 0.358058417 245000
110 0.0660120006 0.397306071 245000
120 0.07229944 0.432333382 245000
130 0.07771341536 0.462494627 245000
140 0.08218158975 0.487386816 245000
150 0.08566627882 0.506800011 245000
160 0.08815376603 0.520657797 245000
170 0.08964360312 0.528957676 245000
180 0.09013956156 0.531720659 245000
190 0.08964360312 0.528957676 246809.64978
200 0.08815376603 0.520657797 251936.59033
210 0.08566627882 0.506800011 260928.63126
220 0.08218158975 0.487386816 274519.64343
230 0.07771341536 0.462494627 293880.41053
240 0.07229944 0.432333382 320807.812
250 0.0660120006 0.397306071 358052.38805
260 0.05896700505 0.358058417 409891.85024
270 0.05132947255 0.315509741 483161.95957
280 0.04331443445 0.270857981 589176.21836
290 0.03518245483 0.225554741 747449.38503
300 0.02722965922 0.181249734 993227.52033
310 0.01977282204 0.139707711 1393230.0916
320 0.01313067951 0.10270435 2078470.4151
330 0.00760312862 0.071910376 3303545.6059
340 0.0034502852 0.048774895 5472100.8378
350 0.00087346404 0.03441943 8609234.9529
360 0 0.029553364 10495915.871
360 0 0.029553364 10881101.317
370 0.00049595844 0.032316347 10881101.317
380 0.00198579552 0.040616226 8176665.3505
390 0.00447328274 0.054474012 5665183.5212
400 0.00795797181 0.073887207 3870250.9231
410 0.0124261462 0.098779396 2692264.4998
420 0.01784012156 0.128940641 1929582.7308
430 0.02412756096 0.163967952 1428900.4403
440 0.03117255651 0.203215606 1092708.6056
450 0.038810089 0.245764283 861593.12883
460 0.04682512711 0.290416042 699318.36263
470 0.05495710672 0.335719282 583418.67616
480 0.06290990234 0.380024289 499673.70001
490 0.07036673951 0.421566312 438902.75993
500 0.07700888204 0.458569673 395088.16687
510 0.08253643293 0.489363647 364259.64081
520 0.08668927636 0.512499128 343822.48206
530 0.08926609751 0.526854593 550000
540 0.09013956156 0.531720659 300000
550 0.08926609751 0.526854593 150000
560 0.08668927636 0.512499128 240000
570 0.08253643293 0.489363647 240000
580 0.07700888204 0.458569673 240000
590 0.07036673951 0.421566312 240000
600 0.06290990234 0.380024289 240000
610 0.05495710672 0.335719282 240000
620 0.04682512711 0.290416042 240000
630 0.038810089 0.245764283 240000
640 0.03117255651 0.203215606 240000
650 0.02412756096 0.163967952 240000
660 0.01784012156 0.128940641 240000
670 0.0124261462 0.098779396 240000
680 0.00795797181 0.073887207 240000
690 0.00447328274 0.054474012 240000
700 0.00198579552 0.040616226 240000
710 0.00049595844 0.032316347 240000
720 0 0.029553364 105000
Diagrama indicata
12000000

10000000

8000000

6000000

4000000

2000000

0
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
Cronomanograma
12000000

10000000

8000000

6000000

4000000

2000000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720
Calculul cinematic

λb= 0.27777778
R= 45.0697808 mm
S= 90.1395616 mm
ω= 418.666667
n= 4000 rot/min

Sx= R*[(1-cosα)+(λb/4)*(1-cos2*α)]
vx= R*ω*[sinα+(λb/2)*sin2*α]
j= R*ω^2*[cosα+(λb/4)*cos2*α]

alfa [°RAC] Sx [mm] vx [m/s] j [m/s^2]


0 0 0 10094.3311
10 0.87346404 4.172945276082 9841.97399
20 3.4502852 8.138220681464 9104.51145
30 7.60312862 11.70422125403 7938.73378
40 13.1306795 14.70980713203 6432.74015
50 19.772822 17.0355668082 4696.9081
60 27.2296592 18.61083325167 2852.74575
70 35.1824548 19.41583108993 1020.9057
80 43.3144344 19.47888960987 -690.2749
90 51.3294726 18.86921488571 -2194.4198
100 58.967005 17.68620861552 -3433.8853
110 66.0120006 16.04669288631 -4382.9519
120 72.29944 14.07160562931 -5047.1656
130 77.7134154 11.87374761023 -5459.0221
140 82.1815897 9.547987934059 -5670.6262
150 85.6662788 7.164993631674 -5744.314
160 88.153766 4.76908247784 -5742.4653
170 89.6436031 2.380264281735 -5717.8138
180 90.1395616 1.66892004E-15 -5705.4915
190 89.6436031 -2.38026428173 -5717.8138
200 88.153766 -4.76908247784 -5742.4653
210 85.6662788 -7.16499363167 -5744.314
220 82.1815897 -9.54798793406 -5670.6262
230 77.7134154 -11.8737476102 -5459.0221
240 72.29944 -14.0716056293 -5047.1656
250 66.0120006 -16.0466928863 -4382.9519
260 58.967005 -17.6862086155 -3433.8853
270 51.3294726 -18.8692148857 -2194.4198
280 43.3144344 -19.4788896099 -690.2749
290 35.1824548 -19.4158310899 1020.9057
300 27.2296592 -18.6108332517 2852.74575
310 19.772822 -17.0355668082 4696.9081
320 13.1306795 -14.709807132 6432.74015
330 7.60312862 -11.704221254 7938.73378
340 3.4502852 -8.13822068146 9104.51145
350 0.87346404 -4.17294527608 9841.97399
360 0 -5.9054094E-15 10094.3311
alfa [°RAC]Sx*10 [mmvx [m/s] j/10 [m/s^2]
0 0 0 100943.3
10 0.174693 3.919529 98419.74
20 0.690057 7.644 91045.11
30 1.520626 10.99344 79387.34
40 2.626136 13.81651 64327.4
50 3.954564 16.00103 46969.08
60 5.445932 17.48063 28527.46
70 7.036491 18.23674 10209.06
80 8.662887 18.29597 -6902.749
90 10.26589 17.72332 -21944.2
100 11.7934 16.61215 -34338.85
110 13.2024 15.0722 -43829.52
120 14.45989 13.21706 -50471.66
130 15.54268 11.15267 -54590.22
140 16.43632 8.968155 -56706.26
150 17.13326 6.729876 -57443.14
160 17.63075 4.479464 -57424.65
170 17.92872 2.235715 -57178.14
180 18.02791 1.57E-15 -57054.91
190 17.92872 -2.235715 -57178.14
200 17.63075 -4.479464 -57424.65
210 17.13326 -6.729876 -57443.14
220 16.43632 -8.968155 -56706.26
230 15.54268 -11.15267 -54590.22
240 14.45989 -13.21706 -50471.66
250 13.2024 -15.0722 -43829.52
260 11.7934 -16.61215 -34338.85
270 10.26589 -17.72332 -21944.2
280 8.662887 -18.29597 -6902.749
290 7.036491 -18.23674 10209.06
300 5.445932 -17.48063 28527.46
310 3.954564 -16.00103 46969.08
320 2.626136 -13.81651 64327.4
330 1.520626 -10.99344 79387.34
340 0.690057 -7.644 91045.11
350 0.174693 -3.919529 98419.74
360 0 -5.55E-15 100943.3
Deplasarea, viteza si acceleratia pistonului

120000 25

100000 20

80000 15

60000 10

40000 5

20000 0

0 -5
0 90 180 270 360

-20000 -10

-40000 -15

-60000 -20

-80000 -25
Fortele care actioneaza in mecanismul biela-manivela

Fg= (pg-p0)*Ap
Fj= ­mj*R*ω^2*(cosα+λb*cos2*α)
F= Fg+Fj

p0= 250000 N/m^2


Ap= 0.005570997762 m^2
mp= 200 g
mp1= mp*Ap= 11.14199552
mb= 340 g
mb1= mb*Ap= 18.94139239
m1b= 0,275*mb1= 5.208882907
m2b= 0,725*mb1= 13.73250948
mj= mp1+m1b= 16.35087843
mj1= (mp1+m1b)*Ap= 0.091090707
R= 0.045069780778 m
ω= 418.6666666667
λb= 0.277777777778

α [°RAC] Px [N/m^2] Fg [N] Fj [N] F=Fg+Fj [N]


0 105000 -807.794675 -919.499758 -1727.2944339
10 245000 -27.8549888 -896.512371 -924.36735955
20 245000 -27.8549888 -829.336386 -857.19137501
30 245000 -27.8549888 -723.144873 -750.99986222
40 245000 -27.8549888 -585.962849 -613.81783812
50 245000 -27.8549888 -427.84468 -455.69966907
60 245000 -27.8549888 -259.858627 -287.71361619
70 245000 -27.8549888 -92.9950219 -120.85001068
80 245000 -27.8549888 62.8776285 35.022639693
90 245000 -27.8549888 199.8912518 172.03626302
100 245000 -27.8549888 312.7950401 284.9400513
110 245000 -27.8549888 399.2461873 371.39119845
120 245000 -27.8549888 459.7498792 431.89489041
130 245000 -27.8549888 497.2661835 469.41119467
140 245000 -27.8549888 516.5413461 488.68635728
150 245000 -27.8549888 523.2536216 495.39863277
160 245000 -27.8549888 523.0852208 495.230232
170 245000 -27.8549888 520.8397021 492.98471332
180 245000 -27.8549888 519.7172548 491.86226596
190 246809.6497843 -17.7734339 520.8397021 503.06626821
200 251936.5903288 10.78874039 523.0852208 533.8739612
210 260928.6312645 60.88338032 523.2536216 584.13700189
220 274519.6434323 136.5988787 516.5413461 653.14022477
230 293880.4105346 244.4576689 497.2661835 741.72385236
240 320807.8119987 394.4701622 459.7498792 854.22004139
250 358052.388054 601.959612 399.2461873 1001.2057993
260 409891.8502434 890.7571399 312.7950401 1203.55218
270 483161.9595692 1298.944755 199.8912518 1498.8360068
280 589176.2183591 1889.549953 62.8776285 1952.4275819
290 747449.3850337 2771.289411 -92.9950219 2678.2943888
300 993227.5203303 4140.518852 -259.858627 3880.660225
310 1393230.09156 6368.932281 -427.84468 5941.0876012
320 2078470.415076 10186.40459 -585.962849 9600.4417408
330 3303545.605936 17011.29574 -723.144873 16288.150863
340 5472100.837807 29092.31208 -829.336386 28262.975694
350 8609234.95293 46569.27921 -896.512371 45672.766843
360 10495915.87097 57079.97439 -919.499758 56160.474628
370 10881101.31661 59225.84164 -896.512371 58329.329271
380 10881101.31661 59225.84164 -829.336386 58396.505255
390 8176665.350485 44159.43493 -723.144873 43436.290054
400 5665183.521177 30167.97528 -585.962849 29582.012428
410 3870250.923053 20168.40979 -427.84468 19740.56511
420 2692264.499791 13605.85006 -259.858627 13345.991435
430 1929582.730803 9356.951634 -92.9950219 9263.9566124
440 1428900.440313 6567.651715 62.8776285 6630.529343
450 1092708.605587 4694.727756 199.8912518 4894.6190075
460 861593.128835 3407.183952 312.7950401 3719.9789921
470 699318.3626266 2503.151593 399.2461873 2902.3977798
480 583418.6761633 1857.474699 459.7498792 2317.2245779
490 499673.7000095 1390.931624 497.2661835 1888.1978074
500 438902.7599346 1052.376853 516.5413461 1568.9181989
510 395088.1668729 808.2858529 523.2536216 1331.5394745
520 364259.6408112 636.5402032 523.0852208 1159.6254241
530 343822.48206 522.6848376 520.8397021 1043.5245397
540 550000 1671.299329 519.7172548 2191.0165833
550 300000 278.5498881 520.8397021 799.38959022
560 150000 -557.099776 523.0852208 -34.014555381
570 240000 -55.7099776 523.2536216 467.54364396
580 240000 -55.7099776 516.5413461 460.83136847
590 240000 -55.7099776 497.2661835 441.55620586
600 240000 -55.7099776 459.7498792 404.0399016
610 240000 -55.7099776 399.2461873 343.53620964
620 240000 -55.7099776 312.7950401 257.08506249
630 240000 -55.7099776 199.8912518 144.18127421
640 240000 -55.7099776 62.8776285 7.1676508835
650 240000 -55.7099776 -92.9950219 -148.70499949
660 240000 -55.7099776 -259.858627 -315.568605
670 240000 -55.7099776 -427.84468 -483.55465787
680 240000 -55.7099776 -585.962849 -641.67282693
690 240000 -55.7099776 -723.144873 -778.85485103
700 240000 -55.7099776 -829.336386 -885.04636382
710 240000 -55.7099776 -896.512371 -952.22234836
720 240000 -55.7099776 -919.499758 -975.20973605
Diagrama fortelor
Fg [N] F=Fg+Fj [N] Fj [N]
70000 8000

7000
60000

6000

50000

5000

40000
4000

30000 3000

2000
20000

1000

10000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720-1000

-10000 -2000
Variatia fortelor N,S,T,Z si momentul monocilindrului

N= F*tg(β)
S= F/cos(β)
T= S*sin(α+β)
Z= S*cos(α+β)
M= T*R

β= arcsin(λb*sin(α))
λb= 0.277777778
R= 0.045069781 m

α [°RAC] F=Fg+Fj [N] β [°RAC] N [N] S [N] T [N] Z [N] M [Nm]


0 -1727.29443 0 0 -1727.294 0 -1727.294 0
10 -924.36736 0.048254 -0.7785 -924.3677 -161.2814 -910.189 -7.268916
20 -857.191375 0.095149 -1.423509 -857.1926 -294.5144 -805.0095 -13.2737
30 -750.999862 0.139339 -1.826383 -751.0021 -377.0816 -649.4718 -16.99499
40 -613.817838 0.179515 -1.923173 -613.8209 -396.0277 -468.9756 -17.84888
50 -455.699669 0.21443 -1.705465 -455.7029 -350.1825 -291.6116 -15.78265
60 -287.713616 0.242945 -1.21997 -287.7162 -249.7773 -142.8003 -11.25741
70 -120.850011 0.264085 -0.557019 -120.8513 -113.7524 -40.80971 -5.126795
80 35.02263969 0.27709 0.169375 35.02305 34.51998 5.914815 1.555808
90 172.036263 0.28148 0.845179 172.0383 172.0363 -0.845179 7.753637
100 284.9400513 0.27709 1.378018 284.9434 280.3719 -50.8364 12.6363
110 371.3911985 0.264085 1.711808 371.3951 348.4081 -128.6318 15.70268
120 431.8948904 0.242945 1.831331 431.8988 373.1163 -217.5334 16.81627
130 469.4111947 0.21443 1.756781 469.4145 358.4606 -303.0775 16.15574
140 488.6863573 0.179515 1.531119 488.6888 312.9486 -375.3397 14.10453
150 495.3986328 0.139339 1.204777 495.4001 246.6559 -429.6302 11.11673
160 495.230232 0.095149 0.822412 495.2309 168.6059 -465.6455 7.599031
170 492.9847133 0.048254 0.41519 492.9849 85.19701 -485.5673 3.839811
180 491.862266 3.4E-17 2.92E-16 491.8623 6.02E-14 -491.8623 2.71E-15
190 503.0662682 -0.048254 -0.423681 503.0664 -86.9393 -495.4971 -3.918335
200 533.8739612 -0.095149 -0.886587 533.8747 -181.7625 -501.9807 -8.191997
210 584.1370019 -0.139339 -1.420583 584.1387 -290.8382 -506.5878 -13.10802
220 653.1402248 -0.179515 -2.046375 653.1434 -418.2628 -501.6498 -18.85101
230 741.7238524 -0.21443 -2.775916 741.729 -566.4091 -478.8974 -25.52793
240 854.2200414 -0.242945 -3.622084 854.2277 -737.9652 -430.2468 -33.25993
250 1001.205799 -0.264085 -4.614736 1001.216 -939.2474 -346.769 -42.33167
260 1203.55218 -0.27709 -5.820581 1203.566 -1184.257 -214.7268 -53.37419
270 1498.836007 -0.28148 -7.363472 1498.854 -1498.836 -7.363472 -67.55221
280 1952.427582 -0.27709 -9.442269 1952.45 -1924.405 329.7367 -86.73253
290 2678.294389 -0.264085 -12.34474 2678.323 -2521 904.4304 -113.6207
300 3880.660225 -0.242945 -16.45487 3880.695 -3368.978 1926.08 -151.8391
310 5941.087601 -0.21443 -22.23464 5941.129 -4565.429 3801.825 -205.7629
320 9600.441741 -0.179515 -30.07946 9600.489 -6194.087 7335.03 -279.1662
330 16288.15086 -0.139339 -39.61173 16288.2 -8178.38 14086.15 -368.5978
340 28262.97569 -0.095149 -46.93538 28263.01 -9710.612 26542.46 -437.6551
350 45672.76684 -0.048254 -38.46547 45672.78 -7968.874 44972.22 -359.1554
360 56160.47463 -6.8E-17 -6.67E-14 56160.47 -1.38E-11 56160.47 -6.2E-13
370 58329.32927 0.048254 49.12479 58329.35 10177.16 57434.65 458.6824
380 58396.50526 0.095149 96.97713 58396.59 20063.91 54841.6 904.276
390 43436.29005 0.139339 105.6342 43436.42 21809.63 37564.11 982.9551
400 29582.01243 0.179515 92.68439 29582.16 19085.95 22601.56 860.1996
410 19740.56511 0.21443 73.87946 19740.7 15169.64 12632.4 683.6923
420 13345.99143 0.242945 56.58998 13346.11 11586.26 6623.987 522.1903
430 9263.956612 0.264085 42.69923 9264.055 8719.876 3128.336 393.0029
440 6630.529343 0.27709 32.06636 6630.607 6535.365 1119.8 294.5475
450 4894.619008 0.28148 24.04625 4894.678 4894.619 -24.04625 220.5994
460 3719.978992 0.27709 17.99045 3720.022 3660.34 -663.6847 164.9707
470 2902.39778 0.264085 13.37767 2902.429 2722.786 -1005.249 122.7154
480 2317.224578 0.242945 9.82555 2317.245 2001.863 -1167.121 90.22351
490 1888.197807 0.21443 7.066618 1888.211 1441.901 -1219.123 64.98617
500 1568.918199 0.179515 4.91563 1568.926 1004.716 -1205.021 45.28231
510 1331.539475 0.139339 3.238218 1331.543 662.9654 -1154.766 29.8797
520 1159.625424 0.095149 1.925751 1159.627 394.8056 -1090.35 17.7938
530 1043.52454 0.048254 0.878853 1043.525 180.3406 -1027.824 8.127913
540 2191.016583 1.02E-16 3.9E-15 2191.017 8.05E-13 -2191.017 3.63E-14
550 799.3895902 -0.048254 -0.673244 799.3899 -138.1495 -787.362 -6.226369
560 -34.0145554 -0.095149 0.056487 -34.0146 11.58058 31.98255 0.521934
570 467.543644 -0.139339 -1.137036 467.545 -232.7871 -405.4732 -10.49166
580 460.8313685 -0.179515 -1.443846 460.8336 -295.1106 -353.9454 -13.30057
590 441.5562059 -0.21443 -1.652533 441.5593 -337.1895 -285.0928 -15.19705
600 404.0399016 -0.242945 -1.713219 404.0435 -349.0522 -203.5036 -15.73171
610 343.5362096 -0.264085 -1.58342 343.5399 -322.2769 -118.9842 -14.52495
620 257.0850625 -0.27709 -1.243307 257.0881 -252.9635 -45.86677 -11.40101
630 144.1812742 -0.28148 -0.708333 144.183 -144.1813 -0.708333 -6.498218
640 7.167650884 -0.27709 -0.034664 7.167735 -7.064777 1.210512 -0.318408
650 -148.704999 -0.264085 0.685408 -148.7066 139.9714 -50.21603 6.308481
660 -315.568605 -0.242945 1.338081 -315.5714 273.9595 -156.6255 12.34729
670 -483.554658 -0.21443 1.809713 -483.558 371.5876 -309.4366 16.74737
680 -641.672827 -0.179515 2.010446 -641.676 413.9994 -490.2576 18.65886
690 -778.854851 -0.139339 1.894124 -778.8572 391.0678 -673.561 17.62534
700 -885.046364 -0.095149 1.469767 -885.0476 304.0848 -831.1688 13.70504
710 -952.222348 -0.048254 0.801959 -952.2227 166.1415 -937.6167 7.487959
720 -975.209736 -1.36E-16 2.32E-15 -975.2097 4.78E-13 -975.2097 2.15E-14
N*100 T Z
0 0 1727.294
-77.84995 -161.2814 910.189
-142.3509 -294.5144 805.0095
-182.6383 -377.0816 649.4718
-192.3173 -396.0277 468.9756
-170.5465 -350.1825 291.6116
-121.997 -249.7773 142.8003
-55.70193 -113.7524 40.80971
16.93754 34.51998 -5.914815
84.51786 172.0363 0.845179
137.8018 280.3719 50.8364
171.1808 348.4081 128.6318
183.1331 373.1163 217.5334
175.6781 358.4606 303.0775
153.1119 312.9486 375.3397
120.4777 246.6559 429.6302
82.24123 168.6059 465.6455
41.51903 85.19701 485.5673
2.92E-14 6.02E-14 491.8623
-42.3681 -86.9393 495.4971
-88.65867 -181.7625 501.9807
-142.0583 -290.8382 506.5878
-204.6375 -418.2628 501.6498
-277.5916 -566.4091 478.8974
-362.2084 -737.9652 430.2468
-461.4736 -939.2474 346.769
-582.0581 -1184.257 214.7268
-736.3472 -1498.836 7.363472
-944.2269 -1924.405 -329.7367
-1234.474 -2521 -904.4304
-1645.487 -3368.978 -1926.08
-2223.464 -4565.429 -3801.825
-3007.946 -6194.087 -7335.03
-3961.173 -8178.38 -14086.15
-4693.538 -9710.612 -26542.46
-3846.547 -7968.874 -44972.22
-6.67E-12 -1.38E-11 -56160.47
4912.479 10177.16 -57434.65
9697.713 20063.91 -54841.6
10563.42 21809.63 -37564.11
9268.439 19085.95 -22601.56
7387.946 15169.64 -12632.4
5658.998 11586.26 -6623.987
4269.923 8719.876 -3128.336
3206.636 6535.365 -1119.8
2404.625 4894.619 24.04625
1799.045 3660.34 663.6847
1337.767 2722.786 1005.249
982.555 2001.863 1167.121
706.6618 1441.901 1219.123
491.563 1004.716 1205.021
323.8218 662.9654 1154.766
192.5751 394.8056 1090.35
87.88534 180.3406 1027.824
3.9E-13 8.05E-13 2191.017
-67.32436 -138.1495 787.362
5.648684 11.58058 -31.98255
-113.7036 -232.7871 405.4732
-144.3846 -295.1106 353.9454
-165.2533 -337.1895 285.0928
-171.3219 -349.0522 203.5036
-158.342 -322.2769 118.9842
-124.3307 -252.9635 45.86677
-70.83328 -144.1813 0.708333
-3.466397 -7.064777 -1.210512
68.54079 139.9714 50.21603
133.8081 273.9595 156.6255
180.9713 371.5876 309.4366
201.0446 413.9994 490.2576
189.4124 391.0678 673.561
146.9767 304.0848 831.1688
80.19589 166.1415 937.6167
2.32E-13 4.78E-13 975.2097

t z zi
0 -5347.282 5347.282
-943.571 -5325.028 5325.028
-1722.215 -4707.408 4707.408
-2202.967 -3794.311 3794.311
-2309.73 -2735.179 2735.179
-2035.758 -1695.261 1695.261
-1441.406 -824.0668 824.0668
-638.2631 -228.9827 228.9827
236.0171 40.44027 -40.44027
1045.982 -5.138694 5.138694
1683.164 -305.1875 305.1875
2082.131 -768.7204 768.7204
2225.105 -1297.276 1297.276
2135.496 -1805.556 1805.556
1863.487 -2235 2235.002
1468.513 -2557.884 2557.884
1003.831 -2772.319 2772.319
507.2645 -2891.076 2891.076
3.59E-13 -2928.632 2928.632
-508.1957 -2896.383 2896.383
-1010.865 -2791.746 2791.746
-1492.152 -2599.06 2599.06
-1919.892 -2302.652 2302.652
-2247.024 -1899.853 1899.853
-2421.137 -1411.566 1411.566
-2400.333 -886.1999 886.1999
-2171.417 -393.7165 393.7165
-1765.408 -8.673084 8.673084
-1265.696 216.8703 -216.8703
-805.9883 289.1557 -289.1557
-557.5289 318.7451 -318.7451
-706.013 587.9267 -587.9267
-1411.053 1670.968 -1670.968
-2700.091 4650.539 -4650.539
-4110.387 11235.11 -11235.11
-3871.986 21851.49 -21851.49
-7E-12 28522.86 -28522.86
8196.269 46255.52 -46255.52
15955.16 43610.95 -43611
19752.19 34020.45 -34020.45
16819.82 19918.01 -19918
13649.37 11366.4 -11366.4
11086.05 6338.013 -6338.013
9248.451 3317.967 -3317.967
7990.163 1369.072 -1369.072
7100.545 -34.88351 34.88351
6388.443 -1158.338 1158.338
5715.469 -2110.144 2110.144
5003.645 -2917.214 2917.214
4227.612 -3574.434 3574.434
3397.892 -4075.312 4075.312
2541.119 -4426.171 4426.171
1626.681 -4492.468 4492.468
752.8542 -4290.777 4290.777
1.34E-12 -3655.508 3655.508
-541.1389 -3084.138 3084.138
-1070.565 -2956.62 2956.62
-1566.105 -2727.873 2727.873
-1989.011 -2385.55 2385.55
-2285.178 -1932.112 1932.112
-2394.44 -1396 1396.001
-2266.013 -836.6092 836.6092
-1876.033 -340.1581 340.1581
-1241.993 -6.101657 6.101657
-429.2152 73.54374 -73.54374
453.7636 -162.7919 162.7919
1271.239 -726.7809 726.7809
1885.133 -1569.83 1569.83
2183.266 -2585.42 2585.42
2104.549 -3624.799 3624.799
1654.869 -4523.328 4523.328
909.3714 -5132.023 5132.023
2.62E-12 -5347.282 5347.282
Variatia fortelor N si S

N*100 S [N]
70000

60000

50000

40000

30000

20000

10000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720

-10000
Variatia fortelor T si Z
T [N] Z [N]
70000

60000

50000

40000

30000

20000

10000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720

-10000

-20000
Diagrama polara
a fusului maneton
10000

0
-10000 -5000 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000

-10000

-20000

-30000

-40000

-50000
Momentul monocilindrului
1200

1000

800

600

400

200

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720

-200

-400

-600
Diagrama momentului total

Ordinea de lucru a cilindrilor: 1……3……4…...2……1


Unghiul de inceput al ciclului: 180°

Mt= SM

alfa [°RAC] M1 M2 M3 M4 Mt
0 0 3.629452E-14 2.71592E-15 -6.202045E-13 -5.81E-13
10 -7.2689164336 -6.226369034 -3.91833503 458.682379596 441.2688
20 -13.273698449 0.52193433 -8.19199737 904.276015645 883.3323
30 -16.994986179 -10.49166447 -13.1080157 982.955105919 942.3604
40 -17.848883287 -13.30057201 -18.851014 860.199646265 810.1992
50 -15.782646301 -15.1970546 -25.5279345 683.692304526 627.1847
60 -11.257407507 -15.73170655 -33.2599304 522.190316018 461.9413
70 -5.1267946077 -14.52494832 -42.331673 393.002884641 331.0195
80 1.5558078783 -11.4010079 -53.3741937 294.547466424 231.3281
90 7.7536366603 -6.498218421 -67.5522102 220.59940566 154.3026
100 12.636299228 -0.318407973 -86.7325319 164.970727876 90.55609
110 15.702676493 6.3084809445 -113.62072 122.715383616 31.10582
120 16.81626901 12.347293221 -151.83909 90.2235074442 -32.45202
130 16.155740673 16.747372558 -205.762897 64.9861666353 -107.8736
140 14.104526146 18.65886373 -279.166152 45.2823112983 -201.1205
150 11.116729532 17.625339357 -368.597802 29.8797033755 -309.976
160 7.5990309577 13.705035876 -437.655146 17.7938036236 -398.5573
170 3.8398107643 7.4879587698 -359.155396 8.12791279746 -339.6997
180 2.7159243E-15 2.153933E-14 -6.202E-13 3.6294522E-14 -5.6E-13
190 -3.9183350308 0 458.68238 -6.2263690343 448.5377
200 -8.1919973712 -7.268916434 904.276016 0.52193433003 889.337
210 -13.108015708 -13.27369845 982.955106 -10.491664471 946.0817
220 -18.85101403 -16.99498618 860.199646 -13.30057201 811.0531
230 -25.527934455 -17.84888329 683.692305 -15.197054599 625.1184
240 -33.259930435 -15.7826463 522.190316 -15.73170655 457.416
250 -42.331673002 -11.25740751 393.002885 -14.524948319 324.8889
260 -53.374193669 -5.126794608 294.547466 -11.401007902 224.6455
270 -67.552210247 1.5558078783 220.599406 -6.4982184211 148.1048
280 -86.732531879 7.7536366603 164.970728 -0.318407973 85.67342
290 -113.62072004 12.636299228 122.715384 6.30848094452 28.03944
300 -151.8390896 15.702676493 90.2235074 12.3472932209 -33.56561
310 -205.76289741 16.81626901 64.9861666 16.7473725585 -107.2131
320 -279.16615239 16.155740673 45.2823113 18.65886373 -199.0692
330 -368.59780237 14.104526146 29.8797034 17.6253393567 -306.9882
340 -437.65514629 11.116729532 17.7938036 13.7050358756 -395.0396
350 -359.15539644 7.5990309577 8.1279128 7.48795876979 -335.9405
360 -6.202045E-13 3.8398107643 3.62945E-14 2.153933E-14 3.839811
370 458.6823796 2.715924E-15 -6.22636903 0 452.456
380 904.27601565 -3.918335031 0.52193433 -7.2689164336 893.6107
390 982.95510592 -8.191997371 -10.4916645 -13.273698449 950.9977
400 860.19964626 -13.10801571 -13.300572 -16.994986179 816.7961
410 683.69230453 -18.85101403 -15.1970546 -17.848883287 631.7954
420 522.19031602 -25.52793446 -15.7317065 -15.782646301 465.148
430 393.00288464 -33.25993043 -14.5249483 -11.257407507 333.9606
440 294.54746642 -42.331673 -11.4010079 -5.1267946077 235.688
450 220.59940566 -53.37419367 -6.49821842 1.55580787829 162.2828
460 164.97072788 -67.55221025 -0.31840797 7.75363666035 104.8537
470 122.71538362 -86.73253188 6.30848094 12.6362992277 54.92763
480 90.223507444 -113.62072 12.3472932 15.7026764925 4.652757
490 64.986166635 -151.8390896 16.7473726 16.8162690105 -53.28928
500 45.282311298 -205.7628974 18.6588637 16.1557406735 -125.666
510 29.879703375 -279.1661524 17.6253394 14.1045261461 -217.5566
520 17.793803624 -368.5978024 13.7050359 11.1167295323 -325.9822
530 8.1279127975 -437.6551463 7.48795877 7.59903095773 -414.4402
540 3.6294522E-14 -359.1553964 2.15393E-14 3.83981076426 -355.3156
550 -6.2263690343 -6.202045E-13 0 2.7159243E-15 -6.226369
560 0.52193433 458.6823796 -7.26891643 -3.9183350308 448.0171
570 -10.491664471 904.27601565 -13.2736984 -8.1919973712 872.3187
580 -13.30057201 982.95510592 -16.9949862 -13.108015708 939.5515
590 -15.197054599 860.19964626 -17.8488833 -18.85101403 808.3027
600 -15.73170655 683.69230453 -15.7826463 -25.527934455 626.65
610 -14.524948319 522.19031602 -11.2574075 -33.259930435 463.148
620 -11.401007902 393.00288464 -5.12679461 -42.331673002 334.1434
630 -6.4982184211 294.54746642 1.55580788 -53.374193669 236.2309
640 -0.318407973 220.59940566 7.75363666 -67.552210247 160.4824
650 6.3084809445 164.97072788 12.6362992 -86.732531879 97.18298
660 12.347293221 122.71538362 15.7026765 -113.62072004 37.14463
670 16.747372558 90.223507444 16.816269 -151.8390896 -28.05194
680 18.65886373 64.986166635 16.1557407 -205.76289741 -105.9621
690 17.625339357 45.282311298 14.1045261 -279.16615239 -202.154
700 13.705035876 29.879703375 11.1167295 -368.59780237 -313.8963
710 7.4879587698 17.793803624 7.59903096 -437.65514629 -404.7744
720 2.153933E-14 8.1279127975 3.83981076 -359.15539644 -347.1877
Variatia cuplului
momentului motor Mt
1200

1000

800

600

400

200

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720

-200

-400

-600
Variatia fortelor T', Z', Rm, Rp

T'= (T1+T2*cos(Ψ)-Z2*sin(Ψ))/2
Z'= (Z1+Z2*cos(Ψ)+T2*sin(Ψ))/2
Ψ= 180 °decalajul

Rm= [(Z1-m2b*R^2*ω^2)^2+T1^2]^(1/2)
Rp= [(T1')^2+(Z1')^2]^(1/2)

α [°RAC] T1 [N] T2 [N] Z1 [N] Z2 [N] T' [N] Z' [N] Rm [N] Rp [N]
0 0 6.026043E-14 -1727.294 -491.8623 0 -617.7161 110212.9 617.7161
10 -161.2814 -86.93929642 -910.189 -495.4971 -37.17104 -207.3459 109395.9 210.6514
20 -294.5144 -181.7625298 -805.0095 -501.9807 -56.37592 -151.5144 109291 161.6628
30 -377.0816 -290.8382398 -649.4718 -506.5878 -43.12169 -71.442 109135.7 83.44722
40 -396.0277 -418.2628294 -468.9756 -501.6498 11.11755 16.33714 108955.3 19.76112
50 -350.1825 -566.4091108 -291.6116 -478.8974 108.1133 93.64287 108777.8 143.0296
60 -249.7773 -737.9652144 -142.8003 -430.2468 244.094 143.7233 108628.7 283.2636
70 -113.7524 -939.2473687 -40.80971 -346.769 412.7475 152.9796 108526.5 440.1855
80 34.51998 -1184.256785 5.914815 -214.7268 609.3884 110.3208 108479.7 619.2939
90 172.0363 -1498.836007 -0.845179 -7.363472 835.4361 3.259147 108486.6 835.4425
100 280.3719 -1924.405453 -50.8364 329.7367 1102.389 -190.2865 108536.8 1118.691
110 348.4081 -2520.995622 -128.6318 904.4304 1434.702 -516.5311 108614.8 1524.852
120 373.1163 -3368.977771 -217.5334 1926.08 1871.047 -1071.807 108703.8 2156.29
130 358.4606 -4565.429293 -303.0775 3801.825 2461.945 -2052.451 108789.3 3205.266
140 312.9486 -6194.087204 -375.3397 7335.03 3253.518 -3855.185 108861.4 5044.584
150 246.6559 -8178.380192 -429.6302 14086.15 4212.518 -7257.888 108915.5 8391.797
160 168.6059 -9710.611828 -465.6455 26542.46 4939.609 -13504.05 108951.4 14379.12
170 85.19701 -7968.873827 -485.5673 44972.22 4027.035 -22728.89 108971.2 23082.88
180 6.03E-14 -1.376098E-11 -491.8623 56160.47 3.47E-12 -28326.17 108977.5 28326.17
190 -86.9393 10177.16021 -495.4971 57434.65 -5132.05 -28965.07 108981.1 29416.21
200 -181.7625 20063.909787 -501.9807 54841.6 -10122.84 -27671.79 108987.7 29465.23
210 -290.8382 21809.62696 -506.5878 37564.11 -11050.23 -19035.35 108992.6 22010.28
220 -418.2628 19085.951416 -501.6498 22601.56 -9752.107 -11551.6 108988.1 15117.64
230 -566.4091 15169.639007 -478.8974 12632.4 -7868.024 -6555.647 108966 10241.21
240 -737.9652 11586.262613 -430.2468 6623.987 -6162.114 -3527.117 108918.4 7100.155
250 -939.2474 8719.8756652 -346.769 3128.336 -4829.562 -1737.552 108836.4 5132.617
260 -1184.257 6535.3649683 -214.7268 1119.8 -3859.811 -667.2635 108706.8 3917.063
270 -1498.836 4894.6190075 -7.363472 -24.04625 -3196.728 8.34139 108503.3 3196.738
280 -1924.405 3660.3401443 329.7367 -663.6847 -2792.373 496.7107 108173 2836.207
290 -2521 2722.7863437 904.4304 -1005.249 -2621.891 954.8399 107610.7 2790.346
300 -3368.978 2001.8625759 1926.08 -1167.121 -2685.42 1546.601 106612.8 3098.944
310 -4565.429 1441.9011034 3801.825 -1219.123 -3003.665 2510.474 104783.3 3914.65
320 -6194.087 1004.7155881 7335.03 -1205.021 -3599.401 4270.026 101340.1 5584.694
330 -8178.38 662.9653586 14086.15 -1154.766 -4420.673 7620.456 94753.07 8809.864
340 -9710.612 394.80563953 26542.46 -1090.35 -5052.709 13816.4 82516.52 14711.32
350 -7968.874 180.34063306 44972.22 -1027.824 -4074.607 23000.02 64011.36 23358.15
360 -1.38E-11 8.052962E-13 56160.47 -2191.017 -7.15E-12 29175.75 52325.13 29175.75
370 10177.16 -138.1495301 57434.65 -787.362 5157.655 29111 52055.5 29564.37
380 20063.91 11.580582843 54841.6 31.98255 10026.16 27404.81 57273.38 29181.29
390 21809.63 -232.7871201 37564.11 -405.4732 11021.21 18984.79 74199.18 21951.98
400 19085.95 -295.1106436 22601.56 -353.9454 9690.531 11477.75 87979.22 15021.49
410 15169.64 -337.1894501 12632.4 -285.0928 7753.414 6458.744 97046.15 10091.13
420 11586.26 -349.0522092 6623.987 -203.5036 5967.657 3413.745 102518.4 6875.07
430 8719.876 -322.2768797 3128.336 -118.9842 4521.076 1623.66 105717.5 4803.79
440 6535.365 -252.9634648 1119.8 -45.86677 3394.164 582.8335 107564.5 3443.842
450 4894.619 -144.1812742 -24.04625 -0.708333 2519.4 -11.66896 108620 2519.427
460 3660.34 -7.064777496 -663.6847 1.210512 1833.702 -332.4476 109210.6 1863.595
470 2722.786 139.97141401 -1005.249 -50.21603 1291.407 -477.5167 109524.7 1376.864
480 2001.863 273.95946925 -1167.121 -156.6255 863.9516 -505.248 109671 1000.844
490 1441.901 371.58761967 -1219.123 -309.4366 535.1567 -454.8434 109714.2 702.3356
500 1004.716 413.99943394 -1205.021 -490.2576 295.3581 -357.3816 109695.2 463.6356
510 662.9654 391.06778539 -1154.766 -673.561 135.9488 -240.6025 109642.4 276.3542
520 394.8056 304.08481335 -1090.35 -831.1688 45.36041 -129.5906 109576.7 137.3
530 180.3406 166.14145089 -1027.824 -937.6167 7.099591 -45.10349 109513.6 45.65883
540 8.05E-13 4.779107E-13 -2191.017 -975.2097 2.23E-13 -607.9034 110676.6 607.9034
550 -138.1495 0 -787.362 -1727.294 -69.07477 469.9662 109273.1 475.0153
560 11.58058 -161.2813799 31.98255 -910.189 86.43098 471.0858 108453.6 478.949
570 -232.7871 -294.5143779 -405.4732 -805.0095 30.86363 199.7682 108891.3 202.1383
580 -295.1106 -377.0816251 -353.9454 -649.4718 40.98549 147.7632 108840 153.342
590 -337.1895 -396.027737 -285.0928 -468.9756 29.41914 91.94139 108771.2 96.53344
600 -349.0522 -350.1824511 -203.5036 -291.6116 0.565121 44.054 108689.7 44.05762
610 -322.2769 -249.7772856 -118.9842 -142.8003 -36.2498 11.90803 108605.1 38.15559
620 -252.9635 -113.7523751 -45.86677 -40.80971 -69.60554 -2.52853 108531.8 69.65146
630 -144.1813 34.519978829 -0.708333 5.914815 -89.35063 -3.311574 108486.4 89.41197
640 -7.064777 172.03626302 1.210512 -0.845179 -89.55052 1.027845 108484.4 89.55642
650 139.9714 280.37188133 -50.21603 -50.8364 -70.20023 0.310186 108535.9 70.20092
660 273.9595 348.40809566 -156.6255 -128.6318 -37.22431 -13.99682 108642.6 39.76884
670 371.5876 373.11628147 -309.4366 -217.5334 -0.764331 -45.9516 108795.7 45.95796
680 413.9994 358.46060031 -490.2576 -303.0775 27.76942 -93.59007 108976.7 97.62296
690 391.0678 312.94862994 -673.561 -375.3397 39.05958 -149.1107 109159.9 154.1416
700 304.0848 246.65594863 -831.1688 -429.6302 28.71443 -200.7693 109317.2 202.8123
710 166.1415 168.60590015 -937.6167 -465.6455 -1.232225 -235.9856 109423.3 235.9888
720 4.78E-13 85.197014451 -975.2097 -485.5673 -42.59851 -244.8212 109460.8 248.4996
T' [N] Z' [N]
1867.443 617.7161
759.6581 207.3459
-65.28458 151.5144
-713.2224 71.442
-1077.381 -16.33714
-1104.386 -93.64287
-820.4464 -143.7233
-360.9303 -152.9796
-20.21237 -110.3208
-355.4729 -3.259147
-2310.164 190.2865
-6578.494 516.5311
-10240.18 1071.807
-19972.35 2052.451
-20951.2 3855.185
-17949.49 7257.888
-11570.36 13504.05
-7571.015 22728.89
-5247.827 28326.17
-3945.766 28965.07
-3200.956 27671.79
-2714.527 19035.35
-2305.882 11551.6
-1874.473 6555.647
-1372.325 3527.117
-785.9312 1737.552
-125.9368 667.2635
577.2498 -8.34139
1226.094 -496.7107
1717.705 -954.8399
1868.71 -1546.601
1768.521 -2510.474
1541.516 -4270.026
923.7362 -7620.456
126.7131 -13816.4
24.27189 -23000
1615.117 -29175.75
5274.525 -29111
8676.363 -27404.81
10070.3 -18984.79
8285.837 -11477.75
6573.782 -6458.744
5402.256 -3413.745
4839.621 -1623.66
4777.844 -582.8335
5035.17 11.66896
5409.746 332.4476
5715.095 477.5167
5805.873 505.248
5412.231 454.8434
5251.624 357.3816
4694.331 240.6025
3832.485 129.5906
2773.483 45.10349
1657.472 607.9034
638.4709 -469.9662
-282.2259 -471.0858
-1016.496 -199.7682
-1502.652 -147.7632
-1708.47 -91.94139
-1630.586 -44.054
-1291.502 -11.90803
-735.4176 2.52853
-23.71845 3.311574
769.6121 -1.027845
1562.941 -0.310186
2272.808 13.99682
2821.017 45.9516
3145.461 93.59007
3206.371 149.1107
2992.319 200.7693
2526.465 235.9856
1867.443 617.7161

Precizare: > pt o inchidere totala a diagramei


polare a fusului palier
ce e cu albastru la T' e luat de jos
si invers la Z'.

t' z' z''


1381.439 -3367.681 3367.681
510.0796 -3478.715 3478.715
-149.0556 -3194.007 3194.007
-657.0176 -2658.333 2658.333
-932.4871 -1969.494 1969.494
-941.4847 -1269.505 1269.505
-719.3344 -734.7904 734.7904
-397.6708 -569.8688 569.8688
-254.0427 -1012.034 1012.034
-818.0198 -2338.369 2338.369
-2999.151 -4745.269 4745.269
-7457.278 -7527.523 7527.523
-11243.28 -7782.279 7782.279
-21015.91 -8919.515 8919.515
-21946.34 -5112.362 5112.362
-18939.68 -1231.096 1231.096
-12331.46 918.1931 -918.1931
-8083.06 1624.151 -1624.151
-5517.382 1752.416 -1752.416
-4003.384 1727.396 -1727.396
-3095.543 1721.393 -1721.393
-2505.477 1782.712 -1782.712
-2054.81 1902.662 -1902.662
-1638.23 2049.976 -2049.976
-1198.302 2187.236 -2187.236
-709.8549 2278.004 -2278
-171.6534 2290.215 -2290.215
396.9327 2199.663 -2199.663
903.6337 1933.379 -1933.379
1264.212 1541.139 -1541.139
1301.253 1071.596 -1071.596
1114.636 829.5416 -829.5416
839.0914 1110.487 -1110.487
219.355 2329.086 -2329.086
-528.2063 5353.235 -5353.235
-531.0469 10420.33 -10420.33
1200.556 13575.06 -13575.06
5024.946 22357.32 -22357.32
8592.592 21079.69 -21079.69
10188.59 16475.05 -16475.05
8485.23 9755.139 -9755.139
6781.838 5919.801 -5919.801
5539.93 3899.511 -3899.511
4832.235 2865.044 -2865.044
4567.521 2272.765 -2272.765
4591.428 1796.063 -1796.063
4735.777 1264.194 -1264.194
4848.256 618.0322 -618.0322
4812.196 -124.7121 124.7121
4424.179 -453.3224 453.3224
4235.281 -1116.924 1116.924
3734.281 -1782.882 1782.882
3002.466 -2251.558 2251.558
2134.557 -2461.077 2461.077
1240.454 -2284.507 2284.507
445.1848 -1959.366 1959.366
-277.0158 -1697.058 1697.058
-859.3124 -1272.156 1272.156
-1253.145 -739.6715 739.6715
-1430.558 -162.8015 162.8015
-1384.458 393.2647 -393.2647
-1127.558 866.5873 -866.5873
-690.6229 1202.893 -1202.893
-120.2184 1359.528 -1359.528
524.1887 1309.248 -1309.248
1174.229 1043.809 -1043.809
1758.135 576.9021 -576.9021
2207.837 -54.41049 54.41049
2469.739 -789.8058 789.8058
2510.575 -1552.764 1552.764
2322.569 -2258.028 2258.028
1928.497 -2821.126 2821.126
1381.439 -3170.597 3367.681
Diagrama polara
a fusului palier
1

0
-2 -2 -1 -1 - 0 1 1

-1

-1

-2

-2
Desfasurata fortei rezultante
Rm pe fusul maneton

120000

100000

80000

60000

40000

20000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720
Desfasurata fortei rezultante
Rp pe fusul palier

35000

30000

25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
0 90 180 270 360 450 540 630 720
Diagramele de uzura ale fusului palier si maneton

Unghi Rm=arctg(T/(Z+Fcb))
Unghi Rp=arctg(T'/(Z'+Fcb))
Fcb=-m2b*ω^2*R= -108485606.83
R= 45.06978 m
ω= 418.6667
m2b= 13.73251

T [N] Z [N] T' [N] Z' [N] Rm [N] Rp [N] Unghi Rm Unghi Rp
0 -1727.294 0 -617.7161 110212.9 617.7161 0 0
-161.2814 -910.189 -37.171041716 -207.3459 109395.9 210.6514 1.49E-06 3.4264E-07
-294.5144 -805.0095 -56.375924069 -151.5144 109291 161.6628 2.71E-06 5.1966E-07
-377.0816 -649.4718 -43.121692672 -71.442 109135.7 83.44722 3.48E-06 3.9749E-07
-396.0277 -468.9756 11.1175462299 16.33714 108955.3 19.76112 3.65E-06 -1.0248E-07
-350.1825 -291.6116 108.113329881 93.64287 108777.8 143.0296 3.23E-06 -9.9657E-07
-249.7773 -142.8003 244.093964387 143.7233 108628.7 283.2636 2.3E-06 -2.25E-06
-113.7524 -40.80971 412.74749679 152.9796 108526.5 440.1855 1.05E-06 -3.8046E-06
34.51998 5.914815 609.388381736 110.3208 108479.7 619.2939 -3.18E-07 -5.6172E-06
172.0363 -0.845179 835.436134892 3.259147 108486.6 835.4425 -1.59E-06 -7.7009E-06
280.3719 -50.8364 1102.38866699 -190.2865 108536.8 1118.691 -2.58E-06 -1.0162E-05
348.4081 -128.6318 1434.70185899 -516.5311 108614.8 1524.852 -3.21E-06 -1.3225E-05
373.1163 -217.5334 1871.04702636 -1071.807 108703.8 2156.29 -3.44E-06 -1.7247E-05
358.4606 -303.0775 2461.94494683 -2052.451 108789.3 3205.266 -3.3E-06 -2.2693E-05
312.9486 -375.3397 3253.51791684 -3855.185 108861.4 5044.584 -2.88E-06 -2.999E-05
246.6559 -429.6302 4212.51807031 -7257.888 108915.5 8391.797 -2.27E-06 -3.8828E-05
168.6059 -465.6455 4939.60886393 -13504.05 108951.4 14379.12 -1.55E-06 -4.5527E-05
85.19701 -485.5673 4027.03542085 -22728.89 108971.2 23082.88 -7.85E-07 -3.7113E-05
6.03E-14 -491.8623 3.4703762E-12 -28326.17 108977.5 28326.17 -5.55E-22 -3.1981E-20
-86.9393 -495.4971 -5132.0497531 -28965.07 108981.1 29416.21 8.01E-07 4.7294E-05
-181.7625 -501.9807 -10122.836158 -27671.79 108987.7 29465.23 1.68E-06 9.3287E-05
-290.8382 -506.5878 -11050.2326 -19035.35 108992.6 22010.28 2.68E-06 0.00010184
-418.2628 -501.6498 -9752.1071228 -11551.6 108988.1 15117.64 3.86E-06 8.9884E-05
-566.4091 -478.8974 -7868.0240589 -6555.647 108966 10241.21 5.22E-06 7.2522E-05
-737.9652 -430.2468 -6162.1139139 -3527.117 108918.4 7100.155 6.8E-06 5.6799E-05
-939.2474 -346.769 -4829.5615169 -1737.552 108836.4 5132.617 8.66E-06 4.4517E-05
-1184.257 -214.7268 -3859.8108765 -667.2635 108706.8 3917.063 1.09E-05 3.5579E-05
-1498.836 -7.363472 -3196.7275071 8.34139 108503.3 3196.738 1.38E-05 2.9467E-05
-1924.405 329.7367 -2792.3727985 496.7107 108173 2836.207 1.77E-05 2.574E-05
-2521 904.4304 -2621.890983 954.8399 107610.7 2790.346 2.32E-05 2.4168E-05
-3368.978 1926.08 -2685.4201736 1546.601 106612.8 3098.944 3.11E-05 2.4754E-05
-4565.429 3801.825 -3003.6651984 2510.474 104783.3 3914.65 4.21E-05 2.7688E-05
-6194.087 7335.03 -3599.4013959 4270.026 101340.1 5584.694 5.71E-05 3.318E-05
-8178.38 14086.15 -4420.6727753 7620.456 94753.07 8809.864 7.54E-05 4.0752E-05
-9710.612 26542.46 -5052.7087336 13816.4 82516.52 14711.32 8.95E-05 4.6581E-05
-7968.874 44972.22 -4074.6072302 23000.02 64011.36 23358.15 7.35E-05 3.7567E-05
-1.38E-11 56160.47 -7.148924E-12 29175.75 52325.13 29175.75 1.27E-19 6.5915E-20
10177.16 57434.65 5157.6548699 29111 52055.5 29564.37 -9.39E-05 -4.7555E-05
20063.91 54841.6 10026.164602 27404.81 57273.38 29181.29 -0.000185 -9.2443E-05
21809.63 37564.11 11021.2070399 18984.79 74199.18 21951.98 -0.000201 -0.0001016
19085.95 22601.56 9690.53102986 11477.75 87979.22 15021.49 -0.000176 -8.9335E-05
15169.64 12632.4 7753.41422857 6458.744 97046.15 10091.13 -0.00014 -7.1474E-05
11586.26 6623.987 5967.65741127 3413.745 102518.4 6875.07 -0.000107 -5.501E-05
8719.876 3128.336 4521.07627246 1623.66 105717.5 4803.79 -8E-05 -4.1675E-05
6535.365 1119.8 3394.16421653 582.8335 107564.5 3443.842 -6E-05 -3.1287E-05
4894.619 -24.04625 2519.40014087 -11.66896 108620 2519.427 -4.51E-05 -2.3223E-05
3660.34 -663.6847 1833.70246089 -332.4476 109210.6 1863.595 -3.37E-05 -1.6903E-05
2722.786 -1005.249 1291.40746485 -477.5167 109524.7 1376.864 -2.51E-05 -1.1904E-05
2001.863 -1167.121 863.951553336 -505.248 109671 1000.844 -1.85E-05 -7.9637E-06
1441.901 -1219.123 535.156741881 -454.8434 109714.2 702.3356 -1.33E-05 -4.933E-06
1004.716 -1205.021 295.358077061 -357.3816 109695.2 463.6356 -9.26E-06 -2.7225E-06
662.9654 -1154.766 135.948786607 -240.6025 109642.4 276.3542 -6.11E-06 -1.2531E-06
394.8056 -1090.35 45.3604130904 -129.5906 109576.7 137.3 -3.64E-06 -4.1812E-07
180.3406 -1027.824 7.09959108541 -45.10349 109513.6 45.65883 -1.66E-06 -6.5443E-08
8.05E-13 -2191.017 2.2343158E-13 -607.9034 110676.6 607.9034 -7.42E-21 -2.0595E-21
-138.1495 -787.362 -69.074765029 469.9662 109273.1 475.0153 1.27E-06 6.3672E-07
11.58058 31.98255 86.430981349 471.0858 108453.6 478.949 -1.07E-07 -7.9671E-07
-232.7871 -405.4732 30.86362891 199.7682 108891.3 202.1383 2.15E-06 -2.845E-07
-295.1106 -353.9454 40.9854907703 147.7632 108840 153.342 2.72E-06 -3.778E-07
-337.1895 -285.0928 29.4191434137 91.94139 108771.2 96.53344 3.11E-06 -2.7118E-07
-349.0522 -203.5036 0.56512091579 44.054 108689.7 44.05762 3.22E-06 -5.2092E-09
-322.2769 -118.9842 -36.249797043 11.90803 108605.1 38.15559 2.97E-06 3.3414E-07
-252.9635 -45.86677 -69.605544851 -2.52853 108531.8 69.65146 2.33E-06 6.4161E-07
-144.1813 -0.708333 -89.350626522 -3.311574 108486.4 89.41197 1.33E-06 8.2362E-07
-7.064777 1.210512 -89.55052026 1.027845 108484.4 89.55642 6.51E-08 8.2546E-07
139.9714 -50.21603 -70.200233659 0.310186 108535.9 70.20092 -1.29E-06 6.4709E-07
273.9595 -156.6255 -37.224313206 -13.99682 108642.6 39.76884 -2.53E-06 3.4313E-07
371.5876 -309.4366 -0.7643308977 -45.9516 108795.7 45.95796 -3.43E-06 7.0455E-09
413.9994 -490.2576 27.769416817 -93.59007 108976.7 97.62296 -3.82E-06 -2.5597E-07
391.0678 -673.561 39.0595777234 -149.1107 109159.9 154.1416 -3.6E-06 -3.6004E-07
304.0848 -831.1688 28.7144323605 -200.7693 109317.2 202.8123 -2.8E-06 -2.6468E-07
166.1415 -937.6167 -1.2322246306 -235.9856 109423.3 235.9888 -1.53E-06 1.1358E-08
4.78E-13 -975.2097 -42.598507226 -244.8212 109460.8 248.4996 -4.41E-21 3.9266E-07
Diagrama de uzura a fusului maneton

710 720 0 10 20 30
690700 40
680 50
670 0.0005 60
660 70
650 80
640 90
630 100
620 110
610 120
600 0 130

590 140
580 150
570 160
560 170
550 -0.0005 180
540 190
530 200
520 210
510 220

500 230
490 240
480 250
470 260
460 270
450 280
440 290
430 300
420 310
410 320
400 390 330
380 370 360 350 340
Diagrama de uzura a fusului palier

710720 0 10 20 30
690700 40
680 50
670 0.0002 60
660 70
650 80
640 90
630 100
620 110
610 120
600 0 130
590 140
580 150
570 160
560 170
550 -0.0002 180
540 190
530 200
520 210
510 220
500 230
490 240
480 250
470 260
460 270
450 280
440 290
430 300
420 310
410 320
400390 330
380370360350340